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* [PATCH 0/2] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates
@ 2020-07-06 17:29 Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-06 17:29 ` [PATCH 1/2] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
                   ` (2 more replies)
  0 siblings, 3 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget @ 2020-07-06 17:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys

This gets rid of the special casing code for pseudorefs in refs.c

This is in preparation for reftable.

Han-Wen Nienhuys (2):
  Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage
  Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE.

 refs.c                | 127 ++++--------------------------------------
 refs/files-backend.c  |  11 ++--
 t/t1400-update-ref.sh |   6 +-
 3 files changed, 20 insertions(+), 124 deletions(-)


base-commit: a08a83db2bf27f015bec9a435f6d73e223c21c5e
Published-As: https://github.com/gitgitgadget/git/releases/tag/pr-673%2Fhanwen%2Fpseudoref-v1
Fetch-It-Via: git fetch https://github.com/gitgitgadget/git pr-673/hanwen/pseudoref-v1
Pull-Request: https://github.com/gitgitgadget/git/pull/673
-- 
gitgitgadget

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 1/2] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage
  2020-07-06 17:29 [PATCH 0/2] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
@ 2020-07-06 17:29 ` Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-06 20:26   ` Junio C Hamano
  2020-07-06 17:29 ` [PATCH 2/2] Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-09 21:11 ` [PATCH v2 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget @ 2020-07-06 17:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys, Han-Wen Nienhuys

From: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>

The previous behavior was introduced in commit 74ec19d4be
("pseudorefs: create and use pseudoref update and delete functions",
Jul 31, 2015), with the justification "alternate ref backends still
need to store pseudorefs in GIT_DIR".

Refs such as REBASE_HEAD are read through the ref backend. This can
only work consistently if they are written through the ref backend as
well. Tooling that works directly on files under .git should be
updated to use git commands to read refs instead.

This needs the following fixes

* Only write log for HEAD pseudo ref. Fixes t1400
  'core.logAllRefUpdates=always creates no reflog for ORIG_HEAD'

* t1400: change hard coded error messages to check for.

* don't deref non-HEAD pseudoref symrefs. This fixes t1405. Without
  this, a deleting a FOO symref pointing to refs/heads/master will remove
  master too.

Signed-off-by: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>
---
 refs.c                | 120 +++---------------------------------------
 refs/files-backend.c  |  11 ++--
 t/t1400-update-ref.sh |   6 +--
 3 files changed, 17 insertions(+), 120 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs.c b/refs.c
index 224ff66c7b..a2fd42364f 100644
--- a/refs.c
+++ b/refs.c
@@ -739,102 +739,6 @@ long get_files_ref_lock_timeout_ms(void)
 	return timeout_ms;
 }
 
-static int write_pseudoref(const char *pseudoref, const struct object_id *oid,
-			   const struct object_id *old_oid, struct strbuf *err)
-{
-	const char *filename;
-	int fd;
-	struct lock_file lock = LOCK_INIT;
-	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
-	int ret = -1;
-
-	if (!oid)
-		return 0;
-
-	strbuf_addf(&buf, "%s\n", oid_to_hex(oid));
-
-	filename = git_path("%s", pseudoref);
-	fd = hold_lock_file_for_update_timeout(&lock, filename, 0,
-					       get_files_ref_lock_timeout_ms());
-	if (fd < 0) {
-		strbuf_addf(err, _("could not open '%s' for writing: %s"),
-			    filename, strerror(errno));
-		goto done;
-	}
-
-	if (old_oid) {
-		struct object_id actual_old_oid;
-
-		if (read_ref(pseudoref, &actual_old_oid)) {
-			if (!is_null_oid(old_oid)) {
-				strbuf_addf(err, _("could not read ref '%s'"),
-					    pseudoref);
-				rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-				goto done;
-			}
-		} else if (is_null_oid(old_oid)) {
-			strbuf_addf(err, _("ref '%s' already exists"),
-				    pseudoref);
-			rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-			goto done;
-		} else if (!oideq(&actual_old_oid, old_oid)) {
-			strbuf_addf(err, _("unexpected object ID when writing '%s'"),
-				    pseudoref);
-			rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-			goto done;
-		}
-	}
-
-	if (write_in_full(fd, buf.buf, buf.len) < 0) {
-		strbuf_addf(err, _("could not write to '%s'"), filename);
-		rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-		goto done;
-	}
-
-	commit_lock_file(&lock);
-	ret = 0;
-done:
-	strbuf_release(&buf);
-	return ret;
-}
-
-static int delete_pseudoref(const char *pseudoref, const struct object_id *old_oid)
-{
-	const char *filename;
-
-	filename = git_path("%s", pseudoref);
-
-	if (old_oid && !is_null_oid(old_oid)) {
-		struct lock_file lock = LOCK_INIT;
-		int fd;
-		struct object_id actual_old_oid;
-
-		fd = hold_lock_file_for_update_timeout(
-				&lock, filename, 0,
-				get_files_ref_lock_timeout_ms());
-		if (fd < 0) {
-			error_errno(_("could not open '%s' for writing"),
-				    filename);
-			return -1;
-		}
-		if (read_ref(pseudoref, &actual_old_oid))
-			die(_("could not read ref '%s'"), pseudoref);
-		if (!oideq(&actual_old_oid, old_oid)) {
-			error(_("unexpected object ID when deleting '%s'"),
-			      pseudoref);
-			rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-			return -1;
-		}
-
-		unlink(filename);
-		rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-	} else {
-		unlink(filename);
-	}
-
-	return 0;
-}
-
 int refs_delete_ref(struct ref_store *refs, const char *msg,
 		    const char *refname,
 		    const struct object_id *old_oid,
@@ -843,11 +747,6 @@ int refs_delete_ref(struct ref_store *refs, const char *msg,
 	struct ref_transaction *transaction;
 	struct strbuf err = STRBUF_INIT;
 
-	if (ref_type(refname) == REF_TYPE_PSEUDOREF) {
-		assert(refs == get_main_ref_store(the_repository));
-		return delete_pseudoref(refname, old_oid);
-	}
-
 	transaction = ref_store_transaction_begin(refs, &err);
 	if (!transaction ||
 	    ref_transaction_delete(transaction, refname, old_oid,
@@ -1170,18 +1069,13 @@ int refs_update_ref(struct ref_store *refs, const char *msg,
 	struct strbuf err = STRBUF_INIT;
 	int ret = 0;
 
-	if (ref_type(refname) == REF_TYPE_PSEUDOREF) {
-		assert(refs == get_main_ref_store(the_repository));
-		ret = write_pseudoref(refname, new_oid, old_oid, &err);
-	} else {
-		t = ref_store_transaction_begin(refs, &err);
-		if (!t ||
-		    ref_transaction_update(t, refname, new_oid, old_oid,
-					   flags, msg, &err) ||
-		    ref_transaction_commit(t, &err)) {
-			ret = 1;
-			ref_transaction_free(t);
-		}
+	t = ref_store_transaction_begin(refs, &err);
+	if (!t ||
+	    ref_transaction_update(t, refname, new_oid, old_oid, flags, msg,
+				   &err) ||
+	    ref_transaction_commit(t, &err)) {
+		ret = 1;
+		ref_transaction_free(t);
 	}
 	if (ret) {
 		const char *str = _("update_ref failed for ref '%s': %s");
diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
index 6516c7bc8c..9951c2e403 100644
--- a/refs/files-backend.c
+++ b/refs/files-backend.c
@@ -1228,7 +1228,6 @@ static int files_delete_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, const char *msg,
 
 	for (i = 0; i < refnames->nr; i++) {
 		const char *refname = refnames->items[i].string;
-
 		if (refs_delete_ref(&refs->base, msg, refname, NULL, flags))
 			result |= error(_("could not remove reference %s"), refname);
 	}
@@ -2436,7 +2435,9 @@ static int lock_ref_for_update(struct files_ref_store *refs,
 	update->backend_data = lock;
 
 	if (update->type & REF_ISSYMREF) {
-		if (update->flags & REF_NO_DEREF) {
+		if (update->flags & REF_NO_DEREF ||
+		    (ref_type(update->refname) == REF_TYPE_PSEUDOREF &&
+		     strcmp(update->refname, "HEAD"))) {
 			/*
 			 * We won't be reading the referent as part of
 			 * the transaction, so we have to read it here
@@ -2782,8 +2783,10 @@ static int files_transaction_finish(struct ref_store *ref_store,
 		struct ref_update *update = transaction->updates[i];
 		struct ref_lock *lock = update->backend_data;
 
-		if (update->flags & REF_NEEDS_COMMIT ||
-		    update->flags & REF_LOG_ONLY) {
+		if ((ref_type(lock->ref_name) != REF_TYPE_PSEUDOREF ||
+		     !strcmp(lock->ref_name, "HEAD")) &&
+		    (update->flags & REF_NEEDS_COMMIT ||
+		     update->flags & REF_LOG_ONLY)) {
 			if (files_log_ref_write(refs,
 						lock->ref_name,
 						&lock->old_oid,
diff --git a/t/t1400-update-ref.sh b/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
index 27171f8261..6b8030e8fe 100755
--- a/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
+++ b/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
@@ -476,7 +476,7 @@ test_expect_success 'git cat-file blob master@{2005-05-26 23:42}:F (expect OTHER
 test_expect_success 'given old value for missing pseudoref, do not create' '
 	test_must_fail git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A $B 2>err &&
 	test_path_is_missing .git/PSEUDOREF &&
-	test_i18ngrep "could not read ref" err
+	test_i18ngrep "unable to resolve reference" err
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'create pseudoref' '
@@ -497,7 +497,7 @@ test_expect_success 'overwrite pseudoref with correct old value' '
 test_expect_success 'do not overwrite pseudoref with wrong old value' '
 	test_must_fail git update-ref PSEUDOREF $D $E 2>err &&
 	test $C = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF) &&
-	test_i18ngrep "unexpected object ID" err
+	test_i18ngrep "cannot lock ref.*expected" err
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'delete pseudoref' '
@@ -509,7 +509,7 @@ test_expect_success 'do not delete pseudoref with wrong old value' '
 	git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A &&
 	test_must_fail git update-ref -d PSEUDOREF $B 2>err &&
 	test $A = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF) &&
-	test_i18ngrep "unexpected object ID" err
+	test_i18ngrep "cannot lock ref.*expected" err
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'delete pseudoref with correct old value' '
-- 
gitgitgadget


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH 2/2] Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE.
  2020-07-06 17:29 [PATCH 0/2] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-06 17:29 ` [PATCH 1/2] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
@ 2020-07-06 17:29 ` Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-06 20:30   ` Junio C Hamano
  2020-07-09 21:11 ` [PATCH v2 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget @ 2020-07-06 17:29 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys, Han-Wen Nienhuys

From: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>

This is consistent with the definition of REF_TYPE_PSEUDOREF
(uppercase in the root ref namespace).

Signed-off-by: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>
---
 refs.c | 7 +++----
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs.c b/refs.c
index a2fd42364f..265767a234 100644
--- a/refs.c
+++ b/refs.c
@@ -676,10 +676,9 @@ int dwim_log(const char *str, int len, struct object_id *oid, char **log)
 
 static int is_per_worktree_ref(const char *refname)
 {
-	return !strcmp(refname, "HEAD") ||
-		starts_with(refname, "refs/worktree/") ||
-		starts_with(refname, "refs/bisect/") ||
-		starts_with(refname, "refs/rewritten/");
+	return starts_with(refname, "refs/worktree/") ||
+	       starts_with(refname, "refs/bisect/") ||
+	       starts_with(refname, "refs/rewritten/");
 }
 
 static int is_pseudoref_syntax(const char *refname)
-- 
gitgitgadget

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 1/2] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage
  2020-07-06 17:29 ` [PATCH 1/2] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
@ 2020-07-06 20:26   ` Junio C Hamano
  2020-07-07 13:56     ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2020-07-06 20:26 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget; +Cc: git, Han-Wen Nienhuys, Han-Wen Nienhuys

"Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget" <gitgitgadget@gmail.com> writes:

> Subject: Re: [PATCH 1/2] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage
> From: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>

With what definition of "pseudo refs" has this change been made?
Those things like HEAD, CHERRY_PICK_HEAD, FETCH_HEAD etc. that have
traditionally been written as a plain text file in $GIT_DIR and are
used to name objects by having a full object name in it?  

Or the entities that behave like refs and stored in ref backends,
with all-uppercase-names but do not sit inside refs/ hierarchy?

I think it is OK (and possibly a good move in the longer term, but
that is just my gut feeling) to make ref backends resopnsible for
enumerating, reading and writing them (i.e. I think we want to use
the latter definition for the longer term health of the project).
And we would want to ...

> The previous behavior was introduced in commit 74ec19d4be
> ("pseudorefs: create and use pseudoref update and delete functions",
> Jul 31, 2015), with the justification "alternate ref backends still
> need to store pseudorefs in GIT_DIR".

... declare that justification invalid for that purpose.

Is that what is going on?  I just want to make sure I am following
your flow of thought.

> Refs such as REBASE_HEAD are read through the ref backend. This can
> only work consistently if they are written through the ref backend as
> well. Tooling that works directly on files under .git should be
> updated to use git commands to read refs instead.

OK.

> diff --git a/refs/files-backend.c b/refs/files-backend.c
> index 6516c7bc8c..9951c2e403 100644
> --- a/refs/files-backend.c
> +++ b/refs/files-backend.c
> @@ -1228,7 +1228,6 @@ static int files_delete_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, const char *msg,
>  
>  	for (i = 0; i < refnames->nr; i++) {
>  		const char *refname = refnames->items[i].string;
> -
>  		if (refs_delete_ref(&refs->base, msg, refname, NULL, flags))
>  			result |= error(_("could not remove reference %s"), refname);
>  	}

Unreleated change?

> @@ -2436,7 +2435,9 @@ static int lock_ref_for_update(struct files_ref_store *refs,
>  	update->backend_data = lock;
>  
>  	if (update->type & REF_ISSYMREF) {
> -		if (update->flags & REF_NO_DEREF) {
> +		if (update->flags & REF_NO_DEREF ||
> +		    (ref_type(update->refname) == REF_TYPE_PSEUDOREF &&
> +		     strcmp(update->refname, "HEAD"))) {
>  			/*
>  			 * We won't be reading the referent as part of
>  			 * the transaction, so we have to read it here

The old "if we are not dereferencing" condition in if() exactly
matched the comment, but the condition in if() after this change is
not "if we are not dereferencing".  Even if we are dereferencing,
under some new condition, we would still drop into this block and do
not follow the "else" side that creates a new update for the
referent.  Is this part of "modify pseudo refs via backend" topic,
or should it be a separate modification?  Why is this change needed?

It seems that no matter where in the refs/ hierarchy (or even
outside) a symbolic ref resides, the way to update itself (not the
referent through the symbolic ref) should be the same, which is what
the original says, and we want to change that reasoning here, but it
is not quite clear to me why.

