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* [PATCH] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
@ 2019-07-02  0:53 Emily Shaffer
  2019-07-02 13:51 ` Johannes Schindelin
                   ` (4 more replies)
  0 siblings, 5 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Emily Shaffer @ 2019-07-02  0:53 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: Emily Shaffer, Junio C Hamano

Teach transport-helper how to notice if skipping a ref during push would
violate atomicity on the client side. We notice that a ref would be
rejected, and choose not to send it, but don't notice that if the client
has asked for --atomic we are violating atomicity if all the other
pushes we are sending would succeed. Asking the server end to uphold
atomicity wouldn't work here as the server doesn't have any idea that we
tried to update a ref that's broken.

The added test-case is a succinct way to reproduce this issue that fails
today. The same steps work fine when we aren't using a transport-helper
to get to the upstream, i.e. when we've added a local repository as a
remote:

  git remote add ~/upstream upstream

Signed-off-by: Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com>
---
 t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh | 58 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 transport-helper.c         |  6 ++++
 transport.c                | 15 +++++++++-
 3 files changed, 78 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh b/t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh
index 8ef8763e06..b57f6d480f 100755
--- a/t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh
+++ b/t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh
@@ -177,6 +177,64 @@ test_expect_success 'push (chunked)' '
 	 test $HEAD = $(git rev-parse --verify HEAD))
 '
 
+test_expect_success 'push --atomic also prevents branch creation' '
+	# Make up/master
+	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-branches.git &&
+	git init --bare "$d" &&
+	git --git-dir="$d" config http.receivepack true &&
+	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-branches.git &&
+	test_commit atomic1 &&
+	test_commit atomic2 &&
+	git push "$up" master &&
+	# Make master incompatible with up/master
+	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
+	# Add a new branch
+	git branch atomic &&
+	# --atomic should roll back creation of up/atomic
+	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$up" master atomic &&
+	git ls-remote "$up" >up-remotes &&
+	test_must_fail grep atomic up-remotes
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'push --atomic shows all failed refs' '
+	# Make up/master, up/allrefs
+	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-failed-refs.git &&
+	git init --bare "$d" &&
+	git --git-dir="$d" config http.receivepack true &&
+	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-failed-refs.git &&
+	test_commit allrefs1 &&
+	test_commit allrefs2 &&
+	git branch allrefs &&
+	git push "$up" master allrefs &&
+	# Make master and allrefs incompatible with up/master, up/allrefs
+	git checkout allrefs &&
+	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
+	git checkout master &&
+	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
+	# --atomic should complain about both master and allrefs
+	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$up" master allrefs >&output &&
+	grep master output &&
+	grep allrefs output
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'push --atomic indicates collateral failures' '
+	# Make up/master, up/collateral
+	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-collateral.git &&
+	git init --bare "$d" &&
+	git --git-dir="$d" config http.receivepack true &&
+	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-collateral.git &&
+	test_commit collateral1 &&
+	test_commit collateral2 &&
+	git branch collateral &&
+	git push "$up" master collateral &&
+	# Make master incompatible with up/master
+	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
+	# --atomic should mention collateral was OK but failed anyway
+	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$up" master collateral >&output &&
+	grep "master -> master" output &&
+	grep "collateral -> collateral" output
+'
+
 test_expect_success 'push --all can push to empty repo' '
 	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/empty-all.git &&
 	git init --bare "$d" &&
diff --git a/transport-helper.c b/transport-helper.c
index c7e17ec9cb..6b05a88faf 100644
--- a/transport-helper.c
+++ b/transport-helper.c
@@ -853,6 +853,7 @@ static int push_refs_with_push(struct transport *transport,
 {
 	int force_all = flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_FORCE;
 	int mirror = flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_MIRROR;
+	int atomic = flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_ATOMIC;
 	struct helper_data *data = transport->data;
 	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
 	struct ref *ref;
@@ -872,6 +873,11 @@ static int push_refs_with_push(struct transport *transport,
 		case REF_STATUS_REJECT_NONFASTFORWARD:
 		case REF_STATUS_REJECT_STALE:
 		case REF_STATUS_REJECT_ALREADY_EXISTS:
+			if (atomic) {
+				string_list_clear(&cas_options, 0);
+				return 0;
+			} else
+				continue;
 		case REF_STATUS_UPTODATE:
 			continue;
 		default:
diff --git a/transport.c b/transport.c
index f1fcd2c4b0..f4d6b38f9d 100644
--- a/transport.c
+++ b/transport.c
@@ -1226,10 +1226,23 @@ int transport_push(struct repository *r,
 		err = push_had_errors(remote_refs);
 		ret = push_ret | err;
 
-		if (!quiet || err)
+		if ((flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_ATOMIC) && err) {
+			for (struct ref *it = remote_refs; it; it = it->next)
+				switch (it->status) {
+				case REF_STATUS_NONE:
+				case REF_STATUS_UPTODATE:
+				case REF_STATUS_OK:
+					it->status = REF_STATUS_ATOMIC_PUSH_FAILED;
+				default:
+					continue;
+				}
+		}
+
+		if (!quiet || err) {
 			transport_print_push_status(transport->url, remote_refs,
 					verbose | porcelain, porcelain,
 					reject_reasons);
+		}
 
 		if (flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_SET_UPSTREAM)
 			set_upstreams(transport, remote_refs, pretend);
-- 
2.22.0.410.gd8fdbe21b5-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-02  0:53 [PATCH] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push Emily Shaffer
@ 2019-07-02 13:51 ` Johannes Schindelin
  2019-07-02 18:27   ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-03 18:56   ` Emily Shaffer
  2019-07-02 19:06 ` Junio C Hamano
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  4 siblings, 2 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Johannes Schindelin @ 2019-07-02 13:51 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Emily Shaffer; +Cc: git, Junio C Hamano

Hi Emily,

On Mon, 1 Jul 2019, Emily Shaffer wrote:

> Teach transport-helper how to notice if skipping a ref during push would
> violate atomicity on the client side. We notice that a ref would be
> rejected, and choose not to send it, but don't notice that if the client
> has asked for --atomic we are violating atomicity if all the other
> pushes we are sending would succeed. Asking the server end to uphold
> atomicity wouldn't work here as the server doesn't have any idea that we
> tried to update a ref that's broken.

Makes sense.

> The added test-case is a succinct way to reproduce this issue that fails
> today. The same steps work fine when we aren't using a transport-helper
> to get to the upstream, i.e. when we've added a local repository as a
> remote:
>
>   git remote add ~/upstream upstream
>
> Signed-off-by: Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com>
> ---
>  t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh | 58 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  transport-helper.c         |  6 ++++
>  transport.c                | 15 +++++++++-
>  3 files changed, 78 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh b/t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh
> index 8ef8763e06..b57f6d480f 100755
> --- a/t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh
> +++ b/t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh
> @@ -177,6 +177,64 @@ test_expect_success 'push (chunked)' '
>  	 test $HEAD = $(git rev-parse --verify HEAD))
>  '
>
> +test_expect_success 'push --atomic also prevents branch creation' '
> +	# Make up/master
> +	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-branches.git &&
> +	git init --bare "$d" &&
> +	git --git-dir="$d" config http.receivepack true &&

Why not `-C "$d"`? And why not `test_config`?

> +	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-branches.git &&
> +	test_commit atomic1 &&
> +	test_commit atomic2 &&
> +	git push "$up" master &&

It would be more succinct to do a `git clone --bare . "$d"` here, instead
of a `git init --bare` and a `git push` no?

> +	# Make master incompatible with up/master
> +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
> +	# Add a new branch
> +	git branch atomic &&
> +	# --atomic should roll back creation of up/atomic
> +	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$up" master atomic &&
> +	git ls-remote "$up" >up-remotes &&
> +	test_must_fail grep atomic up-remotes

Why not `test_must_fail git -C "$d" rev-parse refs/heads/atomic`?

> +'
> +
> +test_expect_success 'push --atomic shows all failed refs' '
> +	# Make up/master, up/allrefs
> +	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-failed-refs.git &&
> +	git init --bare "$d" &&
> +	git --git-dir="$d" config http.receivepack true &&
> +	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-failed-refs.git &&
> +	test_commit allrefs1 &&
> +	test_commit allrefs2 &&
> +	git branch allrefs &&
> +	git push "$up" master allrefs &&
> +	# Make master and allrefs incompatible with up/master, up/allrefs
> +	git checkout allrefs &&
> +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
> +	git checkout master &&
> +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
> +	# --atomic should complain about both master and allrefs
> +	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$up" master allrefs >&output &&
> +	grep master output &&
> +	grep allrefs output
> +'

I have the impression that the setup these two new test cases perform are
_very_ similar, making it most likely that a combined test case would be
more succinct, yet still complete and easily readable.

> +
> +test_expect_success 'push --atomic indicates collateral failures' '
> +	# Make up/master, up/collateral
> +	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-collateral.git &&
> +	git init --bare "$d" &&
> +	git --git-dir="$d" config http.receivepack true &&
> +	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-collateral.git &&
> +	test_commit collateral1 &&
> +	test_commit collateral2 &&
> +	git branch collateral &&
> +	git push "$up" master collateral &&
> +	# Make master incompatible with up/master
> +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
> +	# --atomic should mention collateral was OK but failed anyway
> +	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$up" master collateral >&output &&
> +	grep "master -> master" output &&
> +	grep "collateral -> collateral" output
> +'

Same here.

> +
>  test_expect_success 'push --all can push to empty repo' '
>  	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/empty-all.git &&
>  	git init --bare "$d" &&
> diff --git a/transport-helper.c b/transport-helper.c
> index c7e17ec9cb..6b05a88faf 100644
> --- a/transport-helper.c
> +++ b/transport-helper.c
> @@ -853,6 +853,7 @@ static int push_refs_with_push(struct transport *transport,
>  {
>  	int force_all = flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_FORCE;
>  	int mirror = flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_MIRROR;
> +	int atomic = flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_ATOMIC;
>  	struct helper_data *data = transport->data;
>  	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
>  	struct ref *ref;
> @@ -872,6 +873,11 @@ static int push_refs_with_push(struct transport *transport,
>  		case REF_STATUS_REJECT_NONFASTFORWARD:
>  		case REF_STATUS_REJECT_STALE:
>  		case REF_STATUS_REJECT_ALREADY_EXISTS:
> +			if (atomic) {
> +				string_list_clear(&cas_options, 0);
> +				return 0;
> +			} else
> +				continue;
>  		case REF_STATUS_UPTODATE:
>  			continue;
>  		default:
> diff --git a/transport.c b/transport.c
> index f1fcd2c4b0..f4d6b38f9d 100644
> --- a/transport.c
> +++ b/transport.c
> @@ -1226,10 +1226,23 @@ int transport_push(struct repository *r,
>  		err = push_had_errors(remote_refs);
>  		ret = push_ret | err;
>
> -		if (!quiet || err)
> +		if ((flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_ATOMIC) && err) {

This looks funny. And it does so only...

> +			for (struct ref *it = remote_refs; it; it = it->next)
> +				switch (it->status) {
> +				case REF_STATUS_NONE:
> +				case REF_STATUS_UPTODATE:
> +				case REF_STATUS_OK:
> +					it->status = REF_STATUS_ATOMIC_PUSH_FAILED;
> +				default:
> +					continue;
> +				}
> +		}
> +
> +		if (!quiet || err) {

... because a curly was introduced around a single-liner. This adds
unnecessary noise to the patch.

This easily distracts reviewers like myself from more important questions
such as: why was this conditional switch added before this conditional
block, does it intend to influence the printed push status? Ah, yes, of
course, even if `it->status` is changed, it actually modifies the data
to which `remote_refs` points. So yes, this has to be done here.

>  			transport_print_push_status(transport->url, remote_refs,
>  					verbose | porcelain, porcelain,
>  					reject_reasons);
> +		}
>
>  		if (flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_SET_UPSTREAM)
>  			set_upstreams(transport, remote_refs, pretend);
> --

Apart from minor nits, I like it. Thanks,
Dscho

> 2.22.0.410.gd8fdbe21b5-goog
>
>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-02 13:51 ` Johannes Schindelin
@ 2019-07-02 18:27   ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-03 18:56   ` Emily Shaffer
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2019-07-02 18:27 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Johannes Schindelin; +Cc: Emily Shaffer, git

Johannes Schindelin <Johannes.Schindelin@gmx.de> writes:

>> +	# Make master incompatible with up/master
>> +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
>> +	# Add a new branch
>> +	git branch atomic &&
>> +	# --atomic should roll back creation of up/atomic
>> +	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$up" master atomic &&
>> +	git ls-remote "$up" >up-remotes &&
>> +	test_must_fail grep atomic up-remotes
>
> Why not `test_must_fail git -C "$d" rev-parse refs/heads/atomic`?

They check different expectations.

Between making sure that the state observable in the resulting
repository matches what should have been left and checking what the
command says it did to its output, I agree that the former is a more
robust way to test the commands.

We obviously could test both, though ;-)


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-02  0:53 [PATCH] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push Emily Shaffer
  2019-07-02 13:51 ` Johannes Schindelin
@ 2019-07-02 19:06 ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-02 20:16 ` Junio C Hamano
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  4 siblings, 0 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2019-07-02 19:06 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Emily Shaffer; +Cc: git

Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com> writes:

> diff --git a/transport-helper.c b/transport-helper.c
> index c7e17ec9cb..6b05a88faf 100644
> --- a/transport-helper.c
> +++ b/transport-helper.c
> @@ -853,6 +853,7 @@ static int push_refs_with_push(struct transport *transport,
>  {
>  	int force_all = flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_FORCE;
>  	int mirror = flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_MIRROR;
> +	int atomic = flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_ATOMIC;
>  	struct helper_data *data = transport->data;
>  	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
>  	struct ref *ref;
> @@ -872,6 +873,11 @@ static int push_refs_with_push(struct transport *transport,
>  		case REF_STATUS_REJECT_NONFASTFORWARD:
>  		case REF_STATUS_REJECT_STALE:
>  		case REF_STATUS_REJECT_ALREADY_EXISTS:
> +			if (atomic) {
> +				string_list_clear(&cas_options, 0);
> +				return 0;
> +			} else
> +				continue;

Ah, this looks vaguely familiar.  Thanks for resurrecting the topic.

