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#include "cache.h"
#include "csum-file.h"
#include "dir.h"
#include "lockfile.h"
#include "packfile.h"
#include "object-store.h"
#include "packfile.h"
#include "midx.h"

#define MIDX_SIGNATURE 0x4d494458 /* "MIDX" */
#define MIDX_VERSION 1
#define MIDX_BYTE_FILE_VERSION 4
#define MIDX_BYTE_HASH_VERSION 5
#define MIDX_BYTE_NUM_CHUNKS 6
#define MIDX_BYTE_NUM_PACKS 8
#define MIDX_HASH_VERSION 1
#define MIDX_HEADER_SIZE 12
#define MIDX_HASH_LEN 20
#define MIDX_MIN_SIZE (MIDX_HEADER_SIZE + MIDX_HASH_LEN)

#define MIDX_MAX_CHUNKS 2
#define MIDX_CHUNK_ALIGNMENT 4
#define MIDX_CHUNKID_PACKNAMES 0x504e414d /* "PNAM" */
#define MIDX_CHUNKID_OIDLOOKUP 0x4f49444c /* "OIDL" */
#define MIDX_CHUNKLOOKUP_WIDTH (sizeof(uint32_t) + sizeof(uint64_t))

static char *get_midx_filename(const char *object_dir)
{
	return xstrfmt("%s/pack/multi-pack-index", object_dir);
}

struct multi_pack_index *load_multi_pack_index(const char *object_dir)
{
	struct multi_pack_index *m = NULL;
	int fd;
	struct stat st;
	size_t midx_size;
	void *midx_map = NULL;
	uint32_t hash_version;
	char *midx_name = get_midx_filename(object_dir);
	uint32_t i;
	const char *cur_pack_name;

	fd = git_open(midx_name);

	if (fd < 0)
		goto cleanup_fail;
	if (fstat(fd, &st)) {
		error_errno(_("failed to read %s"), midx_name);
		goto cleanup_fail;
	}

	midx_size = xsize_t(st.st_size);

	if (midx_size < MIDX_MIN_SIZE) {
		close(fd);
		error(_("multi-pack-index file %s is too small"), midx_name);
		goto cleanup_fail;
	}

	FREE_AND_NULL(midx_name);

	midx_map = xmmap(NULL, midx_size, PROT_READ, MAP_PRIVATE, fd, 0);

	m = xcalloc(1, sizeof(*m) + strlen(object_dir) + 1);
	strcpy(m->object_dir, object_dir);
	m->fd = fd;
	m->data = midx_map;
	m->data_len = midx_size;

	m->signature = get_be32(m->data);
	if (m->signature != MIDX_SIGNATURE) {
		error(_("multi-pack-index signature 0x%08x does not match signature 0x%08x"),
		      m->signature, MIDX_SIGNATURE);
		goto cleanup_fail;
	}

	m->version = m->data[MIDX_BYTE_FILE_VERSION];
	if (m->version != MIDX_VERSION) {
		error(_("multi-pack-index version %d not recognized"),
		      m->version);
		goto cleanup_fail;
	}

	hash_version = m->data[MIDX_BYTE_HASH_VERSION];
	if (hash_version != MIDX_HASH_VERSION) {
		error(_("hash version %u does not match"), hash_version);
		goto cleanup_fail;
	}
	m->hash_len = MIDX_HASH_LEN;

	m->num_chunks = m->data[MIDX_BYTE_NUM_CHUNKS];

	m->num_packs = get_be32(m->data + MIDX_BYTE_NUM_PACKS);

	for (i = 0; i < m->num_chunks; i++) {
		uint32_t chunk_id = get_be32(m->data + MIDX_HEADER_SIZE +
					     MIDX_CHUNKLOOKUP_WIDTH * i);
		uint64_t chunk_offset = get_be64(m->data + MIDX_HEADER_SIZE + 4 +
						 MIDX_CHUNKLOOKUP_WIDTH * i);

		switch (chunk_id) {
			case MIDX_CHUNKID_PACKNAMES:
				m->chunk_pack_names = m->data + chunk_offset;
				break;

			case MIDX_CHUNKID_OIDLOOKUP:
				m->chunk_oid_lookup = m->data + chunk_offset;
				break;

			case 0:
				die(_("terminating multi-pack-index chunk id appears earlier than expected"));
				break;

			default:
				/*
				 * Do nothing on unrecognized chunks, allowing future
				 * extensions to add optional chunks.
				 */
				break;
		}
	}

	if (!m->chunk_pack_names)
		die(_("multi-pack-index missing required pack-name chunk"));
	if (!m->chunk_oid_lookup)
		die(_("multi-pack-index missing required OID lookup chunk"));