> @@ -2782,8 +2783,10 @@ static int files_transaction_finish(struct ref_store *ref_store,
>  		struct ref_update *update = transaction->updates[i];
>  		struct ref_lock *lock = update->backend_data;
>  
> -		if (update->flags & REF_NEEDS_COMMIT ||
> -		    update->flags & REF_LOG_ONLY) {
> +		if ((ref_type(lock->ref_name) != REF_TYPE_PSEUDOREF ||
> +		     !strcmp(lock->ref_name, "HEAD")) &&
> +		    (update->flags & REF_NEEDS_COMMIT ||
> +		     update->flags & REF_LOG_ONLY)) {

And this one stops the files backend from touching all pseudorefs
other than HEAD with this codepath.  That somehow feels totally
opposite from what the log message explained above---weren't we
updating the code to write these pseudorefs through the individual
backends, which the files backend is one example of?  Isn't this
change stopping the backend from writing the pseudorefs other than
HEAD instead?

Puzzled.

>  			if (files_log_ref_write(refs,
>  						lock->ref_name,
>  						&lock->old_oid,


> diff --git a/t/t1400-update-ref.sh b/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
> index 27171f8261..6b8030e8fe 100755
> --- a/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
> +++ b/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
> @@ -476,7 +476,7 @@ test_expect_success 'git cat-file blob master@{2005-05-26 23:42}:F (expect OTHER
>  test_expect_success 'given old value for missing pseudoref, do not create' '
>  	test_must_fail git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A $B 2>err &&
>  	test_path_is_missing .git/PSEUDOREF &&

The reason why I asked what this patch thinks the definition of
pseudoref is is because of this thing.  Shouldn't this line be fixed
not to depend on the files backend?  Likewise for $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF)
in the remaining two hunks.

> -	test_i18ngrep "could not read ref" err
> +	test_i18ngrep "unable to resolve reference" err
>  '
>  
>  test_expect_success 'create pseudoref' '
> @@ -497,7 +497,7 @@ test_expect_success 'overwrite pseudoref with correct old value' '
>  test_expect_success 'do not overwrite pseudoref with wrong old value' '
>  	test_must_fail git update-ref PSEUDOREF $D $E 2>err &&
>  	test $C = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF) &&
> -	test_i18ngrep "unexpected object ID" err
> +	test_i18ngrep "cannot lock ref.*expected" err
>  '
>  
>  test_expect_success 'delete pseudoref' '
> @@ -509,7 +509,7 @@ test_expect_success 'do not delete pseudoref with wrong old value' '
>  	git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A &&
>  	test_must_fail git update-ref -d PSEUDOREF $B 2>err &&
>  	test $A = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF) &&
> -	test_i18ngrep "unexpected object ID" err
> +	test_i18ngrep "cannot lock ref.*expected" err
>  '
>  
>  test_expect_success 'delete pseudoref with correct old value' '

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 2/2] Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE.
  2020-07-06 17:29 ` [PATCH 2/2] Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
@ 2020-07-06 20:30   ` Junio C Hamano
  2020-07-07  9:24     ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2020-07-06 20:30 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget; +Cc: git, Han-Wen Nienhuys, Han-Wen Nienhuys

"Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget" <gitgitgadget@gmail.com> writes:

> From: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>
>
> This is consistent with the definition of REF_TYPE_PSEUDOREF
> (uppercase in the root ref namespace).

I wonder if some special casing we saw for "HEAD" in 1/2 (e.g. we no
longer do this to pseudorefs in this codepath but HEAD is different
and will continue to be dealt with in the codepath) needs adjustment
after this change?  HEAD still needs to be able to have a different
value (either detached or pointing to another ref) per worktree, but
it is unclear where that knowledge now resides in the new code.  Are
we declaring that all pseudorefs are per worktree (which I think is
not wrong)?

> Signed-off-by: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>
> ---
>  refs.c | 7 +++----
>  1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/refs.c b/refs.c
> index a2fd42364f..265767a234 100644
> --- a/refs.c
> +++ b/refs.c
> @@ -676,10 +676,9 @@ int dwim_log(const char *str, int len, struct object_id *oid, char **log)
>  
>  static int is_per_worktree_ref(const char *refname)
>  {
> -	return !strcmp(refname, "HEAD") ||
> -		starts_with(refname, "refs/worktree/") ||
> -		starts_with(refname, "refs/bisect/") ||
> -		starts_with(refname, "refs/rewritten/");
> +	return starts_with(refname, "refs/worktree/") ||
> +	       starts_with(refname, "refs/bisect/") ||
> +	       starts_with(refname, "refs/rewritten/");
>  }
>  
>  static int is_pseudoref_syntax(const char *refname)

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 2/2] Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE.
  2020-07-06 20:30   ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2020-07-07  9:24     ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys @ 2020-07-07  9:24 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget, git, Han-Wen Nienhuys

On Mon, Jul 6, 2020 at 10:30 PM Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> wrote:
> > This is consistent with the definition of REF_TYPE_PSEUDOREF
> > (uppercase in the root ref namespace).
>
> I wonder if some special casing we saw for "HEAD" in 1/2 (e.g. we no
> longer do this to pseudorefs in this codepath but HEAD is different
> and will continue to be dealt with in the codepath) needs adjustment
> after this change?  HEAD still needs to be able to have a different
> value (either detached or pointing to another ref) per worktree, but
> it is unclear where that knowledge now resides in the new code.  Are
> we declaring that all pseudorefs are per worktree (which I think is
> not wrong)?

the source code already says

enum ref_type {
 REF_TYPE_PER_WORKTREE, /* refs inside refs/ but not shared */
 REF_TYPE_PSEUDOREF, /* refs outside refs/ in current worktree */

but considers HEAD a REF_TYPE_PER_WORKTREE, counter to the comment.

IIRC, this change actually has almost no effect, because most code
treats both enum values as equivalent. (see eg. builtin/reflog.c),
except for the code that the preceding commit changes.

-- 
Han-Wen Nienhuys - Google Munich
I work 80%. Don't expect answers from me on Fridays.
--
Google Germany GmbH, Erika-Mann-Strasse 33, 80636 Munich
Registergericht und -nummer: Hamburg, HRB 86891
Sitz der Gesellschaft: Hamburg
Geschäftsführer: Paul Manicle, Halimah DeLaine Prado

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 1/2] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage
  2020-07-06 20:26   ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2020-07-07 13:56     ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
  2020-07-07 15:20       ` Junio C Hamano
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys @ 2020-07-07 13:56 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget, git, Han-Wen Nienhuys

On Mon, Jul 6, 2020 at 10:27 PM Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> wrote:
>
> "Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget" <gitgitgadget@gmail.com> writes:
>
> > Subject: Re: [PATCH 1/2] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage
> > From: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>
>
> With what definition of "pseudo refs" has this change been made?
> Those things like HEAD, CHERRY_PICK_HEAD, FETCH_HEAD etc. that have
> traditionally been written as a plain text file in $GIT_DIR and are
> used to name objects by having a full object name in it?
>
> Or the entities that behave like refs and stored in ref backends,
> with all-uppercase-names but do not sit inside refs/ hierarchy?

I thought these were the same? - see below :)

> I think it is OK (and possibly a good move in the longer term, but
> that is just my gut feeling) to make ref backends resopnsible for
> enumerating, reading and writing them (i.e. I think we want to use
> the latter definition for the longer term health of the project).
> And we would want to ...
>
> > The previous behavior was introduced in commit 74ec19d4be
> > ("pseudorefs: create and use pseudoref update and delete functions",
> > Jul 31, 2015), with the justification "alternate ref backends still
> > need to store pseudorefs in GIT_DIR".
>
> ... declare that justification invalid for that purpose.
>
> Is that what is going on?  I just want to make sure I am following
> your flow of thought.

yep.

> >               const char *refname = refnames->items[i].string;
> > -
> >               if (refs_delete_ref(&refs->base, msg, refname, NULL, flags))
> >                       result |= error(_("could not remove reference %s"), refname);
> >       }
>
> Unreleated change?

oops.

> > @@ -2436,7 +2435,9 @@ static int lock_ref_for_update(struct files_ref_store *refs,
> >       update->backend_data = lock;
> >
> >       if (update->type & REF_ISSYMREF) {
> > -             if (update->flags & REF_NO_DEREF) {
> > +             if (update->flags & REF_NO_DEREF ||
> > +                 (ref_type(update->refname) == REF_TYPE_PSEUDOREF &&
> > +                  strcmp(update->refname, "HEAD"))) {
> >                       /*
> >                        * We won't be reading the referent as part of
> >                        * the transaction, so we have to read it here
>
> The old "if we are not dereferencing" condition in if() exactly
> matched the comment, but the condition in if() after this change is
> not "if we are not dereferencing".  Even if we are dereferencing,
> under some new condition, we would still drop into this block and do
> not follow the "else" side that creates a new update for the
> referent.  Is this part of "modify pseudo refs via backend" topic,
> or should it be a separate modification?  Why is this change needed?

There is a  test (mentioned in the commit message), t1405, which does

$RUN create-symref FOO refs/heads/master nothing &&
# calls refs_create_symref()
..
$RUN delete-refs 0 nothing FOO refs/tags/new-tag &&
# calls refs_delete_refs, which calls delete_pseudoref
..
git rev-parse master >expected &&

Previously, the delete_pseudoref code would delete just .git/FOO file.
Without the change here, going through the ref backend ends up in the
!REF_NO_DEREF case, deleting the master branch.

I don't know what the correct semantics are (are symrefs used for
anything except HEAD ?), so


> It seems that no matter where in the refs/ hierarchy (or even
> outside) a symbolic ref resides, the way to update itself (not the
> referent through the symbolic ref) should be the same, which is what
> the original says, and we want to change that reasoning here, but it
> is not quite clear to me why.
>
> > @@ -2782,8 +2783,10 @@ static int files_transaction_finish(struct ref_store *ref_store,
> >               struct ref_update *update = transaction->updates[i];
> >               struct ref_lock *lock = update->backend_data;
> >
> > -             if (update->flags & REF_NEEDS_COMMIT ||
> > -                 update->flags & REF_LOG_ONLY) {
> > +             if ((ref_type(lock->ref_name) != REF_TYPE_PSEUDOREF ||
> > +                  !strcmp(lock->ref_name, "HEAD")) &&
> > +                 (update->flags & REF_NEEDS_COMMIT ||
> > +                  update->flags & REF_LOG_ONLY)) {
>
> And this one stops the files backend from touching all pseudorefs
> other than HEAD with this codepath.  That somehow feels totally
> opposite from what the log message explained above---weren't we
> updating the code to write these pseudorefs through the individual
> backends, which the files backend is one example of?  Isn't this
> change stopping the backend from writing the pseudorefs other than
> HEAD instead?

There is a test

  'core.logAllRefUpdates=always creates no reflog for ORIG_HEAD'

that wants there to not be reflog updates for ORIG_HEAD. I don't see
why that behavior exists, and would be happy to change it, but I'm too
much of a newbie to decide what is right here.

> > --- a/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
> > +++ b/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
> > @@ -476,7 +476,7 @@ test_expect_success 'git cat-file blob master@{2005-05-26 23:42}:F (expect OTHER
> >  test_expect_success 'given old value for missing pseudoref, do not create' '
> >       test_must_fail git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A $B 2>err &&
> >       test_path_is_missing .git/PSEUDOREF &&
>
> The reason why I asked what this patch thinks the definition of
> pseudoref is is because of this thing.  Shouldn't this line be fixed
> not to depend on the files backend?  Likewise for $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF)
> in the remaining two hunks.

This patch doesn't introduce reftable yet, so both definitions are
equivalent for the sake of this  patch.

-- 
Han-Wen Nienhuys - Google Munich
I work 80%. Don't expect answers from me on Fridays.
--

Google Germany GmbH, Erika-Mann-Strasse 33, 80636 Munich
Registergericht und -nummer: Hamburg, HRB 86891
Sitz der Gesellschaft: Hamburg
Geschäftsführer: Paul Manicle, Halimah DeLaine Prado

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 1/2] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage
  2020-07-07 13:56     ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
@ 2020-07-07 15:20       ` Junio C Hamano
  2020-07-07 17:15         ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2020-07-07 15:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Han-Wen Nienhuys; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget, git, Han-Wen Nienhuys

Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com> writes:

>> Or the entities that behave like refs and stored in ref backends,
>> with all-uppercase-names but do not sit inside refs/ hierarchy?
>
> I thought these were the same? - see below :)

>> > --- a/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
>> > +++ b/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
>> > @@ -476,7 +476,7 @@ test_expect_success 'git cat-file blob master@{2005-05-26 23:42}:F (expect OTHER
>> >  test_expect_success 'given old value for missing pseudoref, do not create' '
>> >       test_must_fail git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A $B 2>err &&
>> >       test_path_is_missing .git/PSEUDOREF &&
>>
>> The reason why I asked what this patch thinks the definition of
>> pseudoref is is because of this thing.  Shouldn't this line be fixed
>> not to depend on the files backend?  Likewise for $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF)
>> in the remaining two hunks.
>
> This patch doesn't introduce reftable yet, so both definitions are
> equivalent for the sake of this patch.

But at the end of the tunnel, we do want to see people stop
expecting that .git/PSEUDOREF file is what PSEUDOREF ref is, no?  I
think that is what "pseudo refs are not just files directly under
$GIT_DIR, but managed by the backend" means, and that in turn is a
valid justification for other changes introduced in this patch.
Expecting the effect of modifying pseudo refs _after_ the code is
changed that such modifications are properly done through the ref
API to appear on the filesystem feels like it goes against the
reason why we are making this change, compared to checking to see if
the pseudoref really got updated as desired via the ref API, at
least to me.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 1/2] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage
  2020-07-07 15:20       ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2020-07-07 17:15         ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
  2020-07-07 18:14           ` Junio C Hamano
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys @ 2020-07-07 17:15 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget, git, Han-Wen Nienhuys

On Tue, Jul 7, 2020 at 5:20 PM Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> wrote:

> >> The reason why I asked what this patch thinks the definition of
> >> pseudoref is is because of this thing.  Shouldn't this line be fixed
> >> not to depend on the files backend?  Likewise for $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF)
> >> in the remaining two hunks.
> >
> > This patch doesn't introduce reftable yet, so both definitions are
> > equivalent for the sake of this patch.
>
> But at the end of the tunnel, we do want to see people stop
> expecting that .git/PSEUDOREF file is what PSEUDOREF ref is, no?  I
> think that is what "pseudo refs are not just files directly under
> $GIT_DIR, but managed by the backend" means, and that in turn is a
> valid justification for other changes introduced in this patch.
> Expecting the effect of modifying pseudo refs _after_ the code is
> changed that such modifications are properly done through the ref
> API to appear on the filesystem feels like it goes against the
> reason why we are making this change, compared to checking to see if
> the pseudoref really got updated as desired via the ref API, at
> least to me.

