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* [PATCH 0/2] midx: prevent against racily disappearing packs
@ 2020-11-25 17:17 Taylor Blau
  2020-11-25 17:17 ` [PATCH 1/2] packfile.c: protect against disappearing indexes Taylor Blau
                   ` (2 more replies)
  0 siblings, 3 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Taylor Blau @ 2020-11-25 17:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: dstolee, peff

Here are a couple of patches that Peff and I wrote after noticing a
problem where racily disappearing .idx files can cause a segfault. While
investigating, we fixed a related issue which is described and fixed in
the second patch.

(I'm a little behind in responding to review on the reachability
generation improvements patches, but had these in my backlog and they
seemed relatively easy to send and remove from my TODO list. So, here
they are :-).)

Thanks,
Taylor

Taylor Blau (2):
  packfile.c: protect against disappearing indexes
  midx.c: protect against disappearing packs

 midx.c                      |  2 +-
 packfile.c                  | 19 ++-----------------
 t/t5319-multi-pack-index.sh | 30 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 3 files changed, 31 insertions(+), 20 deletions(-)

--
2.29.2.368.ge1806d1bdc

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 1/2] packfile.c: protect against disappearing indexes
  2020-11-25 17:17 [PATCH 0/2] midx: prevent against racily disappearing packs Taylor Blau
@ 2020-11-25 17:17 ` Taylor Blau
  2020-11-25 21:15   ` Junio C Hamano
  2020-11-25 17:17 ` [PATCH 2/2] midx.c: protect against disappearing packs Taylor Blau
  2020-11-25 21:13 ` [PATCH 0/2] midx: prevent against racily " Junio C Hamano
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 9+ messages in thread
From: Taylor Blau @ 2020-11-25 17:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: dstolee, peff

In 17c35c8969 (packfile: skip loading index if in multi-pack-index,
2018-07-12) we stopped loading the .idx file for packs that are
contained within a multi-pack index.

This saves us the effort of loading an .idx and doing some lightweight
validity checks by way of 'packfile.c:load_idx()', but introduces a race
between processes that need to load the index (e.g., to generate a
reverse index) and processes that can delete the index.

For example, running the following in your shell:

    $ git init repo && cd repo
    $ git commit --allow-empty -m 'base'
    $ git repack -ad && git multi-pack-index write

followed by:

    $ rm -f .git/objects/pack/pack-*.idx
    $ git rev-parse HEAD | git cat-file --batch-check='%(objectsize:disk)'

will result in a segfault prior to this patch. What's happening here is
that we notice that the pack is in the multi-pack index, and so don't
check that it still has a .idx. When we then try and load that index to
generate a reverse index, we don't have it, so the call to
'find_pack_revindex()' in 'packfile.c:packed_object_info()' returns
NULL, and then dereferencing it causes a segfault.

Of course, we don't ever expect someone to remove the index file by
hand, or to be in a state where we never wrote it to begin with (yet
find that pack in the multi-pack-index). But, this can happen in a
timing race with 'git repack -ad', which removes all existing packs
after writing a new pack containing all of their objects.

Avoid this by reverting the hunk of 17c35c8969 which stops loading the
index when the pack is contained in a MIDX. This makes the latter half
of 17c35c8969 useless, since we'll always have a non-NULL
'p->index_data', in which case that if statement isn't guarding
anything.

These two together effectively revert 17c35c8969, and avoid the race
explained above.

