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From: "Glen Choo via GitGitGadget" <gitgitgadget@gmail.com>
To: git@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Taylor Blau <me@ttaylorr.com>,
	"brian m. carlson" <sandals@crustytoothpaste.net>,
	Derrick Stolee <derrickstolee@github.com>,
	Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>,
	Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com>,
	Glen Choo <chooglen@google.com>, Glen Choo <chooglen@google.com>
Subject: [PATCH v2 1/2] setup.c: make bare repo discovery optional
Date: Fri, 13 May 2022 23:37:37 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <22b10bf9da8ccf4ae4da634aadfdaff5ee7a3508.1652485058.git.gitgitgadget@gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <pull.1261.v2.git.git.1652485058.gitgitgadget@gmail.com>

From: Glen Choo <chooglen@google.com>

Add a config variable, `discovery.bare`, that tells Git whether or not
it should work with the bare repository it has discovered i.e. Git will
die() if it discovers a bare repository, but it is not allowed by
`discovery.bare`. This only affects repository discovery, thus it has no
effect if discovery was not done (e.g. `--git-dir` was passed).

This is motivated by the fact that some workflows don't use bare
repositories at all, and users may prefer to opt out of bare repository
discovery altogether:

- An easy assumption for a user to make is that Git commands run
  anywhere inside a repository's working tree will use the same
  repository. However, if the working tree contains a bare repository
  below the root-level (".git" is preferred at the root-level), any
  operations inside that bare repository use the bare repository
  instead.

  In the worst case, attackers can use this confusion to trick users
  into running arbitrary code (see [1] for a deeper discussion). But
  even in benign situations (e.g. a user renames ".git/" to ".git.old/"
  and commits it for archival purposes), disabling bare repository
  discovery can be a simpler mode of operation (e.g. because the user
  doesn't actually want to use ".git.old/") [2].

- Git won't "accidentally" recognize a directory that wasn't meant to be
  a bare repository, but happens to resemble one. While such accidents
  are probably very rare in practice, this lets users reduce the chance
  to zero.

This config is an enum of:

- ["always"|(unset)]: always recognize bare repositories (like Git does
  today)
- "never": never recognize bare repositories

More values are expected to be added later, and the default is expected
to change (i.e. to something other than "always").

[1]: https://lore.kernel.org/git/kl6lsfqpygsj.fsf@chooglen-macbookpro.roam.corp.google.com
[2]: I don't personally know anyone who does this as part of their
normal workflow, but a cursory search on GitHub suggests that there is a
not insubstantial number of people who munge ".git" in order to store
its contents.

https://github.com/search?l=&o=desc&p=1&q=ref+size%3A%3C1000+filename%3AHEAD&s=indexed&type=Code
(aka search for the text "ref", size:<1000, filename:HEAD)

Signed-off-by: Glen Choo <chooglen@google.com>

WIP setup.c: make discovery.bare die on failure

Signed-off-by: Glen Choo <chooglen@google.com>
---
 Documentation/config/discovery.txt | 24 +++++++++++
 setup.c                            | 66 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 t/t0034-discovery-bare.sh          | 59 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 148 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
 create mode 100644 Documentation/config/discovery.txt
 create mode 100755 t/t0034-discovery-bare.sh

diff --git a/Documentation/config/discovery.txt b/Documentation/config/discovery.txt
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..761cabe6e70
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/config/discovery.txt
@@ -0,0 +1,24 @@
+discovery.bare::
+	Specifies what kinds of directories Git can recognize as a bare
+	repository when looking for the repository (aka repository
+	discovery). This has no effect if repository discovery is not
+	performed e.g. the path to the repository is set via `--git-dir`
+	(see linkgit:git[1]).
++
+This config setting is only respected when specified in a system or global
+config, not when it is specified in a repository config or via the command
+line option `-c discovery.bare=<value>`.
++
+The currently supported values are `always` (Git always recognizes bare
+repositories) and `never` (Git never recognizes bare repositories).
+This defaults to `always`, but this default is likely to change.
++
+If your workflow does not rely on bare repositories, it is recommended that
+you set this value to `never`. This makes repository discovery easier to
+reason about and prevents certain types of security and non-security
+problems, such as:
+
+* `git clone`-ing a repository containing a malicious bare repository
+  inside it.
+* Git recognizing a directory that isn't meant to be a bare repository,
+  but happens to look like one.
diff --git a/setup.c b/setup.c
index a7b36f3ffbf..cee01d86f0c 100644
--- a/setup.c
+++ b/setup.c
@@ -10,6 +10,13 @@
 static int inside_git_dir = -1;
 static int inside_work_tree = -1;
 static int work_tree_config_is_bogus;
+enum discovery_bare_config {
+	DISCOVERY_BARE_UNKNOWN = -1,
+	DISCOVERY_BARE_NEVER = 0,
+	DISCOVERY_BARE_ALWAYS,
+};
+static enum discovery_bare_config discovery_bare_config =
+	DISCOVERY_BARE_UNKNOWN;
 
 static struct startup_info the_startup_info;
 struct startup_info *startup_info = &the_startup_info;
@@ -1133,6 +1140,52 @@ static int ensure_valid_ownership(const char *path)
 	return data.is_safe;
 }
 