I can fix this specific instance here (which is what I think you
want), for this commit to practice what it preaches. At the same time
there are probably about 100 or so other places where the tests check
the file system directly for ref(log) existence, so it would never be
totally consistent.

The only way to systematically find the offending places is to
introduce a new ref backend and then fix all the tests, and I think
that goes outside the scope of this small series.

--
Han-Wen Nienhuys - Google Munich
I work 80%. Don't expect answers from me on Fridays.
--

Google Germany GmbH, Erika-Mann-Strasse 33, 80636 Munich

Registergericht und -nummer: Hamburg, HRB 86891

Sitz der Gesellschaft: Hamburg

Geschäftsführer: Paul Manicle, Halimah DeLaine Prado

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH 1/2] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage
  2020-07-07 17:15         ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
@ 2020-07-07 18:14           ` Junio C Hamano
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2020-07-07 18:14 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Han-Wen Nienhuys; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget, git, Han-Wen Nienhuys

Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com> writes:

> I can fix this specific instance here (which is what I think you
> want), for this commit to practice what it preaches. At the same time
> there are probably about 100 or so other places where the tests check
> the file system directly for ref(log) existence, so it would never be
> totally consistent.
>
> The only way to systematically find the offending places is to
> introduce a new ref backend and then fix all the tests, and I think
> that goes outside the scope of this small series.

Good.  I think we are on the same page.  I suggested to make the
patch internally consistent, nothing more.  And fixing everything in
the world is outside the scope of these two patches.

Thanks.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v2 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates
  2020-07-06 17:29 [PATCH 0/2] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-06 17:29 ` [PATCH 1/2] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-06 17:29 ` [PATCH 2/2] Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
@ 2020-07-09 21:11 ` Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-09 21:11   ` [PATCH v2 1/3] t1400: use git rev-parse for testing PSEUDOREF existence Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
                     ` (4 more replies)
  2 siblings, 5 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget @ 2020-07-09 21:11 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys

This gets rid of the special casing code for pseudorefs in refs.c

This is in preparation for reftable.

v2

 * remove special casing of non-HEAD pseudorefs; update t1400 and t1405
   accordingly
 * open question: should git-update-ref.txt be updated, when it talks about
   logAllRefUpdates?

Han-Wen Nienhuys (3):
  t1400: use git rev-parse for testing PSEUDOREF existence
  Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage
  Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE.

 refs.c                    | 127 +++-----------------------------------
 t/t1400-update-ref.sh     |  30 ++++-----
 t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh |   5 +-
 3 files changed, 29 insertions(+), 133 deletions(-)


base-commit: 4a0fcf9f760c9774be77f51e1e88a7499b53d2e2
Published-As: https://github.com/gitgitgadget/git/releases/tag/pr-673%2Fhanwen%2Fpseudoref-v2
Fetch-It-Via: git fetch https://github.com/gitgitgadget/git pr-673/hanwen/pseudoref-v2
Pull-Request: https://github.com/gitgitgadget/git/pull/673

Range-diff vs v1:

 -:  ---------- > 1:  9c3dc4b2cb t1400: use git rev-parse for testing PSEUDOREF existence
 1:  6821f57bdf ! 2:  871b411517 Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage
     @@ Commit message
          well. Tooling that works directly on files under .git should be
          updated to use git commands to read refs instead.
      
     -    This needs the following fixes
     +    The following behaviors change:
      
     -    * Only write log for HEAD pseudo ref. Fixes t1400
     -      'core.logAllRefUpdates=always creates no reflog for ORIG_HEAD'
     +    * Updates to pseudorefs (eg. ORIG_HEAD) with
     +      core.logAllRefUpdates=always will create reflogs for the pseudoref.
      
     -    * t1400: change hard coded error messages to check for.
     -
     -    * don't deref non-HEAD pseudoref symrefs. This fixes t1405. Without
     -      this, a deleting a FOO symref pointing to refs/heads/master will remove
     -      master too.
     +    * non-HEAD pseudoref symrefs are also dereferenced on deletion. Update
     +      t1405 accordingly.
      
          Signed-off-by: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>
      
     @@ refs.c: int refs_update_ref(struct ref_store *refs, const char *msg,
       	if (ret) {
       		const char *str = _("update_ref failed for ref '%s': %s");
      
     - ## refs/files-backend.c ##
     -@@ refs/files-backend.c: static int files_delete_refs(struct ref_store *ref_store, const char *msg,
     - 
     - 	for (i = 0; i < refnames->nr; i++) {
     - 		const char *refname = refnames->items[i].string;
     --
     - 		if (refs_delete_ref(&refs->base, msg, refname, NULL, flags))
     - 			result |= error(_("could not remove reference %s"), refname);
     - 	}
     -@@ refs/files-backend.c: static int lock_ref_for_update(struct files_ref_store *refs,
     - 	update->backend_data = lock;
     + ## t/t1400-update-ref.sh ##
     +@@ t/t1400-update-ref.sh: test_expect_success 'core.logAllRefUpdates=always creates reflog by default' '
     + 	git reflog exists $outside
     + '
       
     - 	if (update->type & REF_ISSYMREF) {
     --		if (update->flags & REF_NO_DEREF) {
     -+		if (update->flags & REF_NO_DEREF ||
     -+		    (ref_type(update->refname) == REF_TYPE_PSEUDOREF &&
     -+		     strcmp(update->refname, "HEAD"))) {
     - 			/*
     - 			 * We won't be reading the referent as part of
     - 			 * the transaction, so we have to read it here
     -@@ refs/files-backend.c: static int files_transaction_finish(struct ref_store *ref_store,
     - 		struct ref_update *update = transaction->updates[i];
     - 		struct ref_lock *lock = update->backend_data;
     +-test_expect_success 'core.logAllRefUpdates=always creates no reflog for ORIG_HEAD' '
     ++test_expect_success 'core.logAllRefUpdates=always creates reflog for ORIG_HEAD' '
     + 	test_config core.logAllRefUpdates always &&
     + 	git update-ref ORIG_HEAD $A &&
     +-	test_must_fail git reflog exists ORIG_HEAD
     ++	git reflog exists ORIG_HEAD
     + '
       
     --		if (update->flags & REF_NEEDS_COMMIT ||
     --		    update->flags & REF_LOG_ONLY) {
     -+		if ((ref_type(lock->ref_name) != REF_TYPE_PSEUDOREF ||
     -+		     !strcmp(lock->ref_name, "HEAD")) &&
     -+		    (update->flags & REF_NEEDS_COMMIT ||
     -+		     update->flags & REF_LOG_ONLY)) {
     - 			if (files_log_ref_write(refs,
     - 						lock->ref_name,
     - 						&lock->old_oid,
     -
     - ## t/t1400-update-ref.sh ##
     + test_expect_success '--no-create-reflog overrides core.logAllRefUpdates=always' '
      @@ t/t1400-update-ref.sh: test_expect_success 'git cat-file blob master@{2005-05-26 23:42}:F (expect OTHER
       test_expect_success 'given old value for missing pseudoref, do not create' '
       	test_must_fail git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A $B 2>err &&
     - 	test_path_is_missing .git/PSEUDOREF &&
     + 	test_must_fail git rev-parse PSEUDOREF &&
      -	test_i18ngrep "could not read ref" err
      +	test_i18ngrep "unable to resolve reference" err
       '
     @@ t/t1400-update-ref.sh: test_expect_success 'git cat-file blob master@{2005-05-26
      @@ t/t1400-update-ref.sh: test_expect_success 'overwrite pseudoref with correct old value' '
       test_expect_success 'do not overwrite pseudoref with wrong old value' '
       	test_must_fail git update-ref PSEUDOREF $D $E 2>err &&
     - 	test $C = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF) &&
     + 	test $C = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF) &&
      -	test_i18ngrep "unexpected object ID" err
      +	test_i18ngrep "cannot lock ref.*expected" err
       '
     @@ t/t1400-update-ref.sh: test_expect_success 'overwrite pseudoref with correct old
      @@ t/t1400-update-ref.sh: test_expect_success 'do not delete pseudoref with wrong old value' '
       	git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A &&
       	test_must_fail git update-ref -d PSEUDOREF $B 2>err &&
     - 	test $A = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF) &&
     + 	test $A = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF) &&
      -	test_i18ngrep "unexpected object ID" err
      +	test_i18ngrep "cannot lock ref.*expected" err
       '
       
       test_expect_success 'delete pseudoref with correct old value' '
     +
     + ## t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh ##
     +@@ t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh: test_expect_success 'create_symref(FOO, refs/heads/master)' '
     + test_expect_success 'delete_refs(FOO, refs/tags/new-tag)' '
     + 	git rev-parse FOO -- &&
     + 	git rev-parse refs/tags/new-tag -- &&
     ++	m=$(git rev-parse master) &&
     + 	$RUN delete-refs 0 nothing FOO refs/tags/new-tag &&
     + 	test_must_fail git rev-parse FOO -- &&
     +-	test_must_fail git rev-parse refs/tags/new-tag --
     ++	test_must_fail git rev-parse refs/tags/new-tag --&&
     ++	test_must_fail git rev-parse master -- &&
     ++	git update-ref refs/heads/master $m
     + '
     + 
     + test_expect_success 'rename_refs(master, new-master)' '
 2:  470821dc6d = 3:  1c2b9d5f17 Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE.

-- 
gitgitgadget

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v2 1/3] t1400: use git rev-parse for testing PSEUDOREF existence
  2020-07-09 21:11 ` [PATCH v2 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
@ 2020-07-09 21:11   ` Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-09 21:11   ` [PATCH v2 2/3] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
                     ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  4 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget @ 2020-07-09 21:11 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys, Han-Wen Nienhuys

From: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>

This will allow these tests to run with alternative ref backends

Signed-off-by: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>
---
 t/t1400-update-ref.sh | 20 ++++++++++----------
 1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/t/t1400-update-ref.sh b/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
index 27171f8261..7414b898f8 100755
--- a/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
+++ b/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
@@ -475,57 +475,57 @@ test_expect_success 'git cat-file blob master@{2005-05-26 23:42}:F (expect OTHER
 
 test_expect_success 'given old value for missing pseudoref, do not create' '
 	test_must_fail git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A $B 2>err &&
-	test_path_is_missing .git/PSEUDOREF &&
+	test_must_fail git rev-parse PSEUDOREF &&
 	test_i18ngrep "could not read ref" err
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'create pseudoref' '
 	git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A &&
-	test $A = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF)
+	test $A = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF)
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'overwrite pseudoref with no old value given' '
 	git update-ref PSEUDOREF $B &&
-	test $B = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF)
+	test $B = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF)
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'overwrite pseudoref with correct old value' '
 	git update-ref PSEUDOREF $C $B &&
-	test $C = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF)
+	test $C = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF)
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'do not overwrite pseudoref with wrong old value' '
 	test_must_fail git update-ref PSEUDOREF $D $E 2>err &&
-	test $C = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF) &&
+	test $C = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF) &&
 	test_i18ngrep "unexpected object ID" err
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'delete pseudoref' '
 	git update-ref -d PSEUDOREF &&
-	test_path_is_missing .git/PSEUDOREF
+	test_must_fail git rev-parse PSEUDOREF
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'do not delete pseudoref with wrong old value' '
 	git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A &&
 	test_must_fail git update-ref -d PSEUDOREF $B 2>err &&
-	test $A = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF) &&
+	test $A = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF) &&
 	test_i18ngrep "unexpected object ID" err
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'delete pseudoref with correct old value' '
 	git update-ref -d PSEUDOREF $A &&
-	test_path_is_missing .git/PSEUDOREF
+	test_must_fail git rev-parse PSEUDOREF
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'create pseudoref with old OID zero' '
 	git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A $Z &&
-	test $A = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF)
+	test $A = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF)
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'do not overwrite pseudoref with old OID zero' '
 	test_when_finished git update-ref -d PSEUDOREF &&
 	test_must_fail git update-ref PSEUDOREF $B $Z 2>err &&
-	test $A = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF) &&
+	test $A = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF) &&
 	test_i18ngrep "already exists" err
 '
 
-- 
gitgitgadget


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v2 2/3] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage
  2020-07-09 21:11 ` [PATCH v2 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-09 21:11   ` [PATCH v2 1/3] t1400: use git rev-parse for testing PSEUDOREF existence Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
@ 2020-07-09 21:11   ` Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-09 21:11   ` [PATCH v2 3/3] Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
                     ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  4 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget @ 2020-07-09 21:11 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys, Han-Wen Nienhuys

From: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>

The previous behavior was introduced in commit 74ec19d4be
("pseudorefs: create and use pseudoref update and delete functions",
Jul 31, 2015), with the justification "alternate ref backends still
need to store pseudorefs in GIT_DIR".

Refs such as REBASE_HEAD are read through the ref backend. This can
only work consistently if they are written through the ref backend as
well. Tooling that works directly on files under .git should be
updated to use git commands to read refs instead.

The following behaviors change:

* Updates to pseudorefs (eg. ORIG_HEAD) with
  core.logAllRefUpdates=always will create reflogs for the pseudoref.

* non-HEAD pseudoref symrefs are also dereferenced on deletion. Update
  t1405 accordingly.

