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From: Stefan Beller <sbeller@google.com>
To: "Middelschulte, Leif" <Leif.Middelschulte@klsmartin.com>
Cc: "git@vger.kernel.org" <git@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: git merge banch w/ different submodule revision
Date: Thu, 26 Apr 2018 10:56:56 -0700
Message-ID: <CAGZ79kZA_R-5bA6mPdoHkVW-C21pNn_0x6FayhuuXqnOTrmjWw@mail.gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <1524739599.20251.17.camel@klsmartin.com>

On Thu, Apr 26, 2018 at 3:49 AM, Middelschulte, Leif
<Leif.Middelschulte@klsmartin.com> wrote:
> Hi,
>
> we're using git-flow as a basic development workflow. However, doing so revealed unexpected merge-behavior by git.
>
> Assume the following setup:
>
> - Repository `S` is sourced by repository `p` as submodule `s`
> - Repository `p` has two branches: `feature_x` and `develop`
> - The revisions sourced via the submodule have a linear history
>
>
> * 1c1d38f (feature_x) update submodule revision to b17e9d9
> | * 3290e69 (HEAD -> develop) update submodule revision to 0598394
> |/
> * cd5e1a5 initial submodule revision
>
>
> Problem case: Merge either branch into the other
>
> Expected behavior: Merge conflict.
>
> Actual behavior: Auto merge without conflicts.
>
> Note 1: A merge conflict does occur, if the sourced revisions do *not* have a linear history
>
> Did I get something wrong about how git resolves merges?

We often treating a submodule as a file from the superproject, but not always.
And in case of a merge, git seems to be a bit smarter than treating it
as a textfile
with two different lines.

See https://github.com/git/git/commit/68d03e4a6e448aa557f52adef92595ac4d6cd4bd
(68d03e4a6e (Implement automatic fast-forward merge for submodules, 2010-07-07)
to explain the situation you encounter. (specifically merge_submodule
at the end of the diff)

> Shouldn't git be like: "hey, you're trying to merge two different contents for the same line" (the submodule's revision)

As we have a history in the submodule we can do more than that and
resolve the conflict.

For two lines, you usually need manual intervention (which line to
pick, or craft a complete
new line out of parts of each line?), whereas for submodule commits
you can reason
about their dependencies due to their history and not just look at the
textual conflict.

Stefan

  reply index

Thread overview: 16+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2018-04-26 10:49 Middelschulte, Leif
2018-04-26 17:56 ` Stefan Beller [this message]
2018-04-26 21:46   ` Jacob Keller
2018-04-26 22:19     ` Stefan Beller
2018-04-30 17:02       ` Heiko Voigt
2018-05-02  7:30         ` Middelschulte, Leif
2018-05-03 16:42           ` Heiko Voigt
2018-05-04  8:29             ` Middelschulte, Leif
2018-05-04 10:18               ` Heiko Voigt
2018-05-04 14:43                 ` Elijah Newren
2018-05-07 14:23                   ` Middelschulte, Leif
2018-04-27  0:02     ` Elijah Newren
2018-04-27  0:19 ` Elijah Newren
2018-04-27 10:37   ` Middelschulte, Leif
2018-04-28  0:24     ` Elijah Newren
2018-04-28  7:22       ` Jacob Keller

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