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#!/usr/bin/perl
#
# Copyright 2002,2005 Greg Kroah-Hartman <greg@kroah.com>
# Copyright 2005 Ryan Anderson <ryan@michonline.com>
#
# GPL v2 (See COPYING)
#
# Ported to support git "mbox" format files by Ryan Anderson <ryan@michonline.com>
#
# Sends a collection of emails to the given email addresses, disturbingly fast.
#
# Supports two formats:
# 1. mbox format files (ignoring most headers and MIME formatting - this is designed for sending patches)
# 2. The original format support by Greg's script:
#    first line of the message is who to CC,
#    and second line is the subject of the message.
#

use 5.008;
use strict;
use warnings;
use POSIX qw/strftime/;
use Term::ReadLine;
use Getopt::Long;
use Text::ParseWords;
use Term::ANSIColor;
use File::Temp qw/ tempdir tempfile /;
use File::Spec::Functions qw(catfile);
use Error qw(:try);
use Git;
use Git::I18N;

Getopt::Long::Configure qw/ pass_through /;

package FakeTerm;
sub new {
	my ($class, $reason) = @_;
	return bless \$reason, shift;
}
sub readline {
	my $self = shift;
	die "Cannot use readline on FakeTerm: $$self";
}
package main;


sub usage {
	print <<EOT;
git send-email [options] <file | directory | rev-list options >
git send-email --dump-aliases

  Composing:
    --from                  <str>  * Email From:
    --[no-]to               <str>  * Email To:
    --[no-]cc               <str>  * Email Cc:
    --[no-]bcc              <str>  * Email Bcc:
    --subject               <str>  * Email "Subject:"
    --in-reply-to           <str>  * Email "In-Reply-To:"
    --[no-]xmailer                 * Add "X-Mailer:" header (default).
    --[no-]annotate                * Review each patch that will be sent in an editor.
    --compose                      * Open an editor for introduction.
    --compose-encoding      <str>  * Encoding to assume for introduction.
    --8bit-encoding         <str>  * Encoding to assume 8bit mails if undeclared
    --transfer-encoding     <str>  * Transfer encoding to use (quoted-printable, 8bit, base64)

  Sending:
    --envelope-sender       <str>  * Email envelope sender.
    --smtp-server       <str:int>  * Outgoing SMTP server to use. The port
                                     is optional. Default 'localhost'.
    --smtp-server-option    <str>  * Outgoing SMTP server option to use.
    --smtp-server-port      <int>  * Outgoing SMTP server port.
    --smtp-user             <str>  * Username for SMTP-AUTH.
    --smtp-pass             <str>  * Password for SMTP-AUTH; not necessary.
    --smtp-encryption       <str>  * tls or ssl; anything else disables.
    --smtp-ssl                     * Deprecated. Use '--smtp-encryption ssl'.
    --smtp-ssl-cert-path    <str>  * Path to ca-certificates (either directory or file).
                                     Pass an empty string to disable certificate
                                     verification.
    --smtp-domain           <str>  * The domain name sent to HELO/EHLO handshake
    --smtp-auth             <str>  * Space-separated list of allowed AUTH mechanisms.
                                     This setting forces to use one of the listed mechanisms.
    --smtp-debug            <0|1>  * Disable, enable Net::SMTP debug.

  Automating:
    --identity              <str>  * Use the sendemail.<id> options.
    --to-cmd                <str>  * Email To: via `<str> \$patch_path`
    --cc-cmd                <str>  * Email Cc: via `<str> \$patch_path`
    --suppress-cc           <str>  * author, self, sob, cc, cccmd, body, bodycc, all.
    --[no-]cc-cover                * Email Cc: addresses in the cover letter.
    --[no-]to-cover                * Email To: addresses in the cover letter.
    --[no-]signed-off-by-cc        * Send to Signed-off-by: addresses. Default on.
    --[no-]suppress-from           * Send to self. Default off.
    --[no-]chain-reply-to          * Chain In-Reply-To: fields. Default off.
    --[no-]thread                  * Use In-Reply-To: field. Default on.

  Administering:
    --confirm               <str>  * Confirm recipients before sending;
                                     auto, cc, compose, always, or never.
    --quiet                        * Output one line of info per email.
    --dry-run                      * Don't actually send the emails.
    --[no-]validate                * Perform patch sanity checks. Default on.
    --[no-]format-patch            * understand any non optional arguments as
                                     `git format-patch` ones.
    --force                        * Send even if safety checks would prevent it.

  Information:
    --dump-aliases                 * Dump configured aliases and exit.

EOT
	exit(1);
}

# most mail servers generate the Date: header, but not all...
sub format_2822_time {
	my ($time) = @_;
	my @localtm = localtime($time);
	my @gmttm = gmtime($time);
	my $localmin = $localtm[1] + $localtm[2] * 60;
	my $gmtmin = $gmttm[1] + $gmttm[2] * 60;
	if ($localtm[0] != $gmttm[0]) {
		die __("local zone differs from GMT by a non-minute interval\n");
	}
	if ((($gmttm[6] + 1) % 7) == $localtm[6]) {
		$localmin += 1440;
	} elsif ((($gmttm[6] - 1) % 7) == $localtm[6]) {
		$localmin -= 1440;
	} elsif ($gmttm[6] != $localtm[6]) {
		die __("local time offset greater than or equal to 24 hours\n");
	}
	my $offset = $localmin - $gmtmin;
	my $offhour = $offset / 60;
	my $offmin = abs($offset % 60);
	if (abs($offhour) >= 24) {
		die __("local time offset greater than or equal to 24 hours\n");
	}

	return sprintf("%s, %2d %s %d %02d:%02d:%02d %s%02d%02d",
		       qw(Sun Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat)[$localtm[6]],
		       $localtm[3],
		       qw(Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun
			  Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec)[$localtm[4]],
		       $localtm[5]+1900,
		       $localtm[2],
		       $localtm[1],
		       $localtm[0],
		       ($offset >= 0) ? '+' : '-',
		       abs($offhour),
		       $offmin,
		       );
}

my $have_email_valid = eval { require Email::Valid; 1 };
my $have_mail_address = eval { require Mail::Address; 1 };
my $smtp;
my $auth;

# Regexes for RFC 2047 productions.
my $re_token = qr/[^][()<>@,;:\\"\/?.= \000-\037\177-\377]+/;
my $re_encoded_text = qr/[^? \000-\037\177-\377]+/;
my $re_encoded_word = qr/=\?($re_token)\?($re_token)\?($re_encoded_text)\?=/;

# Variables we fill in automatically, or via prompting:
my (@to,$no_to,@initial_to,@cc,$no_cc,@initial_cc,@bcclist,$no_bcc,@xh,
	$initial_reply_to,$initial_subject,@files,
	$author,$sender,$smtp_authpass,$annotate,$use_xmailer,$compose,$time);

my $envelope_sender;

# Example reply to:
#$initial_reply_to = ''; #<20050203173208.GA23964@foobar.com>';

my $repo = eval { Git->repository() };
my @repo = $repo ? ($repo) : ();
my $term = eval {
	$ENV{"GIT_SEND_EMAIL_NOTTY"}
		? new Term::ReadLine 'git-send-email', \*STDIN, \*STDOUT
		: new Term::ReadLine 'git-send-email';
};
if ($@) {
	$term = new FakeTerm "$@: going non-interactive";
}

# Behavior modification variables
my ($quiet, $dry_run) = (0, 0);
my $format_patch;
my $compose_filename;
my $force = 0;
my $dump_aliases = 0;

# Handle interactive edition of files.
my $multiedit;
my $editor;

sub do_edit {
	if (!defined($editor)) {
		$editor = Git::command_oneline('var', 'GIT_EDITOR');
	}
	if (defined($multiedit) && !$multiedit) {
		map {
			system('sh', '-c', $editor.' "$@"', $editor, $_);
			if (($? & 127) || ($? >> 8)) {
				die(__("the editor exited uncleanly, aborting everything"));
			}
		} @_;
	} else {
		system('sh', '-c', $editor.' "$@"', $editor, @_);
		if (($? & 127) || ($? >> 8)) {
			die(__("the editor exited uncleanly, aborting everything"));
		}
	}
}