Signed-off-by: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>
---
 refs.c                    | 120 +++-----------------------------------
 t/t1400-update-ref.sh     |  10 ++--
 t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh |   5 +-
 3 files changed, 16 insertions(+), 119 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs.c b/refs.c
index 639cba93b4..d676acb1f4 100644
--- a/refs.c
+++ b/refs.c
@@ -771,102 +771,6 @@ long get_files_ref_lock_timeout_ms(void)
 	return timeout_ms;
 }
 
-static int write_pseudoref(const char *pseudoref, const struct object_id *oid,
-			   const struct object_id *old_oid, struct strbuf *err)
-{
-	const char *filename;
-	int fd;
-	struct lock_file lock = LOCK_INIT;
-	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
-	int ret = -1;
-
-	if (!oid)
-		return 0;
-
-	strbuf_addf(&buf, "%s\n", oid_to_hex(oid));
-
-	filename = git_path("%s", pseudoref);
-	fd = hold_lock_file_for_update_timeout(&lock, filename, 0,
-					       get_files_ref_lock_timeout_ms());
-	if (fd < 0) {
-		strbuf_addf(err, _("could not open '%s' for writing: %s"),
-			    filename, strerror(errno));
-		goto done;
-	}
-
-	if (old_oid) {
-		struct object_id actual_old_oid;
-
-		if (read_ref(pseudoref, &actual_old_oid)) {
-			if (!is_null_oid(old_oid)) {
-				strbuf_addf(err, _("could not read ref '%s'"),
-					    pseudoref);
-				rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-				goto done;
-			}
-		} else if (is_null_oid(old_oid)) {
-			strbuf_addf(err, _("ref '%s' already exists"),
-				    pseudoref);
-			rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-			goto done;
-		} else if (!oideq(&actual_old_oid, old_oid)) {
-			strbuf_addf(err, _("unexpected object ID when writing '%s'"),
-				    pseudoref);
-			rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-			goto done;
-		}
-	}
-
-	if (write_in_full(fd, buf.buf, buf.len) < 0) {
-		strbuf_addf(err, _("could not write to '%s'"), filename);
-		rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-		goto done;
-	}
-
-	commit_lock_file(&lock);
-	ret = 0;
-done:
-	strbuf_release(&buf);
-	return ret;
-}
-
-static int delete_pseudoref(const char *pseudoref, const struct object_id *old_oid)
-{
-	const char *filename;
-
-	filename = git_path("%s", pseudoref);
-
-	if (old_oid && !is_null_oid(old_oid)) {
-		struct lock_file lock = LOCK_INIT;
-		int fd;
-		struct object_id actual_old_oid;
-
-		fd = hold_lock_file_for_update_timeout(
-				&lock, filename, 0,
-				get_files_ref_lock_timeout_ms());
-		if (fd < 0) {
-			error_errno(_("could not open '%s' for writing"),
-				    filename);
-			return -1;
-		}
-		if (read_ref(pseudoref, &actual_old_oid))
-			die(_("could not read ref '%s'"), pseudoref);
-		if (!oideq(&actual_old_oid, old_oid)) {
-			error(_("unexpected object ID when deleting '%s'"),
-			      pseudoref);
-			rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-			return -1;
-		}
-
-		unlink(filename);
-		rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-	} else {
-		unlink(filename);
-	}
-
-	return 0;
-}
-
 int refs_delete_ref(struct ref_store *refs, const char *msg,
 		    const char *refname,
 		    const struct object_id *old_oid,
@@ -875,11 +779,6 @@ int refs_delete_ref(struct ref_store *refs, const char *msg,
 	struct ref_transaction *transaction;
 	struct strbuf err = STRBUF_INIT;
 
-	if (ref_type(refname) == REF_TYPE_PSEUDOREF) {
-		assert(refs == get_main_ref_store(the_repository));
-		return delete_pseudoref(refname, old_oid);
-	}
-
 	transaction = ref_store_transaction_begin(refs, &err);
 	if (!transaction ||
 	    ref_transaction_delete(transaction, refname, old_oid,
@@ -1202,18 +1101,13 @@ int refs_update_ref(struct ref_store *refs, const char *msg,
 	struct strbuf err = STRBUF_INIT;
 	int ret = 0;
 
-	if (ref_type(refname) == REF_TYPE_PSEUDOREF) {
-		assert(refs == get_main_ref_store(the_repository));
-		ret = write_pseudoref(refname, new_oid, old_oid, &err);
-	} else {
-		t = ref_store_transaction_begin(refs, &err);
-		if (!t ||
-		    ref_transaction_update(t, refname, new_oid, old_oid,
-					   flags, msg, &err) ||
-		    ref_transaction_commit(t, &err)) {
-			ret = 1;
-			ref_transaction_free(t);
-		}
+	t = ref_store_transaction_begin(refs, &err);
+	if (!t ||
+	    ref_transaction_update(t, refname, new_oid, old_oid, flags, msg,
+				   &err) ||
+	    ref_transaction_commit(t, &err)) {
+		ret = 1;
+		ref_transaction_free(t);
 	}
 	if (ret) {
 		const char *str = _("update_ref failed for ref '%s': %s");
diff --git a/t/t1400-update-ref.sh b/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
index 7414b898f8..65d349fb33 100755
--- a/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
+++ b/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
@@ -160,10 +160,10 @@ test_expect_success 'core.logAllRefUpdates=always creates reflog by default' '
 	git reflog exists $outside
 '
 
-test_expect_success 'core.logAllRefUpdates=always creates no reflog for ORIG_HEAD' '
+test_expect_success 'core.logAllRefUpdates=always creates reflog for ORIG_HEAD' '
 	test_config core.logAllRefUpdates always &&
 	git update-ref ORIG_HEAD $A &&
-	test_must_fail git reflog exists ORIG_HEAD
+	git reflog exists ORIG_HEAD
 '
 
 test_expect_success '--no-create-reflog overrides core.logAllRefUpdates=always' '
@@ -476,7 +476,7 @@ test_expect_success 'git cat-file blob master@{2005-05-26 23:42}:F (expect OTHER
 test_expect_success 'given old value for missing pseudoref, do not create' '
 	test_must_fail git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A $B 2>err &&
 	test_must_fail git rev-parse PSEUDOREF &&
-	test_i18ngrep "could not read ref" err
+	test_i18ngrep "unable to resolve reference" err
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'create pseudoref' '
@@ -497,7 +497,7 @@ test_expect_success 'overwrite pseudoref with correct old value' '
 test_expect_success 'do not overwrite pseudoref with wrong old value' '
 	test_must_fail git update-ref PSEUDOREF $D $E 2>err &&
 	test $C = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF) &&
-	test_i18ngrep "unexpected object ID" err
+	test_i18ngrep "cannot lock ref.*expected" err
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'delete pseudoref' '
@@ -509,7 +509,7 @@ test_expect_success 'do not delete pseudoref with wrong old value' '
 	git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A &&
 	test_must_fail git update-ref -d PSEUDOREF $B 2>err &&
 	test $A = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF) &&
-	test_i18ngrep "unexpected object ID" err
+	test_i18ngrep "cannot lock ref.*expected" err
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'delete pseudoref with correct old value' '
diff --git a/t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh b/t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh
index 331899ddc4..a8d695cd4f 100755
--- a/t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh
+++ b/t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh
@@ -31,9 +31,12 @@ test_expect_success 'create_symref(FOO, refs/heads/master)' '
 test_expect_success 'delete_refs(FOO, refs/tags/new-tag)' '
 	git rev-parse FOO -- &&
 	git rev-parse refs/tags/new-tag -- &&
+	m=$(git rev-parse master) &&
 	$RUN delete-refs 0 nothing FOO refs/tags/new-tag &&
 	test_must_fail git rev-parse FOO -- &&
-	test_must_fail git rev-parse refs/tags/new-tag --
+	test_must_fail git rev-parse refs/tags/new-tag --&&
+	test_must_fail git rev-parse master -- &&
+	git update-ref refs/heads/master $m
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'rename_refs(master, new-master)' '
-- 
gitgitgadget


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v2 3/3] Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE.
  2020-07-09 21:11 ` [PATCH v2 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-09 21:11   ` [PATCH v2 1/3] t1400: use git rev-parse for testing PSEUDOREF existence Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-09 21:11   ` [PATCH v2 2/3] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
@ 2020-07-09 21:11   ` Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-10 19:25   ` [PATCH v2 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates Junio C Hamano
  2020-07-16 18:45   ` [PATCH v3 " Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  4 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget @ 2020-07-09 21:11 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys, Han-Wen Nienhuys

From: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>

This is consistent with the definition of REF_TYPE_PSEUDOREF
(uppercase in the root ref namespace).

Signed-off-by: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>
---
 refs.c | 7 +++----
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs.c b/refs.c
index d676acb1f4..5cd71f711f 100644
--- a/refs.c
+++ b/refs.c
@@ -708,10 +708,9 @@ int dwim_log(const char *str, int len, struct object_id *oid, char **log)
 
 static int is_per_worktree_ref(const char *refname)
 {
-	return !strcmp(refname, "HEAD") ||
-		starts_with(refname, "refs/worktree/") ||
-		starts_with(refname, "refs/bisect/") ||
-		starts_with(refname, "refs/rewritten/");
+	return starts_with(refname, "refs/worktree/") ||
+	       starts_with(refname, "refs/bisect/") ||
+	       starts_with(refname, "refs/rewritten/");
 }
 
 static int is_pseudoref_syntax(const char *refname)
-- 
gitgitgadget

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates
  2020-07-09 21:11 ` [PATCH v2 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
                     ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-07-09 21:11   ` [PATCH v2 3/3] Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
@ 2020-07-10 19:25   ` Junio C Hamano
  2020-07-16 18:45   ` [PATCH v3 " Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  4 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2020-07-10 19:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget; +Cc: git, Han-Wen Nienhuys

"Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget" <gitgitgadget@gmail.com> writes:

> This gets rid of the special casing code for pseudorefs in refs.c
>
> This is in preparation for reftable.
>
> v2
>
>  * remove special casing of non-HEAD pseudorefs; update t1400 and t1405
>    accordingly
>  * open question: should git-update-ref.txt be updated, when it talks about
>    logAllRefUpdates?

This does make writing ORIG_HEAD and friends a lot more heavyweight
that just "write a 40-byte text file on the filesystem to remember
it for a short while", and it becomes even so with the whole reflog
thing, but I think it is a good longer term direction to go.  

Others may disagree, though.

In any case, if we are changing the behaviour with these patches, we
should update the documentation.

Thanks.



^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates
  2020-07-09 21:11 ` [PATCH v2 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
                     ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-07-10 19:25   ` [PATCH v2 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates Junio C Hamano
@ 2020-07-16 18:45   ` Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-16 18:45     ` [PATCH v3 1/3] t1400: use git rev-parse for testing PSEUDOREF existence Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
                       ` (4 more replies)
  4 siblings, 5 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget @ 2020-07-16 18:45 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys

This gets rid of the special casing code for pseudorefs in refs.c

This is in preparation for reftable.

v3

 * tweak git-update-ref.txt description for logAllRefUpdates

Han-Wen Nienhuys (3):
  t1400: use git rev-parse for testing PSEUDOREF existence
  Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage
  Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE.

 Documentation/git-update-ref.txt |  13 ++--
 refs.c                           | 127 +++----------------------------
 t/t1400-update-ref.sh            |  30 ++++----
 t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh        |   5 +-
 4 files changed, 36 insertions(+), 139 deletions(-)


base-commit: b6a658bd00c9c29e07f833cabfc0ef12224e277a
Published-As: https://github.com/gitgitgadget/git/releases/tag/pr-673%2Fhanwen%2Fpseudoref-v3
Fetch-It-Via: git fetch https://github.com/gitgitgadget/git pr-673/hanwen/pseudoref-v3
Pull-Request: https://github.com/gitgitgadget/git/pull/673

Range-diff vs v2:

 1:  9c3dc4b2cb = 1:  28bd3534d0 t1400: use git rev-parse for testing PSEUDOREF existence
 2:  871b411517 ! 2:  79cd5dd480 Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage
     @@ Commit message
      
          Signed-off-by: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>
      
     + ## Documentation/git-update-ref.txt ##
     +@@ Documentation/git-update-ref.txt: still see a subset of the modifications.
     + 
     + LOGGING UPDATES
     + ---------------
     +-If config parameter "core.logAllRefUpdates" is true and the ref is one under
     +-"refs/heads/", "refs/remotes/", "refs/notes/", or the symbolic ref HEAD; or
     +-the file "$GIT_DIR/logs/<ref>" exists then `git update-ref` will append
     +-a line to the log file "$GIT_DIR/logs/<ref>" (dereferencing all
     +-symbolic refs before creating the log name) describing the change
     +-in ref value.  Log lines are formatted as:
     ++If config parameter "core.logAllRefUpdates" is true and the ref is one
     ++under "refs/heads/", "refs/remotes/", "refs/notes/", or a pseudoref
     ++like HEAD or ORIG_HEAD; or the file "$GIT_DIR/logs/<ref>" exists then
     ++`git update-ref` will append a line to the log file
     ++"$GIT_DIR/logs/<ref>" (dereferencing all symbolic refs before creating
     ++the log name) describing the change in ref value.  Log lines are
     ++formatted as:
     + 
     +     oldsha1 SP newsha1 SP committer LF
     + 
     +
       ## refs.c ##
      @@ refs.c: long get_files_ref_lock_timeout_ms(void)
       	return timeout_ms;
 3:  1c2b9d5f17 = 3:  3ab9f2f04e Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE.

-- 
gitgitgadget

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 1/3] t1400: use git rev-parse for testing PSEUDOREF existence
  2020-07-16 18:45   ` [PATCH v3 " Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
@ 2020-07-16 18:45     ` Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-16 18:45     ` [PATCH v3 2/3] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
                       ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  4 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget @ 2020-07-16 18:45 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys, Han-Wen Nienhuys

From: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>

This will allow these tests to run with alternative ref backends

Signed-off-by: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>
---
 t/t1400-update-ref.sh | 20 ++++++++++----------
 1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/t/t1400-update-ref.sh b/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
index 27171f8261..7414b898f8 100755
--- a/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
+++ b/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
@@ -475,57 +475,57 @@ test_expect_success 'git cat-file blob master@{2005-05-26 23:42}:F (expect OTHER
 
 test_expect_success 'given old value for missing pseudoref, do not create' '
 	test_must_fail git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A $B 2>err &&
-	test_path_is_missing .git/PSEUDOREF &&
+	test_must_fail git rev-parse PSEUDOREF &&
 	test_i18ngrep "could not read ref" err
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'create pseudoref' '
 	git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A &&
-	test $A = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF)
+	test $A = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF)
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'overwrite pseudoref with no old value given' '
 	git update-ref PSEUDOREF $B &&
-	test $B = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF)
+	test $B = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF)
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'overwrite pseudoref with correct old value' '
 	git update-ref PSEUDOREF $C $B &&
-	test $C = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF)
+	test $C = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF)
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'do not overwrite pseudoref with wrong old value' '
 	test_must_fail git update-ref PSEUDOREF $D $E 2>err &&
-	test $C = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF) &&
+	test $C = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF) &&
 	test_i18ngrep "unexpected object ID" err
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'delete pseudoref' '
 	git update-ref -d PSEUDOREF &&
-	test_path_is_missing .git/PSEUDOREF
+	test_must_fail git rev-parse PSEUDOREF
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'do not delete pseudoref with wrong old value' '
 	git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A &&
 	test_must_fail git update-ref -d PSEUDOREF $B 2>err &&
-	test $A = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF) &&
+	test $A = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF) &&
 	test_i18ngrep "unexpected object ID" err
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'delete pseudoref with correct old value' '
 	git update-ref -d PSEUDOREF $A &&
-	test_path_is_missing .git/PSEUDOREF
+	test_must_fail git rev-parse PSEUDOREF
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'create pseudoref with old OID zero' '
 	git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A $Z &&
-	test $A = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF)
+	test $A = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF)
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'do not overwrite pseudoref with old OID zero' '
 	test_when_finished git update-ref -d PSEUDOREF &&
 	test_must_fail git update-ref PSEUDOREF $B $Z 2>err &&
-	test $A = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF) &&
+	test $A = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF) &&
 	test_i18ngrep "already exists" err
 '
 
-- 
gitgitgadget


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 2/3] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage
  2020-07-16 18:45   ` [PATCH v3 " Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-16 18:45     ` [PATCH v3 1/3] t1400: use git rev-parse for testing PSEUDOREF existence Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
@ 2020-07-16 18:45     ` Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-17  8:52       ` Johannes Schindelin
  2020-07-16 18:45     ` [PATCH v3 3/3] Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
                       ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  4 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget @ 2020-07-16 18:45 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys, Han-Wen Nienhuys

From: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>

The previous behavior was introduced in commit 74ec19d4be
("pseudorefs: create and use pseudoref update and delete functions",
Jul 31, 2015), with the justification "alternate ref backends still
need to store pseudorefs in GIT_DIR".

