git@vger.kernel.org list mirror (unofficial, one of many)
 help / color / Atom feed
From: Derrick Stolee <stolee@gmail.com>
To: Stefan Beller <sbeller@google.com>
Cc: git <git@vger.kernel.org>, Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com>,
	Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <avarab@gmail.com>,
	Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder@gmail.com>,
	Jonathan Tan <jonathantanmy@google.com>,
	Martin Fick <mfick@codeaurora.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 02/23] midx: add midx format details to pack-format.txt
Date: Mon, 18 Jun 2018 15:01:53 -0400
Message-ID: <a0dbd78c-507b-3005-c2eb-2fa82e7d29ec@gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <CAGZ79kaDiXnAuRym3HHQPEZh9z0-sPL5V4Yur5-_RojsyLJsYA@mail.gmail.com>

On 6/11/2018 3:19 PM, Stefan Beller wrote:
> Hi Derrick,
> On Thu, Jun 7, 2018 at 7:03 AM Derrick Stolee <stolee@gmail.com> wrote:
>> The multi-pack-index (MIDX) feature generalizes the existing pack-
>> index (IDX) feature by indexing objects across multiple pack-files.
>>
>> Describe the basic file format, using a 12-byte header followed by
>> a lookup table for a list of "chunks" which will be described later.
>> The file ends with a footer containing a checksum using the hash
>> algorithm.
>>
>> The header allows later versions to create breaking changes by
>> advancing the version number. We can also change the hash algorithm
>> using a different version value.
>>
>> We will add the individual chunk format information as we introduce
>> the code that writes that information.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com>
>> ---
>>   Documentation/technical/pack-format.txt | 49 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>   1 file changed, 49 insertions(+)
>>
>> diff --git a/Documentation/technical/pack-format.txt b/Documentation/technical/pack-format.txt
>> index 70a99fd142..17666b4bfc 100644
>> --- a/Documentation/technical/pack-format.txt
>> +++ b/Documentation/technical/pack-format.txt
>> @@ -252,3 +252,52 @@ Pack file entry: <+
>>       corresponding packfile.
>>
>>       20-byte SHA-1-checksum of all of the above.
>> +
>> +== midx-*.midx files have the following format:
>> +
>> +The meta-index files refer to multiple pack-files and loose objects.
> So is it meta or multi?

Good catch. We were calling this the meta-index internally before 
changing to "multi-pack-index" (helps to not change the acronym).

>
>> +In order to allow extensions that add extra data to the MIDX, we organize
>> +the body into "chunks" and provide a lookup table at the beginning of the
>> +body. The header includes certain length values, such as the number of packs,
>> +the number of base MIDX files, hash lengths and types.
>> +
>> +All 4-byte numbers are in network order.
>> +
>> +HEADER:
>> +
>> +       4-byte signature:
>> +           The signature is: {'M', 'I', 'D', 'X'}
>> +
>> +       1-byte version number:
>> +           Git only writes or recognizes version 1
>> +
>> +       1-byte Object Id Version
>> +           Git only writes or recognizes verion 1 (SHA-1)
> s/verion/version/
>
>> +       1-byte number (C) of "chunks"
>> +
>> +       1-byte number (I) of base multi-pack-index files:
>> +           This value is currently always zero.
> Oh? Are meta-index and multi-index files different things?

Not intended to be different things, but this number is related to 
making the feature incremental.

>
>> +       4-byte number (P) of pack files
>> +
>> +CHUNK LOOKUP:
>> +
>> +       (C + 1) * 12 bytes providing the chunk offsets:
>> +           First 4 bytes describe chunk id. Value 0 is a terminating label.
>> +           Other 8 bytes provide offset in current file for chunk to start.
>> +           (Chunks are provided in file-order, so you can infer the length
>> +           using the next chunk position if necessary.)
> It is so nice to have the header also have 12 bytes, so it fits right into the
> lookup table. So an alternative point of view:
>
>    If a chunk needs to store more than 8 bytes, we'll have an offset after
>    the first 4 bytes that describe the chunk, otherwise you can store the 8 bytes
>    of information directly after the 4 bytes.
>     "MIDX" is a special chunk and must come first (does it?) and only once
>    as it contains the version number.

This sounds feasible, but unnecessarily complicated. I don't think any 
other chunk will be this small.