# Variables with corresponding config settings
my ($thread, $chain_reply_to, $suppress_from, $signed_off_by_cc);
my ($cover_cc, $cover_to);
my ($to_cmd, $cc_cmd);
my ($smtp_server, $smtp_server_port, @smtp_server_options);
my ($smtp_authuser, $smtp_encryption, $smtp_ssl_cert_path);
my ($identity, $aliasfiletype, @alias_files, $smtp_domain, $smtp_auth);
my ($validate, $confirm);
my (@suppress_cc);
my ($auto_8bit_encoding);
my ($compose_encoding);
my ($target_xfer_encoding);

my ($debug_net_smtp) = 0;		# Net::SMTP, see send_message()

my %config_bool_settings = (
    "thread" => [\$thread, 1],
    "chainreplyto" => [\$chain_reply_to, 0],
    "suppressfrom" => [\$suppress_from, undef],
    "signedoffbycc" => [\$signed_off_by_cc, undef],
    "cccover" => [\$cover_cc, undef],
    "tocover" => [\$cover_to, undef],
    "signedoffcc" => [\$signed_off_by_cc, undef],      # Deprecated
    "validate" => [\$validate, 1],
    "multiedit" => [\$multiedit, undef],
    "annotate" => [\$annotate, undef],
    "xmailer" => [\$use_xmailer, 1]
);

my %config_settings = (
    "smtpserver" => \$smtp_server,
    "smtpserverport" => \$smtp_server_port,
    "smtpserveroption" => \@smtp_server_options,
    "smtpuser" => \$smtp_authuser,
    "smtppass" => \$smtp_authpass,
    "smtpdomain" => \$smtp_domain,
    "smtpauth" => \$smtp_auth,
    "to" => \@initial_to,
    "tocmd" => \$to_cmd,
    "cc" => \@initial_cc,
    "cccmd" => \$cc_cmd,
    "aliasfiletype" => \$aliasfiletype,
    "bcc" => \@bcclist,
    "suppresscc" => \@suppress_cc,
    "envelopesender" => \$envelope_sender,
    "confirm"   => \$confirm,
    "from" => \$sender,
    "assume8bitencoding" => \$auto_8bit_encoding,
    "composeencoding" => \$compose_encoding,
    "transferencoding" => \$target_xfer_encoding,
);

my %config_path_settings = (
    "aliasesfile" => \@alias_files,
    "smtpsslcertpath" => \$smtp_ssl_cert_path,
);

# Handle Uncouth Termination
sub signal_handler {

	# Make text normal
	print color("reset"), "\n";

	# SMTP password masked
	system "stty echo";

	# tmp files from --compose
	if (defined $compose_filename) {
		if (-e $compose_filename) {
			printf __("'%s' contains an intermediate version ".
				  "of the email you were composing.\n"),
				  $compose_filename;
		}
		if (-e ($compose_filename . ".final")) {
			printf __("'%s.final' contains the composed email.\n"),
				  $compose_filename;
		}
	}

	exit;
};

$SIG{TERM} = \&signal_handler;
$SIG{INT}  = \&signal_handler;

# Begin by accumulating all the variables (defined above), that we will end up
# needing, first, from the command line:

my $help;
my $rc = GetOptions("h" => \$help,
                    "dump-aliases" => \$dump_aliases);
usage() unless $rc;
die __("--dump-aliases incompatible with other options\n")
    if !$help and $dump_aliases and @ARGV;
$rc = GetOptions(
		    "sender|from=s" => \$sender,
                    "in-reply-to=s" => \$initial_reply_to,
		    "subject=s" => \$initial_subject,
		    "to=s" => \@initial_to,
		    "to-cmd=s" => \$to_cmd,
		    "no-to" => \$no_to,
		    "cc=s" => \@initial_cc,
		    "no-cc" => \$no_cc,
		    "bcc=s" => \@bcclist,
		    "no-bcc" => \$no_bcc,
		    "chain-reply-to!" => \$chain_reply_to,
		    "no-chain-reply-to" => sub {$chain_reply_to = 0},
		    "smtp-server=s" => \$smtp_server,
		    "smtp-server-option=s" => \@smtp_server_options,
		    "smtp-server-port=s" => \$smtp_server_port,
		    "smtp-user=s" => \$smtp_authuser,
		    "smtp-pass:s" => \$smtp_authpass,
		    "smtp-ssl" => sub { $smtp_encryption = 'ssl' },
		    "smtp-encryption=s" => \$smtp_encryption,
		    "smtp-ssl-cert-path=s" => \$smtp_ssl_cert_path,
		    "smtp-debug:i" => \$debug_net_smtp,
		    "smtp-domain:s" => \$smtp_domain,
		    "smtp-auth=s" => \$smtp_auth,
		    "identity=s" => \$identity,
		    "annotate!" => \$annotate,
		    "no-annotate" => sub {$annotate = 0},
		    "compose" => \$compose,
		    "quiet" => \$quiet,
		    "cc-cmd=s" => \$cc_cmd,
		    "suppress-from!" => \$suppress_from,
		    "no-suppress-from" => sub {$suppress_from = 0},
		    "suppress-cc=s" => \@suppress_cc,
		    "signed-off-cc|signed-off-by-cc!" => \$signed_off_by_cc,
		    "no-signed-off-cc|no-signed-off-by-cc" => sub {$signed_off_by_cc = 0},
		    "cc-cover|cc-cover!" => \$cover_cc,
		    "no-cc-cover" => sub {$cover_cc = 0},
		    "to-cover|to-cover!" => \$cover_to,
		    "no-to-cover" => sub {$cover_to = 0},
		    "confirm=s" => \$confirm,
		    "dry-run" => \$dry_run,
		    "envelope-sender=s" => \$envelope_sender,
		    "thread!" => \$thread,
		    "no-thread" => sub {$thread = 0},
		    "validate!" => \$validate,
		    "no-validate" => sub {$validate = 0},
		    "transfer-encoding=s" => \$target_xfer_encoding,
		    "format-patch!" => \$format_patch,
		    "no-format-patch" => sub {$format_patch = 0},
		    "8bit-encoding=s" => \$auto_8bit_encoding,
		    "compose-encoding=s" => \$compose_encoding,
		    "force" => \$force,
		    "xmailer!" => \$use_xmailer,
		    "no-xmailer" => sub {$use_xmailer = 0},
	 );

usage() if $help;
unless ($rc) {
    usage();
}

die __("Cannot run git format-patch from outside a repository\n")
	if $format_patch and not $repo;

# Now, let's fill any that aren't set in with defaults:

sub read_config {
	my ($prefix) = @_;

	foreach my $setting (keys %config_bool_settings) {
		my $target = $config_bool_settings{$setting}->[0];
		$$target = Git::config_bool(@repo, "$prefix.$setting") unless (defined $$target);
	}

	foreach my $setting (keys %config_path_settings) {
		my $target = $config_path_settings{$setting};
		if (ref($target) eq "ARRAY") {
			unless (@$target) {
				my @values = Git::config_path(@repo, "$prefix.$setting");
				@$target = @values if (@values && defined $values[0]);
			}
		}
		else {
			$$target = Git::config_path(@repo, "$prefix.$setting") unless (defined $$target);
		}
	}

	foreach my $setting (keys %config_settings) {
		my $target = $config_settings{$setting};
		next if $setting eq "to" and defined $no_to;
		next if $setting eq "cc" and defined $no_cc;
		next if $setting eq "bcc" and defined $no_bcc;
		if (ref($target) eq "ARRAY") {
			unless (@$target) {
				my @values = Git::config(@repo, "$prefix.$setting");
				@$target = @values if (@values && defined $values[0]);
			}
		}
		else {
			$$target = Git::config(@repo, "$prefix.$setting") unless (defined $$target);
		}
	}

	if (!defined $smtp_encryption) {
		my $enc = Git::config(@repo, "$prefix.smtpencryption");
		if (defined $enc) {
			$smtp_encryption = $enc;
		} elsif (Git::config_bool(@repo, "$prefix.smtpssl")) {
			$smtp_encryption = 'ssl';
		}
	}
}

