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* [PATCH] format-patch: teach format.useAutoBase "whenAble" option
@ 2020-09-25 23:07 Jacob Keller
  2020-09-26 22:38 ` Junio C Hamano
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 2+ messages in thread
From: Jacob Keller @ 2020-09-25 23:07 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: Jacob Keller

From: Jacob Keller <jacob.keller@gmail.com>

The format.useAutoBase configuration option exists to allow users to
enable '--base=auto' for format-patch by default.

This can sometimes lead to poor workflow, due to unexpected failures
when attempting to format an ancient patch:

    $ git format-patch -1 <an old commit>
    fatal: base commit shouldn't be in revision list

This can be very confusing, as it is not necessarily immediately obvious
that the user requested a --base (since this was in the configuration,
not on the command line).

We do want --base=auto to fail when it cannot provide a suitable base,
as it would be equally confusing if a formatted patch did not include
the base information when it was requested.

Teach format.useAutoBase a new mode, "whenAble". This mode will cause
format-patch to attempt to include a base commit when it can. However,
if no valid base commit can be found, then format-patch will continue
formatting the patch without a base commit. --base also learns the same
mode using the term "if-able".

Add tests to cover the new mode of operation for --base.

Signed-off-by: Jacob Keller <jacob.keller@gmail.com>
---
 Documentation/config/format.txt    |   5 +-
 Documentation/git-format-patch.txt |   4 +-
 builtin/log.c                      | 100 ++++++++++++++++++++++-------
 t/t4014-format-patch.sh            |  27 ++++++++
 4 files changed, 112 insertions(+), 24 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/config/format.txt b/Documentation/config/format.txt
index 564e8091ba5c..e0760f16d6ad 100644
--- a/Documentation/config/format.txt
+++ b/Documentation/config/format.txt
@@ -96,7 +96,10 @@ format.outputDirectory::
 
 format.useAutoBase::
 	A boolean value which lets you enable the `--base=auto` option of
-	format-patch by default.
+	format-patch by default. Can also be set to "whenAble" to set
+	`--base=if-able`. This causes format-patch to include the base
+	commit information if it can be determined, but skip it otherwise
+	without dying.
 
 format.notes::
 	Provides the default value for the `--notes` option to
diff --git a/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt b/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
index 0f81d0437bb6..b58f7cd13382 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-format-patch.txt
@@ -345,7 +345,9 @@ you can use `--suffix=-patch` to get `0001-description-of-my-change-patch`.
 	Record the base tree information to identify the state the
 	patch series applies to.  See the BASE TREE INFORMATION section
 	below for details. If <commit> is "auto", a base commit is
-	automatically chosen. The `--no-base` option overrides a
+	automatically chosen. If <commit> is "if-able", a base commit is
+	included if available, however format-patch won't die if it cannot
+	find a valid base commit. The `--no-base` option overrides a
 	`format.useAutoBase` configuration.
 
 --root::
diff --git a/builtin/log.c b/builtin/log.c
index b8824d898f49..3b15d3cb87ea 100644
--- a/builtin/log.c
+++ b/builtin/log.c
@@ -805,9 +805,15 @@ enum cover_from_description {
 	COVER_FROM_AUTO
 };
 
+enum auto_base_setting {
+	AUTO_BASE_NEVER,
+	AUTO_BASE_ALWAYS,
+	AUTO_BASE_WHEN_ABLE
+};
+
 static enum thread_level thread;
 static int do_signoff;
-static int base_auto;
+static enum auto_base_setting auto_base;
 static char *from;
 static const char *signature = git_version_string;
 static const char *signature_file;
@@ -906,7 +912,11 @@ static int git_format_config(const char *var, const char *value, void *cb)
 	if (!strcmp(var, "format.outputdirectory"))
 		return git_config_string(&config_output_directory, var, value);
 	if (!strcmp(var, "format.useautobase")) {
-		base_auto = git_config_bool(var, value);
+		if (value && !strcasecmp(value, "whenAble")) {
+			auto_base = AUTO_BASE_WHEN_ABLE;
+			return 0;
+		}
+		auto_base = git_config_bool(var, value) ? AUTO_BASE_ALWAYS : AUTO_BASE_NEVER;
 		return 0;
 	}
 	if (!strcmp(var, "format.from")) {
@@ -1436,13 +1446,24 @@ static struct commit *get_base_commit(const char *base_commit,
 {
 	struct commit *base = NULL;
 	struct commit **rev;
-	int i = 0, rev_nr = 0;
+	int i = 0, rev_nr = 0, auto_select, die_on_failure;
 
