user/dev discussion of public-inbox itself
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# Copyright (C) 2016-2020 all contributors <meta@public-inbox.org>
# License: AGPL-3.0+ <https://www.gnu.org/licenses/agpl-3.0.txt>
#
# Atom body stream for which yields getline+close methods
# public-inbox-httpd favors "getline" response bodies to take a
# "pull"-based approach to feeding slow clients (as opposed to a
# more common "push" model)
package PublicInbox::WwwAtomStream;
use strict;
use warnings;

use POSIX qw(strftime);
use Digest::SHA qw(sha1_hex);
use PublicInbox::Address;
use PublicInbox::Hval qw(ascii_html mid_href);
use PublicInbox::MsgTime qw(msg_timestamp);
use PublicInbox::GzipFilter qw(gzf_maybe);
use PublicInbox::GitAsyncCat;

# called by generic PSGI server after getline,
# and also by PublicInbox::HTTP::close
sub close { !!delete($_[0]->{http_out}) }

sub new {
	my ($class, $ctx, $cb) = @_;
	$ctx->{feed_base_url} = $ctx->{-inbox}->base_url($ctx->{env});
	$ctx->{cb} = $cb || \&close;
	$ctx->{emit_header} = 1;
	bless $ctx, $class;
}

# called by PublicInbox::DS::write
sub atom_async_next {
	my ($http) = @_; # PublicInbox::HTTP
	atom_async_step($http->{forward});
}

# this is public-inbox-httpd-specific
sub atom_blob_cb { # git->cat_async callback
	my ($bref, $oid, $type, $size, $ctx) = @_;
	my $http = $ctx->{env}->{'psgix.io'} or return; # client abort
	my $smsg = delete $ctx->{smsg} or die 'BUG: no smsg';
	if (!defined($oid)) {
		# it's possible to have TOCTOU if an admin runs
		# public-inbox-(edit|purge), just move onto the next message
		return $http->next_step(\&atom_async_next);
	} else {
		$smsg->{blob} eq $oid or die "BUG: $smsg->{blob} != $oid";
	}
	my $buf = feed_entry($ctx, $smsg, PublicInbox::Eml->new($bref));
	if (my $gzf = $ctx->{gzf}) {
		$buf = $gzf->translate($buf);
	}
	# PublicInbox::HTTP::{Chunked,Identity}::write
	$ctx->{http_out}->write($buf);

	$http->next_step(\&atom_async_next);
}

sub atom_async_step { # this is public-inbox-httpd-specific
	my ($ctx) = @_;
	if (my $smsg = $ctx->{smsg} = $ctx->{cb}->($ctx)) {
		git_async_cat($ctx->{-inbox}->git, $smsg->{blob},
				\&atom_blob_cb, $ctx);
	} elsif (my $out = delete $ctx->{http_out}) {
		if (my $gzf = delete $ctx->{gzf}) {
			$out->write($gzf->zflush);
		}
		$out->close;
	}
}

sub response {
	my ($class, $ctx, $code, $cb) = @_;
	my $res_hdr = [ 'Content-Type' => 'application/atom+xml' ];
	$class->new($ctx, $cb);
	$ctx->{gzf} = gzf_maybe($res_hdr, $ctx->{env});
	if ($ctx->{env}->{'pi-httpd.async'}) {
		sub {
			my ($wcb) = @_; # -httpd provided write callback
			$ctx->{http_out} = $wcb->([200, $res_hdr]);
			$ctx->{env}->{'psgix.io'}->{forward} = $ctx;
			atom_async_step($ctx); # start stepping
		};
	} else {
		[ $code, $res_hdr, $ctx ];
	}
}

# called once for each message by PSGI server
sub getline {
	my ($self) = @_;
	my $buf = do {
		if (my $middle = $self->{cb}) {
			if (my $smsg = $middle->($self)) {
				my $eml = $self->{-inbox}->smsg_eml($smsg) or
						return '';
				feed_entry($self, $smsg, $eml);
			} else {
				undef;
			}
		}
	} // (delete($self->{cb}) ? '</feed>' : undef);

	# gzf may be GzipFilter, `undef' or `0'
	my $gzf = $self->{gzf} or return $buf;

	return $gzf->translate($buf) if defined $buf;
	$self->{gzf} = 0; # next call to ->getline returns $buf (== undef)
	$gzf->translate(undef);
}