The clearing is merely to avoid leaks, and the primary change to the
function is to immediately return 0.

>  		case REF_STATUS_UPTODATE:
>  			continue;
>  		default:
> diff --git a/transport.c b/transport.c
> index f1fcd2c4b0..f4d6b38f9d 100644
> --- a/transport.c
> +++ b/transport.c
> @@ -1226,10 +1226,23 @@ int transport_push(struct repository *r,
>  		err = push_had_errors(remote_refs);
>  		ret = push_ret | err;

Here, before reporting the push result, when we are doing ATOMIC,
we tweak the result we are going to report to atomic-push-failed.

> +		if ((flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_ATOMIC) && err) {
> +			for (struct ref *it = remote_refs; it; it = it->next)
> +				switch (it->status) {
> +				case REF_STATUS_NONE:
> +				case REF_STATUS_UPTODATE:
> +				case REF_STATUS_OK:
> +					it->status = REF_STATUS_ATOMIC_PUSH_FAILED;
> +				default:
> +					continue;
> +				}
> +		}

This roughly corresponds to what send-pack.c::atomic_push_failure()
does.  Here, we avoid overwriting a status that already signals a
failure.  The list of "good" statuses used here match what is used
at the end of send_pack.c::send_pack(), which decides the final
outcome of "git push" for the native transport.

Looks good.

By the way, I rearranged the patch as I happen to agree with Dscho
that the additional {} was unwarranted and made it harder to review.
It is clear that we need to tweak the status before reporting.

>
> 		if (!quiet || err)
>  			transport_print_push_status(transport->url, remote_refs,
>  					verbose | porcelain, porcelain,
>  					reject_reasons);
>  
>  		if (flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_SET_UPSTREAM)
>  			set_upstreams(transport, remote_refs, pretend);

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-02  0:53 [PATCH] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push Emily Shaffer
  2019-07-02 13:51 ` Johannes Schindelin
  2019-07-02 19:06 ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2019-07-02 20:16 ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-03  0:09   ` Emily Shaffer
  2019-07-02 21:37 ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-09 21:10 ` [PATCH v2] " Emily Shaffer
  4 siblings, 1 reply; 45+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2019-07-02 20:16 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Emily Shaffer; +Cc: git

Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com> writes:

> +		if ((flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_ATOMIC) && err) {
> +			for (struct ref *it = remote_refs; it; it = it->next)
> +				switch (it->status) {
> +				case REF_STATUS_NONE:
> +				case REF_STATUS_UPTODATE:
> +				case REF_STATUS_OK:
> +					it->status = REF_STATUS_ATOMIC_PUSH_FAILED;
> +				default:
> +					continue;
> +				}
> +		}


Let's write this more like so

		if ((flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_ATOMIC) && err) {
			for (struct ref *it = remote_refs; it; it = it->next)
				switch (it->status) {
				case REF_STATUS_NONE:
				case REF_STATUS_UPTODATE:
				case REF_STATUS_OK:
					it->status = REF_STATUS_ATOMIC_PUSH_FAILED;
					break;
				default:
					break;
				}
		}

to prevent compilers from giving "implicit fallthru" warnings.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-02  0:53 [PATCH] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push Emily Shaffer
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-07-02 20:16 ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2019-07-02 21:37 ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-03  0:08   ` Emily Shaffer
  2019-07-03  9:10   ` SZEDER Gábor
  2019-07-09 21:10 ` [PATCH v2] " Emily Shaffer
  4 siblings, 2 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2019-07-02 21:37 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Emily Shaffer; +Cc: git

Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com> writes:

> Teach transport-helper how to notice if skipping a ref during push would
> violate atomicity on the client side. We notice that a ref would be
> rejected, and choose not to send it, but don't notice that if the client
> has asked for --atomic we are violating atomicity if all the other
> pushes we are sending would succeed. Asking the server end to uphold
> atomicity wouldn't work here as the server doesn't have any idea that we
> tried to update a ref that's broken.
>
> The added test-case is a succinct way to reproduce this issue that fails
> today. The same steps work fine when we aren't using a transport-helper
> to get to the upstream, i.e. when we've added a local repository as a
> remote:
>
>   git remote add ~/upstream upstream
>
> Signed-off-by: Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com>
> ---
>  t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh | 58 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>  transport-helper.c         |  6 ++++
>  transport.c                | 15 +++++++++-
>  3 files changed, 78 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh b/t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh
> index 8ef8763e06..b57f6d480f 100755
> --- a/t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh
> +++ b/t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh
> @@ -177,6 +177,64 @@ test_expect_success 'push (chunked)' '
>  	 test $HEAD = $(git rev-parse --verify HEAD))
>  '
>  
> +test_expect_success 'push --atomic also prevents branch creation' '
> +	# Make up/master
> +	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-branches.git &&
> +	git init --bare "$d" &&
> +	git --git-dir="$d" config http.receivepack true &&
> +	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-branches.git &&
> +	test_commit atomic1 &&
> +	test_commit atomic2 &&
> +	git push "$up" master &&
> +	# Make master incompatible with up/master
> +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
> +	# Add a new branch
> +	git branch atomic &&
> +	# --atomic should roll back creation of up/atomic
> +	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$up" master atomic &&
> +	git ls-remote "$up" >up-remotes &&
> +	test_must_fail grep atomic up-remotes

Don't use test_must_fail on non-git things.  We are not in the
business of catching segfaulting system programs.

> +'
> +
> +test_expect_success 'push --atomic shows all failed refs' '
> +	# Make up/master, up/allrefs
> +	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-failed-refs.git &&
> +	git init --bare "$d" &&
> +	git --git-dir="$d" config http.receivepack true &&
> +	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-failed-refs.git &&
> +	test_commit allrefs1 &&
> +	test_commit allrefs2 &&
> +	git branch allrefs &&
> +	git push "$up" master allrefs &&
> +	# Make master and allrefs incompatible with up/master, up/allrefs
> +	git checkout allrefs &&
> +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
> +	git checkout master &&
> +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
> +	# --atomic should complain about both master and allrefs
> +	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$up" master allrefs >&output &&

Don't rely on ">&output", which is an unnecessary bash-ism here.  It
breaks test run under shells like dash.

	>output 2>&1

should be OK.

> +	grep master output &&
> +	grep allrefs output
> +'
> +
> +test_expect_success 'push --atomic indicates collateral failures' '
> +	# Make up/master, up/collateral
> +	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-collateral.git &&
> +	git init --bare "$d" &&
> +	git --git-dir="$d" config http.receivepack true &&
> +	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-collateral.git &&
> +	test_commit collateral1 &&
> +	test_commit collateral2 &&
> +	git branch collateral &&
> +	git push "$up" master collateral &&
> +	# Make master incompatible with up/master
> +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
> +	# --atomic should mention collateral was OK but failed anyway
> +	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$up" master collateral >&output &&

Ditto.

> +	grep "master -> master" output &&
> +	grep "collateral -> collateral" output
> +'
> +


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-02 21:37 ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2019-07-03  0:08   ` Emily Shaffer
  2019-07-03  9:10   ` SZEDER Gábor
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Emily Shaffer @ 2019-07-03  0:08 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: git

On Tue, Jul 02, 2019 at 02:37:42PM -0700, Junio C Hamano wrote:
> >  
> > +test_expect_success 'push --atomic also prevents branch creation' '
> > +	# Make up/master
> > +	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-branches.git &&
> > +	git init --bare "$d" &&
> > +	git --git-dir="$d" config http.receivepack true &&
> > +	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-branches.git &&
> > +	test_commit atomic1 &&
> > +	test_commit atomic2 &&
> > +	git push "$up" master &&
> > +	# Make master incompatible with up/master
> > +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
> > +	# Add a new branch
> > +	git branch atomic &&
> > +	# --atomic should roll back creation of up/atomic
> > +	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$up" master atomic &&
> > +	git ls-remote "$up" >up-remotes &&
> > +	test_must_fail grep atomic up-remotes
> 
> Don't use test_must_fail on non-git things.  We are not in the
> business of catching segfaulting system programs.

Done:
  ! grep atomic up-remotes

> 
> > +'
> > +
> > +test_expect_success 'push --atomic shows all failed refs' '
> > +	# Make up/master, up/allrefs
> > +	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-failed-refs.git &&
> > +	git init --bare "$d" &&
> > +	git --git-dir="$d" config http.receivepack true &&
> > +	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-failed-refs.git &&
> > +	test_commit allrefs1 &&
> > +	test_commit allrefs2 &&
> > +	git branch allrefs &&
> > +	git push "$up" master allrefs &&
> > +	# Make master and allrefs incompatible with up/master, up/allrefs
> > +	git checkout allrefs &&
> > +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
> > +	git checkout master &&
> > +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
> > +	# --atomic should complain about both master and allrefs
> > +	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$up" master allrefs >&output &&
> 
> Don't rely on ">&output", which is an unnecessary bash-ism here.  It
> breaks test run under shells like dash.
> 
> 	>output 2>&1
> 
> should be OK.

Done.

> 
> > +	grep master output &&
> > +	grep allrefs output
> > +'
> > +
> > +test_expect_success 'push --atomic indicates collateral failures' '
> > +	# Make up/master, up/collateral
> > +	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-collateral.git &&
> > +	git init --bare "$d" &&
> > +	git --git-dir="$d" config http.receivepack true &&
> > +	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-collateral.git &&
> > +	test_commit collateral1 &&
> > +	test_commit collateral2 &&
> > +	git branch collateral &&
> > +	git push "$up" master collateral &&
> > +	# Make master incompatible with up/master
> > +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
> > +	# --atomic should mention collateral was OK but failed anyway
> > +	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$up" master collateral >&output &&
> 
> Ditto.

Done.

 - Emily

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-02 20:16 ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2019-07-03  0:09   ` Emily Shaffer
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Emily Shaffer @ 2019-07-03  0:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: git

On Tue, Jul 02, 2019 at 01:16:46PM -0700, Junio C Hamano wrote:
> Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com> writes:
> 
> > +		if ((flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_ATOMIC) && err) {
> > +			for (struct ref *it = remote_refs; it; it = it->next)
> > +				switch (it->status) {
> > +				case REF_STATUS_NONE:
> > +				case REF_STATUS_UPTODATE:
> > +				case REF_STATUS_OK:
> > +					it->status = REF_STATUS_ATOMIC_PUSH_FAILED;
> > +				default:
> > +					continue;
> > +				}
> > +		}
> 
> 
> Let's write this more like so
> 
> 		if ((flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_ATOMIC) && err) {
> 			for (struct ref *it = remote_refs; it; it = it->next)
> 				switch (it->status) {
> 				case REF_STATUS_NONE:
> 				case REF_STATUS_UPTODATE:
> 				case REF_STATUS_OK:
> 					it->status = REF_STATUS_ATOMIC_PUSH_FAILED;
> 					break;
> 				default:
> 					break;
> 				}
> 		}
> 
> to prevent compilers from giving "implicit fallthru" warnings.

Done, thanks.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-02 21:37 ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-03  0:08   ` Emily Shaffer
@ 2019-07-03  9:10   ` SZEDER Gábor
  2019-07-03 18:13     ` Junio C Hamano
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 45+ messages in thread
From: SZEDER Gábor @ 2019-07-03  9:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: Emily Shaffer, git

On Tue, Jul 02, 2019 at 02:37:42PM -0700, Junio C Hamano wrote:
> > +test_expect_success 'push --atomic shows all failed refs' '
> > +	# Make up/master, up/allrefs
> > +	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-failed-refs.git &&
> > +	git init --bare "$d" &&
> > +	git --git-dir="$d" config http.receivepack true &&
> > +	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-failed-refs.git &&
> > +	test_commit allrefs1 &&
> > +	test_commit allrefs2 &&
> > +	git branch allrefs &&
> > +	git push "$up" master allrefs &&
> > +	# Make master and allrefs incompatible with up/master, up/allrefs
> > +	git checkout allrefs &&
> > +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
> > +	git checkout master &&
> > +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
> > +	# --atomic should complain about both master and allrefs
> > +	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$up" master allrefs >&output &&
> 
> Don't rely on ">&output", which is an unnecessary bash-ism here.  It
> breaks test run under shells like dash.
> 
> 	>output 2>&1
> 
> should be OK.

'2>output' would be a tad better, because those refs should be printed
to stderr.


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-03  9:10   ` SZEDER Gábor
@ 2019-07-03 18:13     ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-03 18:58       ` Emily Shaffer
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 45+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2019-07-03 18:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: SZEDER Gábor; +Cc: Emily Shaffer, git

SZEDER Gábor <szeder.dev@gmail.com> writes:

> On Tue, Jul 02, 2019 at 02:37:42PM -0700, Junio C Hamano wrote:
>> > +test_expect_success 'push --atomic shows all failed refs' '
>> > +	# Make up/master, up/allrefs
>> > +	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-failed-refs.git &&
>> > +	git init --bare "$d" &&
>> > +	git --git-dir="$d" config http.receivepack true &&
>> > +	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-failed-refs.git &&
>> > +	test_commit allrefs1 &&
>> > +	test_commit allrefs2 &&
>> > +	git branch allrefs &&
>> > +	git push "$up" master allrefs &&
>> > +	# Make master and allrefs incompatible with up/master, up/allrefs
>> > +	git checkout allrefs &&
>> > +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
>> > +	git checkout master &&
>> > +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
>> > +	# --atomic should complain about both master and allrefs
>> > +	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$up" master allrefs >&output &&
>> 
>> Don't rely on ">&output", which is an unnecessary bash-ism here.  It
>> breaks test run under shells like dash.
>> 
>> 	>output 2>&1
>> 
>> should be OK.
>
> '2>output' would be a tad better, because those refs should be printed
> to stderr.

Yeah; there are many existing uses of ">output 2>&1" in the same
script and I was following the suit.  There also are 2>err and I
agree that it is more appropriate in this case.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-02 13:51 ` Johannes Schindelin
  2019-07-02 18:27   ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2019-07-03 18:56   ` Emily Shaffer
  2019-07-03 19:01     ` Emily Shaffer
  2019-07-03 19:41     ` Johannes Schindelin
  1 sibling, 2 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Emily Shaffer @ 2019-07-03 18:56 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Johannes Schindelin; +Cc: git, Junio C Hamano

> > +test_expect_success 'push --atomic also prevents branch creation' '
> > +	# Make up/master
> > +	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-branches.git &&
> > +	git init --bare "$d" &&
> > +	git --git-dir="$d" config http.receivepack true &&
> 
> Why not `-C "$d"`?
The example I had found below the new ones used --git-dir, but yeah, there's no
reason not to use -C instead. Changing.