>> +       The remaining data in the body is described one chunk at a time, and
>> +       these chunks may be given in any order. Chunks are required unless
>> +       otherwise specified.
>> +
>> +CHUNK DATA:
>> +
>> +       (This section intentionally left incomplete.)
>> +
>> +TRAILER:
>> +
>> +       H-byte HASH-checksum of all of the above.
> This means we have to rehash the whole file for updating its contents.
> okay.


  reply index

Thread overview: 192+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-06-07 14:03 [PATCH 00/23] Multi-pack-index (MIDX) Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 01/23] midx: add design document Derrick Stolee
2018-06-11 19:04   ` Stefan Beller
2018-06-18 18:48     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 02/23] midx: add midx format details to pack-format.txt Derrick Stolee
2018-06-11 19:19   ` Stefan Beller
2018-06-18 19:01     ` Derrick Stolee [this message]
2018-06-18 19:41       ` Stefan Beller
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 03/23] midx: add midx builtin Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 17:20   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-18 19:23     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-11 21:02   ` Stefan Beller
2018-06-18 19:40     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-18 19:55       ` Stefan Beller
2018-06-18 19:58         ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 04/23] midx: add 'write' subcommand and basic wiring Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 17:27   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 05/23] midx: write header information to lockfile Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 17:35   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-12 15:00   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-19 12:54     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-19 14:59       ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-19 15:24         ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 06/23] midx: struct midxed_git and 'read' subcommand Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 17:54   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-20 13:13     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 18:31   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-20 13:33     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-20 15:07       ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-20 16:39         ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 07/23] midx: expand test data Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 08/23] midx: read packfiles from pack directory Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 18:03   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-20 16:33     ` [PATCH] packfile: generalize pack directory list Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 09/23] midx: write pack names in chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 18:26   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-21 15:25     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-21 17:38       ` Junio C Hamano
2018-06-22 18:25         ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-22 18:31           ` Junio C Hamano
2018-06-22 18:32             ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 10/23] midx: write a lookup into the pack names chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-06-09 16:43   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-21 17:23     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 11/23] midx: sort and deduplicate objects from packfiles Derrick Stolee
2018-06-09 17:07   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-21 17:54     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 12/23] midx: write object ids in a chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-06-09 17:25   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 13/23] midx: write object id fanout chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-06-09 17:28   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-21 19:49     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 14/23] midx: write object offsets Derrick Stolee
2018-06-09 17:41   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 15/23] midx: create core.midx config setting Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 16/23] midx: prepare midxed_git struct Derrick Stolee
2018-06-09 17:47   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 17/23] midx: read objects from multi-pack-index Derrick Stolee
2018-06-09 17:56   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-21 20:03     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 18/23] midx: use midx in abbreviation calculations Derrick Stolee
2018-06-09 18:01   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-22 18:38     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 19/23] midx: use existing midx when writing new one Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 20/23] midx: use midx in approximate_object_count Derrick Stolee
2018-06-09 18:03   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-22 18:39     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 21/23] midx: prevent duplicate packfile loads Derrick Stolee
2018-06-09 18:05   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 22/23] midx: use midx to find ref-deltas Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 23/23] midx: clear midx on repack Derrick Stolee
2018-06-09 18:13   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-22 18:44     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:06 ` [PATCH 00/23] Multi-pack-index (MIDX) Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:45 ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2018-06-07 14:54   ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34 ` [PATCH v2 00/24] " Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 01/24] multi-pack-index: add design document Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 02/24] multi-pack-index: add format details Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 03/24] multi-pack-index: add builtin Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 19:15     ` Junio C Hamano
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 04/24] multi-pack-index: add 'write' verb Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 05/24] midx: write header information to lockfile Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 19:19     ` Junio C Hamano
2018-07-05 19:13       ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 06/24] multi-pack-index: load into memory Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 19:38     ` Junio C Hamano
2018-07-05 14:19       ` Derrick Stolee
2018-07-05 18:58         ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-06 19:20           ` Junio C Hamano
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 07/24] multi-pack-index: expand test data Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 19:45     ` Junio C Hamano
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 08/24] packfile: generalize pack directory list Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 19:57     ` Junio C Hamano
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 09/24] multi-pack-index: read packfile list Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 10/24] multi-pack-index: write pack names in chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 11/24] midx: read pack names into array Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 23:52     ` Eric Sunshine
