git@vger.kernel.org list mirror (unofficial, one of many)
 help / color / mirror / code / Atom feed
From: "Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason" <avarab@gmail.com>
To: git@vger.kernel.org
Cc: "Junio C Hamano" <gitster@pobox.com>,
	"Derrick Stolee" <derrickstolee@github.com>,
	"Jeff King" <peff@peff.net>, "Elijah Newren" <newren@gmail.com>,
	"Eric Sunshine" <sunshine@sunshineco.com>,
	"Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason" <avarab@gmail.com>
Subject: [PATCH v4 5/6] cocci: add and apply a rule to find "unused" strbufs
Date: Tue,  5 Jul 2022 15:46:59 +0200	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <patch-v4-5.6-d1c6833c8d5-20220705T134033Z-avarab@gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <cover-v4-0.6-00000000000-20220705T134033Z-avarab@gmail.com>

Add a coccinelle rule to remove "struct strbuf" initialization
followed by calling "strbuf_release()" function, without any uses of
the strbuf in the same function.

See the tests in contrib/coccinelle/tests/unused.{c,res} for what it's
intended to find and replace.

The inclusion of "contrib/scalar/scalar.c" is because "spatch" was
manually run on it (we don't usually run spatch on contrib).

Per the "buggy code" comment we also match a strbuf_init() before the
xmalloc(), but we're not seeking to be so strict as to make checks
that the compiler will catch for us redundant. Saying we'll match
either "init" or "xmalloc" lines makes the rule simpler.

Signed-off-by: Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason <avarab@gmail.com>
---
 builtin/fetch.c                     |  3 +-
 builtin/merge.c                     |  4 ---
 contrib/coccinelle/tests/unused.c   | 55 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 contrib/coccinelle/tests/unused.res | 30 ++++++++++++++++
 contrib/coccinelle/unused.cocci     | 32 +++++++++++++++++
 contrib/scalar/scalar.c             |  3 +-
 diff.c                              |  2 --
 7 files changed, 119 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)
 create mode 100644 contrib/coccinelle/tests/unused.c
 create mode 100644 contrib/coccinelle/tests/unused.res
 create mode 100644 contrib/coccinelle/unused.cocci

diff --git a/builtin/fetch.c b/builtin/fetch.c
index ac29c2b1ae3..8a3ae71fed0 100644
--- a/builtin/fetch.c
+++ b/builtin/fetch.c
@@ -1113,7 +1113,7 @@ static int store_updated_refs(const char *raw_url, const char *remote_name,
 			      struct fetch_head *fetch_head, struct worktree **worktrees)
 {
 	int url_len, i, rc = 0;
-	struct strbuf note = STRBUF_INIT, err = STRBUF_INIT;
+	struct strbuf note = STRBUF_INIT;
 	const char *what, *kind;
 	struct ref *rm;
 	char *url;
@@ -1281,7 +1281,6 @@ static int store_updated_refs(const char *raw_url, const char *remote_name,
 
  abort:
 	strbuf_release(&note);
-	strbuf_release(&err);
 	free(url);
 	return rc;
 }
diff --git a/builtin/merge.c b/builtin/merge.c
index d9784d4891c..23170f2d2a6 100644
--- a/builtin/merge.c
+++ b/builtin/merge.c
@@ -375,7 +375,6 @@ static void reset_hard(const struct object_id *oid, int verbose)
 static void restore_state(const struct object_id *head,
 			  const struct object_id *stash)
 {
-	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
 	const char *args[] = { "stash", "apply", NULL, NULL };
 
 	if (is_null_oid(stash))
@@ -391,7 +390,6 @@ static void restore_state(const struct object_id *head,
 	 */
 	run_command_v_opt(args, RUN_GIT_CMD);
 
-	strbuf_release(&sb);
 	refresh_cache(REFRESH_QUIET);
 }
 
@@ -502,7 +500,6 @@ static void merge_name(const char *remote, struct strbuf *msg)
 {
 	struct commit *remote_head;
 	struct object_id branch_head;
-	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
 	struct strbuf bname = STRBUF_INIT;
 	struct merge_remote_desc *desc;
 	const char *ptr;
@@ -590,7 +587,6 @@ static void merge_name(const char *remote, struct strbuf *msg)
 		oid_to_hex(&remote_head->object.oid), remote);
 cleanup:
 	free(found_ref);
-	strbuf_release(&buf);
 	strbuf_release(&bname);
 }
 