# read configuration from [sendemail "$identity"], fall back on [sendemail]
$identity = Git::config(@repo, "sendemail.identity") unless (defined $identity);
read_config("sendemail.$identity") if (defined $identity);
read_config("sendemail");

# fall back on builtin bool defaults
foreach my $setting (values %config_bool_settings) {
	${$setting->[0]} = $setting->[1] unless (defined (${$setting->[0]}));
}

# 'default' encryption is none -- this only prevents a warning
$smtp_encryption = '' unless (defined $smtp_encryption);

# Set CC suppressions
my(%suppress_cc);
if (@suppress_cc) {
	foreach my $entry (@suppress_cc) {
		die sprintf(__("Unknown --suppress-cc field: '%s'\n"), $entry)
			unless $entry =~ /^(?:all|cccmd|cc|author|self|sob|body|bodycc)$/;
		$suppress_cc{$entry} = 1;
	}
}

if ($suppress_cc{'all'}) {
	foreach my $entry (qw (cccmd cc author self sob body bodycc)) {
		$suppress_cc{$entry} = 1;
	}
	delete $suppress_cc{'all'};
}

# If explicit old-style ones are specified, they trump --suppress-cc.
$suppress_cc{'self'} = $suppress_from if defined $suppress_from;
$suppress_cc{'sob'} = !$signed_off_by_cc if defined $signed_off_by_cc;

if ($suppress_cc{'body'}) {
	foreach my $entry (qw (sob bodycc)) {
		$suppress_cc{$entry} = 1;
	}
	delete $suppress_cc{'body'};
}

# Set confirm's default value
my $confirm_unconfigured = !defined $confirm;
if ($confirm_unconfigured) {
	$confirm = scalar %suppress_cc ? 'compose' : 'auto';
};
die sprintf(__("Unknown --confirm setting: '%s'\n"), $confirm)
	unless $confirm =~ /^(?:auto|cc|compose|always|never)/;

# Debugging, print out the suppressions.
if (0) {
	print "suppressions:\n";
	foreach my $entry (keys %suppress_cc) {
		printf "  %-5s -> $suppress_cc{$entry}\n", $entry;
	}
}

my ($repoauthor, $repocommitter);
($repoauthor) = Git::ident_person(@repo, 'author');
($repocommitter) = Git::ident_person(@repo, 'committer');

sub parse_address_line {
	if ($have_mail_address) {
		return map { $_->format } Mail::Address->parse($_[0]);
	} else {
		return Git::parse_mailboxes($_[0]);
	}
}

sub split_addrs {
	return quotewords('\s*,\s*', 1, @_);
}

my %aliases;

sub parse_sendmail_alias {
	local $_ = shift;
	if (/"/) {
		printf STDERR __("warning: sendmail alias with quotes is not supported: %s\n"), $_;
	} elsif (/:include:/) {
		printf STDERR __("warning: `:include:` not supported: %s\n"), $_;
	} elsif (/[\/|]/) {
		printf STDERR __("warning: `/file` or `|pipe` redirection not supported: %s\n"), $_;
	} elsif (/^(\S+?)\s*:\s*(.+)$/) {
		my ($alias, $addr) = ($1, $2);
		$aliases{$alias} = [ split_addrs($addr) ];
	} else {
		printf STDERR __("warning: sendmail line is not recognized: %s\n"), $_;
	}
}

sub parse_sendmail_aliases {
	my $fh = shift;
	my $s = '';
	while (<$fh>) {
		chomp;
		next if /^\s*$/ || /^\s*#/;
		$s .= $_, next if $s =~ s/\\$// || s/^\s+//;
		parse_sendmail_alias($s) if $s;
		$s = $_;
	}
	$s =~ s/\\$//; # silently tolerate stray '\' on last line
	parse_sendmail_alias($s) if $s;
}

my %parse_alias = (
	# multiline formats can be supported in the future
	mutt => sub { my $fh = shift; while (<$fh>) {
		if (/^\s*alias\s+(?:-group\s+\S+\s+)*(\S+)\s+(.*)$/) {
			my ($alias, $addr) = ($1, $2);
			$addr =~ s/#.*$//; # mutt allows # comments
			# commas delimit multiple addresses
			my @addr = split_addrs($addr);

			# quotes may be escaped in the file,
			# unescape them so we do not double-escape them later.
			s/\\"/"/g foreach @addr;
			$aliases{$alias} = \@addr
		}}},
	mailrc => sub { my $fh = shift; while (<$fh>) {
		if (/^alias\s+(\S+)\s+(.*?)\s*$/) {
			# spaces delimit multiple addresses
			$aliases{$1} = [ quotewords('\s+', 0, $2) ];
		}}},
	pine => sub { my $fh = shift; my $f='\t[^\t]*';
	        for (my $x = ''; defined($x); $x = $_) {
			chomp $x;
		        $x .= $1 while(defined($_ = <$fh>) && /^ +(.*)$/);
			$x =~ /^(\S+)$f\t\(?([^\t]+?)\)?(:?$f){0,2}$/ or next;
			$aliases{$1} = [ split_addrs($2) ];
		}},
	elm => sub  { my $fh = shift;
		      while (<$fh>) {
			  if (/^(\S+)\s+=\s+[^=]+=\s(\S+)/) {
			      my ($alias, $addr) = ($1, $2);
			       $aliases{$alias} = [ split_addrs($addr) ];
			  }
		      } },
	sendmail => \&parse_sendmail_aliases,
	gnus => sub { my $fh = shift; while (<$fh>) {
		if (/\(define-mail-alias\s+"(\S+?)"\s+"(\S+?)"\)/) {
			$aliases{$1} = [ $2 ];
		}}}
);

if (@alias_files and $aliasfiletype and defined $parse_alias{$aliasfiletype}) {
	foreach my $file (@alias_files) {
		open my $fh, '<', $file or die "opening $file: $!\n";
		$parse_alias{$aliasfiletype}->($fh);
		close $fh;
	}
}

if ($dump_aliases) {
    print "$_\n" for (sort keys %aliases);
    exit(0);
}

# is_format_patch_arg($f) returns 0 if $f names a patch, or 1 if
# $f is a revision list specification to be passed to format-patch.
sub is_format_patch_arg {
	return unless $repo;
	my $f = shift;
	try {
		$repo->command('rev-parse', '--verify', '--quiet', $f);
		if (defined($format_patch)) {
			return $format_patch;
		}
		die sprintf(__ <<EOF, $f, $f);
File '%s' exists but it could also be the range of commits
to produce patches for.  Please disambiguate by...