Refs such as REBASE_HEAD are read through the ref backend. This can
only work consistently if they are written through the ref backend as
well. Tooling that works directly on files under .git should be
updated to use git commands to read refs instead.

The following behaviors change:

* Updates to pseudorefs (eg. ORIG_HEAD) with
  core.logAllRefUpdates=always will create reflogs for the pseudoref.

* non-HEAD pseudoref symrefs are also dereferenced on deletion. Update
  t1405 accordingly.

Signed-off-by: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>
---
 Documentation/git-update-ref.txt |  13 ++--
 refs.c                           | 120 ++-----------------------------
 t/t1400-update-ref.sh            |  10 +--
 t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh        |   5 +-
 4 files changed, 23 insertions(+), 125 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/git-update-ref.txt b/Documentation/git-update-ref.txt
index 3e737c2360..d401234b03 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-update-ref.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-update-ref.txt
@@ -148,12 +148,13 @@ still see a subset of the modifications.
 
 LOGGING UPDATES
 ---------------
-If config parameter "core.logAllRefUpdates" is true and the ref is one under
-"refs/heads/", "refs/remotes/", "refs/notes/", or the symbolic ref HEAD; or
-the file "$GIT_DIR/logs/<ref>" exists then `git update-ref` will append
-a line to the log file "$GIT_DIR/logs/<ref>" (dereferencing all
-symbolic refs before creating the log name) describing the change
-in ref value.  Log lines are formatted as:
+If config parameter "core.logAllRefUpdates" is true and the ref is one
+under "refs/heads/", "refs/remotes/", "refs/notes/", or a pseudoref
+like HEAD or ORIG_HEAD; or the file "$GIT_DIR/logs/<ref>" exists then
+`git update-ref` will append a line to the log file
+"$GIT_DIR/logs/<ref>" (dereferencing all symbolic refs before creating
+the log name) describing the change in ref value.  Log lines are
+formatted as:
 
     oldsha1 SP newsha1 SP committer LF
 
diff --git a/refs.c b/refs.c
index 639cba93b4..d676acb1f4 100644
--- a/refs.c
+++ b/refs.c
@@ -771,102 +771,6 @@ long get_files_ref_lock_timeout_ms(void)
 	return timeout_ms;
 }
 
-static int write_pseudoref(const char *pseudoref, const struct object_id *oid,
-			   const struct object_id *old_oid, struct strbuf *err)
-{
-	const char *filename;
-	int fd;
-	struct lock_file lock = LOCK_INIT;
-	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
-	int ret = -1;
-
-	if (!oid)
-		return 0;
-
-	strbuf_addf(&buf, "%s\n", oid_to_hex(oid));
-
-	filename = git_path("%s", pseudoref);
-	fd = hold_lock_file_for_update_timeout(&lock, filename, 0,
-					       get_files_ref_lock_timeout_ms());
-	if (fd < 0) {
-		strbuf_addf(err, _("could not open '%s' for writing: %s"),
-			    filename, strerror(errno));
-		goto done;
-	}
-
-	if (old_oid) {
-		struct object_id actual_old_oid;
-
-		if (read_ref(pseudoref, &actual_old_oid)) {
-			if (!is_null_oid(old_oid)) {
-				strbuf_addf(err, _("could not read ref '%s'"),
-					    pseudoref);
-				rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-				goto done;
-			}
-		} else if (is_null_oid(old_oid)) {
-			strbuf_addf(err, _("ref '%s' already exists"),
-				    pseudoref);
-			rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-			goto done;
-		} else if (!oideq(&actual_old_oid, old_oid)) {
-			strbuf_addf(err, _("unexpected object ID when writing '%s'"),
-				    pseudoref);
-			rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-			goto done;
-		}
-	}
-
-	if (write_in_full(fd, buf.buf, buf.len) < 0) {
-		strbuf_addf(err, _("could not write to '%s'"), filename);
-		rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-		goto done;
-	}
-
-	commit_lock_file(&lock);
-	ret = 0;
-done:
-	strbuf_release(&buf);
-	return ret;
-}
-
-static int delete_pseudoref(const char *pseudoref, const struct object_id *old_oid)
-{
-	const char *filename;
-
-	filename = git_path("%s", pseudoref);
-
-	if (old_oid && !is_null_oid(old_oid)) {
-		struct lock_file lock = LOCK_INIT;
-		int fd;
-		struct object_id actual_old_oid;
-
-		fd = hold_lock_file_for_update_timeout(
-				&lock, filename, 0,
-				get_files_ref_lock_timeout_ms());
-		if (fd < 0) {
-			error_errno(_("could not open '%s' for writing"),
-				    filename);
-			return -1;
-		}
-		if (read_ref(pseudoref, &actual_old_oid))
-			die(_("could not read ref '%s'"), pseudoref);
-		if (!oideq(&actual_old_oid, old_oid)) {
-			error(_("unexpected object ID when deleting '%s'"),
-			      pseudoref);
-			rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-			return -1;
-		}
-
-		unlink(filename);
-		rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-	} else {
-		unlink(filename);
-	}
-
-	return 0;
-}
-
 int refs_delete_ref(struct ref_store *refs, const char *msg,
 		    const char *refname,
 		    const struct object_id *old_oid,
@@ -875,11 +779,6 @@ int refs_delete_ref(struct ref_store *refs, const char *msg,
 	struct ref_transaction *transaction;
 	struct strbuf err = STRBUF_INIT;
 
-	if (ref_type(refname) == REF_TYPE_PSEUDOREF) {
-		assert(refs == get_main_ref_store(the_repository));
-		return delete_pseudoref(refname, old_oid);
-	}
-
 	transaction = ref_store_transaction_begin(refs, &err);
 	if (!transaction ||
 	    ref_transaction_delete(transaction, refname, old_oid,
@@ -1202,18 +1101,13 @@ int refs_update_ref(struct ref_store *refs, const char *msg,
 	struct strbuf err = STRBUF_INIT;
 	int ret = 0;
 
-	if (ref_type(refname) == REF_TYPE_PSEUDOREF) {
-		assert(refs == get_main_ref_store(the_repository));
-		ret = write_pseudoref(refname, new_oid, old_oid, &err);
-	} else {
-		t = ref_store_transaction_begin(refs, &err);
-		if (!t ||
-		    ref_transaction_update(t, refname, new_oid, old_oid,
-					   flags, msg, &err) ||
-		    ref_transaction_commit(t, &err)) {
-			ret = 1;
-			ref_transaction_free(t);
-		}
+	t = ref_store_transaction_begin(refs, &err);
+	if (!t ||
+	    ref_transaction_update(t, refname, new_oid, old_oid, flags, msg,
+				   &err) ||
+	    ref_transaction_commit(t, &err)) {
+		ret = 1;
+		ref_transaction_free(t);
 	}
 	if (ret) {
 		const char *str = _("update_ref failed for ref '%s': %s");
diff --git a/t/t1400-update-ref.sh b/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
index 7414b898f8..65d349fb33 100755
--- a/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
+++ b/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
@@ -160,10 +160,10 @@ test_expect_success 'core.logAllRefUpdates=always creates reflog by default' '
 	git reflog exists $outside
 '
 
-test_expect_success 'core.logAllRefUpdates=always creates no reflog for ORIG_HEAD' '
+test_expect_success 'core.logAllRefUpdates=always creates reflog for ORIG_HEAD' '
 	test_config core.logAllRefUpdates always &&
 	git update-ref ORIG_HEAD $A &&
-	test_must_fail git reflog exists ORIG_HEAD
+	git reflog exists ORIG_HEAD
 '
 
 test_expect_success '--no-create-reflog overrides core.logAllRefUpdates=always' '
@@ -476,7 +476,7 @@ test_expect_success 'git cat-file blob master@{2005-05-26 23:42}:F (expect OTHER
 test_expect_success 'given old value for missing pseudoref, do not create' '
 	test_must_fail git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A $B 2>err &&
 	test_must_fail git rev-parse PSEUDOREF &&
-	test_i18ngrep "could not read ref" err
+	test_i18ngrep "unable to resolve reference" err
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'create pseudoref' '
@@ -497,7 +497,7 @@ test_expect_success 'overwrite pseudoref with correct old value' '
 test_expect_success 'do not overwrite pseudoref with wrong old value' '
 	test_must_fail git update-ref PSEUDOREF $D $E 2>err &&
 	test $C = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF) &&
-	test_i18ngrep "unexpected object ID" err
+	test_i18ngrep "cannot lock ref.*expected" err
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'delete pseudoref' '
@@ -509,7 +509,7 @@ test_expect_success 'do not delete pseudoref with wrong old value' '
 	git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A &&
 	test_must_fail git update-ref -d PSEUDOREF $B 2>err &&
 	test $A = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF) &&
-	test_i18ngrep "unexpected object ID" err
+	test_i18ngrep "cannot lock ref.*expected" err
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'delete pseudoref with correct old value' '
diff --git a/t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh b/t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh
index 331899ddc4..a8d695cd4f 100755
--- a/t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh
+++ b/t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh
@@ -31,9 +31,12 @@ test_expect_success 'create_symref(FOO, refs/heads/master)' '
 test_expect_success 'delete_refs(FOO, refs/tags/new-tag)' '
 	git rev-parse FOO -- &&
 	git rev-parse refs/tags/new-tag -- &&
+	m=$(git rev-parse master) &&
 	$RUN delete-refs 0 nothing FOO refs/tags/new-tag &&
 	test_must_fail git rev-parse FOO -- &&
-	test_must_fail git rev-parse refs/tags/new-tag --
+	test_must_fail git rev-parse refs/tags/new-tag --&&
+	test_must_fail git rev-parse master -- &&
+	git update-ref refs/heads/master $m
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'rename_refs(master, new-master)' '
-- 
gitgitgadget


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3 3/3] Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE.
  2020-07-16 18:45   ` [PATCH v3 " Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-16 18:45     ` [PATCH v3 1/3] t1400: use git rev-parse for testing PSEUDOREF existence Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-16 18:45     ` [PATCH v3 2/3] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
@ 2020-07-16 18:45     ` Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-16 22:09     ` [PATCH v3 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates Junio C Hamano
  2020-07-27 16:25     ` [PATCH v4 " Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  4 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget @ 2020-07-16 18:45 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys, Han-Wen Nienhuys

From: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>

This is consistent with the definition of REF_TYPE_PSEUDOREF
(uppercase in the root ref namespace).

Signed-off-by: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>
---
 refs.c | 7 +++----
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs.c b/refs.c
index d676acb1f4..5cd71f711f 100644
--- a/refs.c
+++ b/refs.c
@@ -708,10 +708,9 @@ int dwim_log(const char *str, int len, struct object_id *oid, char **log)
 
 static int is_per_worktree_ref(const char *refname)
 {
-	return !strcmp(refname, "HEAD") ||
-		starts_with(refname, "refs/worktree/") ||
-		starts_with(refname, "refs/bisect/") ||
-		starts_with(refname, "refs/rewritten/");
+	return starts_with(refname, "refs/worktree/") ||
+	       starts_with(refname, "refs/bisect/") ||
+	       starts_with(refname, "refs/rewritten/");
 }
 
 static int is_pseudoref_syntax(const char *refname)
-- 
gitgitgadget

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates
  2020-07-16 18:45   ` [PATCH v3 " Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
                       ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-07-16 18:45     ` [PATCH v3 3/3] Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
@ 2020-07-16 22:09     ` Junio C Hamano
  2020-07-27  8:50       ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
  2020-07-27 16:25     ` [PATCH v4 " Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  4 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2020-07-16 22:09 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget; +Cc: git, Han-Wen Nienhuys

"Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget" <gitgitgadget@gmail.com> writes:

> This gets rid of the special casing code for pseudorefs in refs.c
>
> This is in preparation for reftable.
>
> v3
>
>  * tweak git-update-ref.txt description for logAllRefUpdates
>
> Han-Wen Nienhuys (3):
>   t1400: use git rev-parse for testing PSEUDOREF existence
>   Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage
>   Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE.

I reviewed some codepaths that deal with FETCH_HEAD recently.  

As the file is quite different from all the other pseudo references
in that it needs to store more than one object name and in that each
ref in it needs more than just the object name, I doubt that it
makes much sense to enhance the refs API so that its requirements
can be covered.

It would probably make sense for FETCH_HEAD to stay "a text file
directly underneath $GIT_DIR", but get_oid() needs to be able to
read it and return the first object name recorded in the file.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 2/3] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage
  2020-07-16 18:45     ` [PATCH v3 2/3] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
@ 2020-07-17  8:52       ` Johannes Schindelin
  2020-07-27 15:41         ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Johannes Schindelin @ 2020-07-17  8:52 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget; +Cc: git, Han-Wen Nienhuys, Han-Wen Nienhuys

Hi Han-Wen,

On Thu, 16 Jul 2020, Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget wrote:

> From: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>
>
> The previous behavior was introduced in commit 74ec19d4be
> ("pseudorefs: create and use pseudoref update and delete functions",
> Jul 31, 2015), with the justification "alternate ref backends still
> need to store pseudorefs in GIT_DIR".
>
> Refs such as REBASE_HEAD are read through the ref backend. This can
> only work consistently if they are written through the ref backend as
> well. Tooling that works directly on files under .git should be
> updated to use git commands to read refs instead.
>
> The following behaviors change:
>
> * Updates to pseudorefs (eg. ORIG_HEAD) with
>   core.logAllRefUpdates=always will create reflogs for the pseudoref.
>
> * non-HEAD pseudoref symrefs are also dereferenced on deletion. Update
>   t1405 accordingly.

Unfortunately, there is still a breakage in t1405, although it only really
shows up on Windows and macOS because of case-insensitive filesystems.
https://github.com/gitgitgadget/git/runs/879772942?check_suite_focus=true
shows the concrete problem: t1405.17 'delete_ref(refs/heads/foo)' will
fail thusly:

	++ test-tool ref-store main delete-ref msg refs/heads/foo c90e4dc5e12224a428dedfbd45ba11e5531706a2 0
	error: cannot lock ref 'refs/heads/foo': is at 1e995a94b5a60488b6ebaf78ec779d85a55ea700 but expected c90e4dc5e12224a428dedfbd45ba11e5531706a2
	error: last command exited with $?=1

The reason is that there exists a `refs/heads/foo` _and_ the symref `FOO`
(which points to `refs/heads/master`, which is at 1e995a).

