user/dev discussion of public-inbox itself
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#!/usr/bin/perl -w
# Copyright (C) 2018-2020 all contributors <meta@public-inbox.org>
# License: AGPL-3.0+ <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/agpl-3.0.txt>
use strict;
use v5.10.1;
use Getopt::Long qw(:config gnu_getopt no_ignore_case auto_abbrev);
my $usage = 'Usage: public-inbox-convert [options] OLD NEW';
my $help = <<EOF; # the following should fit w/o scrolling in 80x24 term:
usage: $usage

  convert v1 format inboxes to v2

options:

  --no-index          do not index after conversion
  --jobs=NUM          set shards (NUM=0)
  --verbose | -v      increase verbosity (may be repeated)
  --help | -?         show this help

index options (see public-inbox-index(1) manpage for full description):

  --no-fsync          speed up indexing, risk corruption on power outage
  -L LEVEL            `basic', `medium', or `full' (default: full)
  --compact | -c      run public-inbox-compact(1) after indexing
  --sequential-shard  index Xapian shards sequentially for slow storage
  --batch-size=BYTES  flush changes to OS after a given number of bytes
  --max-size=BYTES    do not index messages larger than the given size

See public-inbox-convert(1) man page for full documentation.
EOF

my $opt = {
	index => 1,
	# index defaults:
	quiet => -1, compact => 0, maxsize => undef, fsync => 1,
	reindex => 1, # we always reindex
};
GetOptions($opt, qw(jobs|j=i index! help|?),
		# index options
		qw(verbose|v+ rethread compact|c+ fsync|sync!
		indexlevel|index-level|L=s max_size|max-size=s
		batch_size|batch-size=s
		sequential_shard|sequential-shard|seq-shard
		)) or die <<EOF;
bad command-line args\n$usage
EOF
if ($opt->{help}) { print $help; exit 0 };
my $old_dir = shift(@ARGV) // '';
my $new_dir = shift(@ARGV) // '';
die $usage if (scalar(@ARGV) || $new_dir eq '' || $old_dir eq '');
die "$new_dir exists\n" if -d $new_dir;
die "$old_dir not a directory\n" unless -d $old_dir;

require Cwd;
Cwd->import('abs_path');
require PublicInbox::Config;
require PublicInbox::InboxWritable;

$old_dir = abs_path($old_dir);
my $cfg = PublicInbox::Config->new;
my $old;
$cfg->each_inbox(sub {
	$old = $_[0] if abs_path($_[0]->{inboxdir}) eq $old_dir;
});
if ($old) {
	$old = PublicInbox::InboxWritable->new($old);
} else {
	warn "W: $old_dir not configured in " .
		PublicInbox::Config::default_file() . "\n";
	$old = PublicInbox::InboxWritable->new({
		inboxdir => $old_dir,
		name => 'ignored',
		-primary_address => 'old@example.com',
		address => [ 'old@example.com' ],
	});
}
die "Only conversion from v1 inboxes is supported\n" if $old->version >= 2;

require PublicInbox::Admin;
my $detected = PublicInbox::Admin::detect_indexlevel($old);
$old->{indexlevel} //= $detected;
my $env;
if ($opt->{'index'}) {
	my $mods = {};
	PublicInbox::Admin::scan_ibx_modules($mods, $old);
	PublicInbox::Admin::require_or_die(keys %$mods);
	PublicInbox::Admin::progress_prepare($opt);
	$env = PublicInbox::Admin::index_prepare($opt, $cfg);
}
local %ENV = (%$env, %ENV) if $env;
my $new = { %$old };
$new->{inboxdir} = abs_path($new_dir);
$new->{version} = 2;
$new = PublicInbox::InboxWritable->new($new, { nproc => $opt->{jobs} });
$new->{-no_fsync} = 1 if !$opt->{fsync};
my $v2w;
$old->umask_prepare;

sub link_or_copy ($$) {
	my ($src, $dst) = @_;
	link($src, $dst) and return;
	$!{EXDEV} or warn "link $src, $dst failed: $!, trying cp\n";
	require File::Copy; # preserves permissions:
	File::Copy::cp($src, $dst) or die "cp $src, $dst failed: $!\n";
}