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 12/24] midx: sort and deduplicate objects from packfiles Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 13/24] midx: write object ids in a chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 14/24] midx: write object id fanout chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 15/24] midx: write object offsets Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 16/24] config: create core.multiPackIndex setting Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 17/24] midx: prepare midxed_git struct Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 18/24] midx: read objects from multi-pack-index Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 19/24] midx: use midx in abbreviation calculations Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 20/24] midx: use existing midx when writing new one Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 21/24] midx: use midx in approximate_object_count Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 22/24] midx: prevent duplicate packfile loads Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 23/24] packfile: skip loading index if in multi-pack-index Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 24/24] midx: clear midx on repack Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:52   ` [PATCH v3 00/24] Multi-pack-index (MIDX) Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:52     ` [PATCH v3 01/24] multi-pack-index: add design document Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:52     ` [PATCH v3 02/24] multi-pack-index: add format details Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 03/24] multi-pack-index: add builtin Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  3:54       ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 04/24] multi-pack-index: add 'write' verb Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  4:07       ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 05/24] midx: write header information to lockfile Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 06/24] multi-pack-index: load into memory Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  4:19       ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-06  5:18         ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-09 19:08       ` Junio C Hamano
2018-07-12 16:06         ` Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 07/24] multi-pack-index: expand test data Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  4:36       ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-06  5:20         ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-12 14:10         ` Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 18:02           ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-12 18:06             ` Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 08/24] packfile: generalize pack directory list Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 09/24] multi-pack-index: read packfile list Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 10/24] multi-pack-index: write pack names in chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 11/24] midx: read pack names into array Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  4:58       ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 12/24] midx: sort and deduplicate objects from packfiles Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 13/24] midx: write object ids in a chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  5:04       ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 14/24] midx: write object id fanout chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 15/24] midx: write object offsets Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  5:27       ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-12 16:33         ` Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 16/24] config: create core.multiPackIndex setting Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  5:39       ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-12 13:19         ` Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 16:30           ` Derrick Stolee
2018-07-11  9:48       ` SZEDER Gábor
2018-07-12 13:01         ` Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 13:31           ` SZEDER Gábor
2018-07-12 15:40             ` Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 17:29             ` Junio C Hamano
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 17/24] midx: prepare midxed_git struct Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  5:41       ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 18/24] midx: read objects from multi-pack-index Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 19/24] midx: use midx in abbreviation calculations Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 20/24] midx: use existing midx when writing new one Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 21/24] midx: use midx in approximate_object_count Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 22/24] midx: prevent duplicate packfile loads Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 23/24] packfile: skip loading index if in multi-pack-index Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 24/24] midx: clear midx on repack Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  5:52       ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-12 19:39     ` [PATCH v4 00/23] Multi-pack-index (MIDX) Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 01/23] multi-pack-index: add design document Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 02/23] multi-pack-index: add format details Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 03/23] multi-pack-index: add builtin Derrick Stolee
2018-07-20 18:22         ` Junio C Hamano
2018-07-20 22:15           ` brian m. carlson
2018-07-20 22:28             ` Junio C Hamano
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 04/23] multi-pack-index: add 'write' verb Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 22:56         ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 05/23] midx: write header information to lockfile Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 06/23] multi-pack-index: load into memory Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 07/23] t5319: expand test data Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 08/23] packfile: generalize pack directory list Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 09/23] multi-pack-index: read packfile list Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 10/23] multi-pack-index: write pack names in chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 11/23] midx: read pack names into array Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 12/23] midx: sort and deduplicate objects from packfiles Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 13/23] midx: write object ids in a chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 14/23] midx: write object id fanout chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 15/23] midx: write object offsets Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 16/23] config: create core.multiPackIndex setting Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 21:05         ` Junio C Hamano
2018-07-13  0:50           ` Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 17/23] midx: read objects from multi-pack-index Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 18/23] midx: use midx in abbreviation calculations Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 19/23] midx: use existing midx when writing new one Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 20/23] midx: use midx in approximate_object_count Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 21/23] midx: prevent duplicate packfile loads Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 22/23] packfile: skip loading index if in multi-pack-index Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 23/23] midx: clear midx on repack Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 21:11       ` [PATCH v4 00/23] Multi-pack-index (MIDX) Junio C Hamano

Reply instructions:

You may reply publically to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

  List information: http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=a0dbd78c-507b-3005-c2eb-2fa82e7d29ec@gmail.com \
    --to=stolee@gmail.com \
    --cc=avarab@gmail.com \
    --cc=dstolee@microsoft.com \
    --cc=git@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=jonathantanmy@google.com \
    --cc=jrnieder@gmail.com \
    --cc=mfick@codeaurora.org \
    --cc=sbeller@google.com \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link

git@vger.kernel.org list mirror (unofficial, one of many)

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://public-inbox.org/git
	git clone --mirror http://ou63pmih66umazou.onion/git
	git clone --mirror http://czquwvybam4bgbro.onion/git
	git clone --mirror http://hjrcffqmbrq6wope.onion/git

Newsgroups are available over NNTP:
	nntp://news.public-inbox.org/inbox.comp.version-control.git
	nntp://ou63pmih66umazou.onion/inbox.comp.version-control.git
	nntp://czquwvybam4bgbro.onion/inbox.comp.version-control.git
	nntp://hjrcffqmbrq6wope.onion/inbox.comp.version-control.git
	nntp://news.gmane.org/gmane.comp.version-control.git

 note: .onion URLs require Tor: https://www.torproject.org/

AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/ public-inbox