Co-authored-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net>
Signed-off-by: Taylor Blau <me@ttaylorr.com>
---
 packfile.c                  | 19 ++-----------------
 t/t5319-multi-pack-index.sh | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++++--
 2 files changed, 24 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)

diff --git a/packfile.c b/packfile.c
index 0929ebe4fc..8d7f37a5f6 100644
--- a/packfile.c
+++ b/packfile.c
@@ -514,19 +514,8 @@ static int open_packed_git_1(struct packed_git *p)
 	ssize_t read_result;
 	const unsigned hashsz = the_hash_algo->rawsz;
 
-	if (!p->index_data) {
-		struct multi_pack_index *m;
-		const char *pack_name = pack_basename(p);
-
-		for (m = the_repository->objects->multi_pack_index;
-		     m; m = m->next) {
-			if (midx_contains_pack(m, pack_name))
-				break;
-		}
-
-		if (!m && open_pack_index(p))
-			return error("packfile %s index unavailable", p->pack_name);
-	}
+	if (open_pack_index(p))
+		return error("packfile %s index unavailable", p->pack_name);
 
 	if (!pack_max_fds) {
 		unsigned int max_fds = get_max_fd_limit();
@@ -567,10 +556,6 @@ static int open_packed_git_1(struct packed_git *p)
 			" supported (try upgrading GIT to a newer version)",
 			p->pack_name, ntohl(hdr.hdr_version));
 
-	/* Skip index checking if in multi-pack-index */
-	if (!p->index_data)
-		return 0;
-
 	/* Verify the pack matches its index. */
 	if (p->num_objects != ntohl(hdr.hdr_entries))
 		return error("packfile %s claims to have %"PRIu32" objects"
diff --git a/t/t5319-multi-pack-index.sh b/t/t5319-multi-pack-index.sh
index ace469c95c..d4607daec1 100755
--- a/t/t5319-multi-pack-index.sh
+++ b/t/t5319-multi-pack-index.sh
@@ -138,7 +138,7 @@ test_expect_success 'write midx with one v2 pack' '
 
 compare_results_with_midx "one v2 pack"
 
-test_expect_success 'corrupt idx not opened' '
+test_expect_success 'corrupt idx reports errors' '
 	idx=$(test-tool read-midx $objdir | grep "\.idx\$") &&
 	mv $objdir/pack/$idx backup-$idx &&
 	test_when_finished "mv backup-\$idx \$objdir/pack/\$idx" &&
@@ -149,7 +149,7 @@ test_expect_success 'corrupt idx not opened' '
 	test_copy_bytes 1064 <backup-$idx >$objdir/pack/$idx &&
 
 	git -c core.multiPackIndex=true rev-list --objects --all 2>err &&
-	test_must_be_empty err
+	grep "index unavailable" err
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'add more objects' '
@@ -755,4 +755,24 @@ test_expect_success 'repack --batch-size=<large> repacks everything' '
 	)
 '
 
+test_expect_success 'load reverse index when missing .idx' '
+	git init repo &&
+	test_when_finished "rm -fr repo" &&
+	(
+		cd repo &&
+
+		git config core.multiPackIndex true &&
+
+		test_commit base &&
+		git repack -ad &&
+		git multi-pack-index write &&
+
+		git rev-parse HEAD >tip &&
+		idx=$(ls .git/objects/pack/pack-*.idx) &&
+
+		mv $idx $idx.bak &&
+		git cat-file --batch-check="%(objectsize:disk)" <tip
+	)
+'
+
 test_done
-- 
2.29.2.368.ge1806d1bdc


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 2/2] midx.c: protect against disappearing packs
  2020-11-25 17:17 [PATCH 0/2] midx: prevent against racily disappearing packs Taylor Blau
  2020-11-25 17:17 ` [PATCH 1/2] packfile.c: protect against disappearing indexes Taylor Blau
@ 2020-11-25 17:17 ` Taylor Blau
  2020-11-25 21:22   ` Junio C Hamano
  2020-11-25 21:13 ` [PATCH 0/2] midx: prevent against racily " Junio C Hamano
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 9+ messages in thread
From: Taylor Blau @ 2020-11-25 17:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: dstolee, peff

When a packed object is stored in a multi-pack index, but that pack has
racily gone away, the MIDX code simply calls die(), when it could be
returning an error to the caller, which would in turn lead to
re-scanning the pack directory.