> And why not `test_config`?

Done, didn't know about it and it's not used in the test I referred to
while writing this one ('push --all can push to empty repo'). Thanks, I
learned something new.

> 
> > +	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-branches.git &&
> > +	test_commit atomic1 &&
> > +	test_commit atomic2 &&
> > +	git push "$up" master &&
> 
> It would be more succinct to do a `git clone --bare . "$d"` here, instead
> of a `git init --bare` and a `git push` no?

I'm not sure I would say "more succinct." This leaves the test with the
same number of lines, but now it says:

  Make some commits
  Name a Git directory
  Clone to the new Git directory
  Do some config on the new Git directory
  Name a remote URL
  Change some commits
  ...

In my opinion, it's more readable the way it is now:

  {Do some setup stuff.}
  Name a Git directory
  Init it
  Config it
  Name the remote URL
  {Do the test stuff.}
  Make some commits
  Push some commits
  Change some commits
  ...

I did add another comment to separate "Make 'up'" and "Make up/master",
which I hope expresses my intent in organizing it this way.

> 
> > +	# Make master incompatible with up/master
> > +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
> > +	# Add a new branch
> > +	git branch atomic &&
> > +	# --atomic should roll back creation of up/atomic
> > +	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$up" master atomic &&
> > +	git ls-remote "$up" >up-remotes &&
> > +	test_must_fail grep atomic up-remotes
> 
> Why not `test_must_fail git -C "$d" rev-parse refs/heads/atomic`?

Sure, changed.

> > > +'
> > +
> > +test_expect_success 'push --atomic shows all failed refs' '
> > +	# Make up/master, up/allrefs
> > +	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-failed-refs.git &&
> > +	git init --bare "$d" &&
> > +	git --git-dir="$d" config http.receivepack true &&
> > +	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-failed-refs.git &&
> > +	test_commit allrefs1 &&
> > +	test_commit allrefs2 &&
> > +	git branch allrefs &&
> > +	git push "$up" master allrefs &&
> > +	# Make master and allrefs incompatible with up/master, up/allrefs
> > +	git checkout allrefs &&
> > +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
> > +	git checkout master &&
> > +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
> > +	# --atomic should complain about both master and allrefs
> > +	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$up" master allrefs >&output &&
> > +	grep master output &&
> > +	grep allrefs output
> > +'
> 
> I have the impression that the setup these two new test cases perform are
> _very_ similar, making it most likely that a combined test case would be
> more succinct, yet still complete and easily readable.

(Junio replied to this downthread... I have more to ask too.)

> 
> > +
> > +test_expect_success 'push --atomic indicates collateral failures' '
> > +	# Make up/master, up/collateral
> > +	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-collateral.git &&
> > +	git init --bare "$d" &&
> > +	git --git-dir="$d" config http.receivepack true &&
> > +	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-collateral.git &&
> > +	test_commit collateral1 &&
> > +	test_commit collateral2 &&
> > +	git branch collateral &&
> > +	git push "$up" master collateral &&
> > +	# Make master incompatible with up/master
> > +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
> > +	# --atomic should mention collateral was OK but failed anyway
> > +	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$up" master collateral >&output &&
> > +	grep "master -> master" output &&
> > +	grep "collateral -> collateral" output
> > +'
> 
> Same here.
> 
> > +
> >  test_expect_success 'push --all can push to empty repo' '
> >  	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/empty-all.git &&
> >  	git init --bare "$d" &&
> > diff --git a/transport-helper.c b/transport-helper.c
> > index c7e17ec9cb..6b05a88faf 100644
> > --- a/transport-helper.c
> > +++ b/transport-helper.c
> > @@ -853,6 +853,7 @@ static int push_refs_with_push(struct transport *transport,
> >  {
> >  	int force_all = flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_FORCE;
> >  	int mirror = flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_MIRROR;
> > +	int atomic = flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_ATOMIC;
> >  	struct helper_data *data = transport->data;
> >  	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
> >  	struct ref *ref;
> > @@ -872,6 +873,11 @@ static int push_refs_with_push(struct transport *transport,
> >  		case REF_STATUS_REJECT_NONFASTFORWARD:
> >  		case REF_STATUS_REJECT_STALE:
> >  		case REF_STATUS_REJECT_ALREADY_EXISTS:
> > +			if (atomic) {
> > +				string_list_clear(&cas_options, 0);
> > +				return 0;
> > +			} else
> > +				continue;
> >  		case REF_STATUS_UPTODATE:
> >  			continue;
> >  		default:
> > diff --git a/transport.c b/transport.c
> > index f1fcd2c4b0..f4d6b38f9d 100644
> > --- a/transport.c
> > +++ b/transport.c
> > @@ -1226,10 +1226,23 @@ int transport_push(struct repository *r,
> >  		err = push_had_errors(remote_refs);
> >  		ret = push_ret | err;
> >
> > -		if (!quiet || err)
> > +		if ((flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_ATOMIC) && err) {
> 
> This looks funny. And it does so only...
> 
> > +			for (struct ref *it = remote_refs; it; it = it->next)
> > +				switch (it->status) {
> > +				case REF_STATUS_NONE:
> > +				case REF_STATUS_UPTODATE:
> > +				case REF_STATUS_OK:
> > +					it->status = REF_STATUS_ATOMIC_PUSH_FAILED;
> > +				default:
> > +					continue;
> > +				}
> > +		}
> > +
> > +		if (!quiet || err) {
> 
> ... because a curly was introduced around a single-liner. This adds
> unnecessary noise to the patch.
> 
> This easily distracts reviewers like myself from more important questions
> such as: why was this conditional switch added before this conditional
> block, does it intend to influence the printed push status? Ah, yes, of
> course, even if `it->status` is changed, it actually modifies the data
> to which `remote_refs` points. So yes, this has to be done here.

Oops, I thought I had omitted the new braces when I was staging the changes.
Really sorry for the distraction. You're right that it makes the diff
look weird.

> 
> >  			transport_print_push_status(transport->url, remote_refs,
> >  					verbose | porcelain, porcelain,
> >  					reject_reasons);
> > +		}
> >
> >  		if (flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_SET_UPSTREAM)
> >  			set_upstreams(transport, remote_refs, pretend);
> > --
> 
> Apart from minor nits, I like it. Thanks,
> Dscho
> 
> > 2.22.0.410.gd8fdbe21b5-goog
> >
> >

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-03 18:13     ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2019-07-03 18:58       ` Emily Shaffer
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Emily Shaffer @ 2019-07-03 18:58 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: SZEDER Gábor, git

On Wed, Jul 03, 2019 at 11:13:45AM -0700, Junio C Hamano wrote:
> SZEDER Gábor <szeder.dev@gmail.com> writes:
> 
> > On Tue, Jul 02, 2019 at 02:37:42PM -0700, Junio C Hamano wrote:
> >> > +test_expect_success 'push --atomic shows all failed refs' '
> >> > +	# Make up/master, up/allrefs
> >> > +	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-failed-refs.git &&
> >> > +	git init --bare "$d" &&
> >> > +	git --git-dir="$d" config http.receivepack true &&
> >> > +	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-failed-refs.git &&
> >> > +	test_commit allrefs1 &&
> >> > +	test_commit allrefs2 &&
> >> > +	git branch allrefs &&
> >> > +	git push "$up" master allrefs &&
> >> > +	# Make master and allrefs incompatible with up/master, up/allrefs
> >> > +	git checkout allrefs &&
> >> > +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
> >> > +	git checkout master &&
> >> > +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
> >> > +	# --atomic should complain about both master and allrefs
> >> > +	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$up" master allrefs >&output &&
> >> 
> >> Don't rely on ">&output", which is an unnecessary bash-ism here.  It
> >> breaks test run under shells like dash.
> >> 
> >> 	>output 2>&1
> >> 
> >> should be OK.
> >
> > '2>output' would be a tad better, because those refs should be printed
> > to stderr.
> 
> Yeah; there are many existing uses of ">output 2>&1" in the same
> script and I was following the suit.  There also are 2>err and I
> agree that it is more appropriate in this case.

Oh, this is a good point. I'll change it, thanks both.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-03 18:56   ` Emily Shaffer
@ 2019-07-03 19:01     ` Emily Shaffer
  2019-07-03 19:41     ` Johannes Schindelin
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Emily Shaffer @ 2019-07-03 19:01 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Johannes Schindelin; +Cc: git, Junio C Hamano

> > > > +'
> > > +
> > > +test_expect_success 'push --atomic shows all failed refs' '
> > > +	# Make up/master, up/allrefs
> > > +	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-failed-refs.git &&
> > > +	git init --bare "$d" &&
> > > +	git --git-dir="$d" config http.receivepack true &&
> > > +	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-failed-refs.git &&
> > > +	test_commit allrefs1 &&
> > > +	test_commit allrefs2 &&
> > > +	git branch allrefs &&
> > > +	git push "$up" master allrefs &&
> > > +	# Make master and allrefs incompatible with up/master, up/allrefs
> > > +	git checkout allrefs &&
> > > +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
> > > +	git checkout master &&
> > > +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
> > > +	# --atomic should complain about both master and allrefs
> > > +	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$up" master allrefs >&output &&
> > > +	grep master output &&
> > > +	grep allrefs output
> > > +'
> > 
> > I have the impression that the setup these two new test cases perform are
> > _very_ similar, making it most likely that a combined test case would be
> > more succinct, yet still complete and easily readable.
> 
> (Junio replied to this downthread... I have more to ask too.)

Oops, I misremembered which comment he had replied to. Yeah, I'll think
about this and reword.

Reroll to come shortly. Thanks, all.

 - Emily

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-03 18:56   ` Emily Shaffer
  2019-07-03 19:01     ` Emily Shaffer
@ 2019-07-03 19:41     ` Johannes Schindelin
  2019-07-03 20:57       ` Emily Shaffer
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 45+ messages in thread
From: Johannes Schindelin @ 2019-07-03 19:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Emily Shaffer; +Cc: git, Junio C Hamano

Hi Emily,

On Wed, 3 Jul 2019, Emily Shaffer wrote:

> > > +	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-branches.git &&
> > > +	test_commit atomic1 &&
> > > +	test_commit atomic2 &&
> > > +	git push "$up" master &&
> >
> > It would be more succinct to do a `git clone --bare . "$d"` here, instead
> > of a `git init --bare` and a `git push` no?
>
> I'm not sure I would say "more succinct." This leaves the test with the
> same number of lines,

No, it does not, as `git clone --bare . "$d"` does _both_ the initializing
and the object transfer.

It only saves one line, of course, but do keep in mind that anybody
running into any kind of regression with your test case needs to
understand what it does. And from experience I can tell you that reading
any test case longer than 5 lines is quite annoying when you actually
only care about fixing the regression, and not so much about the wonderful
story the test case tells.

So in a sense, I guess I would even suggest to move as much of the setup
for your test cases outside, preferably into an initial `setup` test case
that initializes the minimal scenario required by the regression test
case.

Thanks,
Dscho

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-03 19:41     ` Johannes Schindelin
@ 2019-07-03 20:57       ` Emily Shaffer
  2019-07-04  8:29         ` Johannes Schindelin
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 45+ messages in thread
From: Emily Shaffer @ 2019-07-03 20:57 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Johannes Schindelin; +Cc: git, Junio C Hamano

On Wed, Jul 03, 2019 at 09:41:46PM +0200, Johannes Schindelin wrote:
> Hi Emily,
> 
> On Wed, 3 Jul 2019, Emily Shaffer wrote:
> 
> > > > +	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-branches.git &&
> > > > +	test_commit atomic1 &&
> > > > +	test_commit atomic2 &&
> > > > +	git push "$up" master &&
> > >
> > > It would be more succinct to do a `git clone --bare . "$d"` here, instead
> > > of a `git init --bare` and a `git push` no?
> >
> > I'm not sure I would say "more succinct." This leaves the test with the
> > same number of lines,
> 
> No, it does not, as `git clone --bare . "$d"` does _both_ the initializing
> and the object transfer.
> 
> It only saves one line, of course, but do keep in mind that anybody
> running into any kind of regression with your test case needs to
> understand what it does. And from experience I can tell you that reading
> any test case longer than 5 lines is quite annoying when you actually
> only care about fixing the regression, and not so much about the wonderful
> story the test case tells.

I suppose I'm confused, then, as I understood you were asking me to
combine my three test cases into one, which naturally makes the test
itself more complex and longer to read. Which do you prefer?

> 
> So in a sense, I guess I would even suggest to move as much of the setup
> for your test cases outside, preferably into an initial `setup` test case
> that initializes the minimal scenario required by the regression test
> case.
> 
> Thanks,
> Dscho

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-03 20:57       ` Emily Shaffer
@ 2019-07-04  8:29         ` Johannes Schindelin
  2019-07-09 20:23           ` Emily Shaffer
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 45+ messages in thread
From: Johannes Schindelin @ 2019-07-04  8:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Emily Shaffer; +Cc: git, Junio C Hamano

Hi Emily,

On Wed, 3 Jul 2019, Emily Shaffer wrote:

> On Wed, Jul 03, 2019 at 09:41:46PM +0200, Johannes Schindelin wrote:
>
> > On Wed, 3 Jul 2019, Emily Shaffer wrote:
> >
> > > > > +	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-branches.git &&
> > > > > +	test_commit atomic1 &&
> > > > > +	test_commit atomic2 &&
> > > > > +	git push "$up" master &&
> > > >
> > > > It would be more succinct to do a `git clone --bare . "$d"` here,
> > > > instead of a `git init --bare` and a `git push` no?
> > >
> > > I'm not sure I would say "more succinct." This leaves the test with the
> > > same number of lines,
> >
> > No, it does not, as `git clone --bare . "$d"` does _both_ the initializing
> > and the object transfer.
> >
> > It only saves one line, of course, but do keep in mind that anybody
> > running into any kind of regression with your test case needs to
> > understand what it does. And from experience I can tell you that reading
> > any test case longer than 5 lines is quite annoying when you actually
> > only care about fixing the regression, and not so much about the wonderful
> > story the test case tells.
>
> I suppose I'm confused, then, as I understood you were asking me to
> combine my three test cases into one, which naturally makes the test
> itself more complex and longer to read. Which do you prefer?

