seq 1 100 >one echo 99 > two seq 1 2 98 >>two git diff --no-index --histogram one two In addition to the recent patches[1], I found another bug in the histogram algorithm, which can be produced with the instructions given above. At least I think it is a bug as the diff looks terrible to me. (It is a correct diff, but the output is just bad.) [1] https://public-inbox.org/git/20180719221942.179565-1-sbeller@google.com/ And I think the issue is in the algorithm, which is basically as follows: 1) build up information about one side ("scanA()"), by putting each line into a hashmap (and counting its occurrences, such that you can make the histogram) 2) "find_LCS" on the other side (B) by trying low occurrence lines and seeing how long the common consequential string match is. (I think this LCS refers to [2], not to be confused with [3]) 3) The whole mental model of the difference between both sides now look like: stuff before the LCS LCS stuff after the LCS As the LCS has no output associated with it, just call recursively do_histogram on the remainders before and after. This is my rough understanding of the algorithm so far. (I am unsure about the exact find_LCS part how and why to pick certain candidates for finding the LCS). The big issue however is the count of LCS, so far we assumed there is only one! In the example given above there are many, i.e. lots of "longest" common continuous substrings of length 1. We are unfortunate to pick "99" as the LCS and recurse before and after; the other LCSs would be a better pick. So I think we would need to find "all LCS", which there can be more than one at the same time, and then fill the gaps between them using recursion. As the order of LCSs can be different in the two sides, we actually have to produce a diff of LCSs and those which are out of order need to be emitted as full edits (deletes or creates). In the example above we'd want to have "99" to be a full create and delete instead of being *the* anchor; all other LCSs ought to be anchors for the first (zero'th?) level of recursion. This bug is also present in JGit which this algorithm was ported from, hence jgit-dev is cc'd (and furthers my suspicion that the issue is not in the port but in the algorithm itself). [2] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Longest_common_substring_problem [3] https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Longest_common_subsequence_problem I'll think about this and see if I can fix it properly, Thoughts or Opinions? Stefan