	m->pack_names = xcalloc(m->num_packs, sizeof(*m->pack_names));

	cur_pack_name = (const char *)m->chunk_pack_names;
	for (i = 0; i < m->num_packs; i++) {
		m->pack_names[i] = cur_pack_name;

		cur_pack_name += strlen(cur_pack_name) + 1;

		if (i && strcmp(m->pack_names[i], m->pack_names[i - 1]) <= 0) {
			error(_("multi-pack-index pack names out of order: '%s' before '%s'"),
			      m->pack_names[i - 1],
			      m->pack_names[i]);
			goto cleanup_fail;
		}
	}

	return m;

cleanup_fail:
	/* no need to check for NULL when freeing */
	free(m);
	free(midx_name);
	if (midx_map)
		munmap(midx_map, midx_size);
	if (0 <= fd)
		close(fd);
	return NULL;
}

static size_t write_midx_header(struct hashfile *f,
				unsigned char num_chunks,
				uint32_t num_packs)
{
	unsigned char byte_values[4];

	hashwrite_be32(f, MIDX_SIGNATURE);
	byte_values[0] = MIDX_VERSION;
	byte_values[1] = MIDX_HASH_VERSION;
	byte_values[2] = num_chunks;
	byte_values[3] = 0; /* unused */
	hashwrite(f, byte_values, sizeof(byte_values));
	hashwrite_be32(f, num_packs);

	return MIDX_HEADER_SIZE;
}

struct pack_list {
	struct packed_git **list;
	char **names;
	uint32_t nr;
	uint32_t alloc_list;
	uint32_t alloc_names;
	size_t pack_name_concat_len;
};

static void add_pack_to_midx(const char *full_path, size_t full_path_len,
			     const char *file_name, void *data)
{
	struct pack_list *packs = (struct pack_list *)data;

	if (ends_with(file_name, ".idx")) {
		ALLOC_GROW(packs->list, packs->nr + 1, packs->alloc_list);
		ALLOC_GROW(packs->names, packs->nr + 1, packs->alloc_names);

		packs->list[packs->nr] = add_packed_git(full_path,
							full_path_len, 0);

		if (!packs->list[packs->nr]) {
			warning(_("failed to add packfile '%s'"),
				full_path);
			return;
		}

		if (open_pack_index(packs->list[packs->nr])) {
			warning(_("failed to open pack-index '%s'"),
				full_path);
			close_pack(packs->list[packs->nr]);
			FREE_AND_NULL(packs->list[packs->nr]);
			return;
		}

		packs->names[packs->nr] = xstrdup(file_name);
		packs->pack_name_concat_len += strlen(file_name) + 1;
		packs->nr++;
	}
}

struct pack_pair {
	uint32_t pack_int_id;
	char *pack_name;
};

static int pack_pair_compare(const void *_a, const void *_b)
{
	struct pack_pair *a = (struct pack_pair *)_a;
	struct pack_pair *b = (struct pack_pair *)_b;
	return strcmp(a->pack_name, b->pack_name);
}

static void sort_packs_by_name(char **pack_names, uint32_t nr_packs, uint32_t *perm)
{
	uint32_t i;
	struct pack_pair *pairs;

	ALLOC_ARRAY(pairs, nr_packs);

	for (i = 0; i < nr_packs; i++) {
		pairs[i].pack_int_id = i;
		pairs[i].pack_name = pack_names[i];
	}

	QSORT(pairs, nr_packs, pack_pair_compare);

	for (i = 0; i < nr_packs; i++) {
		pack_names[i] = pairs[i].pack_name;
		perm[pairs[i].pack_int_id] = i;
	}

	free(pairs);
}

struct pack_midx_entry {
	struct object_id oid;
	uint32_t pack_int_id;
	time_t pack_mtime;
	uint64_t offset;
};

static int midx_oid_compare(const void *_a, const void *_b)
{
	const struct pack_midx_entry *a = (const struct pack_midx_entry *)_a;
	const struct pack_midx_entry *b = (const struct pack_midx_entry *)_b;
	int cmp = oidcmp(&a->oid, &b->oid);

	if (cmp)
		return cmp;

	if (a->pack_mtime > b->pack_mtime)
		return -1;
	else if (a->pack_mtime < b->pack_mtime)
		return 1;

	return a->pack_int_id - b->pack_int_id;
}

static void fill_pack_entry(uint32_t pack_int_id,
			    struct packed_git *p,
			    uint32_t cur_object,
			    struct pack_midx_entry *entry)
{
	if (!nth_packed_object_oid(&entry->oid, p, cur_object))
		die(_("failed to locate object %d in packfile"), cur_object);