diff --git a/contrib/coccinelle/tests/unused.c b/contrib/coccinelle/tests/unused.c
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..495ae58ccf1
--- /dev/null
+++ b/contrib/coccinelle/tests/unused.c
@@ -0,0 +1,55 @@
+void test_strbuf(void)
+{
+	struct strbuf sb1 = STRBUF_INIT;
+	struct strbuf sb2 = STRBUF_INIT;
+	struct strbuf sb3 = STRBUF_INIT;
+	struct strbuf sb4 = STRBUF_INIT;
+	struct strbuf sb5;
+	struct strbuf sb6 = { 0 };
+	struct strbuf sb7 = STRBUF_INIT;
+	struct strbuf sb8 = STRBUF_INIT;
+	struct strbuf *sp1;
+	struct strbuf *sp2;
+	struct strbuf *sp3;
+	struct strbuf *sp4 = xmalloc(sizeof(struct strbuf));
+	struct strbuf *sp5 = xmalloc(sizeof(struct strbuf));
+	struct strbuf *sp6 = xmalloc(sizeof(struct strbuf));
+	struct strbuf *sp7;
+
+	strbuf_init(&sb5, 0);
+	strbuf_init(sp1, 0);
+	strbuf_init(sp2, 0);
+	strbuf_init(sp3, 0);
+	strbuf_init(sp4, 0);
+	strbuf_init(sp5, 0);
+	strbuf_init(sp6, 0);
+	strbuf_init(sp7, 0);
+	sp7 = xmalloc(sizeof(struct strbuf));
+
+	use_before(&sb3);
+	use_as_str("%s", sb7.buf);
+	use_as_str("%s", sp1->buf);
+	use_as_str("%s", sp6->buf);
+	pass_pp(&sp3);
+
+	strbuf_release(&sb1);
+	strbuf_reset(&sb2);
+	strbuf_release(&sb3);
+	strbuf_release(&sb4);
+	strbuf_release(&sb5);
+	strbuf_release(&sb6);
+	strbuf_release(&sb7);
+	strbuf_release(sp1);
+	strbuf_release(sp2);
+	strbuf_release(sp3);
+	strbuf_release(sp4);
+	strbuf_release(sp5);
+	strbuf_release(sp6);
+	strbuf_release(sp7);
+
+	use_after(&sb4);
+
+	if (when_strict())
+		return;
+	strbuf_release(&sb8);
+}
diff --git a/contrib/coccinelle/tests/unused.res b/contrib/coccinelle/tests/unused.res
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..b3b71053ed6
--- /dev/null
+++ b/contrib/coccinelle/tests/unused.res
@@ -0,0 +1,30 @@
+void test_strbuf(void)
+{
+	struct strbuf sb3 = STRBUF_INIT;
+	struct strbuf sb4 = STRBUF_INIT;
+	struct strbuf sb7 = STRBUF_INIT;
+	struct strbuf *sp1;
+	struct strbuf *sp3;
+	struct strbuf *sp6 = xmalloc(sizeof(struct strbuf));
+	strbuf_init(sp1, 0);
+	strbuf_init(sp3, 0);
+	strbuf_init(sp6, 0);
+
+	use_before(&sb3);
+	use_as_str("%s", sb7.buf);
+	use_as_str("%s", sp1->buf);
+	use_as_str("%s", sp6->buf);
+	pass_pp(&sp3);
+
+	strbuf_release(&sb3);
+	strbuf_release(&sb4);
+	strbuf_release(&sb7);
+	strbuf_release(sp1);
+	strbuf_release(sp3);
+	strbuf_release(sp6);
+
+	use_after(&sb4);
+
+	if (when_strict())
+		return;
+}
diff --git a/contrib/coccinelle/unused.cocci b/contrib/coccinelle/unused.cocci
new file mode 100644
index 00000000000..56530498d17
--- /dev/null
+++ b/contrib/coccinelle/unused.cocci
@@ -0,0 +1,32 @@
+// This rule finds sequences of "unused" declerations and uses of a
+// variable, where "unused" is defined to include only calling the
+// equivalent of alloc, init & free functions on the variable.
+@@
+type T;
+identifier I;
+constant INIT_MACRO =~ "^STRBUF_INIT$";
+identifier MALLOC1 =~ "^x?[mc]alloc$";
+identifier INIT_CALL1 =~ "^strbuf_init$";
+identifier REL1 =~ "^strbuf_(release|reset)$";
+@@
+
+(
+- T I;
+|
+- T I = { 0 };
+|
+- T I = INIT_MACRO;
+|
+- T I = MALLOC1(...);
+)
+
+<... when != \( I \| &I \)
+(
+- \( INIT_CALL1 \)( \( I \| &I \), ...);
+|
+- I = MALLOC1(...);
+)
+...>
+
+- \( REL1 \)( \( &I \| I \) );
+  ... when != \( I \| &I \)
diff --git a/contrib/scalar/scalar.c b/contrib/scalar/scalar.c
index 28176914e57..97e71fe19cd 100644
--- a/contrib/scalar/scalar.c
+++ b/contrib/scalar/scalar.c
@@ -687,7 +687,7 @@ static int cmd_diagnose(int argc, const char **argv)
 	int stdout_fd = -1, archiver_fd = -1;
 	time_t now = time(NULL);
 	struct tm tm;
-	struct strbuf path = STRBUF_INIT, buf = STRBUF_INIT;
+	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
 	int res = 0;
 