An earlier symptom of this bug is visible on Linux, too, though: when
you run t1405.4 'delete_refs(FOO, refs/tags/new-tag)', it shows this:

	+ git rev-parse FOO --
	warning: ignoring dangling symref FOO
	fatal: bad revision 'FOO'

(Seeing this warning suggests to me that this should probably be caught
_by the regression test_, i.e. stderr should be redirected, and it should
be verified via `test_i18ngrep` that that warning is not shown.)

The reason for this warning is that the symref `.git/FOO` is no longer
removed as part of t1405.4 'delete_refs(FOO, refs/tags/new-tag)'. I've
used this patch to bisect the breakage down to this here patch:

-- snip --
diff --git a/t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh b/t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh
index a8d695cd4f1..779906d607f 100755
--- a/t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh
+++ b/t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh
@@ -34,6 +34,7 @@ test_expect_success 'delete_refs(FOO, refs/tags/new-tag)' '
 	m=$(git rev-parse master) &&
 	$RUN delete-refs 0 nothing FOO refs/tags/new-tag &&
 	test_must_fail git rev-parse FOO -- &&
+	test_path_is_missing .git/FOO &&
 	test_must_fail git rev-parse refs/tags/new-tag --&&
 	test_must_fail git rev-parse master -- &&
 	git update-ref refs/heads/master $m
-- snap --

Hopefully you can figure out what is going wrong.

Ciao,
Dscho

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates
  2020-07-16 22:09     ` [PATCH v3 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates Junio C Hamano
@ 2020-07-27  8:50       ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
  2020-07-27 16:20         ` Junio C Hamano
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys @ 2020-07-27  8:50 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget, git, Han-Wen Nienhuys

On Fri, Jul 17, 2020 at 12:10 AM Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> wrote:
> I reviewed some codepaths that deal with FETCH_HEAD recently.
>
> As the file is quite different from all the other pseudo references
> in that it needs to store more than one object name and in that each
> ref in it needs more than just the object name, I doubt that it
> makes much sense to enhance the refs API so that its requirements
> can be covered.



I agree. Do we ever pretend that FETCH_HEAD is a ref today?

-- 
Han-Wen Nienhuys - Google Munich
I work 80%. Don't expect answers from me on Fridays.
--

Google Germany GmbH, Erika-Mann-Strasse 33, 80636 Munich

Registergericht und -nummer: Hamburg, HRB 86891

Sitz der Gesellschaft: Hamburg

Geschäftsführer: Paul Manicle, Halimah DeLaine Prado

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 2/3] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage
  2020-07-17  8:52       ` Johannes Schindelin
@ 2020-07-27 15:41         ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys @ 2020-07-27 15:41 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Johannes Schindelin
  Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget, git, Han-Wen Nienhuys

On Fri, Jul 17, 2020 at 12:18 PM Johannes Schindelin
<Johannes.Schindelin@gmx.de> wrote:
> The reason is that there exists a `refs/heads/foo` _and_ the symref `FOO`
> (which points to `refs/heads/master`, which is at 1e995a).
>
> An earlier symptom of this bug is visible on Linux, too, though: when
> you run t1405.4 'delete_refs(FOO, refs/tags/new-tag)', it shows this:
>
>         + git rev-parse FOO --
>         warning: ignoring dangling symref FOO
>         fatal: bad revision 'FOO'

Thanks, this was very helpful for debugging.

The reason is that we do split_symref_update(), where a transaction
that modifies SYMREF (pointing to REFERENT) without REF_NO_DEREF is
changed to a transaction that modifies REFERENT and a reflog-only
update for SYMREF. In this case, that leaves the FOO symref in place.

This seems very specific to the test (is there any use of symrefs
beyond HEAD?) , and I fixed it by passing REF_NO_DEREF to the
delete-refs call.

It would also be nice if this behavior was lifted out of the files
backend and into the generic layer, but it's not yet clear to me if
this is possible.

-- 
Han-Wen Nienhuys - Google Munich
I work 80%. Don't expect answers from me on Fridays.
--
Google Germany GmbH, Erika-Mann-Strasse 33, 80636 Munich
Registergericht und -nummer: Hamburg, HRB 86891
Sitz der Gesellschaft: Hamburg
Geschäftsführer: Paul Manicle, Halimah DeLaine Prado

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates
  2020-07-27  8:50       ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
@ 2020-07-27 16:20         ` Junio C Hamano
  2020-08-03 19:07           ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2020-07-27 16:20 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Han-Wen Nienhuys; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget, git, Han-Wen Nienhuys

Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com> writes:

> On Fri, Jul 17, 2020 at 12:10 AM Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> wrote:
>> I reviewed some codepaths that deal with FETCH_HEAD recently.
>>
>> As the file is quite different from all the other pseudo references
>> in that it needs to store more than one object name and in that each
>> ref in it needs more than just the object name, I doubt that it
>> makes much sense to enhance the refs API so that its requirements
>> can be covered.
>
> I agree. Do we ever pretend that FETCH_HEAD is a ref today?

"git rev-parse FETCH_HEAD", "git show FETCH_HEAD" etc. all should keep
working, so in that sense, it is treated as a ref.  It does not
protect the history leading to the objects listed in it from being
collected, though.

"git merge FETCH_HEAD" is an interesting case---I haven't thought it
through.

Jung fubhyq unccra nsgre "tvg chyy bevtva sbb one" nggrzcgf gb teno
gjb oenapurf naq znxr na bpgbchf zretr vagb gur oenapu pheeragyl
purpxrq bhg, naq gura "tvg erfrg --uneq && tvg zretr SRGPU_URNQ" vf
tvira?

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v4 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates
  2020-07-16 18:45   ` [PATCH v3 " Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
                       ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2020-07-16 22:09     ` [PATCH v3 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates Junio C Hamano
@ 2020-07-27 16:25     ` Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-27 16:25       ` [PATCH v4 1/3] t1400: use git rev-parse for testing PSEUDOREF existence Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
                         ` (2 more replies)
  4 siblings, 3 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget @ 2020-07-27 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys

This gets rid of the special casing code for pseudorefs in refs.c

This is in preparation for reftable.

v4

 * Address problems on case-insensitive file systems reported by Dscho.

Han-Wen Nienhuys (3):
  t1400: use git rev-parse for testing PSEUDOREF existence
  Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage
  Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE.

 Documentation/git-update-ref.txt |  13 ++--
 refs.c                           | 127 +++----------------------------
 t/t1400-update-ref.sh            |  30 ++++----
 t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh        |   5 +-
 4 files changed, 36 insertions(+), 139 deletions(-)


base-commit: 5c06d60fc55d2213c089f63c282468080f812686
Published-As: https://github.com/gitgitgadget/git/releases/tag/pr-673%2Fhanwen%2Fpseudoref-v4
Fetch-It-Via: git fetch https://github.com/gitgitgadget/git pr-673/hanwen/pseudoref-v4
Pull-Request: https://github.com/gitgitgadget/git/pull/673

Range-diff vs v3:

 1:  28bd3534d0 = 1:  b5274d9053 t1400: use git rev-parse for testing PSEUDOREF existence
 2:  79cd5dd480 ! 2:  ba5f1b4d26 Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage
     @@ t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh: test_expect_success 'create_symref(FOO, refs/heads/ma
       test_expect_success 'delete_refs(FOO, refs/tags/new-tag)' '
       	git rev-parse FOO -- &&
       	git rev-parse refs/tags/new-tag -- &&
     +-	$RUN delete-refs 0 nothing FOO refs/tags/new-tag &&
      +	m=$(git rev-parse master) &&
     - 	$RUN delete-refs 0 nothing FOO refs/tags/new-tag &&
     ++	REF_NO_DEREF=1 &&
     ++	$RUN delete-refs $REF_NO_DEREF nothing FOO refs/tags/new-tag &&
     ++	test_must_fail git rev-parse --symbolic-full-name FOO &&
       	test_must_fail git rev-parse FOO -- &&
     --	test_must_fail git rev-parse refs/tags/new-tag --
     -+	test_must_fail git rev-parse refs/tags/new-tag --&&
     -+	test_must_fail git rev-parse master -- &&
     -+	git update-ref refs/heads/master $m
     + 	test_must_fail git rev-parse refs/tags/new-tag --
       '
     - 
     - test_expect_success 'rename_refs(master, new-master)' '
 3:  3ab9f2f04e = 3:  358d34df07 Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE.

-- 
gitgitgadget

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v4 1/3] t1400: use git rev-parse for testing PSEUDOREF existence
  2020-07-27 16:25     ` [PATCH v4 " Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
@ 2020-07-27 16:25       ` Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-27 16:25       ` [PATCH v4 2/3] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-27 16:25       ` [PATCH v4 3/3] Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget @ 2020-07-27 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys, Han-Wen Nienhuys

From: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>

This will allow these tests to run with alternative ref backends

Signed-off-by: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>
---
 t/t1400-update-ref.sh | 20 ++++++++++----------
 1 file changed, 10 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

diff --git a/t/t1400-update-ref.sh b/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
index 27171f8261..7414b898f8 100755
--- a/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
+++ b/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
@@ -475,57 +475,57 @@ test_expect_success 'git cat-file blob master@{2005-05-26 23:42}:F (expect OTHER
 
 test_expect_success 'given old value for missing pseudoref, do not create' '
 	test_must_fail git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A $B 2>err &&
-	test_path_is_missing .git/PSEUDOREF &&
+	test_must_fail git rev-parse PSEUDOREF &&
 	test_i18ngrep "could not read ref" err
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'create pseudoref' '
 	git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A &&
-	test $A = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF)
+	test $A = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF)
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'overwrite pseudoref with no old value given' '
 	git update-ref PSEUDOREF $B &&
-	test $B = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF)
+	test $B = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF)
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'overwrite pseudoref with correct old value' '
 	git update-ref PSEUDOREF $C $B &&
-	test $C = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF)
+	test $C = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF)
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'do not overwrite pseudoref with wrong old value' '
 	test_must_fail git update-ref PSEUDOREF $D $E 2>err &&
-	test $C = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF) &&
+	test $C = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF) &&
 	test_i18ngrep "unexpected object ID" err
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'delete pseudoref' '
 	git update-ref -d PSEUDOREF &&
-	test_path_is_missing .git/PSEUDOREF
+	test_must_fail git rev-parse PSEUDOREF
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'do not delete pseudoref with wrong old value' '
 	git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A &&
 	test_must_fail git update-ref -d PSEUDOREF $B 2>err &&
-	test $A = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF) &&
+	test $A = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF) &&
 	test_i18ngrep "unexpected object ID" err
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'delete pseudoref with correct old value' '
 	git update-ref -d PSEUDOREF $A &&
-	test_path_is_missing .git/PSEUDOREF
+	test_must_fail git rev-parse PSEUDOREF
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'create pseudoref with old OID zero' '
 	git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A $Z &&
-	test $A = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF)
+	test $A = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF)
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'do not overwrite pseudoref with old OID zero' '
 	test_when_finished git update-ref -d PSEUDOREF &&
 	test_must_fail git update-ref PSEUDOREF $B $Z 2>err &&
-	test $A = $(cat .git/PSEUDOREF) &&
+	test $A = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF) &&
 	test_i18ngrep "already exists" err
 '
 
-- 
gitgitgadget


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v4 2/3] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage
  2020-07-27 16:25     ` [PATCH v4 " Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-27 16:25       ` [PATCH v4 1/3] t1400: use git rev-parse for testing PSEUDOREF existence Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
@ 2020-07-27 16:25       ` Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-27 16:25       ` [PATCH v4 3/3] Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget @ 2020-07-27 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys, Han-Wen Nienhuys

From: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>

The previous behavior was introduced in commit 74ec19d4be
("pseudorefs: create and use pseudoref update and delete functions",
Jul 31, 2015), with the justification "alternate ref backends still
need to store pseudorefs in GIT_DIR".

Refs such as REBASE_HEAD are read through the ref backend. This can
only work consistently if they are written through the ref backend as
well. Tooling that works directly on files under .git should be
updated to use git commands to read refs instead.

The following behaviors change:

* Updates to pseudorefs (eg. ORIG_HEAD) with
  core.logAllRefUpdates=always will create reflogs for the pseudoref.

* non-HEAD pseudoref symrefs are also dereferenced on deletion. Update
  t1405 accordingly.

Signed-off-by: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>
---
 Documentation/git-update-ref.txt |  13 ++--
 refs.c                           | 120 ++-----------------------------
 t/t1400-update-ref.sh            |  10 +--
 t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh        |   5 +-
 4 files changed, 23 insertions(+), 125 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/git-update-ref.txt b/Documentation/git-update-ref.txt
index 3e737c2360..d401234b03 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-update-ref.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-update-ref.txt
@@ -148,12 +148,13 @@ still see a subset of the modifications.
 
 LOGGING UPDATES
 ---------------
-If config parameter "core.logAllRefUpdates" is true and the ref is one under
-"refs/heads/", "refs/remotes/", "refs/notes/", or the symbolic ref HEAD; or
-the file "$GIT_DIR/logs/<ref>" exists then `git update-ref` will append
-a line to the log file "$GIT_DIR/logs/<ref>" (dereferencing all
-symbolic refs before creating the log name) describing the change
-in ref value.  Log lines are formatted as:
+If config parameter "core.logAllRefUpdates" is true and the ref is one
+under "refs/heads/", "refs/remotes/", "refs/notes/", or a pseudoref
+like HEAD or ORIG_HEAD; or the file "$GIT_DIR/logs/<ref>" exists then
+`git update-ref` will append a line to the log file
+"$GIT_DIR/logs/<ref>" (dereferencing all symbolic refs before creating
+the log name) describing the change in ref value.  Log lines are
+formatted as:
 
     oldsha1 SP newsha1 SP committer LF
 
diff --git a/refs.c b/refs.c
index 639cba93b4..d676acb1f4 100644
--- a/refs.c
+++ b/refs.c
@@ -771,102 +771,6 @@ long get_files_ref_lock_timeout_ms(void)
 	return timeout_ms;
 }
 