+static int discovery_bare_cb(const char *key, const char *value, void *d)
+{
+	if (strcmp(key, "discovery.bare"))
+		return 0;
+
+	if (!strcmp(value, "never")) {
+		discovery_bare_config = DISCOVERY_BARE_NEVER;
+		return 0;
+	}
+	if (!strcmp(value, "always")) {
+		discovery_bare_config = DISCOVERY_BARE_ALWAYS;
+		return 0;
+	}
+	return -1;
+}
+
+static int check_bare_repo_allowed(void)
+{
+	if (discovery_bare_config == DISCOVERY_BARE_UNKNOWN) {
+		read_very_early_config(discovery_bare_cb, NULL);
+		/* We didn't find a value; use the default. */
+		if (discovery_bare_config == DISCOVERY_BARE_UNKNOWN)
+			discovery_bare_config = DISCOVERY_BARE_ALWAYS;
+	}
+	switch (discovery_bare_config) {
+	case DISCOVERY_BARE_NEVER:
+		return 0;
+	case DISCOVERY_BARE_ALWAYS:
+		return 1;
+	default:
+		BUG("invalid discovery_bare_config %d", discovery_bare_config);
+	}
+}
+
+static const char *discovery_bare_config_to_string(void)
+{
+	switch (discovery_bare_config) {
+	case DISCOVERY_BARE_NEVER:
+		return "never";
+	case DISCOVERY_BARE_ALWAYS:
+		return "always";
+	default:
+		BUG("invalid discovery_bare_config %d", discovery_bare_config);
+	}
+}
+
 enum discovery_result {
 	GIT_DIR_NONE = 0,
 	GIT_DIR_EXPLICIT,
@@ -1142,7 +1195,8 @@ enum discovery_result {
 	GIT_DIR_HIT_CEILING = -1,
 	GIT_DIR_HIT_MOUNT_POINT = -2,
 	GIT_DIR_INVALID_GITFILE = -3,
-	GIT_DIR_INVALID_OWNERSHIP = -4
+	GIT_DIR_INVALID_OWNERSHIP = -4,
+	GIT_DIR_DISALLOWED_BARE = -5
 };
 
 /*
@@ -1239,6 +1293,8 @@ static enum discovery_result setup_git_directory_gently_1(struct strbuf *dir,
 		}
 
 		if (is_git_directory(dir->buf)) {
+			if (!check_bare_repo_allowed())
+				return GIT_DIR_DISALLOWED_BARE;
 			if (!ensure_valid_ownership(dir->buf))
 				return GIT_DIR_INVALID_OWNERSHIP;
 			strbuf_addstr(gitdir, ".");
@@ -1385,6 +1441,14 @@ const char *setup_git_directory_gently(int *nongit_ok)
 		}
 		*nongit_ok = 1;
 		break;
+	case GIT_DIR_DISALLOWED_BARE:
+		if (!nongit_ok) {
+			die(_("cannot use bare repository '%s' (discovery.bare is '%s')"),
+			    dir.buf,
+			    discovery_bare_config_to_string());
+		}
+		*nongit_ok = 1;
+		break;
 	case GIT_DIR_NONE:
 		/*
 		 * As a safeguard against setup_git_directory_gently_1 returning
diff --git a/t/t0034-discovery-bare.sh b/t/t0034-discovery-bare.sh
new file mode 100755
index 00000000000..9c774872c4e
--- /dev/null
+++ b/t/t0034-discovery-bare.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,59 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+
+test_description='verify discovery.bare checks'
+
+. ./test-lib.sh
+
+pwd="$(pwd)"
+
+expect_allowed () {
+	git rev-parse --absolute-git-dir >actual &&
+	echo "$pwd/outer-repo/bare-repo" >expected &&
+	test_cmp expected actual
+}
+
+expect_rejected () {
+	test_must_fail git rev-parse --absolute-git-dir 2>err &&
+	grep "discovery.bare" err
+}
+
+test_expect_success 'setup bare repo in worktree' '
+	git init outer-repo &&
+	git init --bare outer-repo/bare-repo
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'discovery.bare unset' '
+	(
+		cd outer-repo/bare-repo &&
+		expect_allowed &&
+		cd refs/ &&
+		expect_allowed
+	)
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'discovery.bare=always' '
+	git config --global discovery.bare always &&
+	(
+		cd outer-repo/bare-repo &&
+		expect_allowed &&
+		cd refs/ &&
+		expect_allowed
+	)
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'discovery.bare=never' '
+	git config --global discovery.bare never &&
+	(
+		cd outer-repo/bare-repo &&
+		expect_rejected &&
+		cd refs/ &&
+		expect_rejected
+	) &&
+	(
+		GIT_DIR=outer-repo/bare-repo &&
+		export GIT_DIR &&
+		expect_allowed
+	)
+'
+
+test_done
-- 
gitgitgadget


