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From: Jakub Narebski <jnareb@gmail.com>
To: Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com>
Cc: Garima Singh via GitGitGadget <gitgitgadget@gmail.com>,
	git@vger.kernel.org, stolee@gmail.com, szeder.dev@gmail.com,
	jonathantanmy@google.com, jeffhost@microsoft.com,
	me@ttaylorr.com, peff@peff.net,
	Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 0/9] [RFC] Changed Paths Bloom Filters
Date: Sun, 02 Feb 2020 00:32:30 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <86blqhsx2p.fsf@gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20200121234055.GN181522@google.com> (Emily Shaffer's message of "Tue, 21 Jan 2020 15:40:55 -0800")

Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com> writes:

[...]
> Speaking of making sure I understand the change right, I will also
> summarize my own understanding in the hopes that I can be corrected and
> others can learn too ;)
>
>  - The general idea is that we can write down a hint at the tree level
>    saying "something I own did change this commit"; when we look for an
>    object later, we can skip the commit where it looks like that path
>    didn't change.

Or, to be more exact, we write hint about all the files and directories
changed in the commit at the commit level.

Say, for example, that changed files are 'README' and 'subdir/file'.
We store hint that 'README', 'subdir/file' and 'subdir' paths have
changes in them.

>  - The change is in two pieces: first, to generate the hints per tree
>    (which happens during commit-graph); second, to use those hints to
>    optimize a rev walk (which happens in revision.c patch 8)

Right.

>  - When we calculate the hints during commit-graph, we check the diff of
>    each tree compared to its recent ancestor to see if there was a
>    change;

s/recent ancestor/first parent/

Right, though commits without any changes with respect to first-parent
(or null tree in case of root i.e. parentless commit) should be rare.

>           if so we calculate a hash for each path and use that as a key
>    for a map from hash to path.

Yes, and no.  Here we enter the details how Bloom filter is constructed.
We don't store paths in Bloom filter -- it would take too much space.

The hashmap is used as an implementation of mathematical set, a
temporary structure used during Bloom filter construction.  We could
have used string_list, but then we could waste time trying to add
intermediate directories multiple times (for example if 'foo/bar' and
'foo/baz' files changed, we need to add 'foo' path only once to Bloom
filter).

You can think of Bloom filter as a compact (and probabilistic, see
below) representation of set of changed paths.

>                                After we look through everything changed
>    in the diff, we can add it to a cumulative bloom filter list (one
>    filter per commit) so we have a handy in-memory idea of which paths
>    changed in each commit.

Yes.

>  - When it's time to do the rev walk, we ask for the bloom filter for
>    each commit and check if that commit's map contains the path to the
>    object we're worried about; if so, then it's OK to unpack the tree
>    and check if the path we are interested in actually did get changed
>    during that commit.

From the point of view of rev walk, we ask for the Bloom filter for each
commit walked, and check if the (sub)set of changed paths includes given
path.

Bloom filter can answer "no" -- then we can skip the commit simplifying
history, or it can answer "maybe" -- then we need to check if file was
actually changed unpacking the trees (there is around 1% probability
that Bloom filter will say "maybe" if the path is not actually changed).


From the point of view of Bloom filter, if the path was actually changed
the filter will always answer "maybe".  If the path was not changed,
then in most cases the filter will answer "no" but there is 1% of chance
that it will answer "maybe".