# private

sub title_tag {
	my ($title) = @_;
	$title =~ tr/\t\n / /s; # squeeze spaces
	# try to avoid the type attribute in title:
	$title = ascii_html($title);
	my $type = index($title, '&') >= 0 ? "\ntype=\"html\"" : '';
	"<title$type>$title</title>";
}

sub to_uuid ($) {
	my ($any) = @_;
	utf8::encode($any); # really screwed up In-Reply-To fields exist
	$any = sha1_hex($any);
	my $h = '[a-f0-9]';
	my (@uuid5) = ($any =~ m!\A($h{8})($h{4})($h{4})($h{4})($h{12})!o);
	'urn:uuid:' . join('-', @uuid5);
}

sub atom_header {
	my ($ctx, $title) = @_;
	my $ibx = $ctx->{-inbox};
	my $base_url = $ctx->{feed_base_url};
	my $search_q = $ctx->{search_query};
	my $self_url = $base_url;
	my $mid = $ctx->{mid};
	my $page_id;
	if (defined $mid) { # per-thread
		$self_url .= mid_href($mid).'/t.atom';
		$page_id = to_uuid("t\n".$mid)
	} elsif (defined $search_q) {
		my $query = $search_q->{'q'};
		$title = title_tag("$query - search results");
		$base_url .= '?' . $search_q->qs_html(x => undef);
		$self_url .= '?' . $search_q->qs_html;
		$page_id = to_uuid("q\n".$query);
	} else {
		$title = title_tag($ibx->description);
		$self_url .= 'new.atom';
		$page_id = "mailto:$ibx->{-primary_address}";
	}
	qq(<?xml version="1.0" encoding="us-ascii"?>\n) .
	qq(<feed\nxmlns="http://www.w3.org/2005/Atom"\n) .
	qq(xmlns:thr="http://purl.org/syndication/thread/1.0">) .
	qq{$title} .
	qq(<link\nrel="alternate"\ntype="text/html") .
		qq(\nhref="$base_url"/>) .
	qq(<link\nrel="self"\nhref="$self_url"/>) .
	qq(<id>$page_id</id>) .
	feed_updated($ibx->modified);
}

# returns undef or string
sub feed_entry {
	my ($ctx, $smsg, $eml) = @_;
	my $hdr = $eml->header_obj;
	my $mid = $smsg->{mid};
	my $irt = PublicInbox::View::in_reply_to($hdr);
	my $uuid = to_uuid($mid);
	my $base = $ctx->{feed_base_url};
	if (defined $irt) {
		my $irt_uuid = to_uuid($irt);
		$irt = mid_href($irt);
		$irt = qq(<thr:in-reply-to\nref="$irt_uuid"\n).
			qq(href="$base$irt/"/>);
	} else {
		$irt = '';
	}
	my $href = $base . mid_href($mid) . '/';
	my $updated = feed_updated(msg_timestamp($hdr));

	my $title = $hdr->header('Subject');
	$title = '(no subject)' unless defined $title && $title ne '';
	$title = title_tag($title);

	my $from = $hdr->header('From') or return;
	my ($email) = PublicInbox::Address::emails($from);
	my $name = join(', ',PublicInbox::Address::names($from));
	$name = ascii_html($name);
	$email = ascii_html($email);

	my $s = '';
	if (delete $ctx->{emit_header}) {
		$s .= atom_header($ctx, $title);
	}
	$s .= "<entry><author><name>$name</name><email>$email</email>" .
		"</author>$title$updated" .
		qq(<link\nhref="$href"/>).
		"<id>$uuid</id>$irt" .
		qq{<content\ntype="xhtml">} .
		qq{<div\nxmlns="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">} .
		qq(<pre\nstyle="white-space:pre-wrap">);
	$ctx->{obuf} = \$s;
	$ctx->{mhref} = $href;
	PublicInbox::View::multipart_text_as_html($eml, $ctx);
	delete $ctx->{obuf};
	$s .= '</pre></div></content></entry>';
}

sub feed_updated {
	'<updated>' . strftime('%Y-%m-%dT%H:%M:%SZ', gmtime(@_)) . '</updated>';
}

1;
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solving 583309228 ...
found 583309228 in public-inbox.git

user/dev discussion of public-inbox itself

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