A pack can racily disappear, for example, due to a simultaneous 'git
repack -ad',

You can also reproduce this with two terminals, where one is running:

    git init
    while true; do
      git commit -q --allow-empty -m foo
      git repack -ad
      git multi-pack-index write
    done

(in effect, constantly writing new MIDXs), and the other is running:

    obj=$(git rev-parse HEAD)
    while true; do
      echo $obj | git cat-file --batch-check='%(objectsize:disk)' || break
    done

That will sometimes hit the error preparing packfile from
multi-pack-index message, which this patch fixes.

Right now, that path to discovering a missing pack looks something like
'find_pack_entry()' calling 'fill_midx_entry()' and eventually making
its way to call 'nth_midxed_pack_entry()'.

'nth_midxed_pack_entry()' already checks 'is_pack_valid()' and
propagates an error if the pack is invalid. So, this works if the pack
has gone away between calling 'prepare_midx_pack()' and before calling
'is_pack_valid()', but not if it disappears before then.

Catch the case where the pack has already disappeared before
'prepare_midx_pack()' by returning an error in that case, too.

Co-authored-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net>
Signed-off-by: Taylor Blau <me@ttaylorr.com>
---
 midx.c                      | 2 +-
 t/t5319-multi-pack-index.sh | 8 +++++++-
 2 files changed, 8 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/midx.c b/midx.c
index d233b54ac7..1d2179a61f 100644
--- a/midx.c
+++ b/midx.c
@@ -298,7 +298,7 @@ static int nth_midxed_pack_entry(struct repository *r,
 	pack_int_id = nth_midxed_pack_int_id(m, pos);
 
 	if (prepare_midx_pack(r, m, pack_int_id))
-		die(_("error preparing packfile from multi-pack-index"));
+		return 0;
 	p = m->packs[pack_int_id];
 
 	/*
diff --git a/t/t5319-multi-pack-index.sh b/t/t5319-multi-pack-index.sh
index d4607daec1..297de502a9 100755
--- a/t/t5319-multi-pack-index.sh
+++ b/t/t5319-multi-pack-index.sh
@@ -755,7 +755,7 @@ test_expect_success 'repack --batch-size=<large> repacks everything' '
 	)
 '
 
-test_expect_success 'load reverse index when missing .idx' '
+test_expect_success 'load reverse index when missing .idx, .pack' '
 	git init repo &&
 	test_when_finished "rm -fr repo" &&
 	(
@@ -768,9 +768,15 @@ test_expect_success 'load reverse index when missing .idx' '
 		git multi-pack-index write &&
 
 		git rev-parse HEAD >tip &&
+		pack=$(ls .git/objects/pack/pack-*.pack) &&
 		idx=$(ls .git/objects/pack/pack-*.idx) &&
 
 		mv $idx $idx.bak &&
+		git cat-file --batch-check="%(objectsize:disk)" <tip &&
+
+		mv $idx.bak $idx &&
+
+		mv $pack $pack.bak &&
 		git cat-file --batch-check="%(objectsize:disk)" <tip
 	)
 '
-- 
2.29.2.368.ge1806d1bdc

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 0/2] midx: prevent against racily disappearing packs
  2020-11-25 17:17 [PATCH 0/2] midx: prevent against racily disappearing packs Taylor Blau
  2020-11-25 17:17 ` [PATCH 1/2] packfile.c: protect against disappearing indexes Taylor Blau
  2020-11-25 17:17 ` [PATCH 2/2] midx.c: protect against disappearing packs Taylor Blau
@ 2020-11-25 21:13 ` Junio C Hamano
  2020-11-26  0:48   ` Jeff King
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 9+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2020-11-25 21:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Taylor Blau; +Cc: git, dstolee, peff

Taylor Blau <me@ttaylorr.com> writes:

> Here are a couple of patches that Peff and I wrote after noticing a
> problem where racily disappearing .idx files can cause a segfault. While
> investigating, we fixed a related issue which is described and fixed in
> the second patch.

In the cover letter it won't affect the end result, but when talking
about "race", it always is a good idea to explicitly mention both
sides of the race.  It is clear what one side is in the above
(i.e. somebody who removes .idx file that is still in use), but it
is not so clear who gets hit and segfaults.