    * Saying "./%s" if you mean a file; or
    * Giving --format-patch option if you mean a range.
EOF
	} catch Git::Error::Command with {
		# Not a valid revision.  Treat it as a filename.
		return 0;
	}
}

# Now that all the defaults are set, process the rest of the command line
# arguments and collect up the files that need to be processed.
my @rev_list_opts;
while (defined(my $f = shift @ARGV)) {
	if ($f eq "--") {
		push @rev_list_opts, "--", @ARGV;
		@ARGV = ();
	} elsif (-d $f and !is_format_patch_arg($f)) {
		opendir my $dh, $f
			or die sprintf(__("Failed to opendir %s: %s"), $f, $!);

		push @files, grep { -f $_ } map { catfile($f, $_) }
				sort readdir $dh;
		closedir $dh;
	} elsif ((-f $f or -p $f) and !is_format_patch_arg($f)) {
		push @files, $f;
	} else {
		push @rev_list_opts, $f;
	}
}

if (@rev_list_opts) {
	die __("Cannot run git format-patch from outside a repository\n")
		unless $repo;
	push @files, $repo->command('format-patch', '-o', tempdir(CLEANUP => 1), @rev_list_opts);
}

@files = handle_backup_files(@files);

if ($validate) {
	foreach my $f (@files) {
		unless (-p $f) {
			my $error = validate_patch($f);
			$error and die sprintf(__("fatal: %s: %s\nwarning: no patches were sent\n"),
						  $f, $error);
		}
	}
}

if (@files) {
	unless ($quiet) {
		print $_,"\n" for (@files);
	}
} else {
	print STDERR __("\nNo patch files specified!\n\n");
	usage();
}

sub get_patch_subject {
	my $fn = shift;
	open (my $fh, '<', $fn);
	while (my $line = <$fh>) {
		next unless ($line =~ /^Subject: (.*)$/);
		close $fh;
		return "GIT: $1\n";
	}
	close $fh;
	die sprintf(__("No subject line in %s?"), $fn);
}

if ($compose) {
	# Note that this does not need to be secure, but we will make a small
	# effort to have it be unique
	$compose_filename = ($repo ?
		tempfile(".gitsendemail.msg.XXXXXX", DIR => $repo->repo_path()) :
		tempfile(".gitsendemail.msg.XXXXXX", DIR => "."))[1];
	open my $c, ">", $compose_filename
		or die sprintf(__("Failed to open for writing %s: %s"), $compose_filename, $!);


	my $tpl_sender = $sender || $repoauthor || $repocommitter || '';
	my $tpl_subject = $initial_subject || '';
	my $tpl_reply_to = $initial_reply_to || '';

	print $c <<EOT1, Git::prefix_lines("GIT: ", __ <<EOT2), <<EOT3;
From $tpl_sender # This line is ignored.
EOT1
Lines beginning in "GIT:" will be removed.
Consider including an overall diffstat or table of contents
for the patch you are writing.

Clear the body content if you don't wish to send a summary.
EOT2
From: $tpl_sender
Subject: $tpl_subject
In-Reply-To: $tpl_reply_to

EOT3
	for my $f (@files) {
		print $c get_patch_subject($f);
	}
	close $c;

	if ($annotate) {
		do_edit($compose_filename, @files);
	} else {
		do_edit($compose_filename);
	}

	open my $c2, ">", $compose_filename . ".final"
		or die sprintf(__("Failed to open %s.final: %s"), $compose_filename, $!);

	open $c, "<", $compose_filename
		or die sprintf(__("Failed to open %s: %s"), $compose_filename, $!);

	my $need_8bit_cte = file_has_nonascii($compose_filename);
	my $in_body = 0;
	my $summary_empty = 1;
	if (!defined $compose_encoding) {
		$compose_encoding = "UTF-8";
	}
	while(<$c>) {
		next if m/^GIT:/;
		if ($in_body) {
			$summary_empty = 0 unless (/^\n$/);
		} elsif (/^\n$/) {
			$in_body = 1;
			if ($need_8bit_cte) {
				print $c2 "MIME-Version: 1.0\n",
					 "Content-Type: text/plain; ",
					   "charset=$compose_encoding\n",
					 "Content-Transfer-Encoding: 8bit\n";
			}
		} elsif (/^MIME-Version:/i) {
			$need_8bit_cte = 0;
		} elsif (/^Subject:\s*(.+)\s*$/i) {
			$initial_subject = $1;
			my $subject = $initial_subject;
			$_ = "Subject: " .
				quote_subject($subject, $compose_encoding) .
				"\n";
		} elsif (/^In-Reply-To:\s*(.+)\s*$/i) {
			$initial_reply_to = $1;
			next;
		} elsif (/^From:\s*(.+)\s*$/i) {
			$sender = $1;
			next;
		} elsif (/^(?:To|Cc|Bcc):/i) {
			print __("To/Cc/Bcc fields are not interpreted yet, they have been ignored\n");
			next;
		}
		print $c2 $_;
	}
	close $c;
	close $c2;

	if ($summary_empty) {
		print __("Summary email is empty, skipping it\n");
		$compose = -1;
	}
} elsif ($annotate) {
	do_edit(@files);
}

sub ask {
	my ($prompt, %arg) = @_;
	my $valid_re = $arg{valid_re};
	my $default = $arg{default};
	my $confirm_only = $arg{confirm_only};
	my $resp;
	my $i = 0;
	return defined $default ? $default : undef
		unless defined $term->IN and defined fileno($term->IN) and
		       defined $term->OUT and defined fileno($term->OUT);
	while ($i++ < 10) {
		$resp = $term->readline($prompt);
		if (!defined $resp) { # EOF
			print "\n";
			return defined $default ? $default : undef;
		}
		if ($resp eq '' and defined $default) {
			return $default;
		}
		if (!defined $valid_re or $resp =~ /$valid_re/) {
			return $resp;
		}
		if ($confirm_only) {
			my $yesno = $term->readline(
				# TRANSLATORS: please keep [y/N] as is.
				sprintf(__("Are you sure you want to use <%s> [y/N]? "), $resp));
			if (defined $yesno && $yesno =~ /y/i) {
				return $resp;
			}
		}
	}
	return;
}

my %broken_encoding;

sub file_declares_8bit_cte {
	my $fn = shift;
	open (my $fh, '<', $fn);
	while (my $line = <$fh>) {
		last if ($line =~ /^$/);
		return 1 if ($line =~ /^Content-Transfer-Encoding: .*8bit.*$/);
	}
	close $fh;
	return 0;
}

foreach my $f (@files) {
	next unless (body_or_subject_has_nonascii($f)
		     && !file_declares_8bit_cte($f));
	$broken_encoding{$f} = 1;
}

if (!defined $auto_8bit_encoding && scalar %broken_encoding) {
	print __("The following files are 8bit, but do not declare " .
		 "a Content-Transfer-Encoding.\n");
	foreach my $f (sort keys %broken_encoding) {
		print "    $f\n";
	}
	$auto_8bit_encoding = ask(__("Which 8bit encoding should I declare [UTF-8]? "),
				  valid_re => qr/.{4}/, confirm_only => 1,
				  default => "UTF-8");
}

if (!$force) {
	for my $f (@files) {
		if (get_patch_subject($f) =~ /\Q*** SUBJECT HERE ***\E/) {
			die sprintf(__("Refusing to send because the patch\n\t%s\n"
				. "has the template subject '*** SUBJECT HERE ***'. "
				. "Pass --force if you really want to send.\n"), $f);
		}
	}
}

if (defined $sender) {
	$sender =~ s/^\s+|\s+$//g;
	($sender) = expand_aliases($sender);
} else {
	$sender = $repoauthor || $repocommitter || '';
}

# $sender could be an already sanitized address
# (e.g. sendemail.from could be manually sanitized by user).
# But it's a no-op to run sanitize_address on an already sanitized address.
$sender = sanitize_address($sender);

my $to_whom = __("To whom should the emails be sent (if anyone)?");
my $prompting = 0;
if (!@initial_to && !defined $to_cmd) {
	my $to = ask("$to_whom ",
		     default => "",
		     valid_re => qr/\@.*\./, confirm_only => 1);
	push @initial_to, parse_address_line($to) if defined $to; # sanitized/validated later
	$prompting++;
}

sub expand_aliases {
	return map { expand_one_alias($_) } @_;
}

my %EXPANDED_ALIASES;
sub expand_one_alias {
	my $alias = shift;
	if ($EXPANDED_ALIASES{$alias}) {
		die sprintf(__("fatal: alias '%s' expands to itself\n"), $alias);
	}
	local $EXPANDED_ALIASES{$alias} = 1;
	return $aliases{$alias} ? expand_aliases(@{$aliases{$alias}}) : $alias;
}