I hope that helps,
--
Jakub Narębski

  parent reply	other threads:[~2020-02-01 23:32 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 159+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-12-20 22:05 Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2019-12-20 22:05 ` [PATCH 1/9] commit-graph: add --changed-paths option to write Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-01-01 20:20   ` Jakub Narebski
2019-12-20 22:05 ` [PATCH 2/9] commit-graph: write changed paths bloom filters Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2019-12-21 16:48   ` Philip Oakley
2020-01-06 18:44   ` Jakub Narebski
2020-01-13 19:48     ` Garima Singh
2019-12-20 22:05 ` [PATCH 3/9] commit-graph: use MAX_NUM_CHUNKS Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-01-07 12:19   ` Jakub Narebski
2019-12-20 22:05 ` [PATCH 4/9] commit-graph: document bloom filter format Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-01-07 14:46   ` Jakub Narebski
2019-12-20 22:05 ` [PATCH 5/9] commit-graph: write changed path bloom filters to commit-graph file Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-01-07 16:01   ` Jakub Narebski
2020-01-14 15:14     ` Garima Singh
2019-12-20 22:05 ` [PATCH 6/9] commit-graph: test commit-graph write --changed-paths Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-01-08  0:32   ` Jakub Narebski
2019-12-20 22:05 ` [PATCH 7/9] commit-graph: reuse existing bloom filters during write Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-01-09 19:12   ` Jakub Narebski
2019-12-20 22:05 ` [PATCH 8/9] revision.c: use bloom filters to speed up path based revision walks Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-01-11  0:27   ` Jakub Narebski
2020-01-15  0:08     ` Garima Singh
2019-12-20 22:05 ` [PATCH 9/9] commit-graph: add GIT_TEST_COMMIT_GRAPH_BLOOM_FILTERS test flag Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-01-11 19:56   ` Jakub Narebski
2020-01-15  0:55     ` Garima Singh
2019-12-20 22:14 ` [PATCH 0/9] [RFC] Changed Paths Bloom Filters Junio C Hamano
2019-12-22  9:26 ` Christian Couder
2019-12-22  9:38   ` Jeff King
2020-01-01 12:04     ` Jakub Narebski
2019-12-22  9:30 ` Jeff King
2019-12-22  9:32   ` [PATCH 1/3] commit-graph: examine changed-path objects in pack order Jeff King
2019-12-27 14:51     ` Derrick Stolee
2019-12-29  6:12       ` Jeff King
2019-12-29  6:28         ` Jeff King
2019-12-30 14:37         ` Derrick Stolee
2019-12-30 14:51           ` Derrick Stolee
2019-12-22  9:32   ` [PATCH 2/3] commit-graph: free large diffs, too Jeff King
2019-12-27 14:52     ` Derrick Stolee
2019-12-22  9:32   ` [PATCH 3/3] commit-graph: stop using full rev_info for diffs Jeff King
2019-12-27 14:53     ` Derrick Stolee
2019-12-26 14:21   ` [PATCH 0/9] [RFC] Changed Paths Bloom Filters Derrick Stolee
2019-12-29  6:03     ` Jeff King
2019-12-27 16:11   ` Derrick Stolee
2019-12-29  6:24     ` Jeff King
2019-12-30 16:04       ` Derrick Stolee
2019-12-30 17:02       ` Junio C Hamano
2019-12-31 16:45 ` Jakub Narebski
2020-01-13 16:54   ` Garima Singh
2020-01-20 13:48     ` Jakub Narebski
2020-01-21 16:14       ` Garima Singh
2020-02-02 18:43         ` Jakub Narebski
2020-01-21 23:40 ` Emily Shaffer
2020-01-27 18:24   ` Garima Singh
2020-02-01 23:32   ` Jakub Narebski [this message]
2020-02-05 22:56 ` [PATCH v2 00/11] " Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-02-05 22:56   ` [PATCH v2 01/11] commit-graph: use MAX_NUM_CHUNKS Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-02-09 12:39     ` Jakub Narebski
2020-02-05 22:56   ` [PATCH v2 02/11] bloom: core Bloom filter implementation for changed paths Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-02-15 17:17     ` Jakub Narebski
2020-02-16 16:49     ` Jakub Narebski
2020-02-22  0:32       ` Garima Singh
2020-02-23 13:38         ` Jakub Narebski
2020-02-24 17:34           ` Garima Singh
2020-02-24 18:20             ` Jakub Narebski
2020-02-05 22:56   ` [PATCH v2 03/11] diff: halt tree-diff early after max_changes Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-02-17  0:00     ` Jakub Narebski