$old->with_umask(sub {
	my $old_cfg = "$old->{inboxdir}/config";
	local $ENV{GIT_CONFIG} = $old_cfg;
	my $new_cfg = "$new->{inboxdir}/all.git/config";
	$v2w = $new->importer(1);
	$v2w->init_inbox(delete $opt->{jobs});
	unlink $new_cfg;
	link_or_copy($old_cfg, $new_cfg);
	if (my $alt = $new->{altid}) {
		require PublicInbox::AltId;
		foreach my $i (0..$#$alt) {
			my $src = PublicInbox::AltId->new($old, $alt->[$i], 0);
			$src = $src->mm_alt or next;
			$src = $src->{dbh}->sqlite_db_filename;
			my $dst = PublicInbox::AltId->new($new, $alt->[$i], 1);
			$dst->mm_alt->{dbh}->sqlite_backup_from_file($src);
		}
	}
	my $desc = "$old->{inboxdir}/description";
	link_or_copy($desc, "$new->{inboxdir}/description") if -e $desc;
	my $clone = "$old->{inboxdir}/cloneurl";
	if (-e $clone) {
		warn <<"";
$clone may not be valid after migrating to v2, not copying

	}
});
my $state = '';
my $head = $old->{ref_head} || 'HEAD';
my ($rd, $pid) = $old->git->popen(qw(fast-export --use-done-feature), $head);
$v2w->idx_init($opt);
my $im = $v2w->importer;
my ($r, $w) = $im->gfi_start;
my $h = '[0-9a-f]';
my %D;
my $last;
while (<$rd>) {
	if ($_ eq "blob\n") {
		$state = 'blob';
	} elsif (/^commit /) {
		$state = 'commit';
	} elsif (/^data ([0-9]+)/) {
		my $len = $1;
		print $w $_ or $im->wfail;
		while ($len) {
			my $n = read($rd, my $tmp, $len) or die "read: $!";
			warn "$n != $len\n" if $n != $len;
			$len -= $n;
			print $w $tmp or $im->wfail;
		}
		next;
	} elsif ($state eq 'commit') {
		if (m{^M 100644 :([0-9]+) (${h}{2}/${h}{38})}o) {
			my ($mark, $path) = ($1, $2);
			$D{$path} = $mark;
			if ($last && $last ne 'm') {
				print $w "D $last\n" or $im->wfail;
			}
			print $w "M 100644 :$mark m\n" or $im->wfail;
			$last = 'm';
			next;
		}
		if (m{^D (${h}{2}/${h}{38})}o) {
			my $mark = delete $D{$1};
			defined $mark or die "undeleted path: $1\n";
			if ($last && $last ne 'd') {
				print $w "D $last\n" or $im->wfail;
			}
			print $w "M 100644 :$mark d\n" or $im->wfail;
			$last = 'd';
			next;
		}
	}
	last if $_ eq "done\n";
	print $w $_ or $im->wfail;
}
close $rd or die "close fast-export: $!\n";
waitpid($pid, 0) or die "waitpid failed: $!\n";
$? == 0 or die "fast-export failed: $?\n";
$r = $w = undef; # v2w->done does the actual close and error checking
$v2w->done;
if (my $old_mm = $old->mm) {
	$old->cleanup;
	$old_mm = $old_mm->{dbh}->sqlite_db_filename;

	# we want to trigger a reindex, not a from scratch index if
	# we're reusing the msgmap from an existing v1 installation.
	$v2w->idx_init($opt);
	$v2w->{mm}->{dbh}->sqlite_backup_from_file($old_mm);

	my $epoch0 = PublicInbox::Git->new($v2w->git_init(0));
	chop(my $cmt = $epoch0->qx(qw(rev-parse --verify), $head));
	$v2w->last_epoch_commit(0, $cmt);
}
$v2w->index_sync($opt) if delete $opt->{'index'};
$v2w->done;
debug log:

solving 4ff198d1 ...
found 4ff198d1 in https://80x24.org/public-inbox.git

user/dev discussion of public-inbox itself

This inbox may be cloned and mirrored by anyone:

	git clone --mirror https://public-inbox.org/meta
	git clone --mirror http://czquwvybam4bgbro.onion/meta
	git clone --mirror http://hjrcffqmbrq6wope.onion/meta
	git clone --mirror http://ou63pmih66umazou.onion/meta

	# If you have public-inbox 1.1+ installed, you may
	# initialize and index your mirror using the following commands:
	public-inbox-init -V1 meta meta/ https://public-inbox.org/meta \
		meta@public-inbox.org
	public-inbox-index meta

Example config snippet for mirrors.
Newsgroups are available over NNTP:
	nntp://news.public-inbox.org/inbox.comp.mail.public-inbox.meta
	nntp://ou63pmih66umazou.onion/inbox.comp.mail.public-inbox.meta
	nntp://czquwvybam4bgbro.onion/inbox.comp.mail.public-inbox.meta
	nntp://hjrcffqmbrq6wope.onion/inbox.comp.mail.public-inbox.meta
	nntp://news.gmane.io/gmane.mail.public-inbox.general
 note: .onion URLs require Tor: https://www.torproject.org/

code repositories for the project(s) associated with this inbox:

	https://80x24.org/public-inbox.git

AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git