If I were tasked with developing this further, I would try to move as much
of the setup into the initial test case (if there is already a `setup`
test case; otherwise I would create one). In fact, I would try to reuse as
much of the existing setup test case as possible, and only add commands if
really necessary. Then, I would try to combine the three test cases in the
patch into a single one, structuring it by white space and using comments
to clarify what is happening.

In my mind, even just adding an empty line before the comments like "Make
master incompatible with up/master" would make it much easier for me to
read, were I to analyze a test breakage.

I have to admit that I have a hard time understanding what the intention
of those three test cases is because I get confused: where does the set-up
end, where is the code that is expected to fail, where are the
expectations tested?

Also, I get confused by how similar the test cases look, and have a hard
time discerning what the differences are (i.e. what are the interesting
bits, where the entropy comes from).

I could imagine that I would have had an easier time reading something
like this:

test_expect_success 'push --atomic' '
	: set up two branches, one which will require a force push &&
	git checkout -b fast-forwarding master &&
	test_commit push-atomic &&
	git checkout -b non-fast-forwarding &&

	: now, initialize the bare repository to push to &&
	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic.git &&
	git clone --bare . $d &&

	: modify the two branches and create a third one &&
	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
	git checkout fast-forwarding &&
	test_commit no-need-to-force &&
	git branch new-branch &&

	: now the atomic push must fail &&
	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic.git \
		fast-forwarding non-fast-forwarding new-branch 2>err &&

	: verify that new-branch was not pushed &&
	test_must_fail git -C $d rev-parse --verify refs/heads/new-branch &&

	: fast-forwarding should be mentioned even if it would have been OK &&
	grep fast-forwarding err
'

Of course, everybody has their preferences, and their personal style. I do
not want you to imitate my style just to "pacify" me. That's not the point
of this example.

The point is that I need some structure to walk along, especially when I
am a bit annoyed at a test case that shows that I introduced a regression
and all I want is to understand as quickly as possible what I did wrong
again so that I can fix it and move on.

The point is that I want a regression test case to _not_ distract me from
the essential part, ideally I should be able to ignore all the set-up code
and deduce from the command-line of the failing command what is going on.

For example, if the test case fails in the line `grep fast-forwarding err`
above, that command-line alone does not tell me anything, it just
frustrates me. If there is a comment above that line (which is ideally
part of the `-x` trace, that's why I used `:` instead of `#`) that states
the intention in what I consider to be clear, simple English, it is a lot
easier to figure out what the heck is going wrong.

Of course, it would be even better if we had a function, say,
`must_contain` that runs that `grep` and shows the file contents and the
regular expression if that `grep` failed. That's of course outside of the
concern of your patch. But this idea illustrates what I want in a
regression test case: I want it to _help_ me figure out things when it
breaks.

Ciao,
Dscho

P.S.: Please note that the many test cases _I_ introduced into Git's test
suite mostly do not conform to what I wrote above. I learned _quite_ a
lot of how I want regression test cases to look like in the past six
months, not from writing them, but from analyzing literally hundreds of
Azure Pipelines builds. And your question forced me to think about my
learnings to formulate the above (hopefully clear) explanation of what I
want in a regression test, so: thank you.


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-04  8:29         ` Johannes Schindelin
@ 2019-07-09 20:23           ` Emily Shaffer
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Emily Shaffer @ 2019-07-09 20:23 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Johannes Schindelin; +Cc: git, Junio C Hamano

Firstly, sorry for the delay, I wasn't working for national holiday from
the 4th til yesterday.

> If I were tasked with developing this further, I would try to move as much
> of the setup into the initial test case (if there is already a `setup`
> test case; otherwise I would create one). In fact, I would try to reuse as
> much of the existing setup test case as possible, and only add commands if
> really necessary. Then, I would try to combine the three test cases in the
> patch into a single one, structuring it by white space and using comments
> to clarify what is happening.
> 
> In my mind, even just adding an empty line before the comments like "Make
> master incompatible with up/master" would make it much easier for me to
> read, were I to analyze a test breakage.
> 
> I have to admit that I have a hard time understanding what the intention
> of those three test cases is because I get confused: where does the set-up
> end, where is the code that is expected to fail, where are the
> expectations tested?
> 
> Also, I get confused by how similar the test cases look, and have a hard
> time discerning what the differences are (i.e. what are the interesting
> bits, where the entropy comes from).
> 
> I could imagine that I would have had an easier time reading something
> like this:
> 
> test_expect_success 'push --atomic' '
> 	: set up two branches, one which will require a force push &&
> 	git checkout -b fast-forwarding master &&
> 	test_commit push-atomic &&
> 	git checkout -b non-fast-forwarding &&
> 
> 	: now, initialize the bare repository to push to &&
> 	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic.git &&
> 	git clone --bare . $d &&
> 
> 	: modify the two branches and create a third one &&
> 	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
> 	git checkout fast-forwarding &&
> 	test_commit no-need-to-force &&
> 	git branch new-branch &&
> 
> 	: now the atomic push must fail &&
> 	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic.git \
> 		fast-forwarding non-fast-forwarding new-branch 2>err &&
> 
> 	: verify that new-branch was not pushed &&
> 	test_must_fail git -C $d rev-parse --verify refs/heads/new-branch &&
> 
> 	: fast-forwarding should be mentioned even if it would have been OK &&
> 	grep fast-forwarding err
> '

After I read your initial comment this is close to what my rewrite
started to look like; I suppose we're only the same page after all :)

> 
> Of course, everybody has their preferences, and their personal style. I do
> not want you to imitate my style just to "pacify" me. That's not the point
> of this example.
> 
> The point is that I need some structure to walk along, especially when I
> am a bit annoyed at a test case that shows that I introduced a regression
> and all I want is to understand as quickly as possible what I did wrong
> again so that I can fix it and move on.
> 
> The point is that I want a regression test case to _not_ distract me from
> the essential part, ideally I should be able to ignore all the set-up code
> and deduce from the command-line of the failing command what is going on.
> 
> For example, if the test case fails in the line `grep fast-forwarding err`
> above, that command-line alone does not tell me anything, it just
> frustrates me. If there is a comment above that line (which is ideally
> part of the `-x` trace, that's why I used `:` instead of `#`) that states
> the intention in what I consider to be clear, simple English, it is a lot
> easier to figure out what the heck is going wrong.
> 
> Of course, it would be even better if we had a function, say,
> `must_contain` that runs that `grep` and shows the file contents and the
> regular expression if that `grep` failed. That's of course outside of the
> concern of your patch. But this idea illustrates what I want in a
> regression test case: I want it to _help_ me figure out things when it
> breaks.
> 
> Ciao,
> Dscho
> 
> P.S.: Please note that the many test cases _I_ introduced into Git's test
> suite mostly do not conform to what I wrote above. I learned _quite_ a
> lot of how I want regression test cases to look like in the past six
> months, not from writing them, but from analyzing literally hundreds of
> Azure Pipelines builds. And your question forced me to think about my
> learnings to formulate the above (hopefully clear) explanation of what I
> want in a regression test, so: thank you.
> 

This writeup is great, and I think your example is very clear and
readable. I'll push a reroll with my similar-looking reformat soon.
Thanks, Johannes.

 - Emily

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-02  0:53 [PATCH] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push Emily Shaffer
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-07-02 21:37 ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2019-07-09 21:10 ` " Emily Shaffer
  2019-07-10 17:44   ` Junio C Hamano
                     ` (2 more replies)
  4 siblings, 3 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Emily Shaffer @ 2019-07-09 21:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: Emily Shaffer, Junio C Hamano, Johannes Schindelin

Teach transport-helper how to notice if skipping a ref during push would
violate atomicity on the client side. We notice that a ref would be
rejected, and choose not to send it, but don't notice that if the client
has asked for --atomic we are violating atomicity if all the other
pushes we are sending would succeed. Asking the server end to uphold
atomicity wouldn't work here as the server doesn't have any idea that we
tried to update a ref that's broken.

The added test-case is a succinct way to reproduce this issue that fails
today. The same steps work fine when we aren't using a transport-helper
to get to the upstream, i.e. when we've added a local repository as a
remote:

  git remote add ~/upstream upstream

Signed-off-by: Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com>
---
Since v2, I combined the test cases into one. Unfortunately the new test
case is checking a few things at once, but I hope the comments make it
clear enough. Johannes, I still left the setup at the top; for me in the
tradeoff between "one less line" and "setup happens first", the latter
wins.

I also removed the "try pushing two bad branches at the same time" case;
I don't think it's really covered by atomicity. So now we check that if
we push one bad ref, collateral damage in the form of 1) a new branch
and 2) a perfectly good push of another branch are both rejected and
reported correctly.

Also, got rid of the accidental new curly braces around unrelated part
of the code.

Thanks all.

 - Emily

 t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh | 39 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 transport-helper.c         |  6 ++++++
 transport.c                | 13 +++++++++++++
 3 files changed, 58 insertions(+)

diff --git a/t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh b/t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh
index 8ef8763e06..7f9ae1ef3f 100755
--- a/t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh
+++ b/t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh
@@ -177,6 +177,45 @@ test_expect_success 'push (chunked)' '
 	 test $HEAD = $(git rev-parse --verify HEAD))
 '
 
+test_expect_success 'push --atomic also prevents branch creation, reports collateral' '
+	# Setup upstream repo - empty for now
+	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-branches.git &&
+	git init --bare "$d" &&
+	test_config -C "$d" http.receivepack true &&
+	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-branches.git &&
+
+	# Tell up about two branches for now
+	test_commit atomic1 &&
+	test_commit atomic2 &&
+	git branch collateral &&
+	git push "$up" master collateral &&
+
+	# collateral is a valid push, but should be failed by atomic push
+	git checkout collateral &&
+	test_commit collateral1 &&
+
+	# Make master incompatible with upstream to provoke atomic
+	git checkout master &&
+	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
+
+	# Add a new branch which should be failed by atomic push. This is a
+	# regression case.
+	git branch atomic &&
+
+	# --atomic should cause entire push to be rejected
+	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$up" master atomic collateral 2>output &&
+
+	# the new branch should not have been created upstream
+	test_must_fail git -C "$d" rev-parse refs/heads/atomic &&
+
+	# the failed refs should be indicated
+	grep "master -> master" output | grep rejected &&
+
+	# the collateral failure refs should be indicated
+	grep "atomic -> atomic" output | grep "atomic push failed" &&
+	grep "collateral -> collateral" output | grep "atomic push failed"
+'
+
 test_expect_success 'push --all can push to empty repo' '
 	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/empty-all.git &&
 	git init --bare "$d" &&
diff --git a/transport-helper.c b/transport-helper.c
index c7e17ec9cb..6b05a88faf 100644
--- a/transport-helper.c
+++ b/transport-helper.c
@@ -853,6 +853,7 @@ static int push_refs_with_push(struct transport *transport,
 {
 	int force_all = flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_FORCE;
 	int mirror = flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_MIRROR;
+	int atomic = flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_ATOMIC;
 	struct helper_data *data = transport->data;
 	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
 	struct ref *ref;
@@ -872,6 +873,11 @@ static int push_refs_with_push(struct transport *transport,
 		case REF_STATUS_REJECT_NONFASTFORWARD:
 		case REF_STATUS_REJECT_STALE:
 		case REF_STATUS_REJECT_ALREADY_EXISTS:
+			if (atomic) {
+				string_list_clear(&cas_options, 0);
+				return 0;
+			} else
+				continue;
 		case REF_STATUS_UPTODATE:
 			continue;
 		default:
diff --git a/transport.c b/transport.c
index f1fcd2c4b0..d768bc275e 100644
--- a/transport.c
+++ b/transport.c
@@ -1226,6 +1226,19 @@ int transport_push(struct repository *r,
 		err = push_had_errors(remote_refs);
 		ret = push_ret | err;
 
+		if ((flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_ATOMIC) && err) {
+			for (struct ref *it = remote_refs; it; it = it->next)
+				switch (it->status) {
+				case REF_STATUS_NONE:
+				case REF_STATUS_UPTODATE:
+				case REF_STATUS_OK:
+					it->status = REF_STATUS_ATOMIC_PUSH_FAILED;
+					break;
+				default:
+					break;
+				}
+		}
+
 		if (!quiet || err)
 			transport_print_push_status(transport->url, remote_refs,
 					verbose | porcelain, porcelain,
-- 
2.22.0.410.gd8fdbe21b5-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-09 21:10 ` [PATCH v2] " Emily Shaffer
@ 2019-07-10 17:44   ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-10 17:53     ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-11 20:57     ` Emily Shaffer
  2019-07-11 21:19   ` [PATCH v3] " Emily Shaffer
  2019-07-16  7:10   ` [PATCH v2] " Carlo Arenas
  2 siblings, 2 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2019-07-10 17:44 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Emily Shaffer; +Cc: git, Johannes Schindelin

Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com> writes:

> +test_expect_success 'push --atomic also prevents branch creation, reports collateral' '
> +	# Setup upstream repo - empty for now
> +	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-branches.git &&
> +	git init --bare "$d" &&
> +	test_config -C "$d" http.receivepack true &&
> +	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-branches.git &&
> +
> +	# Tell up about two branches for now

-ECANTPARSE "Tell up" part.

> +	test_commit atomic1 &&
> +	test_commit atomic2 &&
> +	git branch collateral &&
> +	git push "$up" master collateral &&

OK, so an initially empty directory $d that appears to network
clients as $up now has two branches, 'master' and 'collateral',
both pointing at the same history that ends with two commits,
atomic2 whose parent is atomic1.

> +	# collateral is a valid push, but should be failed by atomic push
> +	git checkout collateral &&
> +	test_commit collateral1 &&
> +
> +	# Make master incompatible with upstream to provoke atomic
> +	git checkout master &&
> +	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&

collateral grows, master rewinds.