-	if (base_commit && strcmp(base_commit, "auto")) {
+	if (!strcmp(base_commit, "auto")) {
+		auto_select = 1;
+		die_on_failure = 1;
+	} else if (!strcmp(base_commit, "if-able")) {
+		auto_select = 1;
+		die_on_failure = 0;
+	} else {
+		auto_select = 0;
+		die_on_failure = 1;
+	}
+
+	if (!auto_select) {
 		base = lookup_commit_reference_by_name(base_commit);
 		if (!base)
 			die(_("unknown commit %s"), base_commit);
-	} else if ((base_commit && !strcmp(base_commit, "auto"))) {
+	} else {
 		struct branch *curr_branch = branch_get(NULL);
 		const char *upstream = branch_get_upstream(curr_branch, NULL);
 		if (upstream) {
@@ -1450,19 +1471,32 @@ static struct commit *get_base_commit(const char *base_commit,
 			struct commit *commit;
 			struct object_id oid;
 
-			if (get_oid(upstream, &oid))
-				die(_("failed to resolve '%s' as a valid ref"), upstream);
+			if (get_oid(upstream, &oid)) {
+				if (die_on_failure)
+					die(_("failed to resolve '%s' as a valid ref"), upstream);
+				else
+					return NULL;
+			}
 			commit = lookup_commit_or_die(&oid, "upstream base");
 			base_list = get_merge_bases_many(commit, total, list);
 			/* There should be one and only one merge base. */
-			if (!base_list || base_list->next)
-				die(_("could not find exact merge base"));
+			if (!base_list || base_list->next) {
+				if (die_on_failure) {
+					die(_("could not find exact merge base"));
+				} else {
+					free_commit_list(base_list);
+					return NULL;
+				}
+			}
 			base = base_list->item;
 			free_commit_list(base_list);
 		} else {
-			die(_("failed to get upstream, if you want to record base commit automatically,\n"
-			      "please use git branch --set-upstream-to to track a remote branch.\n"
-			      "Or you could specify base commit by --base=<base-commit-id> manually"));
+			if (die_on_failure)
+				die(_("failed to get upstream, if you want to record base commit automatically,\n"
+				      "please use git branch --set-upstream-to to track a remote branch.\n"
+				      "Or you could specify base commit by --base=<base-commit-id> manually"));
+			else
+				return NULL;
 		}
 	}
 
@@ -1479,8 +1513,14 @@ static struct commit *get_base_commit(const char *base_commit,
 		for (i = 0; i < rev_nr / 2; i++) {
 			struct commit_list *merge_base;
 			merge_base = get_merge_bases(rev[2 * i], rev[2 * i + 1]);
-			if (!merge_base || merge_base->next)
-				die(_("failed to find exact merge base"));
+			if (!merge_base || merge_base->next) {
+				if (die_on_failure) {
+					die(_("failed to find exact merge base"));
+				} else {
+					free(rev);
+					return NULL;
+				}
+			}
 
 			rev[i] = merge_base->item;
 		}
@@ -1490,12 +1530,24 @@ static struct commit *get_base_commit(const char *base_commit,
 		rev_nr = DIV_ROUND_UP(rev_nr, 2);
 	}
 
-	if (!in_merge_bases(base, rev[0]))
-		die(_("base commit should be the ancestor of revision list"));
+	if (!in_merge_bases(base, rev[0])) {
+		if (die_on_failure) {
+			die(_("base commit should be the ancestor of revision list"));
+		} else {
+			free(rev);
+			return NULL;
+		}
+	}
 
 	for (i = 0; i < total; i++) {
-		if (base == list[i])
-			die(_("base commit shouldn't be in revision list"));
+		if (base == list[i]) {
+			if (die_on_failure) {
+				die(_("base commit shouldn't be in revision list"));
+			} else {
+				free(rev);
+				return NULL;
+			}
+		}
 	}
 
 	free(rev);
@@ -1752,8 +1804,10 @@ int cmd_format_patch(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
 	s_r_opt.def = "HEAD";
 	s_r_opt.revarg_opt = REVARG_COMMITTISH;
 
-	if (base_auto)
+	if (auto_base == AUTO_BASE_ALWAYS)
 		base_commit = "auto";
+	else if (auto_base == AUTO_BASE_WHEN_ABLE)
+		base_commit = "if-able";
 
 	if (default_attach) {
 		rev.mime_boundary = default_attach;
@@ -2020,9 +2074,11 @@ int cmd_format_patch(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
 	memset(&bases, 0, sizeof(bases));
 	if (base_commit) {
 		struct commit *base = get_base_commit(base_commit, list, nr);
-		reset_revision_walk();
-		clear_object_flags(UNINTERESTING);
-		prepare_bases(&bases, base, list, nr);
+		if (base) {
+			reset_revision_walk();
+			clear_object_flags(UNINTERESTING);
+			prepare_bases(&bases, base, list, nr);
+		}
 	}
 
 	if (in_reply_to || thread || cover_letter)
diff --git a/t/t4014-format-patch.sh b/t/t4014-format-patch.sh
index 958c2da56ec6..0c14619293bb 100755
--- a/t/t4014-format-patch.sh
+++ b/t/t4014-format-patch.sh
@@ -2037,6 +2037,17 @@ test_expect_success 'format-patch errors out when history involves criss-cross'
 	test_must_fail 	git format-patch --base=auto -1
 '
 