 	argc = parse_options(argc, argv, NULL, options,
@@ -779,7 +779,6 @@ static int cmd_diagnose(int argc, const char **argv)
 	free(argv_copy);
 	strvec_clear(&archiver_args);
 	strbuf_release(&zip_path);
-	strbuf_release(&path);
 	strbuf_release(&buf);
 
 	return res;
diff --git a/diff.c b/diff.c
index e71cf758861..d4290615aaa 100644
--- a/diff.c
+++ b/diff.c
@@ -1289,7 +1289,6 @@ static void emit_diff_symbol_from_struct(struct diff_options *o,
 {
 	static const char *nneof = " No newline at end of file\n";
 	const char *context, *reset, *set, *set_sign, *meta, *fraginfo;
-	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
 
 	enum diff_symbol s = eds->s;
 	const char *line = eds->line;
@@ -1521,7 +1520,6 @@ static void emit_diff_symbol_from_struct(struct diff_options *o,
 	default:
 		BUG("unknown diff symbol");
 	}
-	strbuf_release(&sb);
 }
 
 static void emit_diff_symbol(struct diff_options *o, enum diff_symbol s,
-- 
2.37.0.913.g50625c3f077


  parent reply	other threads:[~2022-07-05 14:02 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 24+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2022-05-20 11:57 [PATCH] cocci: add and apply a rule to find "unused" variables Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2022-06-21 22:44 ` [PATCH v2 0/2] add and apply a rule to find "unused" init+free Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2022-06-21 22:44   ` [PATCH v2 1/2] cocci: add and apply a rule to find "unused" variables Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2022-06-22 16:02     ` Junio C Hamano
2022-06-21 22:44   ` [PATCH v2 2/2] cocci: remove "when strict" from unused.cocci Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2022-07-01 10:30   ` [PATCH v3 0/4] add and apply a rule to find "unused" init+free Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2022-07-01 10:30     ` [PATCH v3 1/4] cocci: add and apply a rule to find "unused" strbufs Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2022-07-01 18:04       ` Jeff King
2022-07-01 19:55       ` Eric Sunshine
2022-07-01 10:30     ` [PATCH v3 2/4] cocci: catch unused "strbuf" using an xmalloc() pattern Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2022-07-01 10:30     ` [PATCH v3 3/4] cocci: remove "when strict" from unused.cocci Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2022-07-01 21:33       ` Eric Sunshine
2022-07-01 10:30     ` [PATCH v3 4/4] cocci: generalize "unused" rule to cover more than "strbuf" Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2022-07-01 18:09     ` [PATCH v3 0/4] add and apply a rule to find "unused" init+free Jeff King
2022-07-05 13:46     ` [PATCH v4 0/6] " Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2022-07-05 13:46       ` [PATCH v4 1/6] Makefile: remove mandatory "spatch" arguments from SPATCH_FLAGS Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2022-07-05 13:46       ` [PATCH v4 2/6] Makefile & .gitignore: ignore & clean "git.res", not "*.res" Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2022-07-05 13:46       ` [PATCH v4 3/6] cocci: add a "coccicheck-test" target and test *.cocci rules Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2022-07-05 13:46       ` [PATCH v4 4/6] cocci: have "coccicheck{,-pending}" depend on "coccicheck-test" Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2022-07-05 13:46       ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason [this message]
2022-07-05 13:47       ` [PATCH v4 6/6] cocci: generalize "unused" rule to cover more than "strbuf" Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2022-07-06 19:30       ` [PATCH v4 0/6] add and apply a rule to find "unused" init+free Junio C Hamano
2022-07-11  9:41       ` Jeff King
2022-07-11 10:54         ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason

Reply instructions:

You may reply publicly to this message via plain-text email
using any one of the following methods:

* Save the following mbox file, import it into your mail client,
  and reply-to-all from there: mbox

  Avoid top-posting and favor interleaved quoting:
  https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Posting_style#Interleaved_style

  List information: http://vger.kernel.org/majordomo-info.html

* Reply using the --to, --cc, and --in-reply-to
  switches of git-send-email(1):

  git send-email \
    --in-reply-to=patch-v4-5.6-d1c6833c8d5-20220705T134033Z-avarab@gmail.com \
    --to=avarab@gmail.com \
    --cc=derrickstolee@github.com \
    --cc=git@vger.kernel.org \
    --cc=gitster@pobox.com \
    --cc=newren@gmail.com \
    --cc=peff@peff.net \
    --cc=sunshine@sunshineco.com \
    /path/to/YOUR_REPLY

  https://kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/git-send-email.html

* If your mail client supports setting the In-Reply-To header
  via mailto: links, try the mailto: link
Be sure your reply has a Subject: header at the top and a blank line before the message body.
Code repositories for project(s) associated with this public inbox

	https://80x24.org/mirrors/git.git

This is a public inbox, see mirroring instructions
for how to clone and mirror all data and code used for this inbox;
as well as URLs for read-only IMAP folder(s) and NNTP newsgroup(s).