> +	# Add a new branch which should be failed by atomic push. This is a
> +	# regression case.
> +	git branch atomic &&

Another branch atomic is added

> +	# --atomic should cause entire push to be rejected
> +	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$up" master atomic collateral 2>output &&

Attempt to push all three: collateral alone would be OK, so is
atomic, but because master rewinds, we expect none of the three to
go through.

> +	# the new branch should not have been created upstream
> +	test_must_fail git -C "$d" rev-parse refs/heads/atomic &&

The new branch should not have been created; if this rev-parse
succeeded, it would be a bug.

Up to point, I have no possible improvements to offer ;-)
Very well done.

> +	# the failed refs should be indicated
> +	grep "master -> master" output | grep rejected &&

I'd rather see the effect, i.e. what the command did that can be
observed externally, than the report, i.e. what the command claims
to have done, if it is equally straight-forward to verify either.

That can be done by making sure that the output from "git -C "$d"
rev-parse refs/heads/master" match output from "git rev-parse
atomic2", no?  That ensures 'master' in the receiving end stayed the
same.

> +	# the collateral failure refs should be indicated
> +	grep "atomic -> atomic" output | grep "atomic push failed" &&
> +	grep "collateral -> collateral" output | grep "atomic push failed"

Likewise for the other two.  

FWIW, these three can further lose a process each, i.e.

	grep "^ ! .*rejected.* master -> master" output

even if we for some reason do not want to check the effect and take
the claim by the command being tested at the face value (which I do
not think is a good idea).

Thanks.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-10 17:44   ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2019-07-10 17:53     ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-11 21:14       ` Emily Shaffer
  2019-07-11 20:57     ` Emily Shaffer
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 45+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2019-07-10 17:53 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Emily Shaffer; +Cc: git, Johannes Schindelin

Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> writes:

>> +	# the new branch should not have been created upstream
>> +	test_must_fail git -C "$d" rev-parse refs/heads/atomic &&
>
> The new branch should not have been created; if this rev-parse
> succeeded, it would be a bug.

One thing I forgot.  If refs/heads/atomic did not exist, but say
refs/tags/refs/heads/atomic did, the rev-parse would succeed, which
is a rather unfortunate source of confusion.

Of course, we know we have never touched "$d" to cause such a funny
tag, so rev-parse is good enough in practice, but

    git -C "$d" show-ref --verify refs/heads/atomic

would not dwim (its --verify mode was invented specifically for
rectifying this issue with rev-parse, if I recall correctly), and is
more appropriate best-practice version to write here, especially if
we anticipate that future developers and Git users would treat this
line as an example to mimic.

> Up to point, I have no possible improvements to offer ;-)
> Very well done.

So, I lied, but still the tests looked quite well done.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-10 17:44   ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-10 17:53     ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2019-07-11 20:57     ` Emily Shaffer
  2019-07-11 21:13       ` Junio C Hamano
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 45+ messages in thread
From: Emily Shaffer @ 2019-07-11 20:57 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: git, Johannes Schindelin

On Wed, Jul 10, 2019 at 10:44:22AM -0700, Junio C Hamano wrote:
> Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com> writes:
> 
> > +test_expect_success 'push --atomic also prevents branch creation, reports collateral' '
> > +	# Setup upstream repo - empty for now
> > +	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-branches.git &&
> > +	git init --bare "$d" &&
> > +	test_config -C "$d" http.receivepack true &&
> > +	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-branches.git &&
> > +
> > +	# Tell up about two branches for now
> 
> -ECANTPARSE "Tell up" part.

s/up/"$&"/ - thanks.

[snip]
> Up to point, I have no possible improvements to offer ;-)
> Very well done.

This is nice to hear, thanks! :)

> > +	# the failed refs should be indicated
> > +	grep "master -> master" output | grep rejected &&
> 
> I'd rather see the effect, i.e. what the command did that can be
> observed externally, than the report, i.e. what the command claims
> to have done, if it is equally straight-forward to verify either.

Hmm. I'd like to argue that part of the requirement is to show the user
what happened; for example, in an earlier iteration I was not
successfully reporting the "collateral damage" refs to the user, even
though they were not being pushed. To that end, I'd rather check both.

> 
> That can be done by making sure that the output from "git -C "$d"
> rev-parse refs/heads/master" match output from "git rev-parse
> atomic2", no?  That ensures 'master' in the receiving end stayed the
> same.

Sure, I agree.

> 
> > +	# the collateral failure refs should be indicated
> > +	grep "atomic -> atomic" output | grep "atomic push failed" &&
> > +	grep "collateral -> collateral" output | grep "atomic push failed"
> 
> Likewise for the other two.  
> 
> FWIW, these three can further lose a process each, i.e.
> 
> 	grep "^ ! .*rejected.* master -> master" output
> 
> even if we for some reason do not want to check the effect and take
> the claim by the command being tested at the face value (which I do
> not think is a good idea).

Will swap, wasn't sure on preference between regex or process count.
Thanks.

 - Emily

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-11 20:57     ` Emily Shaffer
@ 2019-07-11 21:13       ` Junio C Hamano
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2019-07-11 21:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Emily Shaffer; +Cc: git, Johannes Schindelin

Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com> writes:

> Hmm. I'd like to argue that part of the requirement is to show the user
> what happened; for example, in an earlier iteration I was not
> successfully reporting the "collateral damage" refs to the user, even
> though they were not being pushed. To that end, I'd rather check both.

If we can afford to check both, making sure that we behave correctly
and report what we did correctly would of course be the best.

;-)



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-10 17:53     ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2019-07-11 21:14       ` Emily Shaffer
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Emily Shaffer @ 2019-07-11 21:14 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: git, Johannes Schindelin

On Wed, Jul 10, 2019 at 10:53:30AM -0700, Junio C Hamano wrote:
> Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> writes:
> 
> >> +	# the new branch should not have been created upstream
> >> +	test_must_fail git -C "$d" rev-parse refs/heads/atomic &&
> >
> > The new branch should not have been created; if this rev-parse
> > succeeded, it would be a bug.
> 
> One thing I forgot.  If refs/heads/atomic did not exist, but say
> refs/tags/refs/heads/atomic did, the rev-parse would succeed, which
> is a rather unfortunate source of confusion.
> 
> Of course, we know we have never touched "$d" to cause such a funny
> tag, so rev-parse is good enough in practice, but
> 
>     git -C "$d" show-ref --verify refs/heads/atomic
> 
> would not dwim (its --verify mode was invented specifically for
> rectifying this issue with rev-parse, if I recall correctly), and is
> more appropriate best-practice version to write here, especially if
> we anticipate that future developers and Git users would treat this
> line as an example to mimic.
> 
> > Up to point, I have no possible improvements to offer ;-)
> > Very well done.
> 
> So, I lied, but still the tests looked quite well done.


Oh, that's very interesting! Thanks for pointing it out. :)

Reroll coming in a few. Thanks, Junio.

 - Emily

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-09 21:10 ` [PATCH v2] " Emily Shaffer
  2019-07-10 17:44   ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2019-07-11 21:19   ` " Emily Shaffer
  2019-07-12 16:25     ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-16  7:10   ` [PATCH v2] " Carlo Arenas
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 45+ messages in thread
From: Emily Shaffer @ 2019-07-11 21:19 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: Emily Shaffer, Junio C Hamano, Johannes Schindelin

Teach transport-helper how to notice if skipping a ref during push would
violate atomicity on the client side. We notice that a ref would be
rejected, and choose not to send it, but don't notice that if the client
has asked for --atomic we are violating atomicity if all the other
pushes we are sending would succeed. Asking the server end to uphold
atomicity wouldn't work here as the server doesn't have any idea that we
tried to update a ref that's broken.

The added test-case is a succinct way to reproduce this issue that fails
today. The same steps work fine when we aren't using a transport-helper
to get to the upstream, i.e. when we've added a local repository as a
remote:

  git remote add ~/upstream upstream

Signed-off-by: Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com>
---
Since the previous version, made a couple changes based on Junio's
comments on the testcase.

- Use show-ref instead of rev-parse to avoid a corner case where a tag
  is named the same thing as the branch we hope not to create
- Reduce number of grep processes by using a longer regex instead
- Check the real contents of the upstream repo instead of just relying
  on the client side's reporting
  - The check on the client side remains, however, to ensure the user is
    made aware of why their perfectly good ref failed to push.

Thanks, all.

 t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh | 49 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 transport-helper.c         |  6 +++++
 transport.c                | 13 ++++++++++
 3 files changed, 68 insertions(+)

diff --git a/t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh b/t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh
index 8ef8763e06..92bac43257 100755
--- a/t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh
+++ b/t/t5541-http-push-smart.sh
@@ -177,6 +177,55 @@ test_expect_success 'push (chunked)' '
 	 test $HEAD = $(git rev-parse --verify HEAD))
 '
 
+test_expect_success 'push --atomic also prevents branch creation, reports collateral' '
+	# Setup upstream repo - empty for now
+	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-branches.git &&
+	git init --bare "$d" &&
+	test_config -C "$d" http.receivepack true &&
+	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-branches.git &&
+
+	# Tell "$up" about two branches for now
+	test_commit atomic1 &&
+	test_commit atomic2 &&
+	git branch collateral &&
+	git push "$up" master collateral &&
+
+	# collateral is a valid push, but should be failed by atomic push
+	git checkout collateral &&
+	test_commit collateral1 &&
+
+	# Make master incompatible with upstream to provoke atomic
+	git checkout master &&
+	git reset --hard HEAD^ &&
+
+	# Add a new branch which should be failed by atomic push. This is a
+	# regression case.
+	git branch atomic &&
+
+	# --atomic should cause entire push to be rejected
+	test_must_fail git push --atomic "$up" master atomic collateral 2>output &&
+
+	# the new branch should not have been created upstream
+	test_must_fail git -C "$d" show-ref --verify refs/heads/atomic &&
+
+	# upstream should still reflect atomic2, the last thing we pushed
+	# successfully
+	git rev-parse atomic2 >expected &&
+	# on master...
+	git -C "$d" rev-parse refs/heads/master >actual &&
+	test_cmp expected actual &&
+	# ...and collateral.
+	git -C "$d" rev-parse refs/heads/collateral >actual &&
+	test_cmp expected actual &&
+
+	# the failed refs should be indicated to the user
+	grep "^ ! .*rejected.* master -> master" output &&
+
+	# the collateral failure refs should be indicated to the user
+	grep "^ ! .*rejected.* atomic -> atomic .*atomic push failed" output &&
+	grep "^ ! .*rejected.* collateral -> collateral .*atomic push failed" output
+'
+
 test_expect_success 'push --all can push to empty repo' '
 	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/empty-all.git &&
 	git init --bare "$d" &&
diff --git a/transport-helper.c b/transport-helper.c
index c7e17ec9cb..6b05a88faf 100644
--- a/transport-helper.c
+++ b/transport-helper.c
@@ -853,6 +853,7 @@ static int push_refs_with_push(struct transport *transport,
 {
 	int force_all = flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_FORCE;
 	int mirror = flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_MIRROR;
+	int atomic = flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_ATOMIC;
 	struct helper_data *data = transport->data;
 	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
 	struct ref *ref;
@@ -872,6 +873,11 @@ static int push_refs_with_push(struct transport *transport,
 		case REF_STATUS_REJECT_NONFASTFORWARD:
 		case REF_STATUS_REJECT_STALE:
 		case REF_STATUS_REJECT_ALREADY_EXISTS:
+			if (atomic) {
+				string_list_clear(&cas_options, 0);
+				return 0;
+			} else
+				continue;
 		case REF_STATUS_UPTODATE:
 			continue;
 		default:
diff --git a/transport.c b/transport.c
index f1fcd2c4b0..d768bc275e 100644
--- a/transport.c
+++ b/transport.c
@@ -1226,6 +1226,19 @@ int transport_push(struct repository *r,
 		err = push_had_errors(remote_refs);
 		ret = push_ret | err;
 
+		if ((flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_ATOMIC) && err) {
+			for (struct ref *it = remote_refs; it; it = it->next)
+				switch (it->status) {
+				case REF_STATUS_NONE:
+				case REF_STATUS_UPTODATE:
+				case REF_STATUS_OK:
+					it->status = REF_STATUS_ATOMIC_PUSH_FAILED;
+					break;
+				default:
+					break;
+				}
+		}
+
 		if (!quiet || err)
 			transport_print_push_status(transport->url, remote_refs,
 					verbose | porcelain, porcelain,
-- 
2.22.0.410.gd8fdbe21b5-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-11 21:19   ` [PATCH v3] " Emily Shaffer
@ 2019-07-12 16:25     ` Junio C Hamano
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2019-07-12 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Emily Shaffer; +Cc: git, Johannes Schindelin

Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com> writes:

> +test_expect_success 'push --atomic also prevents branch creation, reports collateral' '
> +	# Setup upstream repo - empty for now
> +	d=$HTTPD_DOCUMENT_ROOT_PATH/atomic-branches.git &&
> +	git init --bare "$d" &&
> +	test_config -C "$d" http.receivepack true &&
> +	up="$HTTPD_URL"/smart/atomic-branches.git &&
> +
> +	# Tell "$up" about two branches for now

Ahh, that's what you meant ;-)  Makes sense.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-09 21:10 ` [PATCH v2] " Emily Shaffer
  2019-07-10 17:44   ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-11 21:19   ` [PATCH v3] " Emily Shaffer
@ 2019-07-16  7:10   ` " Carlo Arenas
  2019-07-16 16:53     ` Junio C Hamano
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 45+ messages in thread
From: Carlo Arenas @ 2019-07-16  7:10 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Emily Shaffer; +Cc: git, Junio C Hamano, Johannes Schindelin

On Tue, Jul 9, 2019 at 2:16 PM Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com> wrote:
>
> diff --git a/transport.c b/transport.c
> index f1fcd2c4b0..d768bc275e 100644
> --- a/transport.c
> +++ b/transport.c
> @@ -1226,6 +1226,19 @@ int transport_push(struct repository *r,
>                 err = push_had_errors(remote_refs);
>                 ret = push_ret | err;
>
> +               if ((flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_ATOMIC) && err) {
> +                       for (struct ref *it = remote_refs; it; it = it->next)

moving "struct ref it" out of the loop, allows for building with ancient
compilers that don't support C90 (even if only by default) as I found
out while building pu in a Centos 6 box

Carlo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-16  7:10   ` [PATCH v2] " Carlo Arenas
@ 2019-07-16 16:53     ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-16 17:21       ` [RFC/PATCH] CodingGuidelines: spell out post-C89 rules Junio C Hamano
                         ` (3 more replies)
  0 siblings, 4 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2019-07-16 16:53 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Carlo Arenas; +Cc: Emily Shaffer, git, Johannes Schindelin

Carlo Arenas <carenas@gmail.com> writes:

> On Tue, Jul 9, 2019 at 2:16 PM Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com> wrote:
>>
>> diff --git a/transport.c b/transport.c
>> index f1fcd2c4b0..d768bc275e 100644
>> --- a/transport.c
>> +++ b/transport.c
>> @@ -1226,6 +1226,19 @@ int transport_push(struct repository *r,
>>                 err = push_had_errors(remote_refs);
>>                 ret = push_ret | err;
>>
>> +               if ((flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_ATOMIC) && err) {
>> +                       for (struct ref *it = remote_refs; it; it = it->next)
>
> moving "struct ref it" out of the loop, allows for building with ancient
> compilers that don't support C90 (even if only by default) as I found
> out while building pu in a Centos 6 box

Does everything else compile OK with your rather old compiler on
Centos 6?  I was historically rather pedantic to stick to C89 but
for past several years we've been experimenting with a bit more
modern features of the language to see if anybody screams (namely,
designated initializers in structs and arrays, and trailing comma in
enum definition) but I think we still reject variable definition in
for loop control (we saw and rewrote another patch that tried to use
it late last year).