@initial_to = process_address_list(@initial_to);
@initial_cc = process_address_list(@initial_cc);
@bcclist = process_address_list(@bcclist);

if ($thread && !defined $initial_reply_to && $prompting) {
	$initial_reply_to = ask(
		__("Message-ID to be used as In-Reply-To for the first email (if any)? "),
		default => "",
		valid_re => qr/\@.*\./, confirm_only => 1);
}
if (defined $initial_reply_to) {
	$initial_reply_to =~ s/^\s*<?//;
	$initial_reply_to =~ s/>?\s*$//;
	$initial_reply_to = "<$initial_reply_to>" if $initial_reply_to ne '';
}

if (!defined $smtp_server) {
	foreach (qw( /usr/sbin/sendmail /usr/lib/sendmail )) {
		if (-x $_) {
			$smtp_server = $_;
			last;
		}
	}
	$smtp_server ||= 'localhost'; # could be 127.0.0.1, too... *shrug*
}

if ($compose && $compose > 0) {
	@files = ($compose_filename . ".final", @files);
}

# Variables we set as part of the loop over files
our ($message_id, %mail, $subject, $reply_to, $references, $message,
	$needs_confirm, $message_num, $ask_default);

sub extract_valid_address {
	my $address = shift;
	my $local_part_regexp = qr/[^<>"\s@]+/;
	my $domain_regexp = qr/[^.<>"\s@]+(?:\.[^.<>"\s@]+)+/;

	# check for a local address:
	return $address if ($address =~ /^($local_part_regexp)$/);

	$address =~ s/^\s*<(.*)>\s*$/$1/;
	if ($have_email_valid) {
		return scalar Email::Valid->address($address);
	}

	# less robust/correct than the monster regexp in Email::Valid,
	# but still does a 99% job, and one less dependency
	return $1 if $address =~ /($local_part_regexp\@$domain_regexp)/;
	return;
}

sub extract_valid_address_or_die {
	my $address = shift;
	$address = extract_valid_address($address);
	die sprintf(__("error: unable to extract a valid address from: %s\n"), $address)
		if !$address;
	return $address;
}

sub validate_address {
	my $address = shift;
	while (!extract_valid_address($address)) {
		printf STDERR __("error: unable to extract a valid address from: %s\n"), $address;
		# TRANSLATORS: Make sure to include [q] [d] [e] in your
		# translation. The program will only accept English input
		# at this point.
		$_ = ask(__("What to do with this address? ([q]uit|[d]rop|[e]dit): "),
			valid_re => qr/^(?:quit|q|drop|d|edit|e)/i,
			default => 'q');
		if (/^d/i) {
			return undef;
		} elsif (/^q/i) {
			cleanup_compose_files();
			exit(0);
		}
		$address = ask("$to_whom ",
			default => "",
			valid_re => qr/\@.*\./, confirm_only => 1);
	}
	return $address;
}

sub validate_address_list {
	return (grep { defined $_ }
		map { validate_address($_) } @_);
}

# Usually don't need to change anything below here.

# we make a "fake" message id by taking the current number
# of seconds since the beginning of Unix time and tacking on
# a random number to the end, in case we are called quicker than
# 1 second since the last time we were called.

# We'll setup a template for the message id, using the "from" address:

my ($message_id_stamp, $message_id_serial);
sub make_message_id {
	my $uniq;
	if (!defined $message_id_stamp) {
		$message_id_stamp = strftime("%Y%m%d%H%M%S.$$", gmtime(time));
		$message_id_serial = 0;
	}
	$message_id_serial++;
	$uniq = "$message_id_stamp-$message_id_serial";

	my $du_part;
	for ($sender, $repocommitter, $repoauthor) {
		$du_part = extract_valid_address(sanitize_address($_));
		last if (defined $du_part and $du_part ne '');
	}
	if (not defined $du_part or $du_part eq '') {
		require Sys::Hostname;
		$du_part = 'user@' . Sys::Hostname::hostname();
	}
	my $message_id_template = "<%s-%s>";
	$message_id = sprintf($message_id_template, $uniq, $du_part);
	#print "new message id = $message_id\n"; # Was useful for debugging
}



$time = time - scalar $#files;

sub unquote_rfc2047 {
	local ($_) = @_;
	my $charset;
	my $sep = qr/[ \t]+/;
	s{$re_encoded_word(?:$sep$re_encoded_word)*}{
		my @words = split $sep, $&;
		foreach (@words) {
			m/$re_encoded_word/;
			$charset = $1;
			my $encoding = $2;
			my $text = $3;
			if ($encoding eq 'q' || $encoding eq 'Q') {
				$_ = $text;
				s/_/ /g;
				s/=([0-9A-F]{2})/chr(hex($1))/egi;
			} else {
				# other encodings not supported yet
			}
		}
		join '', @words;
	}eg;
	return wantarray ? ($_, $charset) : $_;
}

sub quote_rfc2047 {
	local $_ = shift;
	my $encoding = shift || 'UTF-8';
	s/([^-a-zA-Z0-9!*+\/])/sprintf("=%02X", ord($1))/eg;
	s/(.*)/=\?$encoding\?q\?$1\?=/;
	return $_;
}

sub is_rfc2047_quoted {
	my $s = shift;
	length($s) <= 75 &&
	$s =~ m/^(?:"[[:ascii:]]*"|$re_encoded_word)$/o;
}

sub subject_needs_rfc2047_quoting {
	my $s = shift;

	return ($s =~ /[^[:ascii:]]/) || ($s =~ /=\?/);
}

sub quote_subject {
	local $subject = shift;
	my $encoding = shift || 'UTF-8';

	if (subject_needs_rfc2047_quoting($subject)) {
		return quote_rfc2047($subject, $encoding);
	}
	return $subject;
}

# use the simplest quoting being able to handle the recipient
sub sanitize_address {
	my ($recipient) = @_;

	# remove garbage after email address
	$recipient =~ s/(.*>).*$/$1/;

	my ($recipient_name, $recipient_addr) = ($recipient =~ /^(.*?)\s*(<.*)/);

	if (not $recipient_name) {
		return $recipient;
	}

	# if recipient_name is already quoted, do nothing
	if (is_rfc2047_quoted($recipient_name)) {
		return $recipient;
	}

	# remove non-escaped quotes
	$recipient_name =~ s/(^|[^\\])"/$1/g;

	# rfc2047 is needed if a non-ascii char is included
	if ($recipient_name =~ /[^[:ascii:]]/) {
		$recipient_name = quote_rfc2047($recipient_name);
	}

	# double quotes are needed if specials or CTLs are included
	elsif ($recipient_name =~ /[][()<>@,;:\\".\000-\037\177]/) {
		$recipient_name =~ s/([\\\r])/\\$1/g;
		$recipient_name = qq["$recipient_name"];
	}

	return "$recipient_name $recipient_addr";

}

sub sanitize_address_list {
	return (map { sanitize_address($_) } @_);
}

sub process_address_list {
	my @addr_list = map { parse_address_line($_) } @_;
	@addr_list = expand_aliases(@addr_list);
	@addr_list = sanitize_address_list(@addr_list);
	@addr_list = validate_address_list(@addr_list);
	return @addr_list;
}

# Returns the local Fully Qualified Domain Name (FQDN) if available.
#
# Tightly configured MTAa require that a caller sends a real DNS
# domain name that corresponds the IP address in the HELO/EHLO
# handshake. This is used to verify the connection and prevent
# spammers from trying to hide their identity. If the DNS and IP don't
# match, the receiveing MTA may deny the connection.
#
# Here is a deny example of Net::SMTP with the default "localhost.localdomain"
#
# Net::SMTP=GLOB(0x267ec28)>>> EHLO localhost.localdomain
# Net::SMTP=GLOB(0x267ec28)<<< 550 EHLO argument does not match calling host
#
# This maildomain*() code is based on ideas in Perl library Test::Reporter
# /usr/share/perl5/Test/Reporter/Mail/Util.pm ==> sub _maildomain ()

sub valid_fqdn {
	my $domain = shift;
	return defined $domain && !($^O eq 'darwin' && $domain =~ /\.local$/) && $domain =~ /\./;
}

sub maildomain_net {
	my $maildomain;

	if (eval { require Net::Domain; 1 }) {
		my $domain = Net::Domain::domainname();
		$maildomain = $domain if valid_fqdn($domain);
	}

	return $maildomain;
}

sub maildomain_mta {
	my $maildomain;

	if (eval { require Net::SMTP; 1 }) {
		for my $host (qw(mailhost localhost)) {
			my $smtp = Net::SMTP->new($host);
			if (defined $smtp) {
				my $domain = $smtp->domain;
				$smtp->quit;

