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From: Glen Choo <chooglen@google.com>
To: Derrick Stolee <derrickstolee@github.com>,
	Glen Choo via GitGitGadget <gitgitgadget@gmail.com>,
	git@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Taylor Blau <me@ttaylorr.com>,
	"brian m. carlson" <sandals@crustytoothpaste.net>,
	Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>,
	Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v2 1/2] setup.c: make bare repo discovery optional
Date: Tue, 17 May 2022 13:24:29 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <kl6lilq3j4aq.fsf@chooglen-macbookpro.roam.corp.google.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <e5139922-9b74-ebfa-756c-629918e0456b@github.com>

Thanks for being thorough, I find it really helpful.

For brevity, I won't reply to comments that I think are obviously good,
so you can assume I'll incorproate anything that isn't commented on.

Derrick Stolee <derrickstolee@github.com> writes:

> On 5/13/2022 7:37 PM, Glen Choo via GitGitGadget wrote:
>> From: Glen Choo <chooglen@google.com>
>> 
>> +This config setting is only respected when specified in a system or global
>> +config, not when it is specified in a repository config or via the command
>> +line option `-c discovery.bare=<value>`.
>
> We are sprinkling config options that have these same restrictions throughout
> the config documentation. It might be time to define a term like "protected
> config" at the top of git-config.txt and then refer to that from these other
> locations.

Agree, and I think defining the term will be useful in future on-list
discussions.

>> +static int check_bare_repo_allowed(void)
>> +{
>> +	if (discovery_bare_config == DISCOVERY_BARE_UNKNOWN) {
>> +		read_very_early_config(discovery_bare_cb, NULL);
>
> This will add the third place where we use read_very_early_config(),
> adding to the existing calls in tr2_sysenv_load() and
> ensure_valid_ownership(). If I understand it correctly, that means
> that every Git execution in a bare repository will now parse the
> system and global config three times.
>
> This doesn't count the check for uploadpack.packobjectshook in
> upload-pack.c that uses current_config_scope() to restrict its
> value to the system and global config.
>
> We are probably at the point where we need to instead create a
> configset that stores this "protected config" and allow us to
> lookup config keys directly from that configset instead of
> iterating through these config files repeatedly.

Looking at all of the read_very_early_config() calls,

- check_bare_repo_allowed() can use git_configset_get_string()
- ensure_valid_ownership() can use git_configset_get_value_multi()
- tr2_sysenv_load() reads every value with the "trace2." prefix. AFAICT
  configsets only support exact key lookups and I don't see an easy way
  teach configsets to support prefix lookups.

(I didn't look too closely at uploadpack.packobjectshook because I don't
know enough about config scopes to comment.)

So using a configset, we'll still need to read the config files at least
twice. That's better than thrice, but it doesn't cover the
tr2_sysenv_load() use case, and we'll run into this yet again if add
function that reads all config values with a given prefix.

An hacky alternative that covers all of these use cases would be to read
all protected config in a single pass, e.g.

  static struct protected_config {
         struct safe_directory_data safe_directory_data;
         const char *discovery_bare;
         struct string_list tr2_sysenv;
  };

  static int protected_config_cb()
  {
    /* Parse EVERYTHING that belongs in protected_config. */
  }

but protected_config_cb() would have to parse too many unrelated things
for my liking.

So I'll use the configset for the cases where the key is known, and
perhaps we'll punt on tr2_sysenv_load().

>> +	}
>> +	switch (discovery_bare_config) {
>> +	case DISCOVERY_BARE_NEVER:
>> +		return 0;
>> +	case DISCOVERY_BARE_ALWAYS:
>> +		return 1;
>> +	default:
>> +		BUG("invalid discovery_bare_config %d", discovery_bare_config);
>> +	}
>
> You return -1 in discovery_bare_cb when the key matches, but
> the value is not understood. Should we check the return value
> of read_very_early_config(), too?

This comment doesn't apply because unlike most other config reading
functions, read_very_early_config() and read_early_config() die when the
callback returns -1.

I'm not sure why this is the case though, and maybe you think there is
value in having a non-die()-ing variant, e.g.
read_very_early_config_gently()?

>>  };
>>  
>>  /*
>> @@ -1239,6 +1293,8 @@ static enum discovery_result setup_git_directory_gently_1(struct strbuf *dir,
>>  		}
>>  
>>  		if (is_git_directory(dir->buf)) {
>> +			if (!check_bare_repo_allowed())
>> +				return GIT_DIR_DISALLOWED_BARE;
>
> Won't this fail if someone runs a Git command inside of a .git/
> directory for a non-bare repository? I just want to be sure that
> we hit this error instead:
>
> 	fatal: this operation must be run in a work tree
>
> I see that this error is tested in t0008-ignores.sh, but that's
> with the default "always" value. It would be good to explicitly
> check that this is the right error when using the "never" config.

Yes, it will fail if run inside of a .git/ directory. "never" prevents
you from working from inside .git/ unless you set GIT_DIR.

IIRC, we don't show "fatal: this operation must be run in a work
tree" for every Git command, e.g. "git log" works just fine. It makes
sense to show this warning when the CWD supports 'some, but not all' Git
commands, but I don't think this is valuable if we forbid *all* Git
commands.