Apparently, this one slipped our review process.

Thanks.

cf. https://public-inbox.org/git/xmqqwopgqsws.fsf@gitster-ct.c.googlers.com/
cf. https://public-inbox.org/git/xmqqmuuz9jih.fsf@gitster-ct.c.googlers.com/



 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* [RFC/PATCH] CodingGuidelines: spell out post-C89 rules
  2019-07-16 16:53     ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2019-07-16 17:21       ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-17  0:55         ` Jonathan Nieder
  2019-07-17  1:09         ` Bryan Turner
  2019-07-16 18:00       ` [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push Carlo Arenas
                         ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  3 siblings, 2 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2019-07-16 17:21 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: Carlo Arenas, Emily Shaffer

Even though we have been sticking to C89, there are a few handy
features we borrow from more recent C language in our codebase after
trying them in weather balloons and saw that nobody screamed.

Spell them out.

While at it, extend the existing variable declaration rule a bit to
read better with the newly spelled out rule for the for loop.

Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
---
 Documentation/CodingGuidelines | 20 +++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 17 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
index 1169ff6c8e..53903b14c8 100644
--- a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
+++ b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
@@ -195,10 +195,24 @@ For C programs:
    by e.g. "echo DEVELOPER=1 >>config.mak".
 
  - We try to support a wide range of C compilers to compile Git with,
-   including old ones. That means that you should not use C99
-   initializers, even if a lot of compilers grok it.
+   including old ones. That means that you should not use certain C99
+   features, even if your compiler groks it.  There are a few
+   exceptions:
 
- - Variables have to be declared at the beginning of the block.
+   . since early 2012 with e1327023ea, we have been using an enum
+     definition whose last element is followed by a comma.
+
+   . since mid 2017 with cbc0f81d and 512f41cf, we have been using
+     designated initializers for struct and array.
+
+   These used to be forbidden, but we have not heard breakage report,
+   so they are assumed to be safe.
+
+ - Variables have to be declared at the beginning of the block, before
+   the first statement (i.e. -Wdeclaration-after-statement).
+
+ - Declaring a variable in the for loop "for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)"
+   is still not allowed in this codebase.
 
  - NULL pointers shall be written as NULL, not as 0.
 


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-16 16:53     ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-16 17:21       ` [RFC/PATCH] CodingGuidelines: spell out post-C89 rules Junio C Hamano
@ 2019-07-16 18:00       ` Carlo Arenas
  2019-07-16 20:28       ` [PATCH] transport-helper: avoid var decl in for () loop control Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-18 15:22       ` [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push SZEDER Gábor
  3 siblings, 0 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Carlo Arenas @ 2019-07-16 18:00 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: Emily Shaffer, git, Johannes Schindelin

On Tue, Jul 16, 2019 at 9:54 AM Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> wrote:
>
> Does everything else compile OK with your rather old compiler on
> Centos 6?

yes, they were a few -Wmaybe-uninitialized warnings but they were most
likely false positives.

gcc 4.4.7 aborts the build (even without -Werror) with the following message:
transport.c: In function 'transport_push':
transport.c:1232: error: 'for' loop initial declarations are only
allowed in C99 mode
transport.c:1232: note: use option -std=c99 or -std=gnu99 to compile your code
make: *** [transport.o] Error 1

Carlo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* [PATCH] transport-helper: avoid var decl in for () loop control
  2019-07-16 16:53     ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-16 17:21       ` [RFC/PATCH] CodingGuidelines: spell out post-C89 rules Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-16 18:00       ` [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push Carlo Arenas
@ 2019-07-16 20:28       ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-17  0:42         ` Jonathan Nieder
  2019-07-18 15:22       ` [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push SZEDER Gábor
  3 siblings, 1 reply; 45+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2019-07-16 20:28 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Emily Shaffer; +Cc: Carlo Arenas, git

We do allow a few selected C99 constructs in our codebase these
days, but this is not among them (yet).

Reported-by: Carlo Arenas <carenas@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
---
 transport.c | 3 ++-
 1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/transport.c b/transport.c
index d768bc275e..453de8f704 100644
--- a/transport.c
+++ b/transport.c
@@ -1227,7 +1227,8 @@ int transport_push(struct repository *r,
 		ret = push_ret | err;
 
 		if ((flags & TRANSPORT_PUSH_ATOMIC) && err) {
-			for (struct ref *it = remote_refs; it; it = it->next)
+			struct ref *it;
+			for (it = remote_refs; it; it = it->next)
 				switch (it->status) {
 				case REF_STATUS_NONE:
 				case REF_STATUS_UPTODATE:

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] transport-helper: avoid var decl in for () loop control
  2019-07-16 20:28       ` [PATCH] transport-helper: avoid var decl in for () loop control Junio C Hamano
@ 2019-07-17  0:42         ` Jonathan Nieder
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Jonathan Nieder @ 2019-07-17  0:42 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: Emily Shaffer, Carlo Arenas, git

Junio C Hamano wrote:

> We do allow a few selected C99 constructs in our codebase these
> days, but this is not among them (yet).
>
> Reported-by: Carlo Arenas <carenas@gmail.com>
> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
> ---
>  transport.c | 3 ++-
>  1 file changed, 2 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

Yes, gcc 4.8 fails to build without this:

 transport.c:1234:4: error: ‘for’ loop initial declarations are only allowed in C99 mode
     for (struct ref *it = remote_refs; it; it = it->next)
     ^
 transport.c:1234:4: note: use option -std=c99 or -std=gnu99 to compile your code

Arguably it would be nice to use -std=gnu99 for better consistency
between gcc versions, but it's moot here: avoiding the declaration in
for loop initializer is more consistent with
-Wdeclaration-after-statement anyway.

Reviewed-by: Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder@gmail.com>
Thanks.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC/PATCH] CodingGuidelines: spell out post-C89 rules
  2019-07-16 17:21       ` [RFC/PATCH] CodingGuidelines: spell out post-C89 rules Junio C Hamano
@ 2019-07-17  0:55         ` Jonathan Nieder
  2019-07-17 16:03           ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-17  1:09         ` Bryan Turner
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 45+ messages in thread
From: Jonathan Nieder @ 2019-07-17  0:55 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: git, Carlo Arenas, Emily Shaffer

Junio C Hamano wrote:

> Even though we have been sticking to C89, there are a few handy
> features we borrow from more recent C language in our codebase after
> trying them in weather balloons and saw that nobody screamed.
>
> Spell them out.

Thanks for this.  It gives a place to advertise future weather balloons,
too.

[...]
> --- a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
> +++ b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
> @@ -195,10 +195,24 @@ For C programs:
>     by e.g. "echo DEVELOPER=1 >>config.mak".
>  
>   - We try to support a wide range of C compilers to compile Git with,
> -   including old ones. That means that you should not use C99
> -   initializers, even if a lot of compilers grok it.
> +   including old ones. That means that you should not use certain C99
> +   features, even if your compiler groks it.  There are a few
> +   exceptions:
> +
> +   . since early 2012 with e1327023ea, we have been using an enum
> +     definition whose last element is followed by a comma.

This is an interesting one: it's super convenient, but we have received
patches every 10 years or so to remove the trailing comma --- e.g.
https://public-inbox.org/git/20100311163235.GC7877@thor.il.thewrittenword.com/

I *think* these were motivated by wanting to be able to build Git with
old compilers with pedantic warnings on, and certainly the last seven
years of silence on the subject suggests it's okay.  Should we be even
more prescriptive and say that the last element should always be
followed by a comma, for ease of later patching?

> +
> +   . since mid 2017 with cbc0f81d and 512f41cf, we have been using
> +     designated initializers for struct and array.

Can this include an example for the benefit of readers that don't know
what a designated initializer is?  E.g.

      . since mid 2017 with cb0f81d and 512f41cf, we have been using
        designated initializers for struct members ("{ .alloc = 1 }")
	and array members ("[5] = 0").

> +
> +   These used to be forbidden, but we have not heard breakage report,
> +   so they are assumed to be safe.

nit: missing article "any" before "breakage reports".

>  
> - - Variables have to be declared at the beginning of the block.
> + - Variables have to be declared at the beginning of the block, before
> +   the first statement (i.e. -Wdeclaration-after-statement).
> +
> + - Declaring a variable in the for loop "for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)"
> +   is still not allowed in this codebase.

Nice.

Reviewed-by: Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder@gmail.com>
Thanks.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC/PATCH] CodingGuidelines: spell out post-C89 rules
  2019-07-16 17:21       ` [RFC/PATCH] CodingGuidelines: spell out post-C89 rules Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-17  0:55         ` Jonathan Nieder
@ 2019-07-17  1:09         ` Bryan Turner
  2019-07-17 16:05           ` Junio C Hamano
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 45+ messages in thread
From: Bryan Turner @ 2019-07-17  1:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: Git Users, Carlo Arenas, Emily Shaffer

On Tue, Jul 16, 2019 at 10:21 AM Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> wrote:
>
> Even though we have been sticking to C89, there are a few handy
> features we borrow from more recent C language in our codebase after
> trying them in weather balloons and saw that nobody screamed.
>
> Spell them out.
>
> While at it, extend the existing variable declaration rule a bit to
> read better with the newly spelled out rule for the for loop.
>
> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
> ---
>  Documentation/CodingGuidelines | 20 +++++++++++++++++---
>  1 file changed, 17 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
> index 1169ff6c8e..53903b14c8 100644
> --- a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
> +++ b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
> @@ -195,10 +195,24 @@ For C programs:
>     by e.g. "echo DEVELOPER=1 >>config.mak".
>
>   - We try to support a wide range of C compilers to compile Git with,
> -   including old ones. That means that you should not use C99
> -   initializers, even if a lot of compilers grok it.
> +   including old ones. That means that you should not use certain C99
> +   features, even if your compiler groks it.  There are a few
> +   exceptions:
>
> - - Variables have to be declared at the beginning of the block.
> +   . since early 2012 with e1327023ea, we have been using an enum
> +     definition whose last element is followed by a comma.

Is there a significance to the leading . here versus a leading - below?

> +
> +   . since mid 2017 with cbc0f81d and 512f41cf, we have been using
> +     designated initializers for struct and array.
> +
> +   These used to be forbidden, but we have not heard breakage report,
> +   so they are assumed to be safe.

With the placement here, is it possible that someone might read the
“These used to be forbidden” as applying to the items that follow
after it, rather than the items that preceded it? Put a different way,
could there be some value in having some additional verbiage here that
indicates something along the lines of “Aside from those exceptions,
other C99 features are not allowed. Some common examples are:”

Just a thought. (Pardon the suggestion from the peanut gallery!)

> +
> + - Variables have to be declared at the beginning of the block, before
> +   the first statement (i.e. -Wdeclaration-after-statement).
> +
> + - Declaring a variable in the for loop "for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)"
> +   is still not allowed in this codebase.
>
>   - NULL pointers shall be written as NULL, not as 0.
>
>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC/PATCH] CodingGuidelines: spell out post-C89 rules
  2019-07-17  0:55         ` Jonathan Nieder
@ 2019-07-17 16:03           ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-19  1:15             ` Jonathan Nieder
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 45+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2019-07-17 16:03 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jonathan Nieder; +Cc: git, Carlo Arenas, Emily Shaffer

Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder@gmail.com> writes:

> Junio C Hamano wrote:
>
>> Even though we have been sticking to C89, there are a few handy
>> features we borrow from more recent C language in our codebase after
>> trying them in weather balloons and saw that nobody screamed.
>>
>> Spell them out.
>
> Thanks for this.  It gives a place to advertise future weather balloons,
> too.
>
> [...]
>> --- a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
>> +++ b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
>> @@ -195,10 +195,24 @@ For C programs:
>>     by e.g. "echo DEVELOPER=1 >>config.mak".
>>  
>>   - We try to support a wide range of C compilers to compile Git with,
>> -   including old ones. That means that you should not use C99
>> -   initializers, even if a lot of compilers grok it.
>> +   including old ones. That means that you should not use certain C99
>> +   features, even if your compiler groks it.  There are a few

s/it/them/ I think.

>> +   exceptions:
>> +
>> +   . since early 2012 with e1327023ea, we have been using an enum
>> +     definition whose last element is followed by a comma.
>
> ...  Should we be even
> more prescriptive and say that the last element should always be
> followed by a comma, for ease of later patching?

That is an interesting tangent.  We have been taking advantage of
the trailing comma for array initializers (e.g. options[] fed to
parse_options() API)---we would gain similar convenience with it.

>> +
>> +   . since mid 2017 with cbc0f81d and 512f41cf, we have been using
>> +     designated initializers for struct and array.
>
> Can this include an example for the benefit of readers that don't know
> what a designated initializer is?