				$maildomain = $domain if valid_fqdn($domain);

				last if $maildomain;
			}
		}
	}

	return $maildomain;
}

sub maildomain {
	return maildomain_net() || maildomain_mta() || 'localhost.localdomain';
}

sub smtp_host_string {
	if (defined $smtp_server_port) {
		return "$smtp_server:$smtp_server_port";
	} else {
		return $smtp_server;
	}
}

# Returns 1 if authentication succeeded or was not necessary
# (smtp_user was not specified), and 0 otherwise.

sub smtp_auth_maybe {
	if (!defined $smtp_authuser || $auth) {
		return 1;
	}

	# Workaround AUTH PLAIN/LOGIN interaction defect
	# with Authen::SASL::Cyrus
	eval {
		require Authen::SASL;
		Authen::SASL->import(qw(Perl));
	};

	# Check mechanism naming as defined in:
	# https://tools.ietf.org/html/rfc4422#page-8
	if ($smtp_auth && $smtp_auth !~ /^(\b[A-Z0-9-_]{1,20}\s*)*$/) {
		die "invalid smtp auth: '${smtp_auth}'";
	}

	# TODO: Authentication may fail not because credentials were
	# invalid but due to other reasons, in which we should not
	# reject credentials.
	$auth = Git::credential({
		'protocol' => 'smtp',
		'host' => smtp_host_string(),
		'username' => $smtp_authuser,
		# if there's no password, "git credential fill" will
		# give us one, otherwise it'll just pass this one.
		'password' => $smtp_authpass
	}, sub {
		my $cred = shift;

		if ($smtp_auth) {
			my $sasl = Authen::SASL->new(
				mechanism => $smtp_auth,
				callback => {
					user => $cred->{'username'},
					pass => $cred->{'password'},
					authname => $cred->{'username'},
				}
			);

			return !!$smtp->auth($sasl);
		}

		return !!$smtp->auth($cred->{'username'}, $cred->{'password'});
	});

	return $auth;
}

sub ssl_verify_params {
	eval {
		require IO::Socket::SSL;
		IO::Socket::SSL->import(qw/SSL_VERIFY_PEER SSL_VERIFY_NONE/);
	};
	if ($@) {
		print STDERR "Not using SSL_VERIFY_PEER due to out-of-date IO::Socket::SSL.\n";
		return;
	}

	if (!defined $smtp_ssl_cert_path) {
		# use the OpenSSL defaults
		return (SSL_verify_mode => SSL_VERIFY_PEER());
	}

	if ($smtp_ssl_cert_path eq "") {
		return (SSL_verify_mode => SSL_VERIFY_NONE());
	} elsif (-d $smtp_ssl_cert_path) {
		return (SSL_verify_mode => SSL_VERIFY_PEER(),
			SSL_ca_path => $smtp_ssl_cert_path);
	} elsif (-f $smtp_ssl_cert_path) {
		return (SSL_verify_mode => SSL_VERIFY_PEER(),
			SSL_ca_file => $smtp_ssl_cert_path);
	} else {
		die sprintf(__("CA path \"%s\" does not exist"), $smtp_ssl_cert_path);
	}
}

sub file_name_is_absolute {
	my ($path) = @_;

	# msys does not grok DOS drive-prefixes
	if ($^O eq 'msys') {
		return ($path =~ m#^/# || $path =~ m#^[a-zA-Z]\:#)
	}

	require File::Spec::Functions;
	return File::Spec::Functions::file_name_is_absolute($path);
}

# Returns 1 if the message was sent, and 0 otherwise.
# In actuality, the whole program dies when there
# is an error sending a message.

sub send_message {
	my @recipients = unique_email_list(@to);
	@cc = (grep { my $cc = extract_valid_address_or_die($_);
		      not grep { $cc eq $_ || $_ =~ /<\Q${cc}\E>$/ } @recipients
		    }
	       @cc);
	my $to = join (",\n\t", @recipients);
	@recipients = unique_email_list(@recipients,@cc,@bcclist);
	@recipients = (map { extract_valid_address_or_die($_) } @recipients);
	my $date = format_2822_time($time++);
	my $gitversion = '@@GIT_VERSION@@';
	if ($gitversion =~ m/..GIT_VERSION../) {
	    $gitversion = Git::version();
	}

	my $cc = join(",\n\t", unique_email_list(@cc));
	my $ccline = "";
	if ($cc ne '') {
		$ccline = "\nCc: $cc";
	}
	make_message_id() unless defined($message_id);

	my $header = "From: $sender
To: $to${ccline}
Subject: $subject
Date: $date
Message-Id: $message_id
";
	if ($use_xmailer) {
		$header .= "X-Mailer: git-send-email $gitversion\n";
	}
	if ($reply_to) {

		$header .= "In-Reply-To: $reply_to\n";
		$header .= "References: $references\n";
	}
	if (@xh) {
		$header .= join("\n", @xh) . "\n";
	}

	my @sendmail_parameters = ('-i', @recipients);
	my $raw_from = $sender;
	if (defined $envelope_sender && $envelope_sender ne "auto") {
		$raw_from = $envelope_sender;
	}
	$raw_from = extract_valid_address($raw_from);
	unshift (@sendmail_parameters,
			'-f', $raw_from) if(defined $envelope_sender);

	if ($needs_confirm && !$dry_run) {
		print "\n$header\n";
		if ($needs_confirm eq "inform") {
			$confirm_unconfigured = 0; # squelch this message for the rest of this run
			$ask_default = "y"; # assume yes on EOF since user hasn't explicitly asked for confirmation
			print __ <<EOF ;
    The Cc list above has been expanded by additional
    addresses found in the patch commit message. By default
    send-email prompts before sending whenever this occurs.
    This behavior is controlled by the sendemail.confirm
    configuration setting.

    For additional information, run 'git send-email --help'.
    To retain the current behavior, but squelch this message,
    run 'git config --global sendemail.confirm auto'.

EOF
		}
		# TRANSLATORS: Make sure to include [y] [n] [q] [a] in your
		# translation. The program will only accept English input
		# at this point.
		$_ = ask(__("Send this email? ([y]es|[n]o|[q]uit|[a]ll): "),
		         valid_re => qr/^(?:yes|y|no|n|quit|q|all|a)/i,
		         default => $ask_default);
		die __("Send this email reply required") unless defined $_;
		if (/^n/i) {
			return 0;
		} elsif (/^q/i) {
			cleanup_compose_files();
			exit(0);
		} elsif (/^a/i) {
			$confirm = 'never';
		}
	}

	unshift (@sendmail_parameters, @smtp_server_options);

	if ($dry_run) {
		# We don't want to send the email.
	} elsif (file_name_is_absolute($smtp_server)) {
		my $pid = open my $sm, '|-';
		defined $pid or die $!;
		if (!$pid) {
			exec($smtp_server, @sendmail_parameters) or die $!;
		}
		print $sm "$header\n$message";
		close $sm or die $!;
	} else {

		if (!defined $smtp_server) {
			die __("The required SMTP server is not properly defined.")
		}

		if ($smtp_encryption eq 'ssl') {
			$smtp_server_port ||= 465; # ssmtp
			require Net::SMTP::SSL;
			$smtp_domain ||= maildomain();
			require IO::Socket::SSL;