-static int write_pseudoref(const char *pseudoref, const struct object_id *oid,
-			   const struct object_id *old_oid, struct strbuf *err)
-{
-	const char *filename;
-	int fd;
-	struct lock_file lock = LOCK_INIT;
-	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
-	int ret = -1;
-
-	if (!oid)
-		return 0;
-
-	strbuf_addf(&buf, "%s\n", oid_to_hex(oid));
-
-	filename = git_path("%s", pseudoref);
-	fd = hold_lock_file_for_update_timeout(&lock, filename, 0,
-					       get_files_ref_lock_timeout_ms());
-	if (fd < 0) {
-		strbuf_addf(err, _("could not open '%s' for writing: %s"),
-			    filename, strerror(errno));
-		goto done;
-	}
-
-	if (old_oid) {
-		struct object_id actual_old_oid;
-
-		if (read_ref(pseudoref, &actual_old_oid)) {
-			if (!is_null_oid(old_oid)) {
-				strbuf_addf(err, _("could not read ref '%s'"),
-					    pseudoref);
-				rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-				goto done;
-			}
-		} else if (is_null_oid(old_oid)) {
-			strbuf_addf(err, _("ref '%s' already exists"),
-				    pseudoref);
-			rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-			goto done;
-		} else if (!oideq(&actual_old_oid, old_oid)) {
-			strbuf_addf(err, _("unexpected object ID when writing '%s'"),
-				    pseudoref);
-			rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-			goto done;
-		}
-	}
-
-	if (write_in_full(fd, buf.buf, buf.len) < 0) {
-		strbuf_addf(err, _("could not write to '%s'"), filename);
-		rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-		goto done;
-	}
-
-	commit_lock_file(&lock);
-	ret = 0;
-done:
-	strbuf_release(&buf);
-	return ret;
-}
-
-static int delete_pseudoref(const char *pseudoref, const struct object_id *old_oid)
-{
-	const char *filename;
-
-	filename = git_path("%s", pseudoref);
-
-	if (old_oid && !is_null_oid(old_oid)) {
-		struct lock_file lock = LOCK_INIT;
-		int fd;
-		struct object_id actual_old_oid;
-
-		fd = hold_lock_file_for_update_timeout(
-				&lock, filename, 0,
-				get_files_ref_lock_timeout_ms());
-		if (fd < 0) {
-			error_errno(_("could not open '%s' for writing"),
-				    filename);
-			return -1;
-		}
-		if (read_ref(pseudoref, &actual_old_oid))
-			die(_("could not read ref '%s'"), pseudoref);
-		if (!oideq(&actual_old_oid, old_oid)) {
-			error(_("unexpected object ID when deleting '%s'"),
-			      pseudoref);
-			rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-			return -1;
-		}
-
-		unlink(filename);
-		rollback_lock_file(&lock);
-	} else {
-		unlink(filename);
-	}
-
-	return 0;
-}
-
 int refs_delete_ref(struct ref_store *refs, const char *msg,
 		    const char *refname,
 		    const struct object_id *old_oid,
@@ -875,11 +779,6 @@ int refs_delete_ref(struct ref_store *refs, const char *msg,
 	struct ref_transaction *transaction;
 	struct strbuf err = STRBUF_INIT;
 
-	if (ref_type(refname) == REF_TYPE_PSEUDOREF) {
-		assert(refs == get_main_ref_store(the_repository));
-		return delete_pseudoref(refname, old_oid);
-	}
-
 	transaction = ref_store_transaction_begin(refs, &err);
 	if (!transaction ||
 	    ref_transaction_delete(transaction, refname, old_oid,
@@ -1202,18 +1101,13 @@ int refs_update_ref(struct ref_store *refs, const char *msg,
 	struct strbuf err = STRBUF_INIT;
 	int ret = 0;
 
-	if (ref_type(refname) == REF_TYPE_PSEUDOREF) {
-		assert(refs == get_main_ref_store(the_repository));
-		ret = write_pseudoref(refname, new_oid, old_oid, &err);
-	} else {
-		t = ref_store_transaction_begin(refs, &err);
-		if (!t ||
-		    ref_transaction_update(t, refname, new_oid, old_oid,
-					   flags, msg, &err) ||
-		    ref_transaction_commit(t, &err)) {
-			ret = 1;
-			ref_transaction_free(t);
-		}
+	t = ref_store_transaction_begin(refs, &err);
+	if (!t ||
+	    ref_transaction_update(t, refname, new_oid, old_oid, flags, msg,
+				   &err) ||
+	    ref_transaction_commit(t, &err)) {
+		ret = 1;
+		ref_transaction_free(t);
 	}
 	if (ret) {
 		const char *str = _("update_ref failed for ref '%s': %s");
diff --git a/t/t1400-update-ref.sh b/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
index 7414b898f8..65d349fb33 100755
--- a/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
+++ b/t/t1400-update-ref.sh
@@ -160,10 +160,10 @@ test_expect_success 'core.logAllRefUpdates=always creates reflog by default' '
 	git reflog exists $outside
 '
 
-test_expect_success 'core.logAllRefUpdates=always creates no reflog for ORIG_HEAD' '
+test_expect_success 'core.logAllRefUpdates=always creates reflog for ORIG_HEAD' '
 	test_config core.logAllRefUpdates always &&
 	git update-ref ORIG_HEAD $A &&
-	test_must_fail git reflog exists ORIG_HEAD
+	git reflog exists ORIG_HEAD
 '
 
 test_expect_success '--no-create-reflog overrides core.logAllRefUpdates=always' '
@@ -476,7 +476,7 @@ test_expect_success 'git cat-file blob master@{2005-05-26 23:42}:F (expect OTHER
 test_expect_success 'given old value for missing pseudoref, do not create' '
 	test_must_fail git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A $B 2>err &&
 	test_must_fail git rev-parse PSEUDOREF &&
-	test_i18ngrep "could not read ref" err
+	test_i18ngrep "unable to resolve reference" err
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'create pseudoref' '
@@ -497,7 +497,7 @@ test_expect_success 'overwrite pseudoref with correct old value' '
 test_expect_success 'do not overwrite pseudoref with wrong old value' '
 	test_must_fail git update-ref PSEUDOREF $D $E 2>err &&
 	test $C = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF) &&
-	test_i18ngrep "unexpected object ID" err
+	test_i18ngrep "cannot lock ref.*expected" err
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'delete pseudoref' '
@@ -509,7 +509,7 @@ test_expect_success 'do not delete pseudoref with wrong old value' '
 	git update-ref PSEUDOREF $A &&
 	test_must_fail git update-ref -d PSEUDOREF $B 2>err &&
 	test $A = $(git rev-parse PSEUDOREF) &&
-	test_i18ngrep "unexpected object ID" err
+	test_i18ngrep "cannot lock ref.*expected" err
 '
 
 test_expect_success 'delete pseudoref with correct old value' '
diff --git a/t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh b/t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh
index 331899ddc4..74af927fba 100755
--- a/t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh
+++ b/t/t1405-main-ref-store.sh
@@ -31,7 +31,10 @@ test_expect_success 'create_symref(FOO, refs/heads/master)' '
 test_expect_success 'delete_refs(FOO, refs/tags/new-tag)' '
 	git rev-parse FOO -- &&
 	git rev-parse refs/tags/new-tag -- &&
-	$RUN delete-refs 0 nothing FOO refs/tags/new-tag &&
+	m=$(git rev-parse master) &&
+	REF_NO_DEREF=1 &&
+	$RUN delete-refs $REF_NO_DEREF nothing FOO refs/tags/new-tag &&
+	test_must_fail git rev-parse --symbolic-full-name FOO &&
 	test_must_fail git rev-parse FOO -- &&
 	test_must_fail git rev-parse refs/tags/new-tag --
 '
-- 
gitgitgadget


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v4 3/3] Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE.
  2020-07-27 16:25     ` [PATCH v4 " Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-27 16:25       ` [PATCH v4 1/3] t1400: use git rev-parse for testing PSEUDOREF existence Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2020-07-27 16:25       ` [PATCH v4 2/3] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
@ 2020-07-27 16:25       ` Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
  2 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget @ 2020-07-27 16:25 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys, Han-Wen Nienhuys

From: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>

This is consistent with the definition of REF_TYPE_PSEUDOREF
(uppercase in the root ref namespace).

Signed-off-by: Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com>
---
 refs.c | 7 +++----
 1 file changed, 3 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/refs.c b/refs.c
index d676acb1f4..5cd71f711f 100644
--- a/refs.c
+++ b/refs.c
@@ -708,10 +708,9 @@ int dwim_log(const char *str, int len, struct object_id *oid, char **log)
 
 static int is_per_worktree_ref(const char *refname)
 {
-	return !strcmp(refname, "HEAD") ||
-		starts_with(refname, "refs/worktree/") ||
-		starts_with(refname, "refs/bisect/") ||
-		starts_with(refname, "refs/rewritten/");
+	return starts_with(refname, "refs/worktree/") ||
+	       starts_with(refname, "refs/bisect/") ||
+	       starts_with(refname, "refs/rewritten/");
 }
 
 static int is_pseudoref_syntax(const char *refname)
-- 
gitgitgadget

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates
  2020-07-27 16:20         ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2020-08-03 19:07           ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
  2020-08-03 20:07             ` Junio C Hamano
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys @ 2020-08-03 19:07 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget, git, Han-Wen Nienhuys

On Mon, Jul 27, 2020 at 6:20 PM Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> wrote:
> > On Fri, Jul 17, 2020 at 12:10 AM Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> wrote:
> >> I reviewed some codepaths that deal with FETCH_HEAD recently.
> >>
> >> As the file is quite different from all the other pseudo references
> >> in that it needs to store more than one object name and in that each
> >> ref in it needs more than just the object name, I doubt that it
> >> makes much sense to enhance the refs API so that its requirements
> >> can be covered.
> >
> > I agree. Do we ever pretend that FETCH_HEAD is a ref today?
>
> "git rev-parse FETCH_HEAD", "git show FETCH_HEAD" etc. all should keep
> working, so in that sense, it is treated as a ref.

I added this to the last version of the full reftable patch series
that I posted,  as patches
"Split off reading loose ref data in separate function" and "Read
FETCH_HEAD as loose ref".

Which other refs that aren't really refs should also be supported? The
JGit source code suggests that MERGE_HEAD should also be special
cased?

It's not pretty, though. The entry point is read_raw_ref(), which gets
a ref_store as argument. ref_store doesn't have generic API to get at
the repository directory, so the implementation of reading the
FETCH_HEAD file has to be pushed down to the ref backend (which does
know the directory).

> It does not
> protect the history leading to the objects listed in it from being
> collected, though.

Is there documented agreement of how pseudo refs and GC should interact?

> "git merge FETCH_HEAD" is an interesting case---I haven't thought it
> through.
>
> What should happen after "git pull origin foo bar" attempts to grab
> two branches and make an octopus merge into the branch currently
> checked out, and then "git reset --hard && git merge FETCH_HEAD" is
> given?

I don't understand this question.

-- 
Han-Wen Nienhuys - Google Munich
I work 80%. Don't expect answers from me on Fridays.
--
Google Germany GmbH, Erika-Mann-Strasse 33, 80636 Munich
Registergericht und -nummer: Hamburg, HRB 86891
Sitz der Gesellschaft: Hamburg
Geschäftsführer: Paul Manicle, Halimah DeLaine Prado

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates
  2020-08-03 19:07           ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
@ 2020-08-03 20:07             ` Junio C Hamano
  2020-08-05  1:45               ` Junio C Hamano
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2020-08-03 20:07 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Han-Wen Nienhuys; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget, git, Han-Wen Nienhuys

Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com> writes:

>> >> As the file is quite different from all the other pseudo references
>> >> in that it needs to store more than one object name and in that each
>> >> ref in it needs more than just the object name, I doubt that it
>> >> makes much sense to enhance the refs API so that its requirements
>> >> can be covered.
>> >
>> > I agree. Do we ever pretend that FETCH_HEAD is a ref today?
>>
>> "git rev-parse FETCH_HEAD", "git show FETCH_HEAD" etc. all should keep
>> working, so in that sense, it is treated as a ref.
>
> I added this to the last version of the full reftable patch series
> that I posted, as patches
> "Split off reading loose ref data in separate function" and "Read
> FETCH_HEAD as loose ref".
>
> Which other refs that aren't really refs should also be supported? The
> JGit source code suggests that MERGE_HEAD should also be special
> cased?

I'd think all .git/${SOMETHING}_HEAD are of transitory nature that
can be left as simple on-disk files that are read (and preferrably
written---except for FETCH_HEAD for obvious reasons) as if they are
loose refs handled by files backend.  It probably makes sense not to
even write reflog entries for them---it is not like the MERGE_HEAD
I see now in .git/ directory is an updated version of MERGE_HEAD I
had there yesterday. "git log -g MERGE_HEAD" gives no interesting
information.

>> "git merge FETCH_HEAD" is an interesting case---I haven't thought it
>> through.
>>
>> What should happen after "git pull origin foo bar" attempts to grab
>> two branches and make an octopus merge into the branch currently
>> checked out, and then "git reset --hard && git merge FETCH_HEAD" is
>> given?
>
> I don't understand this question.

The request "git pull origin foo bar" is "grab the tip of 'foo' and
'bar' branches from remote whose name is 'origin'; merge these two
commits into the commit that I have checked out".

To fulfill the request, "git pull" runs "git fetch", and the latter
leaves two lines of interest in .git/FETCH_HEAD file.  Each line
lists the name of the object at the ref, an optional "not-for-merge"
token (which in this case does not exist, as both records are for
merging), and piece of human-readable text to describe where that
object came from to help later step that computes the default
message for the resulting merge commit.

If the octopus merge does not finish correctly (e.g. due to
conflicts), with "git reset --hard", we can recover to the original
state and re-attempt the opeation with "git merge FETCH_HEAD".  Such
a merge using FETCH_HEAD will produce an octopus merge.

Which means that at least "git merge", FETCH_HEAD is not just a
regular ref where you can ask what object it points at and it gives
you a single object name back.

But to other commands like "git log master..FETCH_HEAD", it acts as
if there is only one object recorded.  That makes it an interesting
case.  Making it act as if "git log ^master origin/foo origin/bar"
were given might be a "bugfix" to make it behave more "correctly",
but I do not know how large a fallout such a change brings in.




^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates
  2020-08-03 20:07             ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2020-08-05  1:45               ` Junio C Hamano
  2020-08-05 10:48                 ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2020-08-05  1:45 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Han-Wen Nienhuys; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget, git, Han-Wen Nienhuys

Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> writes:

>> Which other refs that aren't really refs should also be supported? The
>> JGit source code suggests that MERGE_HEAD should also be special
>> cased?
>
> I'd think all .git/${SOMETHING}_HEAD are of transitory nature that
> can be left as simple on-disk files that are read (and preferrably
> written---except for FETCH_HEAD for obvious reasons) as if they are
> loose refs handled by files backend.

Sorry for flipping and flopping.  The above goes directly against
the spirit of 09743417 (Modify pseudo refs through ref backend
storage, 2020-07-27).  I still think .git/${SOMETHING}_HEAD except
for FETCH_HEAD should be written and read via the ref subsystem, but
I was wrong to say that it should always be done via the files
backend.  There is no reason to insist on the use of files backend
here.

> It probably makes sense not to
> even write reflog entries for them---it is not like the MERGE_HEAD
> I see now in .git/ directory is an updated version of MERGE_HEAD I
> had there yesterday. "git log -g MERGE_HEAD" gives no interesting
> information.

This still is true, but that is pretty much orthogonal to which
backend is used.

> If the octopus merge does not finish correctly (e.g. due to
> conflicts), with "git reset --hard", we can recover to the original
> state and re-attempt the opeation with "git merge FETCH_HEAD".  Such
> a merge using FETCH_HEAD will produce an octopus merge.
>
> Which means that at least "git merge", FETCH_HEAD is not just a
> regular ref where you can ask what object it points at and it gives
> you a single object name back.
>
> But to other commands like "git log master..FETCH_HEAD", it acts as
> if there is only one object recorded.