I am guessing that the other party is the user of .pack file(s)
bypassing the corresponding .idx file(s) because the necessary data
is mostly in .midx?

Thanks.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 1/2] packfile.c: protect against disappearing indexes
  2020-11-25 17:17 ` [PATCH 1/2] packfile.c: protect against disappearing indexes Taylor Blau
@ 2020-11-25 21:15   ` Junio C Hamano
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2020-11-25 21:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Taylor Blau; +Cc: git, dstolee, peff

Taylor Blau <me@ttaylorr.com> writes:

> In 17c35c8969 (packfile: skip loading index if in multi-pack-index,
> 2018-07-12) we stopped loading the .idx file for packs that are
> contained within a multi-pack index.
>
> This saves us the effort of loading an .idx and doing some lightweight
> validity checks by way of 'packfile.c:load_idx()', but introduces a race
> between processes that need to load the index (e.g., to generate a
> reverse index) and processes that can delete the index.

Ah, OK.  And demonstration using %(objectsize:disk) makes perfect
sense given the above explanation.

> These two together effectively revert 17c35c8969, and avoid the race
> explained above.
>
> Co-authored-by: Jeff King <peff@peff.net>
> Signed-off-by: Taylor Blau <me@ttaylorr.com>
> ---
>  packfile.c                  | 19 ++-----------------
>  t/t5319-multi-pack-index.sh | 24 ++++++++++++++++++++++--
>  2 files changed, 24 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)

Makes sense.  Thanks.

> diff --git a/packfile.c b/packfile.c
> index 0929ebe4fc..8d7f37a5f6 100644
> --- a/packfile.c
> +++ b/packfile.c
> @@ -514,19 +514,8 @@ static int open_packed_git_1(struct packed_git *p)
>  	ssize_t read_result;
>  	const unsigned hashsz = the_hash_algo->rawsz;
>  
> -	if (!p->index_data) {
> -		struct multi_pack_index *m;
> -		const char *pack_name = pack_basename(p);
> -
> -		for (m = the_repository->objects->multi_pack_index;
> -		     m; m = m->next) {
> -			if (midx_contains_pack(m, pack_name))
> -				break;
> -		}
> -
> -		if (!m && open_pack_index(p))
> -			return error("packfile %s index unavailable", p->pack_name);
> -	}
> +	if (open_pack_index(p))
> +		return error("packfile %s index unavailable", p->pack_name);
>  
>  	if (!pack_max_fds) {
>  		unsigned int max_fds = get_max_fd_limit();
> @@ -567,10 +556,6 @@ static int open_packed_git_1(struct packed_git *p)
>  			" supported (try upgrading GIT to a newer version)",
>  			p->pack_name, ntohl(hdr.hdr_version));
>  
> -	/* Skip index checking if in multi-pack-index */
> -	if (!p->index_data)
> -		return 0;
> -
>  	/* Verify the pack matches its index. */
>  	if (p->num_objects != ntohl(hdr.hdr_entries))
>  		return error("packfile %s claims to have %"PRIu32" objects"
> diff --git a/t/t5319-multi-pack-index.sh b/t/t5319-multi-pack-index.sh
> index ace469c95c..d4607daec1 100755
> --- a/t/t5319-multi-pack-index.sh
> +++ b/t/t5319-multi-pack-index.sh
> @@ -138,7 +138,7 @@ test_expect_success 'write midx with one v2 pack' '
>  
>  compare_results_with_midx "one v2 pack"
>  
> -test_expect_success 'corrupt idx not opened' '
> +test_expect_success 'corrupt idx reports errors' '
>  	idx=$(test-tool read-midx $objdir | grep "\.idx\$") &&
>  	mv $objdir/pack/$idx backup-$idx &&
>  	test_when_finished "mv backup-\$idx \$objdir/pack/\$idx" &&
> @@ -149,7 +149,7 @@ test_expect_success 'corrupt idx not opened' '
>  	test_copy_bytes 1064 <backup-$idx >$objdir/pack/$idx &&
>  
>  	git -c core.multiPackIndex=true rev-list --objects --all 2>err &&
> -	test_must_be_empty err
> +	grep "index unavailable" err
>  '
>  
>  test_expect_success 'add more objects' '
> @@ -755,4 +755,24 @@ test_expect_success 'repack --batch-size=<large> repacks everything' '
>  	)
>  '
>  
> +test_expect_success 'load reverse index when missing .idx' '
> +	git init repo &&
> +	test_when_finished "rm -fr repo" &&
> +	(
> +		cd repo &&
> +
> +		git config core.multiPackIndex true &&
> +
> +		test_commit base &&
> +		git repack -ad &&
> +		git multi-pack-index write &&
> +
> +		git rev-parse HEAD >tip &&
> +		idx=$(ls .git/objects/pack/pack-*.idx) &&
> +
> +		mv $idx $idx.bak &&
> +		git cat-file --batch-check="%(objectsize:disk)" <tip
> +	)
> +'
> +
>  test_done