I thought about it, but decided against it, because those who really
want to are already given the commit object names to learn from, and
in larger context.

But if we are to split this into two bullet points (one for struct,
one for array), I am OK to add an example to it while at it.  Let me
see how it looks like.

>> +
>> +   These used to be forbidden, but we have not heard breakage report,
>> +   so they are assumed to be safe.
>
> nit: missing article "any" before "breakage reports".

Thanks.

-- >8 --
    
Even though we have been sticking to C89, there are a few handy
features we borrow from more recent C language in our codebase after
trying them in weather balloons and saw that nobody screamed.

Spell them out.

While at it, extend the existing variable declaration rule a bit to
read better with the newly spelled out rule for the for loop.

Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
---
 Documentation/CodingGuidelines | 25 ++++++++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 22 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

 Documentation/CodingGuidelines | 26 +++++++++++++++++++++++---
 1 file changed, 23 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
index 32210a4386..bd4b7905d0 100644
--- a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
+++ b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
@@ -195,10 +195,30 @@ For C programs:
    by e.g. "echo DEVELOPER=1 >>config.mak".
 
  - We try to support a wide range of C compilers to compile Git with,
-   including old ones. That means that you should not use C99
-   initializers, even if a lot of compilers grok it.
+   including old ones.  You should not use features from newer C
+   standard, even if your compiler groks them.  
 
- - Variables have to be declared at the beginning of the block.
+   There are a few exceptions to this guideline:
+
+   . since early 2012 with e1327023ea, we have been using an enum
+     definition whose last element is followed by a comma.  This, like
+     an array initializer that ends with a trailing comma, can be used
+     to reduce the patch noise when adding a new identifer at the end.
+
+   . since mid 2017 with cbc0f81d, we have been using designated
+     initializers for struct (e.g. "struct t v = { .val = 'a' };").
+
+   . since mid 2017 with 512f41cf, we have been using designated
+     initializers for array (e.g. "int array[10] = { [5] = 2 }").
+
+   These used to be forbidden, but we have not heard any breakage
+   report, and they are assumed to be safe.
+
+ - Variables have to be declared at the beginning of the block, before
+   the first statement (i.e. -Wdeclaration-after-statement).
+
+ - Declaring a variable in the for loop "for (int i = 0; i < 10; i++)"
+   is still not allowed in this codebase.
 
  - NULL pointers shall be written as NULL, not as 0.
 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC/PATCH] CodingGuidelines: spell out post-C89 rules
  2019-07-17  1:09         ` Bryan Turner
@ 2019-07-17 16:05           ` Junio C Hamano
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2019-07-17 16:05 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Bryan Turner; +Cc: Git Users, Carlo Arenas, Emily Shaffer

Bryan Turner <bturner@atlassian.com> writes:

> On Tue, Jul 16, 2019 at 10:21 AM Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> wrote:
>>
>> Even though we have been sticking to C89, there are a few handy
>> features we borrow from more recent C language in our codebase after
>> trying them in weather balloons and saw that nobody screamed.
>>
>> Spell them out.
>>
>> While at it, extend the existing variable declaration rule a bit to
>> read better with the newly spelled out rule for the for loop.
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
>> ---
>>  Documentation/CodingGuidelines | 20 +++++++++++++++++---
>>  1 file changed, 17 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)
>>
>> diff --git a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
>> index 1169ff6c8e..53903b14c8 100644
>> --- a/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
>> +++ b/Documentation/CodingGuidelines
>> @@ -195,10 +195,24 @@ For C programs:
>>     by e.g. "echo DEVELOPER=1 >>config.mak".
>>
>>   - We try to support a wide range of C compilers to compile Git with,
>> -   including old ones. That means that you should not use C99
>> -   initializers, even if a lot of compilers grok it.
>> +   including old ones. That means that you should not use certain C99
>> +   features, even if your compiler groks it.  There are a few
>> +   exceptions:
>>
>> +   . since early 2012 with e1327023ea, we have been using an enum
>> +     definition whose last element is followed by a comma.
>
> Is there a significance to the leading . here versus a leading - below?

Absolutely.

    - Item 1's description

    - Item 2's description
      . subitem a of 2
      . subitem b of 2
      These two subitems are exceptions.

    - Item 3's description

was what I meant.


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-16 16:53     ` Junio C Hamano
                         ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-07-16 20:28       ` [PATCH] transport-helper: avoid var decl in for () loop control Junio C Hamano
@ 2019-07-18 15:22       ` SZEDER Gábor
  2019-07-18 16:12         ` Junio C Hamano
                           ` (3 more replies)
  3 siblings, 4 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: SZEDER Gábor @ 2019-07-18 15:22 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: Carlo Arenas, Emily Shaffer, git, Johannes Schindelin

On Tue, Jul 16, 2019 at 09:53:59AM -0700, Junio C Hamano wrote:
> Carlo Arenas <carenas@gmail.com> writes:

> >> +                       for (struct ref *it = remote_refs; it; it = it->next)
> >
> > moving "struct ref it" out of the loop, allows for building with ancient
> > compilers that don't support C90 (even if only by default) as I found
> > out while building pu in a Centos 6 box

> but I think we still reject variable definition in
> for loop control (we saw and rewrote another patch that tried to use
> it late last year).
> 
> Apparently, this one slipped our review process.

I expected that this will eventually happen after Travis CI's default
Linux image recently changed from Ubuntu 14.04 to 16.04; explanation
in the commit message below.

With that patch issues like this could be caught earlier, while they
are only in 'pu' but not yet in 'next'.  But do we really want to do
that, is that the right tradeoff?  Dunno...  Adding a dedicated CI job
just to check that there are no 'for' loop initial declarations seems
kind of excessive, even if it only builds but doesn't run the test
suite.  And I don't know whether there are any other undesired ("too
new") constructs that GCC 4.8 would catch but later compilers quietly
accept.

  --- >8 ---

Subject: [PATCH] travis-ci: build with GCC 4.8 as well

C99 'for' loop initial declaration, i.e. 'for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)',
is not allowed in Git's codebase yet, to maintain compatibility with
some older compilers.

Our Travis CI builds used to catch 'for' loop initial declarations,
because the GETTEXT_POISON job has always built Git with the default
'cc', which in Travis CI's previous default Linux image (based on
Ubuntu 14.04 Trusty) is GCC 4.8, and that GCC version errors out on
this construct (not only with DEVELOPER=1, but with our default CFLAGS
as well).  Alas, that's not the case anymore, becase after 14.04's EOL
Travis CI's current default Linux image is based on Ubuntu 16.04
Xenial [1] and its default 'cc' is now GCC 5.4, which, just like all
later GCC and Clang versions, simply accepts this construct, even if
we don't explicitly specify '-std=c99'.

Ideally we would adjust our CFLAGS used with DEVELOPER=1 to catch this
undesired construct already when contributors build Git on their own
machines.  Unfortunately, however, there seems to be no compiler
option that would catch only this particular construct without choking
on many other things, e.g. while a later compiler with '-std=c90'
and/or '-ansi' does catch this construct, it can't build Git because
of several screenfulls of other errors.

Add the 'linux-gcc-4.8' job to Travis CI, in order to build Git with
GCC 4.8, and thus to timely catch any 'for' loop initial declarations.
To catch those it's sufficient to only build Git with GCC 4.8, so
don't run the test suite in this job, because 'make test' takes rather
long [2], and it's already run five times in other jobs, so we
wouldn't get our time's worth.

[1] The Azure Pipelines builds have been using Ubuntu 16.04 images
    from the start, so I belive they never caught 'for' loop initial
    declarations.

[2] On Travis CI 'make test' alone would take about 9 minutes in this
    new job (without running httpd, Subversion, and P4 tests).  For
    comparison, starting the job and building Git with GCC 4.8 takes
    only about 2 minutes.

Signed-off-by: SZEDER Gábor <szeder.dev@gmail.com>
---
 .travis.yml               |  4 ++++
 ci/run-build-and-tests.sh | 17 +++++++++++++----
 2 files changed, 17 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/.travis.yml b/.travis.yml
index ffb1bc46f2..fc5730b085 100644
--- a/.travis.yml
+++ b/.travis.yml
@@ -21,6 +21,10 @@ matrix:
       compiler:
       addons:
       before_install:
+    - env: jobname=linux-gcc-4.8
+      os: linux
+      dist: trusty
+      compiler:
     - env: jobname=Linux32
       os: linux
       compiler:
diff --git a/ci/run-build-and-tests.sh b/ci/run-build-and-tests.sh
index cdd2913440..ff0ef7f08e 100755
--- a/ci/run-build-and-tests.sh
+++ b/ci/run-build-and-tests.sh
@@ -11,9 +11,9 @@ windows*) cmd //c mklink //j t\\.prove "$(cygpath -aw "$cache_dir/.prove")";;
 esac
 
 make
-make test
-if test "$jobname" = "linux-gcc"
-then
+case "$jobname" in
+linux-gcc)
+	make test
 	export GIT_TEST_SPLIT_INDEX=yes
 	export GIT_TEST_FULL_IN_PACK_ARRAY=true
 	export GIT_TEST_OE_SIZE=10
@@ -21,7 +21,16 @@ then
 	export GIT_TEST_COMMIT_GRAPH=1
 	export GIT_TEST_MULTI_PACK_INDEX=1
 	make test
-fi
+	;;
+linux-gcc-4.8)
+	# Don't run the tests; we only care about whether Git can be
+	# built with GCC 4.8, as it errors out on some undesired (C99)
+	# constructs that newer compilers seem to quietly accept.
+	;;
+*)
+	make test
+	;;
+esac
 
 check_unignored_build_artifacts
 
-- 
2.22.0.810.g50207c7d84



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-18 15:22       ` [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push SZEDER Gábor
@ 2019-07-18 16:12         ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-18 23:46           ` SZEDER Gábor
  2019-07-18 16:29         ` Eric Sunshine
                           ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  3 siblings, 1 reply; 45+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2019-07-18 16:12 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: SZEDER Gábor
  Cc: Carlo Arenas, Jonathan Nieder, Emily Shaffer, git, Johannes Schindelin

SZEDER Gábor <szeder.dev@gmail.com> writes:

> With that patch issues like this could be caught earlier, while they
> are only in 'pu' but not yet in 'next'.  But do we really want to do
> that, is that the right tradeoff?

I am sort of in favor of having at least one build with an older
compiler without "-std=c99", like the set-up you are proposing.
I got an impression from an earlier message that Jonathan's
preference is the opposite.  I'd prefer to hear opinions from
others, too.

The main reason why we accept other new features like trailing comma
in enum def and designated initializers while rejecting for loop
init is because there apparently are those who build Git with
compilers that accept & reject these combinations of features and
who care enough to report compilation failure from their build.  And
apparently gcc4.8 can serve as a representative "old" compiler,
so...

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-18 15:22       ` [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push SZEDER Gábor
  2019-07-18 16:12         ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2019-07-18 16:29         ` Eric Sunshine
  2019-07-19  1:31         ` Jonathan Nieder
  2019-07-27  8:43         ` SZEDER Gábor
  3 siblings, 0 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Eric Sunshine @ 2019-07-18 16:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: SZEDER Gábor
  Cc: Junio C Hamano, Carlo Arenas, Emily Shaffer, Git List,
	Johannes Schindelin

On Thu, Jul 18, 2019 at 11:22 AM SZEDER Gábor <szeder.dev@gmail.com> wrote:
> C99 'for' loop initial declaration, i.e. 'for (int i = 0; i < n; i++)',
> is not allowed in Git's codebase yet, to maintain compatibility with
> some older compilers.
> [...]
> [1] The Azure Pipelines builds have been using Ubuntu 16.04 images
>     from the start, so I belive they never caught 'for' loop initial
>     declarations.

s/belive/believe/

> [2] On Travis CI 'make test' alone would take about 9 minutes in this
>     new job (without running httpd, Subversion, and P4 tests).  For
>     comparison, starting the job and building Git with GCC 4.8 takes
>     only about 2 minutes.
>
> Signed-off-by: SZEDER Gábor <szeder.dev@gmail.com>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-18 16:12         ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2019-07-18 23:46           ` SZEDER Gábor
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: SZEDER Gábor @ 2019-07-18 23:46 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano
  Cc: Carlo Arenas, Jonathan Nieder, Emily Shaffer, git, Johannes Schindelin

On Thu, Jul 18, 2019 at 09:12:52AM -0700, Junio C Hamano wrote:
> SZEDER Gábor <szeder.dev@gmail.com> writes:
> 
> > With that patch issues like this could be caught earlier, while they
> > are only in 'pu' but not yet in 'next'.  But do we really want to do
> > that, is that the right tradeoff?
> 
> I am sort of in favor of having at least one build with an older
> compiler without "-std=c99", like the set-up you are proposing.

Alternatively, we could sort-of restore the old state of the
GETTEXT_POISON job, i.e. build Git with GCC 4.8 in that job.
"Sort-of", because we don't necessarily have to go back to the Ubuntu
14.04 based Linux image, because GCC 4.8 is packaged in 16.04 as well,
so it's just an 'apt-get install gcc-4.8' away.


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC/PATCH] CodingGuidelines: spell out post-C89 rules
  2019-07-17 16:03           ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2019-07-19  1:15             ` Jonathan Nieder
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Jonathan Nieder @ 2019-07-19  1:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: git, Carlo Arenas, Emily Shaffer

Junio C Hamano wrote:

> -- >8 --
> Even though we have been sticking to C89, there are a few handy
> features we borrow from more recent C language in our codebase after
> trying them in weather balloons and saw that nobody screamed.
>
> Spell them out.
>
> While at it, extend the existing variable declaration rule a bit to
> read better with the newly spelled out rule for the for loop.
>
> Signed-off-by: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
> ---
>  Documentation/CodingGuidelines | 25 ++++++++++++++++++++++---
>  1 file changed, 22 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

Reviewed-by: Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder@gmail.com>
Thanks.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-18 15:22       ` [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push SZEDER Gábor
  2019-07-18 16:12         ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-07-18 16:29         ` Eric Sunshine
@ 2019-07-19  1:31         ` Jonathan Nieder
  2019-07-19  4:49           ` Carlo Arenas
  2019-07-27  8:43         ` SZEDER Gábor
  3 siblings, 1 reply; 45+ messages in thread
From: Jonathan Nieder @ 2019-07-19  1:31 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: SZEDER Gábor
  Cc: Junio C Hamano, Carlo Arenas, Emily Shaffer, git, Johannes Schindelin

SZEDER Gábor wrote:

> I expected that this will eventually happen after Travis CI's default
> Linux image recently changed from Ubuntu 14.04 to 16.04; explanation
> in the commit message below.
>
> With that patch issues like this could be caught earlier, while they
> are only in 'pu' but not yet in 'next'.  But do we really want to do
> that, is that the right tradeoff?  Dunno...  Adding a dedicated CI job
> just to check that there are no 'for' loop initial declarations seems
> kind of excessive, even if it only builds but doesn't run the test
> suite.  And I don't know whether there are any other undesired ("too
> new") constructs that GCC 4.8 would catch but later compilers quietly
> accept.