			# Suppress "variable accessed once" warning.
			{
				no warnings 'once';
				$IO::Socket::SSL::DEBUG = 1;
			}

			# Net::SMTP::SSL->new() does not forward any SSL options
			IO::Socket::SSL::set_client_defaults(
				ssl_verify_params());
			$smtp ||= Net::SMTP::SSL->new($smtp_server,
						      Hello => $smtp_domain,
						      Port => $smtp_server_port,
						      Debug => $debug_net_smtp);
		}
		else {
			require Net::SMTP;
			$smtp_domain ||= maildomain();
			$smtp_server_port ||= 25;
			$smtp ||= Net::SMTP->new($smtp_server,
						 Hello => $smtp_domain,
						 Debug => $debug_net_smtp,
						 Port => $smtp_server_port);
			if ($smtp_encryption eq 'tls' && $smtp) {
				require Net::SMTP::SSL;
				$smtp->command('STARTTLS');
				$smtp->response();
				if ($smtp->code == 220) {
					$smtp = Net::SMTP::SSL->start_SSL($smtp,
									  ssl_verify_params())
						or die "STARTTLS failed! ".IO::Socket::SSL::errstr();
					$smtp_encryption = '';
					# Send EHLO again to receive fresh
					# supported commands
					$smtp->hello($smtp_domain);
				} else {
					die sprintf(__("Server does not support STARTTLS! %s"), $smtp->message);
				}
			}
		}

		if (!$smtp) {
			die __("Unable to initialize SMTP properly. Check config and use --smtp-debug."),
			    " VALUES: server=$smtp_server ",
			    "encryption=$smtp_encryption ",
			    "hello=$smtp_domain",
			    defined $smtp_server_port ? " port=$smtp_server_port" : "";
		}

		smtp_auth_maybe or die $smtp->message;

		$smtp->mail( $raw_from ) or die $smtp->message;
		$smtp->to( @recipients ) or die $smtp->message;
		$smtp->data or die $smtp->message;
		$smtp->datasend("$header\n") or die $smtp->message;
		my @lines = split /^/, $message;
		foreach my $line (@lines) {
			$smtp->datasend("$line") or die $smtp->message;
		}
		$smtp->dataend() or die $smtp->message;
		$smtp->code =~ /250|200/ or die sprintf(__("Failed to send %s\n"), $subject).$smtp->message;
	}
	if ($quiet) {
		printf($dry_run ? __("Dry-Sent %s\n") : __("Sent %s\n"), $subject);
	} else {
		print($dry_run ? __("Dry-OK. Log says:\n") : __("OK. Log says:\n"));
		if (!file_name_is_absolute($smtp_server)) {
			print "Server: $smtp_server\n";
			print "MAIL FROM:<$raw_from>\n";
			foreach my $entry (@recipients) {
			    print "RCPT TO:<$entry>\n";
			}
		} else {
			print "Sendmail: $smtp_server ".join(' ',@sendmail_parameters)."\n";
		}
		print $header, "\n";
		if ($smtp) {
			print __("Result: "), $smtp->code, ' ',
				($smtp->message =~ /\n([^\n]+\n)$/s), "\n";
		} else {
			print __("Result: OK\n");
		}
	}

	return 1;
}

$reply_to = $initial_reply_to;
$references = $initial_reply_to || '';
$subject = $initial_subject;
$message_num = 0;

foreach my $t (@files) {
	open my $fh, "<", $t or die sprintf(__("can't open file %s"), $t);

	my $author = undef;
	my $sauthor = undef;
	my $author_encoding;
	my $has_content_type;
	my $body_encoding;
	my $xfer_encoding;
	my $has_mime_version;
	@to = ();
	@cc = ();
	@xh = ();
	my $input_format = undef;
	my @header = ();
	$message = "";
	$message_num++;
	# First unfold multiline header fields
	while(<$fh>) {
		last if /^\s*$/;
		if (/^\s+\S/ and @header) {
			chomp($header[$#header]);
			s/^\s+/ /;
			$header[$#header] .= $_;
	    } else {
			push(@header, $_);
		}
	}
	# Now parse the header
	foreach(@header) {
		if (/^From /) {
			$input_format = 'mbox';
			next;
		}
		chomp;
		if (!defined $input_format && /^[-A-Za-z]+:\s/) {
			$input_format = 'mbox';
		}

		if (defined $input_format && $input_format eq 'mbox') {
			if (/^Subject:\s+(.*)$/i) {
				$subject = $1;
			}
			elsif (/^From:\s+(.*)$/i) {
				($author, $author_encoding) = unquote_rfc2047($1);
				$sauthor = sanitize_address($author);
				next if $suppress_cc{'author'};
				next if $suppress_cc{'self'} and $sauthor eq $sender;
				printf(__("(mbox) Adding cc: %s from line '%s'\n"),
					$1, $_) unless $quiet;
				push @cc, $1;
			}
			elsif (/^To:\s+(.*)$/i) {
				foreach my $addr (parse_address_line($1)) {
					printf(__("(mbox) Adding to: %s from line '%s'\n"),
						$addr, $_) unless $quiet;
					push @to, $addr;
				}
			}
			elsif (/^Cc:\s+(.*)$/i) {
				foreach my $addr (parse_address_line($1)) {
					my $qaddr = unquote_rfc2047($addr);
					my $saddr = sanitize_address($qaddr);
					if ($saddr eq $sender) {
						next if ($suppress_cc{'self'});
					} else {
						next if ($suppress_cc{'cc'});
					}
					printf(__("(mbox) Adding cc: %s from line '%s'\n"),
						$addr, $_) unless $quiet;
					push @cc, $addr;
				}
			}
			elsif (/^Content-type:/i) {
				$has_content_type = 1;
				if (/charset="?([^ "]+)/) {
					$body_encoding = $1;
				}
				push @xh, $_;
			}
			elsif (/^MIME-Version/i) {
				$has_mime_version = 1;
				push @xh, $_;
			}
			elsif (/^Message-Id: (.*)/i) {
				$message_id = $1;
			}
			elsif (/^Content-Transfer-Encoding: (.*)/i) {
				$xfer_encoding = $1 if not defined $xfer_encoding;
			}
			elsif (!/^Date:\s/i && /^[-A-Za-z]+:\s+\S/) {
				push @xh, $_;
			}

		} else {
			# In the traditional
			# "send lots of email" format,
			# line 1 = cc
			# line 2 = subject
			# So let's support that, too.
			$input_format = 'lots';
			if (@cc == 0 && !$suppress_cc{'cc'}) {
				printf(__("(non-mbox) Adding cc: %s from line '%s'\n"),
					$_, $_) unless $quiet;
				push @cc, $_;
			} elsif (!defined $subject) {
				$subject = $_;
			}
		}
	}
	# Now parse the message body
	while(<$fh>) {
		$message .=  $_;
		if (/^(Signed-off-by|Cc): ([^>]*>?)/i) {
			chomp;
			my ($what, $c) = ($1, $2);
			chomp $c;
			my $sc = sanitize_address($c);
			if ($sc eq $sender) {
				next if ($suppress_cc{'self'});
			} else {
				next if $suppress_cc{'sob'} and $what =~ /Signed-off-by/i;
				next if $suppress_cc{'bodycc'} and $what =~ /Cc/i;
			}
			push @cc, $c;
			printf(__("(body) Adding cc: %s from line '%s'\n"),
				$c, $_) unless $quiet;
		}
	}
	close $fh;

	push @to, recipients_cmd("to-cmd", "to", $to_cmd, $t)
		if defined $to_cmd;
	push @cc, recipients_cmd("cc-cmd", "cc", $cc_cmd, $t)
		if defined $cc_cmd && !$suppress_cc{'cccmd'};

	if ($broken_encoding{$t} && !$has_content_type) {
		$xfer_encoding = '8bit' if not defined $xfer_encoding;
		$has_content_type = 1;
		push @xh, "Content-Type: text/plain; charset=$auto_8bit_encoding";
		$body_encoding = $auto_8bit_encoding;
	}