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 2/2] midx.c: protect against disappearing packs
  2020-11-25 17:17 ` [PATCH 2/2] midx.c: protect against disappearing packs Taylor Blau
@ 2020-11-25 21:22   ` Junio C Hamano
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2020-11-25 21:22 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Taylor Blau; +Cc: git, dstolee, peff

Taylor Blau <me@ttaylorr.com> writes:

> When a packed object is stored in a multi-pack index, but that pack has
> racily gone away, the MIDX code simply calls die(), when it could be
> returning an error to the caller, which would in turn lead to
> re-scanning the pack directory.

Makes sense.  Will queue.

Thanks.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 0/2] midx: prevent against racily disappearing packs
  2020-11-25 21:13 ` [PATCH 0/2] midx: prevent against racily " Junio C Hamano
@ 2020-11-26  0:48   ` Jeff King
  2020-11-26  1:04     ` Taylor Blau
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 9+ messages in thread
From: Jeff King @ 2020-11-26  0:48 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: Taylor Blau, git, dstolee

On Wed, Nov 25, 2020 at 01:13:31PM -0800, Junio C Hamano wrote:

> Taylor Blau <me@ttaylorr.com> writes:
> 
> > Here are a couple of patches that Peff and I wrote after noticing a
> > problem where racily disappearing .idx files can cause a segfault. While
> > investigating, we fixed a related issue which is described and fixed in
> > the second patch.
> 
> In the cover letter it won't affect the end result, but when talking
> about "race", it always is a good idea to explicitly mention both
> sides of the race.  It is clear what one side is in the above
> (i.e. somebody who removes .idx file that is still in use), but it
> is not so clear who gets hit and segfaults.
> 
> I am guessing that the other party is the user of .pack file(s)
> bypassing the corresponding .idx file(s) because the necessary data
> is mostly in .midx?

Yeah, the race reproduction in the second commit message can actually
reproduce the segfault as well (it depends on the exact timing which
error you get). So the segfault is in the reader, who is not checking
the result of find_revindex_entry().

Arguably every call there should be checking for NULL, but in practice
I think it would always be a bug:

  - we were somehow unable to open the index in order to generate the
    revindex (which is what happened here). But I think we are better
    off making sure that we can always do so, which is what this series
    does.

  - the caller asked about an object at a position beyond the number of
    objects in the packfile. This is a bug in the caller.

So we could perhaps BUG() in find_revindex_entry() instead of returning
NULL. A quick segfault accomplishes mostly the same thing, though the
BUG() could distinguish the two cases more clearly.