Instead of trying to make "never" accomodate this use case, perhaps what
we want is a "dotgit-only" option that allows a bare repository if it is
below a .git/ directory. Since we forbid .git in the index, this seems
somewhat safe, but I hadn't proposed this sooner because I don't know if
we need it yet, and I'm certain that there are less secure edge cases
that need to be thought through.

  parent reply	other threads:[~2022-05-17 20:24 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 81+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2022-05-06 18:30 [PATCH] [RFC] " Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-05-06 20:33 ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-09 21:42 ` Taylor Blau
2022-05-09 22:54   ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-09 23:57     ` Taylor Blau
2022-05-10  0:23       ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-10 22:00   ` Glen Choo
2022-05-13 23:37 ` [PATCH v2 0/2] " Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-05-13 23:37   ` [PATCH v2 1/2] " Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-05-16 18:12     ` Glen Choo
2022-05-16 18:46     ` Derrick Stolee
2022-05-16 22:25       ` Taylor Blau
2022-05-17 20:24       ` Glen Choo [this message]
2022-05-17 21:51         ` Glen Choo
2022-05-13 23:37   ` [PATCH v2 2/2] setup.c: learn discovery.bareRepository=cwd Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-05-16 18:49     ` Derrick Stolee
2022-05-16 16:40   ` [PATCH v2 0/2] setup.c: make bare repo discovery optional Junio C Hamano
2022-05-16 18:36     ` Glen Choo
2022-05-16 19:16       ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-16 20:27         ` Glen Choo
2022-05-16 22:16           ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-16 16:43   ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-16 19:07   ` Derrick Stolee
2022-05-16 22:43     ` Taylor Blau
2022-05-16 23:19     ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-17 18:56     ` Glen Choo
2022-05-27 21:09   ` [PATCH v3 0/5] config: introduce discovery.bare and protected config Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-05-27 21:09     ` [PATCH v3 1/5] Documentation: define protected configuration Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-05-27 23:29       ` Junio C Hamano
2022-06-02 12:42         ` Derrick Stolee
2022-06-02 16:53           ` Junio C Hamano
2022-06-02 17:39             ` Glen Choo
2022-06-03 15:57         ` Glen Choo
2022-05-27 21:09     ` [PATCH v3 2/5] config: read protected config with `git_protected_config()` Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-05-28  0:28       ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-31 17:43         ` Glen Choo
2022-06-01 15:58           ` Junio C Hamano
2022-06-02 12:56       ` Derrick Stolee
2022-05-27 21:09     ` [PATCH v3 3/5] setup.c: create `discovery.bare` Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-05-28  0:59       ` Junio C Hamano
2022-06-02 13:11       ` Derrick Stolee
2022-05-27 21:09     ` [PATCH v3 4/5] config: include "-c" in protected config Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-02 13:15       ` Derrick Stolee
2022-05-27 21:09     ` [PATCH v3 5/5] upload-pack: make uploadpack.packObjectsHook protected Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-02 13:18       ` Derrick Stolee
2022-06-07 20:57     ` [PATCH v4 0/5] config: introduce discovery.bare and protected config Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-07 20:57       ` [PATCH v4 1/5] Documentation/git-config.txt: add SCOPES section Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-07 20:57       ` [PATCH v4 2/5] Documentation: define protected configuration Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-22 21:58         ` Jonathan Tan
2022-06-23 18:21           ` Glen Choo
2022-06-07 20:57       ` [PATCH v4 3/5] config: read protected config with `git_protected_config()` Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-07 22:49         ` Junio C Hamano
2022-06-08  0:22           ` Glen Choo
2022-06-07 20:57       ` [PATCH v4 4/5] safe.directory: use git_protected_config() Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-07 20:57       ` [PATCH v4 5/5] setup.c: create `discovery.bare` Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-07 21:37         ` Glen Choo
2022-06-22 22:03       ` [PATCH v4 0/5] config: introduce discovery.bare and protected config Jonathan Tan
2022-06-23 17:13         ` Glen Choo
2022-06-23 18:32           ` Junio C Hamano
2022-06-27 17:34             ` Glen Choo
2022-06-27 18:19       ` Glen Choo
2022-06-27 18:36       ` [PATCH v5 " Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-27 18:36         ` [PATCH v5 1/5] Documentation/git-config.txt: add SCOPES section Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-27 18:36         ` [PATCH v5 2/5] Documentation: define protected configuration Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-27 18:36         ` [PATCH v5 3/5] config: learn `git_protected_config()` Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-27 18:36         ` [PATCH v5 4/5] safe.directory: use git_protected_config() Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-27 18:36         ` [PATCH v5 5/5] setup.c: create `discovery.bare` Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-30 13:20           ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2022-06-30 17:28             ` Glen Choo
2022-06-30 18:13         ` [PATCH v6 0/5] config: introduce discovery.bare and protected config Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-30 18:13           ` [PATCH v6 1/5] Documentation/git-config.txt: add SCOPES section Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-30 22:32             ` Taylor Blau
2022-06-30 18:13           ` [PATCH v6 2/5] Documentation: define protected configuration Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-30 23:49             ` Taylor Blau
2022-06-30 18:13           ` [PATCH v6 3/5] config: learn `git_protected_config()` Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-07-01  1:22             ` Taylor Blau
2022-06-30 18:13           ` [PATCH v6 4/5] safe.directory: use git_protected_config() Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-06-30 18:13           ` [PATCH v6 5/5] setup.c: create `discovery.bare` Glen Choo via GitGitGadget
2022-07-01  1:30             ` Taylor Blau
2022-06-30 22:13           ` [PATCH v6 0/5] config: introduce discovery.bare and protected config Taylor Blau
2022-06-30 23:07           ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason

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