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From: Derrick Stolee <stolee@gmail.com>
To: git@vger.kernel.org
Cc: gitster@pobox.com, sbeller@google.com, pclouds@gmail.com,
	avarab@gmail.com, dstolee@microsoft.com
Subject: [PATCH v3 02/24] multi-pack-index: add format details
Date: Thu,  5 Jul 2018 20:52:59 -0400
Message-ID: <20180706005321.124643-3-dstolee@microsoft.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20180706005321.124643-1-dstolee@microsoft.com>

The multi-pack-index feature generalizes the existing pack-index
feature by indexing objects across multiple pack-files.

Describe the basic file format, using a 12-byte header followed by
a lookup table for a list of "chunks" which will be described later.
The file ends with a footer containing a checksum using the hash
algorithm.

The header allows later versions to create breaking changes by
advancing the version number. We can also change the hash algorithm
using a different version value.

We will add the individual chunk format information as we introduce
the code that writes that information.

Signed-off-by: Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com>
---
 Documentation/technical/pack-format.txt | 49 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
 1 file changed, 49 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/technical/pack-format.txt b/Documentation/technical/pack-format.txt
index 70a99fd142..e060e693f4 100644
--- a/Documentation/technical/pack-format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/technical/pack-format.txt
@@ -252,3 +252,52 @@ Pack file entry: <+
     corresponding packfile.
 
     20-byte SHA-1-checksum of all of the above.
+
+== multi-pack-index (MIDX) files have the following format:
+
+The multi-pack-index files refer to multiple pack-files and loose objects.
+
+In order to allow extensions that add extra data to the MIDX, we organize
+the body into "chunks" and provide a lookup table at the beginning of the
+body. The header includes certain length values, such as the number of packs,
+the number of base MIDX files, hash lengths and types.
+
+All 4-byte numbers are in network order.
+
+HEADER:
+
+	4-byte signature:
+	    The signature is: {'M', 'I', 'D', 'X'}
+
+	1-byte version number:
+	    Git only writes or recognizes version 1.
+
+	1-byte Object Id Version
+	    Git only writes or recognizes version 1 (SHA1).
+
+	1-byte number of "chunks"
+
+	1-byte number of base multi-pack-index files:
+	    This value is currently always zero.
+
+	4-byte number of pack files
+
+CHUNK LOOKUP:
+
+	(C + 1) * 12 bytes providing the chunk offsets:
+	    First 4 bytes describe chunk id. Value 0 is a terminating label.
+	    Other 8 bytes provide offset in current file for chunk to start.
+	    (Chunks are provided in file-order, so you can infer the length
+	    using the next chunk position if necessary.)
+
+	The remaining data in the body is described one chunk at a time, and
+	these chunks may be given in any order. Chunks are required unless
+	otherwise specified.
+
+CHUNK DATA:
+
+	(This section intentionally left incomplete.)
+
+TRAILER:
+
+	20-byte SHA1-checksum of the above contents.
-- 
2.18.0.118.gd4f65b8d14