	entry->pack_int_id = pack_int_id;
	entry->pack_mtime = p->mtime;

	entry->offset = nth_packed_object_offset(p, cur_object);
}

/*
 * It is possible to artificially get into a state where there are many
 * duplicate copies of objects. That can create high memory pressure if
 * we are to create a list of all objects before de-duplication. To reduce
 * this memory pressure without a significant performance drop, automatically
 * group objects by the first byte of their object id. Use the IDX fanout
 * tables to group the data, copy to a local array, then sort.
 *
 * Copy only the de-duplicated entries (selected by most-recent modified time
 * of a packfile containing the object).
 */
static struct pack_midx_entry *get_sorted_entries(struct packed_git **p,
						  uint32_t *perm,
						  uint32_t nr_packs,
						  uint32_t *nr_objects)
{
	uint32_t cur_fanout, cur_pack, cur_object;
	uint32_t alloc_fanout, alloc_objects, total_objects = 0;
	struct pack_midx_entry *entries_by_fanout = NULL;
	struct pack_midx_entry *deduplicated_entries = NULL;

	for (cur_pack = 0; cur_pack < nr_packs; cur_pack++)
		total_objects += p[cur_pack]->num_objects;

	/*
	 * As we de-duplicate by fanout value, we expect the fanout
	 * slices to be evenly distributed, with some noise. Hence,
	 * allocate slightly more than one 256th.
	 */
	alloc_objects = alloc_fanout = total_objects > 3200 ? total_objects / 200 : 16;

	ALLOC_ARRAY(entries_by_fanout, alloc_fanout);
	ALLOC_ARRAY(deduplicated_entries, alloc_objects);
	*nr_objects = 0;

	for (cur_fanout = 0; cur_fanout < 256; cur_fanout++) {
		uint32_t nr_fanout = 0;

		for (cur_pack = 0; cur_pack < nr_packs; cur_pack++) {
			uint32_t start = 0, end;

			if (cur_fanout)
				start = get_pack_fanout(p[cur_pack], cur_fanout - 1);
			end = get_pack_fanout(p[cur_pack], cur_fanout);

			for (cur_object = start; cur_object < end; cur_object++) {
				ALLOC_GROW(entries_by_fanout, nr_fanout + 1, alloc_fanout);
				fill_pack_entry(perm[cur_pack], p[cur_pack], cur_object, &entries_by_fanout[nr_fanout]);
				nr_fanout++;
			}
		}

		QSORT(entries_by_fanout, nr_fanout, midx_oid_compare);

		/*
		 * The batch is now sorted by OID and then mtime (descending).
		 * Take only the first duplicate.
		 */
		for (cur_object = 0; cur_object < nr_fanout; cur_object++) {
			if (cur_object && !oidcmp(&entries_by_fanout[cur_object - 1].oid,
						  &entries_by_fanout[cur_object].oid))
				continue;

			ALLOC_GROW(deduplicated_entries, *nr_objects + 1, alloc_objects);
			memcpy(&deduplicated_entries[*nr_objects],
			       &entries_by_fanout[cur_object],
			       sizeof(struct pack_midx_entry));
			(*nr_objects)++;
		}
	}

	free(entries_by_fanout);
	return deduplicated_entries;
}

static size_t write_midx_pack_names(struct hashfile *f,
				    char **pack_names,
				    uint32_t num_packs)
{
	uint32_t i;
	unsigned char padding[MIDX_CHUNK_ALIGNMENT];
	size_t written = 0;

	for (i = 0; i < num_packs; i++) {
		size_t writelen = strlen(pack_names[i]) + 1;

		if (i && strcmp(pack_names[i], pack_names[i - 1]) <= 0)
			BUG("incorrect pack-file order: %s before %s",
			    pack_names[i - 1],
			    pack_names[i]);

		hashwrite(f, pack_names[i], writelen);
		written += writelen;
	}

	/* add padding to be aligned */
	i = MIDX_CHUNK_ALIGNMENT - (written % MIDX_CHUNK_ALIGNMENT);
	if (i < MIDX_CHUNK_ALIGNMENT) {
		memset(padding, 0, sizeof(padding));
		hashwrite(f, padding, i);
		written += i;
	}

	return written;
}

static size_t write_midx_oid_lookup(struct hashfile *f, unsigned char hash_len,
				    struct pack_midx_entry *objects,
				    uint32_t nr_objects)
{
	struct pack_midx_entry *list = objects;
	uint32_t i;
	size_t written = 0;

	for (i = 0; i < nr_objects; i++) {
		struct pack_midx_entry *obj = list++;