-Peff

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 0/2] midx: prevent against racily disappearing packs
  2020-11-26  0:48   ` Jeff King
@ 2020-11-26  1:04     ` Taylor Blau
  2020-11-26  1:27       ` Jeff King
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 9+ messages in thread
From: Taylor Blau @ 2020-11-26  1:04 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jeff King; +Cc: Junio C Hamano, Taylor Blau, git, dstolee

On Wed, Nov 25, 2020 at 07:48:54PM -0500, Jeff King wrote:
> Yeah, the race reproduction in the second commit message can actually
> reproduce the segfault as well (it depends on the exact timing which
> error you get). So the segfault is in the reader, who is not checking
> the result of find_revindex_entry().
>
> Arguably every call there should be checking for NULL, but in practice
> I think it would always be a bug:
>
>   - we were somehow unable to open the index in order to generate the
>     revindex (which is what happened here). But I think we are better
>     off making sure that we can always do so, which is what this series
>     does.
>
>   - the caller asked about an object at a position beyond the number of
>     objects in the packfile. This is a bug in the caller.
>
> So we could perhaps BUG() in find_revindex_entry() instead of returning
> NULL. A quick segfault accomplishes mostly the same thing, though the
> BUG() could distinguish the two cases more clearly.

Yeah, a find_revindex_entry() that returns NULL means that the caller is
probably dead in the water.

FWIW, this function gets touched by a series that I'm working on here:
[1]. There, I think "returning NULL" is equivalent to "returning -1",
and the problem exists there, too.

We could return a different negative number, call BUG(), or do nothing
other than what's written. I don't have any strong feelings, though.

> -Peff

Thanks,
Taylor

[1]: https://github.com/ttaylorr/git/blob/tb/on-disk-revindex-part-one/pack-revindex.c#L177-L201

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 0/2] midx: prevent against racily disappearing packs
  2020-11-26  1:04     ` Taylor Blau
@ 2020-11-26  1:27       ` Jeff King
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 9+ messages in thread
From: Jeff King @ 2020-11-26  1:27 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Taylor Blau; +Cc: Junio C Hamano, git, dstolee

On Wed, Nov 25, 2020 at 08:04:44PM -0500, Taylor Blau wrote:

> > So we could perhaps BUG() in find_revindex_entry() instead of returning
> > NULL. A quick segfault accomplishes mostly the same thing, though the
> > BUG() could distinguish the two cases more clearly.
> 
> Yeah, a find_revindex_entry() that returns NULL means that the caller is
> probably dead in the water.
> 
> FWIW, this function gets touched by a series that I'm working on here:
> [1]. There, I think "returning NULL" is equivalent to "returning -1",
> and the problem exists there, too.
> 
> We could return a different negative number, call BUG(), or do nothing
> other than what's written. I don't have any strong feelings, though.

Yeah, I was suggesting _never_ returning a failure, and just hitting a
BUG() within the function. So it does not matter then how you represent
the error return type, because there isn't one. :)

Looking over the callers, there are actually a few that check the return
value and handle it sanely. I suspect they can never trigger in
practice, given that the other callers would all segfault, and we have
not seen any reports in the 15 years during which that has been the
case. But perhaps some of them can be triggered by bogus pack data that
nobody has ever run into in the real world.

At any rate, I am content to ignore it until somebody feels like digging
into each caller. A BUG() is only marginally better than an immediate
segfault anyway, and I'd prefer not to disrupt more substantive
improvements in the area.

-Peff

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 9+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2020-11-26  1:31 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 9+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2020-11-25 17:17 [PATCH 0/2] midx: prevent against racily disappearing packs Taylor Blau
2020-11-25 17:17 ` [PATCH 1/2] packfile.c: protect against disappearing indexes Taylor Blau
2020-11-25 21:15   ` Junio C Hamano
2020-11-25 17:17 ` [PATCH 2/2] midx.c: protect against disappearing packs Taylor Blau
2020-11-25 21:22   ` Junio C Hamano
2020-11-25 21:13 ` [PATCH 0/2] midx: prevent against racily " Junio C Hamano
2020-11-26  0:48   ` Jeff King
2020-11-26  1:04     ` Taylor Blau
2020-11-26  1:27       ` Jeff King

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