  reply	other threads:[~2022-05-13 23:48 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 79+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2022-05-06 18:30 [PATCH] [RFC] " Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-05-06 20:33 ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-09 21:42 ` Taylor Blau
2022-05-09 22:54   ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-09 23:57     ` Taylor Blau
2022-05-10  0:23       ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-10 22:00   ` Glen Choo
2022-05-13 23:37 ` [PATCH v2 0/2] " Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-05-13 23:37   ` Glen Choo via GitGitGadget [this message]
2022-05-16 18:12     ` [PATCH v2 1/2] " Glen Choo
2022-05-16 18:46     ` Derrick Stolee
2022-05-16 22:25       ` Taylor Blau
2022-05-17 20:24       ` Glen Choo
2022-05-17 21:51         ` Glen Choo
2022-05-13 23:37   ` [PATCH v2 2/2] setup.c: learn discovery.bareRepository=cwd Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-05-16 18:49     ` Derrick Stolee
2022-05-16 16:40   ` [PATCH v2 0/2] setup.c: make bare repo discovery optional Junio C Hamano
2022-05-16 18:36     ` Glen Choo
2022-05-16 19:16       ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-16 20:27         ` Glen Choo
2022-05-16 22:16           ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-16 16:43   ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-16 19:07   ` Derrick Stolee
2022-05-16 22:43     ` Taylor Blau
2022-05-16 23:19     ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-17 18:56     ` Glen Choo
2022-05-27 21:09   ` [PATCH v3 0/5] config: introduce discovery.bare and protected config Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-05-27 21:09     ` [PATCH v3 1/5] Documentation: define protected configuration Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-05-27 23:29       ` Junio C Hamano
2022-06-02 12:42         ` Derrick Stolee
2022-06-02 16:53           ` Junio C Hamano
2022-06-02 17:39             ` Glen Choo
2022-06-03 15:57         ` Glen Choo
2022-05-27 21:09     ` [PATCH v3 2/5] config: read protected config with `git_protected_config()` Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-05-28  0:28       ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-31 17:43         ` Glen Choo
2022-06-01 15:58           ` Junio C Hamano
2022-06-02 12:56       ` Derrick Stolee
2022-05-27 21:09     ` [PATCH v3 3/5] setup.c: create `discovery.bare` Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-05-28  0:59       ` Junio C Hamano
2022-06-02 13:11       ` Derrick Stolee
2022-05-27 21:09     ` [PATCH v3 4/5] config: include "-c" in protected config Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-02 13:15       ` Derrick Stolee
2022-05-27 21:09     ` [PATCH v3 5/5] upload-pack: make uploadpack.packObjectsHook protected Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-02 13:18       ` Derrick Stolee
2022-06-07 20:57     ` [PATCH v4 0/5] config: introduce discovery.bare and protected config Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-07 20:57       ` [PATCH v4 1/5] Documentation/git-config.txt: add SCOPES section Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-07 20:57       ` [PATCH v4 2/5] Documentation: define protected configuration Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-22 21:58         ` Jonathan Tan
2022-06-23 18:21           ` Glen Choo
2022-06-07 20:57       ` [PATCH v4 3/5] config: read protected config with `git_protected_config()` Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-07 22:49         ` Junio C Hamano
2022-06-08  0:22           ` Glen Choo
2022-06-07 20:57       ` [PATCH v4 4/5] safe.directory: use git_protected_config() Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-07 20:57       ` [PATCH v4 5/5] setup.c: create `discovery.bare` Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-07 21:37         ` Glen Choo
2022-06-22 22:03       ` [PATCH v4 0/5] config: introduce discovery.bare and protected config Jonathan Tan
2022-06-23 17:13         ` Glen Choo
2022-06-23 18:32           ` Junio C Hamano
2022-06-27 17:34             ` Glen Choo
2022-06-27 18:19       ` Glen Choo
2022-06-27 18:36       ` [PATCH v5 " Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-27 18:36         ` [PATCH v5 1/5] Documentation/git-config.txt: add SCOPES section Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-27 18:36         ` [PATCH v5 2/5] Documentation: define protected configuration Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-27 18:36         ` [PATCH v5 3/5] config: learn `git_protected_config()` Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-27 18:36         ` [PATCH v5 4/5] safe.directory: use git_protected_config() Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-27 18:36         ` [PATCH v5 5/5] setup.c: create `discovery.bare` Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-30 13:20           ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2022-06-30 17:28             ` Glen Choo
2022-06-30 18:13         ` [PATCH v6 0/5] config: introduce discovery.bare and protected config Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-30 18:13           ` [PATCH v6 1/5] Documentation/git-config.txt: add SCOPES section Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-30 22:32             ` Taylor Blau
2022-06-30 18:13           ` [PATCH v6 2/5] Documentation: define protected configuration Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-30 23:49             ` Taylor Blau
2022-06-30 18:13           ` [PATCH v6 3/5] config: learn `git_protected_config()` Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-30 18:13           ` [PATCH v6 4/5] safe.directory: use git_protected_config() Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-30 18:13           ` [PATCH v6 5/5] setup.c: create `discovery.bare` Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-30 22:13           ` [PATCH v6 0/5] config: introduce discovery.bare and protected config Taylor Blau
2022-06-30 23:07           ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason

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