2020-02-22  0:37       ` Garima Singh
2020-02-05 22:56   ` [PATCH v2 04/11] commit-graph: compute Bloom filters for changed paths Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-02-17 21:56     ` Jakub Narebski
2020-02-22  0:55       ` Garima Singh
2020-02-23 17:34         ` Jakub Narebski
2020-02-05 22:56   ` [PATCH v2 05/11] commit-graph: examine changed-path objects in pack order Jeff King via GitGitGadget
2020-02-18 17:59     ` Jakub Narebski
2020-02-24 18:29       ` Garima Singh
2020-02-05 22:56   ` [PATCH v2 06/11] commit-graph: examine commits by generation number Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-02-19  0:32     ` Jakub Narebski
2020-02-24 20:45       ` Garima Singh
2020-02-05 22:56   ` [PATCH v2 07/11] commit-graph: write Bloom filters to commit graph file Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-02-19 15:13     ` Jakub Narebski
2020-02-24 21:14       ` Garima Singh
2020-02-25 11:40         ` Jakub Narebski
2020-02-25 15:58           ` Garima Singh
2020-02-05 22:56   ` [PATCH v2 08/11] commit-graph: reuse existing Bloom filters during write Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-02-20 18:48     ` Jakub Narebski
2020-02-24 21:45       ` Garima Singh
2020-02-05 22:56   ` [PATCH v2 09/11] commit-graph: add --changed-paths option to write subcommand Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-02-20 20:28     ` Jakub Narebski
2020-02-24 21:51       ` Garima Singh
2020-02-25 12:10         ` Jakub Narebski
2020-02-20 22:10     ` Bryan Turner
2020-02-22  1:44       ` Garima Singh
2020-02-05 22:56   ` [PATCH v2 10/11] revision.c: use Bloom filters to speed up path based revision walks Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-02-21 17:31     ` Jakub Narebski
2020-02-21 22:45     ` Jakub Narebski
2020-02-05 22:56   ` [PATCH v2 11/11] commit-graph: add GIT_TEST_COMMIT_GRAPH_CHANGED_PATHS test flag Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-02-22  0:11     ` Jakub Narebski
2020-02-07 13:52   ` [PATCH v2 00/11] Changed Paths Bloom Filters SZEDER Gábor
2020-02-07 15:09     ` Garima Singh
2020-02-07 15:36       ` Derrick Stolee
2020-02-07 16:15         ` SZEDER Gábor
2020-02-07 16:33           ` Derrick Stolee
2020-02-11 19:08       ` Garima Singh
2020-02-08 23:04   ` Jakub Narebski
2020-02-21 17:41     ` Garima Singh
2020-03-29 18:36       ` Junio C Hamano
2020-03-30  0:31   ` [PATCH v3 00/16] " Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-03-30  0:31     ` [PATCH v3 01/16] commit-graph: define and use MAX_NUM_CHUNKS Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-03-30  0:31     ` [PATCH v3 02/16] bloom.c: add the murmur3 hash implementation Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-03-30  0:31     ` [PATCH v3 03/16] bloom.c: introduce core Bloom filter constructs Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-03-30  0:31     ` [PATCH v3 04/16] bloom.c: core Bloom filter implementation for changed paths Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-03-30  0:31     ` [PATCH v3 05/16] diff: halt tree-diff early after max_changes Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-03-30  0:31     ` [PATCH v3 06/16] commit-graph: compute Bloom filters for changed paths Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-03-30  0:31     ` [PATCH v3 07/16] commit-graph: examine changed-path objects in pack order Jeff King via GitGitGadget
2020-03-30  0:31     ` [PATCH v3 08/16] commit-graph: examine commits by generation number Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-03-30  0:31     ` [PATCH v3 09/16] diff: skip batch object download when possible Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-03-30  0:31     ` [PATCH v3 10/16] commit-graph: write Bloom filters to commit graph file Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-03-30  0:31     ` [PATCH v3 11/16] commit-graph: reuse existing Bloom filters during write Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-03-30  0:31     ` [PATCH v3 12/16] commit-graph: add --changed-paths option to write subcommand Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-03-30  0:31     ` [PATCH v3 13/16] revision.c: use Bloom filters to speed up path based revision walks Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-03-30  0:31     ` [PATCH v3 14/16] revision.c: add trace2 stats around Bloom filter usage Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-03-30  0:31     ` [PATCH v3 15/16] t4216: add end to end tests for git log with Bloom filters Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-03-30  0:31     ` [PATCH v3 16/16] commit-graph: add GIT_TEST_COMMIT_GRAPH_CHANGED_PATHS test flag Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-04-06 16:59     ` [PATCH v4 00/15] Changed Paths Bloom Filters Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-04-06 16:59       ` [PATCH v4 01/15] commit-graph: define and use MAX_NUM_CHUNKS Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-04-06 16:59       ` [PATCH v4 02/15] bloom.c: add the murmur3 hash implementation Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-04-06 16:59       ` [PATCH v4 03/15] bloom.c: introduce core Bloom filter constructs Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-04-06 16:59       ` [PATCH v4 04/15] bloom.c: core Bloom filter implementation for changed paths Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-06-27 15:53         ` SZEDER Gábor
2020-04-06 16:59       ` [PATCH v4 05/15] diff: halt tree-diff early after max_changes Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-04 14:47         ` SZEDER Gábor
2020-08-04 16:25           ` Derrick Stolee
2020-08-04 17:00             ` SZEDER Gábor
2020-08-04 17:31               ` Derrick Stolee
2020-08-05 17:08                 ` Derrick Stolee
2020-04-06 16:59       ` [PATCH v4 06/15] commit-graph: compute Bloom filters for changed paths Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-04-06 16:59       ` [PATCH v4 07/15] commit-graph: examine changed-path objects in pack order Jeff King via GitGitGadget
2020-04-06 16:59       ` [PATCH v4 08/15] commit-graph: examine commits by generation number Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-04-06 16:59       ` [PATCH v4 09/15] commit-graph: write Bloom filters to commit graph file Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-05-29  8:57         ` SZEDER Gábor
2020-05-29 13:35           ` Derrick Stolee
2020-05-31 17:23             ` SZEDER Gábor
2020-07-09 17:00         ` [PATCH] commit-graph: fix "Writing out commit graph" progress counter SZEDER Gábor
2020-07-09 18:01           ` Derrick Stolee
2020-07-09 18:20             ` Derrick Stolee
2020-04-06 16:59       ` [PATCH v4 10/15] commit-graph: reuse existing Bloom filters during write Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-06-19 14:02         ` SZEDER Gábor
2020-06-19 19:28           ` Junio C Hamano
2020-07-27 21:33         ` SZEDER Gábor
2020-04-06 16:59       ` [PATCH v4 11/15] commit-graph: add --changed-paths option to write subcommand Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-06-07 22:21         ` SZEDER Gábor
2020-04-06 16:59       ` [PATCH v4 12/15] revision.c: use Bloom filters to speed up path based revision walks Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-06-26  6:34         ` SZEDER Gábor
2020-04-06 16:59       ` [PATCH v4 13/15] revision.c: add trace2 stats around Bloom filter usage Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-04-06 16:59       ` [PATCH v4 14/15] t4216: add end to end tests for git log with Bloom filters Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-04-06 16:59       ` [PATCH v4 15/15] commit-graph: add GIT_TEST_COMMIT_GRAPH_CHANGED_PATHS test flag Garima Singh via GitGitGadget
2020-04-08 15:51       ` [PATCH v4 00/15] Changed Paths Bloom Filters Derrick Stolee
2020-04-08 19:21         ` Junio C Hamano
2020-04-08 20:05         ` Jakub Narębski
2020-04-12 20:34         ` Taylor Blau
2020-03-05 19:49 ` [PATCH 0/9] [RFC] " Garima Singh

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