	if ($broken_encoding{$t} && !is_rfc2047_quoted($subject)) {
		$subject = quote_subject($subject, $auto_8bit_encoding);
	}

	if (defined $sauthor and $sauthor ne $sender) {
		$message = "From: $author\n\n$message";
		if (defined $author_encoding) {
			if ($has_content_type) {
				if ($body_encoding eq $author_encoding) {
					# ok, we already have the right encoding
				}
				else {
					# uh oh, we should re-encode
				}
			}
			else {
				$xfer_encoding = '8bit' if not defined $xfer_encoding;
				$has_content_type = 1;
				push @xh,
				  "Content-Type: text/plain; charset=$author_encoding";
			}
		}
	}
	if (defined $target_xfer_encoding) {
		$xfer_encoding = '8bit' if not defined $xfer_encoding;
		$message = apply_transfer_encoding(
			$message, $xfer_encoding, $target_xfer_encoding);
		$xfer_encoding = $target_xfer_encoding;
	}
	if (defined $xfer_encoding) {
		push @xh, "Content-Transfer-Encoding: $xfer_encoding";
	}
	if (defined $xfer_encoding or $has_content_type) {
		unshift @xh, 'MIME-Version: 1.0' unless $has_mime_version;
	}

	$needs_confirm = (
		$confirm eq "always" or
		($confirm =~ /^(?:auto|cc)$/ && @cc) or
		($confirm =~ /^(?:auto|compose)$/ && $compose && $message_num == 1));
	$needs_confirm = "inform" if ($needs_confirm && $confirm_unconfigured && @cc);

	@to = process_address_list(@to);
	@cc = process_address_list(@cc);

	@to = (@initial_to, @to);
	@cc = (@initial_cc, @cc);

	if ($message_num == 1) {
		if (defined $cover_cc and $cover_cc) {
			@initial_cc = @cc;
		}
		if (defined $cover_to and $cover_to) {
			@initial_to = @to;
		}
	}

	my $message_was_sent = send_message();

	# set up for the next message
	if ($thread && $message_was_sent &&
		($chain_reply_to || !defined $reply_to || length($reply_to) == 0 ||
		$message_num == 1)) {
		$reply_to = $message_id;
		if (length $references > 0) {
			$references .= "\n $message_id";
		} else {
			$references = "$message_id";
		}
	}
	$message_id = undef;
}

# Execute a command (e.g. $to_cmd) to get a list of email addresses
# and return a results array
sub recipients_cmd {
	my ($prefix, $what, $cmd, $file) = @_;

	my @addresses = ();
	open my $fh, "-|", "$cmd \Q$file\E"
	    or die sprintf(__("(%s) Could not execute '%s'"), $prefix, $cmd);
	while (my $address = <$fh>) {
		$address =~ s/^\s*//g;
		$address =~ s/\s*$//g;
		$address = sanitize_address($address);
		next if ($address eq $sender and $suppress_cc{'self'});
		push @addresses, $address;
		printf(__("(%s) Adding %s: %s from: '%s'\n"),
		       $prefix, $what, $address, $cmd) unless $quiet;
		}
	close $fh
	    or die sprintf(__("(%s) failed to close pipe to '%s'"), $prefix, $cmd);
	return @addresses;
}

cleanup_compose_files();

sub cleanup_compose_files {
	unlink($compose_filename, $compose_filename . ".final") if $compose;
}

$smtp->quit if $smtp;

sub apply_transfer_encoding {
	my $message = shift;
	my $from = shift;
	my $to = shift;

	return $message if ($from eq $to and $from ne '7bit');

	require MIME::QuotedPrint;
	require MIME::Base64;

	$message = MIME::QuotedPrint::decode($message)
		if ($from eq 'quoted-printable');
	$message = MIME::Base64::decode($message)
		if ($from eq 'base64');

	die __("cannot send message as 7bit")
		if ($to eq '7bit' and $message =~ /[^[:ascii:]]/);
	return $message
		if ($to eq '7bit' or $to eq '8bit');
	return MIME::QuotedPrint::encode($message, "\n", 0)
		if ($to eq 'quoted-printable');
	return MIME::Base64::encode($message, "\n")
		if ($to eq 'base64');
	die __("invalid transfer encoding");
}

sub unique_email_list {
	my %seen;
	my @emails;

	foreach my $entry (@_) {
		my $clean = extract_valid_address_or_die($entry);
		$seen{$clean} ||= 0;
		next if $seen{$clean}++;
		push @emails, $entry;
	}
	return @emails;
}

sub validate_patch {
	my $fn = shift;
	open(my $fh, '<', $fn)
		or die sprintf(__("unable to open %s: %s\n"), $fn, $!);
	while (my $line = <$fh>) {
		if (length($line) > 998) {
			return sprintf(__("%s: patch contains a line longer than 998 characters"), $.);
		}
	}
	return;
}

sub handle_backup {
	my ($last, $lastlen, $file, $known_suffix) = @_;
	my ($suffix, $skip);

	$skip = 0;
	if (defined $last &&
	    ($lastlen < length($file)) &&
	    (substr($file, 0, $lastlen) eq $last) &&
	    ($suffix = substr($file, $lastlen)) !~ /^[a-z0-9]/i) {
		if (defined $known_suffix && $suffix eq $known_suffix) {
			printf(__("Skipping %s with backup suffix '%s'.\n"), $file, $known_suffix);
			$skip = 1;
		} else {
			# TRANSLATORS: please keep "[y|N]" as is.
			my $answer = ask(sprintf(__("Do you really want to send %s? [y|N]: "), $file),
					 valid_re => qr/^(?:y|n)/i,
					 default => 'n');
			$skip = ($answer ne 'y');
			if ($skip) {
				$known_suffix = $suffix;
			}
		}
	}
	return ($skip, $known_suffix);
}

sub handle_backup_files {
	my @file = @_;
	my ($last, $lastlen, $known_suffix, $skip, @result);
	for my $file (@file) {
		($skip, $known_suffix) = handle_backup($last, $lastlen,
						       $file, $known_suffix);
		push @result, $file unless $skip;
		$last = $file;
		$lastlen = length($file);
	}
	return @result;
}

sub file_has_nonascii {
	my $fn = shift;
	open(my $fh, '<', $fn)
		or die sprintf(__("unable to open %s: %s\n"), $fn, $!);
	while (my $line = <$fh>) {
		return 1 if $line =~ /[^[:ascii:]]/;
	}
	return 0;
}

sub body_or_subject_has_nonascii {
	my $fn = shift;
	open(my $fh, '<', $fn)
		or die sprintf(__("unable to open %s: %s\n"), $fn, $!);
	while (my $line = <$fh>) {
		last if $line =~ /^$/;
		return 1 if $line =~ /^Subject.*[^[:ascii:]]/;
	}
	while (my $line = <$fh>) {
		return 1 if $line =~ /[^[:ascii:]]/;
	}
	return 0;
}
debug log:

solving eea0a517f7 ...
found eea0a517f7 in https://80x24.org/mirrors/git.git

git@vger.kernel.org list mirror (unofficial, one of many)

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://public-inbox.org/git
	git clone --mirror http://ou63pmih66umazou.onion/git
	git clone --mirror http://czquwvybam4bgbro.onion/git
	git clone --mirror http://hjrcffqmbrq6wope.onion/git

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroups are available over NNTP:
	nntp://news.public-inbox.org/inbox.comp.version-control.git
	nntp://ou63pmih66umazou.onion/inbox.comp.version-control.git
	nntp://czquwvybam4bgbro.onion/inbox.comp.version-control.git
	nntp://hjrcffqmbrq6wope.onion/inbox.comp.version-control.git
	nntp://news.gmane.io/gmane.comp.version-control.git

 note: .onion URLs require Tor: https://www.torproject.org/

AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git