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 192+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-06-07 14:03 [PATCH 00/23] Multi-pack-index (MIDX) Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 01/23] midx: add design document Derrick Stolee
2018-06-11 19:04   ` Stefan Beller
2018-06-18 18:48     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 02/23] midx: add midx format details to pack-format.txt Derrick Stolee
2018-06-11 19:19   ` Stefan Beller
2018-06-18 19:01     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-18 19:41       ` Stefan Beller
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 03/23] midx: add midx builtin Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 17:20   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-18 19:23     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-11 21:02   ` Stefan Beller
2018-06-18 19:40     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-18 19:55       ` Stefan Beller
2018-06-18 19:58         ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 04/23] midx: add 'write' subcommand and basic wiring Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 17:27   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 05/23] midx: write header information to lockfile Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 17:35   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-12 15:00   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-19 12:54     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-19 14:59       ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-19 15:24         ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 06/23] midx: struct midxed_git and 'read' subcommand Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 17:54   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-20 13:13     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 18:31   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-20 13:33     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-20 15:07       ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-20 16:39         ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 07/23] midx: expand test data Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 08/23] midx: read packfiles from pack directory Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 18:03   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-20 16:33     ` [PATCH] packfile: generalize pack directory list Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 09/23] midx: write pack names in chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 18:26   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-21 15:25     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-21 17:38       ` Junio C Hamano
2018-06-22 18:25         ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-22 18:31           ` Junio C Hamano
2018-06-22 18:32             ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 10/23] midx: write a lookup into the pack names chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-06-09 16:43   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-21 17:23     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 11/23] midx: sort and deduplicate objects from packfiles Derrick Stolee
2018-06-09 17:07   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-21 17:54     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 12/23] midx: write object ids in a chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-06-09 17:25   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 13/23] midx: write object id fanout chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-06-09 17:28   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-21 19:49     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 14/23] midx: write object offsets Derrick Stolee
2018-06-09 17:41   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 15/23] midx: create core.midx config setting Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 16/23] midx: prepare midxed_git struct Derrick Stolee
2018-06-09 17:47   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 17/23] midx: read objects from multi-pack-index Derrick Stolee
2018-06-09 17:56   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-21 20:03     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 18/23] midx: use midx in abbreviation calculations Derrick Stolee
2018-06-09 18:01   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-22 18:38     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 19/23] midx: use existing midx when writing new one Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 20/23] midx: use midx in approximate_object_count Derrick Stolee
2018-06-09 18:03   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-22 18:39     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 21/23] midx: prevent duplicate packfile loads Derrick Stolee
2018-06-09 18:05   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 22/23] midx: use midx to find ref-deltas Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:03 ` [PATCH 23/23] midx: clear midx on repack Derrick Stolee
2018-06-09 18:13   ` Duy Nguyen
2018-06-22 18:44     ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:06 ` [PATCH 00/23] Multi-pack-index (MIDX) Derrick Stolee
2018-06-07 14:45 ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2018-06-07 14:54   ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34 ` [PATCH v2 00/24] " Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 01/24] multi-pack-index: add design document Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 02/24] multi-pack-index: add format details Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 03/24] multi-pack-index: add builtin Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 19:15     ` Junio C Hamano
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 04/24] multi-pack-index: add 'write' verb Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 05/24] midx: write header information to lockfile Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 19:19     ` Junio C Hamano
2018-07-05 19:13       ` Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 06/24] multi-pack-index: load into memory Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 19:38     ` Junio C Hamano
2018-07-05 14:19       ` Derrick Stolee
2018-07-05 18:58         ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-06 19:20           ` Junio C Hamano
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 07/24] multi-pack-index: expand test data Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 19:45     ` Junio C Hamano
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 08/24] packfile: generalize pack directory list Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 19:57     ` Junio C Hamano
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 09/24] multi-pack-index: read packfile list Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 10/24] multi-pack-index: write pack names in chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 11/24] midx: read pack names into array Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 23:52     ` Eric Sunshine
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 12/24] midx: sort and deduplicate objects from packfiles Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 13/24] midx: write object ids in a chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 14/24] midx: write object id fanout chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 15/24] midx: write object offsets Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 16/24] config: create core.multiPackIndex setting Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 17/24] midx: prepare midxed_git struct Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 18/24] midx: read objects from multi-pack-index Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 19/24] midx: use midx in abbreviation calculations Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 20/24] midx: use existing midx when writing new one Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 21/24] midx: use midx in approximate_object_count Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 22/24] midx: prevent duplicate packfile loads Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 23/24] packfile: skip loading index if in multi-pack-index Derrick Stolee
2018-06-25 14:34   ` [PATCH v2 24/24] midx: clear midx on repack Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:52   ` [PATCH v3 00/24] Multi-pack-index (MIDX) Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:52     ` [PATCH v3 01/24] multi-pack-index: add design document Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:52     ` Derrick Stolee [this message]
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 03/24] multi-pack-index: add builtin Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  3:54       ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 04/24] multi-pack-index: add 'write' verb Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  4:07       ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 05/24] midx: write header information to lockfile Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 06/24] multi-pack-index: load into memory Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  4:19       ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-06  5:18         ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-09 19:08       ` Junio C Hamano
2018-07-12 16:06         ` Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 07/24] multi-pack-index: expand test data Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  4:36       ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-06  5:20         ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-12 14:10         ` Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 18:02           ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-12 18:06             ` Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 08/24] packfile: generalize pack directory list Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 09/24] multi-pack-index: read packfile list Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 10/24] multi-pack-index: write pack names in chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 11/24] midx: read pack names into array Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  4:58       ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 12/24] midx: sort and deduplicate objects from packfiles Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 13/24] midx: write object ids in a chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  5:04       ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 14/24] midx: write object id fanout chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 15/24] midx: write object offsets Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  5:27       ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-12 16:33         ` Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 16/24] config: create core.multiPackIndex setting Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  5:39       ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-12 13:19         ` Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 16:30           ` Derrick Stolee
2018-07-11  9:48       ` SZEDER Gábor
2018-07-12 13:01         ` Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 13:31           ` SZEDER Gábor
2018-07-12 15:40             ` Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 17:29             ` Junio C Hamano
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 17/24] midx: prepare midxed_git struct Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  5:41       ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 18/24] midx: read objects from multi-pack-index Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 19/24] midx: use midx in abbreviation calculations Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 20/24] midx: use existing midx when writing new one Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 21/24] midx: use midx in approximate_object_count Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 22/24] midx: prevent duplicate packfile loads Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 23/24] packfile: skip loading index if in multi-pack-index Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  0:53     ` [PATCH v3 24/24] midx: clear midx on repack Derrick Stolee
2018-07-06  5:52       ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-12 19:39     ` [PATCH v4 00/23] Multi-pack-index (MIDX) Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 01/23] multi-pack-index: add design document Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 02/23] multi-pack-index: add format details Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 03/23] multi-pack-index: add builtin Derrick Stolee
2018-07-20 18:22         ` Junio C Hamano
2018-07-20 22:15           ` brian m. carlson
2018-07-20 22:28             ` Junio C Hamano
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 04/23] multi-pack-index: add 'write' verb Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 22:56         ` Eric Sunshine
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 05/23] midx: write header information to lockfile Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 06/23] multi-pack-index: load into memory Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 07/23] t5319: expand test data Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 08/23] packfile: generalize pack directory list Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 09/23] multi-pack-index: read packfile list Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 10/23] multi-pack-index: write pack names in chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 11/23] midx: read pack names into array Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 12/23] midx: sort and deduplicate objects from packfiles Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 13/23] midx: write object ids in a chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 14/23] midx: write object id fanout chunk Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 15/23] midx: write object offsets Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 16/23] config: create core.multiPackIndex setting Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 21:05         ` Junio C Hamano
2018-07-13  0:50           ` Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 17/23] midx: read objects from multi-pack-index Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 18/23] midx: use midx in abbreviation calculations Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 19/23] midx: use existing midx when writing new one Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 20/23] midx: use midx in approximate_object_count Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 21/23] midx: prevent duplicate packfile loads Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 22/23] packfile: skip loading index if in multi-pack-index Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 19:39       ` [PATCH v4 23/23] midx: clear midx on repack Derrick Stolee
2018-07-12 21:11       ` [PATCH v4 00/23] Multi-pack-index (MIDX) Junio C Hamano

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