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From: Matheus Tavares <matheus.bernardino@usp.br>
To: git@vger.kernel.org
Cc: sandals@crustytoothpaste.net, j6t@kdbg.org,
	jonathantanmy@google.com, peff@peff.net,
	Johannes.Schindelin@gmx.de, christian.couder@gmail.com,
	Fredrik Kuivinen <frekui@gmail.com>
Subject: [PATCH v2 2/2] hex: make hash_to_hex_algop() and friends thread-safe
Date: Fri, 26 Jun 2020 18:54:03 -0300	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <b47445fa1cef6d4523dd0ca336f7ee22bce89466.1593208411.git.matheus.bernardino@usp.br> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <cover.1593208411.git.matheus.bernardino@usp.br>

hash_to_hex_algop() returns a static buffer, relieving callers from the
responsibility of freeing memory after use. But the current
implementation uses the same static data for all threads and, thus, is
not thread-safe. We could avoid using this function and its wrappers
in threaded code, but they are sometimes too deep in the call stack to
be noticed or even avoided.

grep.c:grep_source_load_oid(), for example, uses the thread-unsafe
oid_to_hex() (on errors) despite being called in threaded code. And
oid_to_hex() -- which calls hash_to_hex_algop() -- is used in many other
places, as well:

$ git grep 'oid_to_hex(' | wc -l
818

Although hash_to_hex_algop() and its wrappers don't seem to be causing
problems out there for now (at least not reported), making them
thread-safe makes the codebase more robust against race conditions. We
can easily do that by replicating the static buffer in each thread's
local storage.

Original-patch-by: Fredrik Kuivinen <frekui@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Fredrik Kuivinen <frekui@gmail.com>
Signed-off-by: Matheus Tavares <matheus.bernardino@usp.br>
---
 hex.c | 46 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
 1 file changed, 42 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/hex.c b/hex.c
index da51e64929..4f2f163d5e 100644
--- a/hex.c
+++ b/hex.c
@@ -1,4 +1,5 @@
 #include "cache.h"
+#include "thread-utils.h"
 
 const signed char hexval_table[256] = {
 	 -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1, -1,		/* 00-07 */
@@ -136,12 +137,49 @@ char *oid_to_hex_r(char *buffer, const struct object_id *oid)
 	return hash_to_hex_algop_r(buffer, oid->hash, the_hash_algo);
 }
 
+struct hexbuf_array {
+	int idx;
+	char bufs[4][GIT_MAX_HEXSZ + 1];
+};
+
+#ifdef HAVE_THREADS
+static pthread_key_t hexbuf_array_key;
+static pthread_once_t hexbuf_array_once = PTHREAD_ONCE_INIT;
+
+static void init_hexbuf_array_key(void)
+{
+	if (pthread_key_create(&hexbuf_array_key, free))
+		die(_("failed to initialize threads' key for hash to hex conversion"));
+}
+
+#else
+static struct hexbuf_array default_hexbuf_array;
+#endif
+
 char *hash_to_hex_algop(const unsigned char *hash, const struct git_hash_algo *algop)
 {
-	static int bufno;
-	static char hexbuffer[4][GIT_MAX_HEXSZ + 1];
-	bufno = (bufno + 1) % ARRAY_SIZE(hexbuffer);
-	return hash_to_hex_algop_r(hexbuffer[bufno], hash, algop);
+	struct hexbuf_array *ha;
+
+#ifdef HAVE_THREADS
+	void *value;
+
+	if (pthread_once(&hexbuf_array_once, init_hexbuf_array_key))
+		die(_("failed to initialize threads' key for hash to hex conversion"));
+
+	value = pthread_getspecific(hexbuf_array_key);
+	if (value) {
+		ha = (struct hexbuf_array *) value;
+	} else {
+		ha = xmalloc(sizeof(*ha));
+		if (pthread_setspecific(hexbuf_array_key, (void *)ha))
+			die(_("failed to set thread buffer for hash to hex conversion"));
+	}
+#else
+	ha = &default_hexbuf_array;
+#endif
+
+	ha->idx = (ha->idx + 1) % ARRAY_SIZE(ha->bufs);
+	return hash_to_hex_algop_r(ha->bufs[ha->idx], hash, algop);
 }
 
 char *hash_to_hex(const unsigned char *hash)
-- 
2.26.2


  parent reply	other threads:[~2020-06-26 21:54 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 25+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-06-24 22:29 [RFC] Thread safety in some low-level functions Matheus Tavares Bernardino
2020-06-24 22:52 ` Matheus Tavares Bernardino
2020-06-25  1:38   ` brian m. carlson
2020-06-25 20:32     ` [PATCH 0/2] Make oid_to_hex() thread-safe Matheus Tavares
2020-06-25 20:32       ` [PATCH 1/2] compat/win32/pthread: add pthread_once() Matheus Tavares
2020-06-26  5:45         ` Christian Couder
2020-06-26 14:13           ` Matheus Tavares Bernardino
2020-06-25 20:32       ` [PATCH 2/2] hex: make hash_to_hex_algop() and friends thread-safe Matheus Tavares
2020-06-25 23:07         ` brian m. carlson
2020-06-25 23:54           ` Matheus Tavares Bernardino
2020-06-26  0:00             ` Matheus Tavares Bernardino
2020-06-26  6:02         ` Christian Couder
2020-06-26  8:22       ` [PATCH 0/2] Make oid_to_hex() thread-safe Christian Couder
2020-06-26 16:22         ` Matheus Tavares Bernardino
2020-06-26 21:54       ` [PATCH v2 " Matheus Tavares
2020-06-26 21:54         ` [PATCH v2 1/2] compat/win32/pthread: add pthread_once() Matheus Tavares
2020-06-26 21:54         ` Matheus Tavares [this message]
2020-06-29 15:11           ` [PATCH v2 2/2] hex: make hash_to_hex_algop() and friends thread-safe Johannes Schindelin
2020-06-30 20:37             ` Matheus Tavares Bernardino
2020-07-01 11:32               ` Johannes Schindelin
2020-07-16 11:29           ` Johannes Schindelin
2020-07-18  3:09             ` Matheus Tavares Bernardino
2020-08-10 14:15               ` Johannes Schindelin
2020-07-18  3:52             ` Matheus Tavares
2020-07-26 17:41               ` René Scharfe

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