+test_expect_success 'format-patch disable base=if-able when history involves criss-cross' '
+	git format-patch --base=if-able -1 >patch &&
+	! grep "^base-commit:" patch
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'format-patch format.useAutoBase whenAble history involves criss-cross' '
+	test_config format.useAutoBase whenAble &&
+	git format-patch -1 >patch &&
+	! grep "^base-commit:" patch
+'
+
 test_expect_success 'format-patch format.useAutoBase option' '
 	git checkout local &&
 	test_config format.useAutoBase true &&
@@ -2047,6 +2058,16 @@ test_expect_success 'format-patch format.useAutoBase option' '
 	test_cmp expect actual
 '
 
+test_expect_success 'format-patch format.useAutoBase option with whenAble' '
+	git checkout local &&
+	test_config format.useAutoBase whenAble &&
+	git format-patch --stdout -1 >patch &&
+	grep "^base-commit:" patch >actual &&
+	git rev-parse upstream >commit-id-base &&
+	echo "base-commit: $(cat commit-id-base)" >expect &&
+	test_cmp expect actual
+'
+
 test_expect_success 'format-patch --base overrides format.useAutoBase' '
 	test_config format.useAutoBase true &&
 	git format-patch --stdout --base=HEAD~1 -1 >patch &&
@@ -2062,6 +2083,12 @@ test_expect_success 'format-patch --no-base overrides format.useAutoBase' '
 	! grep "^base-commit:" patch
 '
 
+test_expect_success 'format-patch --no-base overrides format.useAutoBase whenAble' '
+	test_config format.useAutoBase whenAble &&
+	git format-patch --stdout --no-base -1 >patch &&
+	! grep "^base-commit:" patch
+'
+
 test_expect_success 'format-patch --base with --attach' '
 	git format-patch --attach=mimemime --stdout --base=HEAD~ -1 >patch &&
 	sed -n -e "/^base-commit:/s/.*/1/p" -e "/^---*mimemime--$/s/.*/2/p" \
-- 
2.28.0.497.g54e85e7af1ac


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 2+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH] format-patch: teach format.useAutoBase "whenAble" option
  2020-09-25 23:07 [PATCH] format-patch: teach format.useAutoBase "whenAble" option Jacob Keller
@ 2020-09-26 22:38 ` Junio C Hamano
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 2+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2020-09-26 22:38 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jacob Keller; +Cc: git, Jacob Keller

Jacob Keller <jacob.e.keller@intel.com> writes:

> From: Jacob Keller <jacob.keller@gmail.com>
>
> The format.useAutoBase configuration option exists to allow users to
> enable '--base=auto' for format-patch by default.
>
> This can sometimes lead to poor workflow, due to unexpected failures
> when attempting to format an ancient patch:
>
>     $ git format-patch -1 <an old commit>
>     fatal: base commit shouldn't be in revision list
>
> This can be very confusing, as it is not necessarily immediately obvious
> that the user requested a --base (since this was in the configuration,
> not on the command line).
>
> We do want --base=auto to fail when it cannot provide a suitable base,
> as it would be equally confusing if a formatted patch did not include
> the base information when it was requested.
>
> Teach format.useAutoBase a new mode, "whenAble". This mode will cause
> format-patch to attempt to include a base commit when it can. However,
> if no valid base commit can be found, then format-patch will continue
> formatting the patch without a base commit. --base also learns the same
> mode using the term "if-able".
>
> Add tests to cover the new mode of operation for --base.

Two minor points.

 * would users get confused choosing between if-able and whenAble to
   use for the configuration and the command line option?

 * what if there is a branch called "if-able"?  The same problem
   already exists with a refname "auto", and this makes it worse.

I do not know what the best approach to solve the latter, but the
former would be easier to solve by just picking one and sticking to
it.

Thanks.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 2+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2020-09-26 22:38 UTC | newest]

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2020-09-25 23:07 [PATCH] format-patch: teach format.useAutoBase "whenAble" option Jacob Keller
2020-09-26 22:38 ` Junio C Hamano

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