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From: Jeff King <>
Subject: [PATCH 5/6] config: use size_t to store parsed variable baselen
Date: Fri, 10 Apr 2020 15:47:51 -0400	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

Most of the config parsing infrastructure is limited in what it can
parse only by the size of memory, because it parses character by
character, building up strbufs for keys, values, etc. One exception is
the "baselen" value we keep in git_parse_source(), which is an int.

That stores the length of the section.subsection base, to which we can
then append individual key names (by truncating back to the baselen with
strbuf_setlen(), and then appending characters for the key name). But
because it's an int, if we see an absurdly long section or subsection,
we may overflow the integer, wrapping negative. That negative value is
then implicitly cast to a size_t when we pass it to strbuf_setlen(),
creating a very large value and triggering a BUG. For example:

  $ {
       printf '[foo "'
       perl -e 'print "a" x 2**31'
       echo '"]bar = value'
    } >huge
  $ git config --file=huge --list
  fatal: BUG: strbuf_setlen() beyond buffer

While this is obviously a silly case that we don't care about
supporting, it's worth fixing it by switching to a size_t for a few

  - we should try to avoid hitting BUG assertions at all

  - avoiding integer truncation or overflow sets a good example and
    makes it easier to audit the code for more important issues

  - the BUG outcome is what happens in _this_ instance, because we wrap
    negative. If we used a 2**32 subsection, we'd wrap to a small
    positive value and actually generate wrong output (the subsection of
    our key would be truncated).

Signed-off-by: Jeff King <>
 config.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/config.c b/config.c
index c48bb35dc0..1c25c94863 100644
--- a/config.c
+++ b/config.c
@@ -729,7 +729,7 @@ static int git_parse_source(config_fn_t fn, void *data,
 			    const struct config_options *opts)
 	int comment = 0;
-	int baselen = 0;
+	size_t baselen = 0;
 	struct strbuf *var = &cf->var;
 	int error_return = 0;
 	char *error_msg = NULL;

  parent reply	other threads:[~2020-04-10 19:47 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 16+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-04-10 19:42 [PATCH 0/6] better handling of gigantic config files Jeff King
2020-04-10 19:43 ` [PATCH 1/6] remote: drop auto-strlen behavior of make_branch() and make_rewrite() Jeff King
2020-04-10 21:44   ` Junio C Hamano
2020-04-10 19:44 ` [PATCH 2/6] parse_config_key(): return subsection len as size_t Jeff King
2020-04-10 19:44 ` [PATCH 3/6] config: drop useless length variable in write_pair() Jeff King
2020-04-10 21:51   ` Junio C Hamano
2020-04-10 19:46 ` [PATCH 4/6] git_config_parse_key(): return baselen as size_t Jeff King
2020-04-10 19:47 ` Jeff King [this message]
2020-04-10 19:50 ` [PATCH 6/6] config: reject parsing of files over INT_MAX Jeff King
2020-04-10 22:04   ` Junio C Hamano
2020-04-10 22:15     ` Jeff King
2020-04-13  0:47       ` Taylor Blau
2020-04-13 22:14         ` Junio C Hamano
2020-04-13  0:49 ` [PATCH 0/6] better handling of gigantic config files Taylor Blau
2020-04-13 17:20   ` Jeff King
2020-04-13 17:23     ` Taylor Blau

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