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From: Jeff King <peff@peff.net>
To: Arnaud Morin <arnaud.morin@gmail.com>
Cc: git@vger.kernel.org, Kevin Willford <kewillf@microsoft.com>
Subject: Re: rev-list with multiple commits sharing same patch-id
Date: Tue, 12 Jan 2021 10:11:29 -0500
Message-ID: <X/28IXBpse2dNZQH@coredump.intra.peff.net> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <X/2vgbnxWSmst5yB@coredump.intra.peff.net>

On Tue, Jan 12, 2021 at 09:17:37AM -0500, Jeff King wrote:

> It looks like this was broken in v2.10.0, via dfb7a1b4d0 (patch-ids:
> stop using a hand-rolled hashmap implementation, 2016-07-29).
> 
> I think the issue is that it is allowing duplicate entries in the
> hashmap. The algorithm is something like:
> 
>   - iterate over left-hand commits, inserting patch-id for each into
>     hashmap
> 
>   - iterate over right-hand commits, seeing if any are present in
>     hashmap. If so, we exclude the commit _and_ mark the patch-id as
>     "seen"
> 
>   - iterate again over left-hand commits, omitting any whose patch-ids
>     are marked as "seen"
> 
> So if two commits on the left-hand side have the same patch-id, if we
> insert two entries into the hashmap, then only one of them is going to
> get its "seen" flag marked in the middle step.

Yeah, that's definitely it. Here's what the fix would look like directly
on top of dfb7a1b4d0:

diff --git a/patch-ids.c b/patch-ids.c
index db31fa647a..a8ed4f0872 100644
--- a/patch-ids.c
+++ b/patch-ids.c
@@ -66,12 +66,24 @@ struct patch_id *add_commit_patch_id(struct commit *commit,
 				     struct patch_ids *ids)
 {
 	struct patch_id *key = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*key));
+	struct patch_id *old;
 
 	if (init_patch_id_entry(key, commit, ids)) {
 		free(key);
 		return NULL;
 	}
 
+	/*
+	 * Don't allow duplicates. Note that we can't use hashmap_put here; we
+	 * must retain the _old_ struct, because some commit->util is pointing
+	 * to it.
+	 */
+	old = hashmap_get(&ids->patches, key, ids);
+	if (old) {
+		free(key);
+		return old;
+	}
+
 	hashmap_add(&ids->patches, key);
 	return key;
 }
diff --git a/t/t6007-rev-list-cherry-pick-file.sh b/t/t6007-rev-list-cherry-pick-file.sh
index 28d4f6b259..0c5f1dcc54 100755
--- a/t/t6007-rev-list-cherry-pick-file.sh
+++ b/t/t6007-rev-list-cherry-pick-file.sh
@@ -207,4 +207,16 @@ test_expect_success '--count --left-right' '
 	test_cmp expect actual
 '
 
+test_expect_success '--cherry-pick with duplicates on each side' '
+	git checkout -b dup-orig &&
+	test_commit dup-base &&
+	git revert dup-base &&
+	git cherry-pick dup-base &&
+	git checkout -b dup-side HEAD~3 &&
+	test_tick &&
+	git cherry-pick -3 dup-orig &&
+	git rev-list --cherry-pick dup-orig...dup-side >actual &&
+	test_must_be_empty actual
+'
+
 test_done


Unfortunately we can't do the same thing now. The "seen" flag went away
in 683f17ec44 (patch-ids: replace the seen indicator with a commit
pointer, 2016-07-29), in favor of having each patch_id struct point to a
"struct commit". We could revert that, or turn that pointer into a list,
but it gets worse. Later, b3dfeebb92 (rebase: avoid computing
unnecessary patch IDs, 2016-07-29) built on that by lazily computing the
patch-ids. So each patch_id struct must point to exactly one commit!

We'll have to either:

  - split them apart into two structs at the time of the lazy computation

or

  - accept having duplicate patch_ids, but on lookup make sure we find
    _all_ matches, not just the first one.

Hmm, that last one might not be too bad, since we have
hashmap_get_next() (it does mean iterating over a chained bucket
linearly, but that's already the worst-case for a hash lookup).

-Peff

  reply	other threads:[~2021-01-12 15:14 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 15+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-01-09 16:24 Arnaud Morin
2021-01-11  7:59 ` Arnaud Morin
2021-01-11  9:54 ` Christian Couder
2021-01-11 18:25   ` Arnaud Morin
2021-01-12 14:17 ` Jeff King
2021-01-12 15:11   ` Jeff King [this message]
2021-01-12 15:34     ` Arnaud Morin
2021-01-12 15:52       ` [PATCH] patch-ids: handle duplicate hashmap entries Jeff King
2021-01-12 16:24         ` Arnaud Morin
2021-01-12 19:13         ` Junio C Hamano
2021-01-13  9:24           ` Arnaud Morin
2021-01-13 12:59             ` Jeff King
2021-01-13 20:21               ` Junio C Hamano
2021-01-13 20:33                 ` Jeff King
2021-01-13 19:28             ` Junio C Hamano

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