This makes sense to me.  Not really for the 'for' loop declaration
aspect: for that, I'd want some more specialized tool that allows
turning on such a check specifically.  But more because Ubuntu trusty
is still a platform that some people use (though hopefully not for
long), so it's helpful as a representative old platform to see if we
break the build on it.

[...]
> [2] On Travis CI 'make test' alone would take about 9 minutes in this
>     new job (without running httpd, Subversion, and P4 tests).  For
>     comparison, starting the job and building Git with GCC 4.8 takes
>     only about 2 minutes.

Nice.  In an ideal world there would be some kind of "make fasttest"
that runs some fast subset of tests.  But this seems pretty safe.

> Signed-off-by: SZEDER Gábor <szeder.dev@gmail.com>
> ---
>  .travis.yml               |  4 ++++
>  ci/run-build-and-tests.sh | 17 +++++++++++++----
>  2 files changed, 17 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

Thanks.

[...]
> --- a/ci/run-build-and-tests.sh
> +++ b/ci/run-build-and-tests.sh
> @@ -11,9 +11,9 @@ windows*) cmd //c mklink //j t\\.prove "$(cygpath -aw "$cache_dir/.prove")";;
>  esac
>  
>  make
> -make test
> -if test "$jobname" = "linux-gcc"
> -then
> +case "$jobname" in
> +linux-gcc)
> +	make test
>  	export GIT_TEST_SPLIT_INDEX=yes
>  	export GIT_TEST_FULL_IN_PACK_ARRAY=true
>  	export GIT_TEST_OE_SIZE=10
> @@ -21,7 +21,16 @@ then
>  	export GIT_TEST_COMMIT_GRAPH=1
>  	export GIT_TEST_MULTI_PACK_INDEX=1
>  	make test
> -fi
> +	;;
> +linux-gcc-4.8)
> +	# Don't run the tests; we only care about whether Git can be
> +	# built with GCC 4.8, as it errors out on some undesired (C99)
> +	# constructs that newer compilers seem to quietly accept.
> +	;;
> +*)
> +	make test
> +	;;
> +esac

Does what it says on the tin.
Reviewed-by: Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder@gmail.com>

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-19  1:31         ` Jonathan Nieder
@ 2019-07-19  4:49           ` Carlo Arenas
  2019-07-19 19:15             ` Junio C Hamano
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 45+ messages in thread
From: Carlo Arenas @ 2019-07-19  4:49 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jonathan Nieder
  Cc: SZEDER Gábor, Junio C Hamano, Emily Shaffer, git,
	Johannes Schindelin

On Thu, Jul 18, 2019 at 6:31 PM Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder@gmail.com> wrote:
>
> This makes sense to me.  Not really for the 'for' loop declaration
> aspect: for that, I'd want some more specialized tool that allows
> turning on such a check specifically.  But more because Ubuntu trusty
> is still a platform that some people use (though hopefully not for
> long), so it's helpful as a representative old platform to see if we
> break the build on it.

FWIW this also breaks Centos 7 using gcc 4.8.5, as well as the one
originally reported (Centos 6), and anything else that uses gcc 4
(tested up to 4.9.4)

Carlo

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-19  4:49           ` Carlo Arenas
@ 2019-07-19 19:15             ` Junio C Hamano
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2019-07-19 19:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Carlo Arenas
  Cc: Jonathan Nieder, SZEDER Gábor, Emily Shaffer, git,
	Johannes Schindelin

Carlo Arenas <carenas@gmail.com> writes:

> On Thu, Jul 18, 2019 at 6:31 PM Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder@gmail.com> wrote:
>>
>> This makes sense to me.  Not really for the 'for' loop declaration
>> aspect: for that, I'd want some more specialized tool that allows
>> turning on such a check specifically.  But more because Ubuntu trusty
>> is still a platform that some people use (though hopefully not for
>> long), so it's helpful as a representative old platform to see if we
>> break the build on it.
>
> FWIW this also breaks Centos 7 using gcc 4.8.5, as well as the one
> originally reported (Centos 6), and anything else that uses gcc 4
> (tested up to 4.9.4)

Thanks.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-18 15:22       ` [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push SZEDER Gábor
                           ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2019-07-19  1:31         ` Jonathan Nieder
@ 2019-07-27  8:43         ` SZEDER Gábor
  2019-07-27 16:11           ` Junio C Hamano
  3 siblings, 1 reply; 45+ messages in thread
From: SZEDER Gábor @ 2019-07-27  8:43 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: Carlo Arenas, Emily Shaffer, git, Johannes Schindelin

Junio,

On Thu, Jul 18, 2019 at 05:22:34PM +0200, SZEDER Gábor wrote:
> Subject: [PATCH] travis-ci: build with GCC 4.8 as well

This patch conflicts with topic 'js/trace2-json-schema', and the
current conflict resolution in 'pu' is not quite correct.

> diff --git a/ci/run-build-and-tests.sh b/ci/run-build-and-tests.sh
> index cdd2913440..ff0ef7f08e 100755
> --- a/ci/run-build-and-tests.sh
> +++ b/ci/run-build-and-tests.sh
> @@ -11,9 +11,9 @@ windows*) cmd //c mklink //j t\\.prove "$(cygpath -aw "$cache_dir/.prove")";;
>  esac
>  
>  make
> -make test
> -if test "$jobname" = "linux-gcc"
> -then
> +case "$jobname" in
> +linux-gcc)
> +	make test

This 'make test' here is important, but the confict resolution
accidentally removed it.

>  	export GIT_TEST_SPLIT_INDEX=yes
>  	export GIT_TEST_FULL_IN_PACK_ARRAY=true
>  	export GIT_TEST_OE_SIZE=10
> @@ -21,7 +21,16 @@ then
>  	export GIT_TEST_COMMIT_GRAPH=1
>  	export GIT_TEST_MULTI_PACK_INDEX=1
>  	make test
> -fi
> +	;;
> +linux-gcc-4.8)
> +	# Don't run the tests; we only care about whether Git can be
> +	# built with GCC 4.8, as it errors out on some undesired (C99)
> +	# constructs that newer compilers seem to quietly accept.
> +	;;
> +*)
> +	make test
> +	;;
> +esac
>  
>  check_unignored_build_artifacts
>  
> -- 
> 2.22.0.810.g50207c7d84
> 
> 

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push
  2019-07-27  8:43         ` SZEDER Gábor
@ 2019-07-27 16:11           ` Junio C Hamano
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 45+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2019-07-27 16:11 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: SZEDER Gábor; +Cc: Carlo Arenas, Emily Shaffer, git, Johannes Schindelin

SZEDER Gábor <szeder.dev@gmail.com> writes:

> Junio,
>
> On Thu, Jul 18, 2019 at 05:22:34PM +0200, SZEDER Gábor wrote:
>> Subject: [PATCH] travis-ci: build with GCC 4.8 as well
>
> This patch conflicts with topic 'js/trace2-json-schema', and the
> current conflict resolution in 'pu' is not quite correct.

Thanks.

"git diff ...MERGE_HEAD" during a merge of js/trace2-json-schema
gives me this patch:

diff --git a/ci/run-build-and-tests.sh b/ci/run-build-and-tests.sh
index cdd2913440..ec38bf379a 100755
--- a/ci/run-build-and-tests.sh
+++ b/ci/run-build-and-tests.sh
@@ -14,6 +14,8 @@ make
 make test
 if test "$jobname" = "linux-gcc"
 then
+	make -C t/trace_schema_validator
+	export GIT_TRACE2_EVENT=$(mktemp)
 	export GIT_TEST_SPLIT_INDEX=yes
 	export GIT_TEST_FULL_IN_PACK_ARRAY=true
 	export GIT_TEST_OE_SIZE=10
@@ -21,6 +23,10 @@ then
 	export GIT_TEST_COMMIT_GRAPH=1
 	export GIT_TEST_MULTI_PACK_INDEX=1
 	make test
+	t/trace_schema_validator/trace_schema_validator \
+		--trace2_event_file=${GIT_TRACE2_EVENT} \
+		--schema_file=t/trace_schema_validator/strict_schema.json \
+		--progress=10000
 fi
 
 check_unignored_build_artifacts

i.e. they want to run an extra make in that validator directory,
export another environment variable, and then run the validator
*after* running the normal "make test", in linux-gcc job.

>> diff --git a/ci/run-build-and-tests.sh b/ci/run-build-and-tests.sh
>> index cdd2913440..ff0ef7f08e 100755
>> --- a/ci/run-build-and-tests.sh
>> +++ b/ci/run-build-and-tests.sh
>> @@ -11,9 +11,9 @@ windows*) cmd //c mklink //j t\\.prove "$(cygpath -aw "$cache_dir/.prove")";;
>>  esac
>>  
>>  make
>> -make test
>> -if test "$jobname" = "linux-gcc"
>> -then
>> +case "$jobname" in
>> +linux-gcc)
>> +	make test
>
> This 'make test' here is important, but the confict resolution
> accidentally removed it.

Right.  Thanks for spotting.

I can see in "git diff pu~2 pu~1" that indeed the first 'make test'
that we want to run without any of these environment variables is
lost in the merge.  We want to run two tests, with or without these
environment variables, and the validator wants to piggyback on the
second one.

Will fix in the meantime, but I was expecting that this "validator
in CI" business to be redone differently, perhaps with a different
validator implementation and either in a separate job or just part
of an existing job but trace enabled only for some subset of the
tests and/or only for new tests specifically written for trace
coverage, so after that happens this may turn into a moot point.

The change the merge brings in to the file now reads like this.

Thanks, again.

diff --git a/ci/run-build-and-tests.sh b/ci/run-build-and-tests.sh
index ff0ef7f08e..35ff4d3038 100755
--- a/ci/run-build-and-tests.sh
+++ b/ci/run-build-and-tests.sh
@@ -14,6 +14,9 @@ make
 case "$jobname" in
 linux-gcc)
 	make test
+
+	make -C t/trace_schema_validator
+	export GIT_TRACE2_EVENT=$(mktemp)
 	export GIT_TEST_SPLIT_INDEX=yes
 	export GIT_TEST_FULL_IN_PACK_ARRAY=true
 	export GIT_TEST_OE_SIZE=10
@@ -21,6 +24,11 @@ linux-gcc)
 	export GIT_TEST_COMMIT_GRAPH=1
 	export GIT_TEST_MULTI_PACK_INDEX=1
 	make test
+
+	t/trace_schema_validator/trace_schema_validator \
+		--trace2_event_file=${GIT_TRACE2_EVENT} \
+		--schema_file=t/trace_schema_validator/strict_schema.json \
+		--progress=10000
 	;;
 linux-gcc-4.8)
 	# Don't run the tests; we only care about whether Git can be

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 45+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 45+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-07-02  0:53 [PATCH] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push Emily Shaffer
2019-07-02 13:51 ` Johannes Schindelin
2019-07-02 18:27   ` Junio C Hamano
2019-07-03 18:56   ` Emily Shaffer
2019-07-03 19:01     ` Emily Shaffer
2019-07-03 19:41     ` Johannes Schindelin
2019-07-03 20:57       ` Emily Shaffer
2019-07-04  8:29         ` Johannes Schindelin
2019-07-09 20:23           ` Emily Shaffer
2019-07-02 19:06 ` Junio C Hamano
2019-07-02 20:16 ` Junio C Hamano
2019-07-03  0:09   ` Emily Shaffer
2019-07-02 21:37 ` Junio C Hamano
2019-07-03  0:08   ` Emily Shaffer
2019-07-03  9:10   ` SZEDER Gábor
2019-07-03 18:13     ` Junio C Hamano
2019-07-03 18:58       ` Emily Shaffer
2019-07-09 21:10 ` [PATCH v2] " Emily Shaffer
2019-07-10 17:44   ` Junio C Hamano
2019-07-10 17:53     ` Junio C Hamano
2019-07-11 21:14       ` Emily Shaffer
2019-07-11 20:57     ` Emily Shaffer
2019-07-11 21:13       ` Junio C Hamano
2019-07-11 21:19   ` [PATCH v3] " Emily Shaffer
2019-07-12 16:25     ` Junio C Hamano
2019-07-16  7:10   ` [PATCH v2] " Carlo Arenas
2019-07-16 16:53     ` Junio C Hamano
2019-07-16 17:21       ` [RFC/PATCH] CodingGuidelines: spell out post-C89 rules Junio C Hamano
2019-07-17  0:55         ` Jonathan Nieder
2019-07-17 16:03           ` Junio C Hamano
2019-07-19  1:15             ` Jonathan Nieder
2019-07-17  1:09         ` Bryan Turner
2019-07-17 16:05           ` Junio C Hamano
2019-07-16 18:00       ` [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push Carlo Arenas
2019-07-16 20:28       ` [PATCH] transport-helper: avoid var decl in for () loop control Junio C Hamano
2019-07-17  0:42         ` Jonathan Nieder
2019-07-18 15:22       ` [PATCH v2] transport-helper: enforce atomic in push_refs_with_push SZEDER Gábor
2019-07-18 16:12         ` Junio C Hamano
2019-07-18 23:46           ` SZEDER Gábor
2019-07-18 16:29         ` Eric Sunshine
2019-07-19  1:31         ` Jonathan Nieder
2019-07-19  4:49           ` Carlo Arenas
2019-07-19 19:15             ` Junio C Hamano
2019-07-27  8:43         ` SZEDER Gábor
2019-07-27 16:11           ` Junio C Hamano

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