All of which means FETCH_HEAD is special and we may not want to
burden the special casing of it to newer backends.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates
  2020-08-05  1:45               ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2020-08-05 10:48                 ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
  2020-08-05 15:54                   ` Junio C Hamano
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys @ 2020-08-05 10:48 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget, git, Han-Wen Nienhuys

On Wed, Aug 5, 2020 at 3:45 AM Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> wrote:
> > I'd think all .git/${SOMETHING}_HEAD are of transitory nature that
> > can be left as simple on-disk files that are read (and preferrably
> > written---except for FETCH_HEAD for obvious reasons) as if they are
> > loose refs handled by files backend.
>
> Sorry for flipping and flopping.  The above goes directly against
> the spirit of 09743417 (Modify pseudo refs through ref backend
> storage, 2020-07-27).  I still think .git/${SOMETHING}_HEAD except
> for FETCH_HEAD should be written and read via the ref subsystem, but
> I was wrong to say that it should always be done via the files
> backend.  There is no reason to insist on the use of files backend
> here.

Yes, that confused me. Thanks for setting that straight.

> > If the octopus merge does not finish correctly (e.g. due to
> > conflicts), with "git reset --hard", we can recover to the original
> > state and re-attempt the opeation with "git merge FETCH_HEAD".  Such
> > a merge using FETCH_HEAD will produce an octopus merge.
> >
> > Which means that at least "git merge", FETCH_HEAD is not just a
> > regular ref where you can ask what object it points at and it gives
> > you a single object name back.
> >
> > But to other commands like "git log master..FETCH_HEAD", it acts as
> > if there is only one object recorded.
>
> All of which means FETCH_HEAD is special and we may not want to
> burden the special casing of it to newer backends.

Can you confirm that FETCH_HEAD is the only thing that can store more
than just a symref / SHA1 ? Based on the name, and a comment in the
JGit source, I thought that MERGE_HEAD might contain more than one
SHA1 at a time.

-- 
Han-Wen Nienhuys - Google Munich
I work 80%. Don't expect answers from me on Fridays.
--

Google Germany GmbH, Erika-Mann-Strasse 33, 80636 Munich

Registergericht und -nummer: Hamburg, HRB 86891

Sitz der Gesellschaft: Hamburg

Geschäftsführer: Paul Manicle, Halimah DeLaine Prado

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates
  2020-08-05 10:48                 ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
@ 2020-08-05 15:54                   ` Junio C Hamano
  2020-08-10 14:27                     ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
  2020-08-19 13:19                     ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
  0 siblings, 2 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2020-08-05 15:54 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Han-Wen Nienhuys; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget, git, Han-Wen Nienhuys

Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com> writes:

>> All of which means FETCH_HEAD is special and we may not want to
>> burden the special casing of it to newer backends.
>
> Can you confirm that FETCH_HEAD is the only thing that can store more
> than just a symref / SHA1 ? Based on the name, and a comment in the
> JGit source, I thought that MERGE_HEAD might contain more than one
> SHA1 at a time.

No I cannot.  I do not think MERGE_HEAD is something I added with as
deep a thought as I did with FETCH_HEAD.  If it mimics FETCH_HEAD,
then perhaps it does, but I somehow doubt it.

As can be seen in builtin/merge.c::collect_parents(), we do special
case FETCH_HEAD when grabbing what commit*S* to merge, but all
others are read with get_merge_parent() that makes a single call to
get_oid(), i.e. anything other than FETCH_HEAD cannot have more than
one object recorded.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates
  2020-08-05 15:54                   ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2020-08-10 14:27                     ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
  2020-08-10 16:04                       ` Junio C Hamano
  2020-08-19 13:19                     ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys @ 2020-08-10 14:27 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget, git, Han-Wen Nienhuys

On Wed, Aug 5, 2020 at 5:54 PM Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> wrote:
> >> All of which means FETCH_HEAD is special and we may not want to
> >> burden the special casing of it to newer backends.
> >
> > Can you confirm that FETCH_HEAD is the only thing that can store more
> > than just a symref / SHA1 ? Based on the name, and a comment in the
> > JGit source, I thought that MERGE_HEAD might contain more than one
> > SHA1 at a time.
>
> No I cannot.  I do not think MERGE_HEAD is something I added with as
> deep a thought as I did with FETCH_HEAD.  If it mimics FETCH_HEAD,
> then perhaps it does, but I somehow doubt it.
>
> As can be seen in builtin/merge.c::collect_parents(), we do special
> case FETCH_HEAD when grabbing what commit*S* to merge, but all
> others are read with get_merge_parent() that makes a single call to
> get_oid(), i.e. anything other than FETCH_HEAD cannot have more than
> one object recorded.

Understood. Is there anything you'd like me to do with this patch
series so it can be merged?

Dealing with FETCH_HEAD generically isn't possible unless we extend
the API of the ref backend: the generic ref_store instance doesn't
offer a way to get at the path that corresponds to FETCH_HEAD, so we
can't handle it in refs_read_raw_ref(). In the current reftable
series, FETCH_HEAD is dealt with in the backends separately.

-- 
Han-Wen Nienhuys - Google Munich
I work 80%. Don't expect answers from me on Fridays.
--

Google Germany GmbH, Erika-Mann-Strasse 33, 80636 Munich

Registergericht und -nummer: Hamburg, HRB 86891

Sitz der Gesellschaft: Hamburg

Geschäftsführer: Paul Manicle, Halimah DeLaine Prado

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates
  2020-08-10 14:27                     ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
@ 2020-08-10 16:04                       ` Junio C Hamano
  2020-08-11 10:49                         ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2020-08-10 16:04 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Han-Wen Nienhuys; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget, git, Han-Wen Nienhuys

Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com> writes:

> Dealing with FETCH_HEAD generically isn't possible unless we extend
> the API of the ref backend: the generic ref_store instance doesn't
> offer a way to get at the path that corresponds to FETCH_HEAD, so we
> can't handle it in refs_read_raw_ref(). In the current reftable
> series, FETCH_HEAD is dealt with in the backends separately.

I am not sure what the best way would be, but I do not think any
existing code writes into it using the refs API at all, even though
it may be read only for the first object name using the refs API.

And I am not sure if we want to extend the write side API so that
the callers can express the full flexibility of that single file.

So perhaps the best way forward would be to ensure that anybody who
tries to read from FETCH_HEAD using the ref API reads the first
object name in it from $GIT_DIR/FETCH_HEAD file as we've always done
since the beginning of time, regardless of what ref backend is used,
that anybody who tries to write FETCH_HEAD using the ref API gets an
error, and letting the writers write into it directly?




^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates
  2020-08-10 16:04                       ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2020-08-11 10:49                         ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
  2020-08-11 18:38                           ` Junio C Hamano
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys @ 2020-08-11 10:49 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget, git, Han-Wen Nienhuys

On Mon, Aug 10, 2020 at 6:04 PM Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> wrote:
>
> Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com> writes:
>
> > Dealing with FETCH_HEAD generically isn't possible unless we extend
> > the API of the ref backend: the generic ref_store instance doesn't
> > offer a way to get at the path that corresponds to FETCH_HEAD, so we
> > can't handle it in refs_read_raw_ref(). In the current reftable
> > series, FETCH_HEAD is dealt with in the backends separately.
>
> I am not sure what the best way would be, but I do not think any
> existing code writes into it using the refs API at all, even though
> it may be read only for the first object name using the refs API.
>
> And I am not sure if we want to extend the write side API so that
> the callers can express the full flexibility of that single file.

That's not what I am getting at. I am just interested in how to handle
FETCH_HEAD in refs_read_raw_ref.

> So perhaps the best way forward would be to ensure that anybody who
> tries to read from FETCH_HEAD using the ref API reads the first
> object name in it from $GIT_DIR/FETCH_HEAD file as we've always done
> since the beginning of time, regardless of what ref backend is used,

Right, but how do we get at the value of $GIT_DIR given a struct
ref_store? We can either push that out to the ref store backend,
because each backend knows what $GIT_DIR is, or we can make $GIT_DIR a
property of the generic ref_store.

I suppose it's cleaner to make the latter API extension.

-- 
Han-Wen Nienhuys - Google Munich
I work 80%. Don't expect answers from me on Fridays.
--

Google Germany GmbH, Erika-Mann-Strasse 33, 80636 Munich

Registergericht und -nummer: Hamburg, HRB 86891

Sitz der Gesellschaft: Hamburg

Geschäftsführer: Paul Manicle, Halimah DeLaine Prado

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates
  2020-08-11 10:49                         ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
@ 2020-08-11 18:38                           ` Junio C Hamano
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2020-08-11 18:38 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Han-Wen Nienhuys; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget, git, Han-Wen Nienhuys

Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com> writes:

> On Mon, Aug 10, 2020 at 6:04 PM Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> wrote:
>>
>> Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com> writes:
>>
>> > Dealing with FETCH_HEAD generically isn't possible unless we extend
>> > the API of the ref backend: the generic ref_store instance doesn't
>> > offer a way to get at the path that corresponds to FETCH_HEAD, so we
>> > can't handle it in refs_read_raw_ref(). In the current reftable
>> > series, FETCH_HEAD is dealt with in the backends separately.
>>
>> I am not sure what the best way would be, but I do not think any
>> existing code writes into it using the refs API at all, even though
>> it may be read only for the first object name using the refs API.
>>
>> And I am not sure if we want to extend the write side API so that
>> the callers can express the full flexibility of that single file.
>
> That's not what I am getting at. I am just interested in how to handle
> FETCH_HEAD in refs_read_raw_ref.
>
>> So perhaps the best way forward would be to ensure that anybody who
>> tries to read from FETCH_HEAD using the ref API reads the first
>> object name in it from $GIT_DIR/FETCH_HEAD file as we've always done
>> since the beginning of time, regardless of what ref backend is used,
>
> Right, but how do we get at the value of $GIT_DIR given a struct
> ref_store? We can either push that out to the ref store backend,
> because each backend knows what $GIT_DIR is, or we can make $GIT_DIR a
> property of the generic ref_store.
>
> I suppose it's cleaner to make the latter API extension.

Yup.  Sounds like the right direction to go.

Thanks.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates
  2020-08-05 15:54                   ` Junio C Hamano
  2020-08-10 14:27                     ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
@ 2020-08-19 13:19                     ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
  2020-08-19 15:52                       ` Junio C Hamano
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 39+ messages in thread
From: Han-Wen Nienhuys @ 2020-08-19 13:19 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget, git, Han-Wen Nienhuys

On Wed, Aug 5, 2020 at 5:54 PM Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> wrote:
> >> All of which means FETCH_HEAD is special and we may not want to
> >> burden the special casing of it to newer backends.
> >
> > Can you confirm that FETCH_HEAD is the only thing that can store more
> > than just a symref / SHA1 ? Based on the name, and a comment in the
> > JGit source, I thought that MERGE_HEAD might contain more than one
> > SHA1 at a time.
>
> No I cannot.  I do not think MERGE_HEAD is something I added with as
> deep a thought as I did with FETCH_HEAD.  If it mimics FETCH_HEAD,
> then perhaps it does, but I somehow doubt it.

blame.c has an append_merge_parents() which reads multiple lines from
MERGE_HEAD, and cmd_commit does so too. It's populated from
write_merge_heads(). So the special casing should be extended to
MERGE_HEAD.

-- 
Han-Wen Nienhuys - Google Munich
I work 80%. Don't expect answers from me on Fridays.
--
Google Germany GmbH, Erika-Mann-Strasse 33, 80636 Munich
Registergericht und -nummer: Hamburg, HRB 86891
Sitz der Gesellschaft: Hamburg
Geschäftsführer: Paul Manicle, Halimah DeLaine Prado

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates
  2020-08-19 13:19                     ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
@ 2020-08-19 15:52                       ` Junio C Hamano
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 39+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2020-08-19 15:52 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Han-Wen Nienhuys; +Cc: Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget, git, Han-Wen Nienhuys

Han-Wen Nienhuys <hanwen@google.com> writes:

> blame.c has an append_merge_parents() which reads multiple lines from
> MERGE_HEAD, and cmd_commit does so too. It's populated from
> write_merge_heads(). So the special casing should be extended to
> MERGE_HEAD.

Ahh.  That makes sense.

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 39+ messages in thread

end of thread, other threads:[~2020-08-19 15:53 UTC | newest]

Thread overview: 39+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2020-07-06 17:29 [PATCH 0/2] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
2020-07-06 17:29 ` [PATCH 1/2] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
2020-07-06 20:26   ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-07 13:56     ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
2020-07-07 15:20       ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-07 17:15         ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
2020-07-07 18:14           ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-06 17:29 ` [PATCH 2/2] Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
2020-07-06 20:30   ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-07  9:24     ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
2020-07-09 21:11 ` [PATCH v2 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
2020-07-09 21:11   ` [PATCH v2 1/3] t1400: use git rev-parse for testing PSEUDOREF existence Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
2020-07-09 21:11   ` [PATCH v2 2/3] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
2020-07-09 21:11   ` [PATCH v2 3/3] Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
2020-07-10 19:25   ` [PATCH v2 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates Junio C Hamano
2020-07-16 18:45   ` [PATCH v3 " Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
2020-07-16 18:45     ` [PATCH v3 1/3] t1400: use git rev-parse for testing PSEUDOREF existence Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
2020-07-16 18:45     ` [PATCH v3 2/3] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
2020-07-17  8:52       ` Johannes Schindelin
2020-07-27 15:41         ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
2020-07-16 18:45     ` [PATCH v3 3/3] Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
2020-07-16 22:09     ` [PATCH v3 0/3] Remove special casing for PSEUDOREF updates Junio C Hamano
2020-07-27  8:50       ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
2020-07-27 16:20         ` Junio C Hamano
2020-08-03 19:07           ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
2020-08-03 20:07             ` Junio C Hamano
2020-08-05  1:45               ` Junio C Hamano
2020-08-05 10:48                 ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
2020-08-05 15:54                   ` Junio C Hamano
2020-08-10 14:27                     ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
2020-08-10 16:04                       ` Junio C Hamano
2020-08-11 10:49                         ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
2020-08-11 18:38                           ` Junio C Hamano
2020-08-19 13:19                     ` Han-Wen Nienhuys
2020-08-19 15:52                       ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-27 16:25     ` [PATCH v4 " Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
2020-07-27 16:25       ` [PATCH v4 1/3] t1400: use git rev-parse for testing PSEUDOREF existence Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
2020-07-27 16:25       ` [PATCH v4 2/3] Modify pseudo refs through ref backend storage Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget
2020-07-27 16:25       ` [PATCH v4 3/3] Make HEAD a PSEUDOREF rather than PER_WORKTREE Han-Wen Nienhuys via GitGitGadget

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