		if (i < nr_objects - 1) {
			struct pack_midx_entry *next = list;
			if (oidcmp(&obj->oid, &next->oid) >= 0)
				BUG("OIDs not in order: %s >= %s",
				oid_to_hex(&obj->oid),
				oid_to_hex(&next->oid));
		}

		hashwrite(f, obj->oid.hash, (int)hash_len);
		written += hash_len;
	}

	return written;
}

int write_midx_file(const char *object_dir)
{
	unsigned char cur_chunk, num_chunks = 0;
	char *midx_name;
	uint32_t i;
	struct hashfile *f = NULL;
	struct lock_file lk;
	struct pack_list packs;
	uint32_t *pack_perm = NULL;
	uint64_t written = 0;
	uint32_t chunk_ids[MIDX_MAX_CHUNKS + 1];
	uint64_t chunk_offsets[MIDX_MAX_CHUNKS + 1];
	uint32_t nr_entries;
	struct pack_midx_entry *entries = NULL;

	midx_name = get_midx_filename(object_dir);
	if (safe_create_leading_directories(midx_name)) {
		UNLEAK(midx_name);
		die_errno(_("unable to create leading directories of %s"),
			  midx_name);
	}

	packs.nr = 0;
	packs.alloc_list = 16;
	packs.alloc_names = 16;
	packs.list = NULL;
	packs.pack_name_concat_len = 0;
	ALLOC_ARRAY(packs.list, packs.alloc_list);
	ALLOC_ARRAY(packs.names, packs.alloc_names);

	for_each_file_in_pack_dir(object_dir, add_pack_to_midx, &packs);

	if (packs.pack_name_concat_len % MIDX_CHUNK_ALIGNMENT)
		packs.pack_name_concat_len += MIDX_CHUNK_ALIGNMENT -
					      (packs.pack_name_concat_len % MIDX_CHUNK_ALIGNMENT);

	ALLOC_ARRAY(pack_perm, packs.nr);
	sort_packs_by_name(packs.names, packs.nr, pack_perm);

	entries = get_sorted_entries(packs.list, pack_perm, packs.nr, &nr_entries);

	hold_lock_file_for_update(&lk, midx_name, LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR);
	f = hashfd(lk.tempfile->fd, lk.tempfile->filename.buf);
	FREE_AND_NULL(midx_name);

	cur_chunk = 0;
	num_chunks = 2;

	written = write_midx_header(f, num_chunks, packs.nr);

	chunk_ids[cur_chunk] = MIDX_CHUNKID_PACKNAMES;
	chunk_offsets[cur_chunk] = written + (num_chunks + 1) * MIDX_CHUNKLOOKUP_WIDTH;

	cur_chunk++;
	chunk_ids[cur_chunk] = MIDX_CHUNKID_OIDLOOKUP;
	chunk_offsets[cur_chunk] = chunk_offsets[cur_chunk - 1] + packs.pack_name_concat_len;

	cur_chunk++;
	chunk_ids[cur_chunk] = 0;
	chunk_offsets[cur_chunk] = chunk_offsets[cur_chunk - 1] + nr_entries * MIDX_HASH_LEN;

	for (i = 0; i <= num_chunks; i++) {
		if (i && chunk_offsets[i] < chunk_offsets[i - 1])
			BUG("incorrect chunk offsets: %"PRIu64" before %"PRIu64,
			    chunk_offsets[i - 1],
			    chunk_offsets[i]);

		if (chunk_offsets[i] % MIDX_CHUNK_ALIGNMENT)
			BUG("chunk offset %"PRIu64" is not properly aligned",
			    chunk_offsets[i]);

		hashwrite_be32(f, chunk_ids[i]);
		hashwrite_be32(f, chunk_offsets[i] >> 32);
		hashwrite_be32(f, chunk_offsets[i]);

		written += MIDX_CHUNKLOOKUP_WIDTH;
	}

	for (i = 0; i < num_chunks; i++) {
		if (written != chunk_offsets[i])
			BUG("incorrect chunk offset (%"PRIu64" != %"PRIu64") for chunk id %"PRIx32,
			    chunk_offsets[i],
			    written,
			    chunk_ids[i]);

		switch (chunk_ids[i]) {
			case MIDX_CHUNKID_PACKNAMES:
				written += write_midx_pack_names(f, packs.names, packs.nr);
				break;

			case MIDX_CHUNKID_OIDLOOKUP:
				written += write_midx_oid_lookup(f, MIDX_HASH_LEN, entries, nr_entries);
				break;

			default:
				BUG("trying to write unknown chunk id %"PRIx32,
				    chunk_ids[i]);
		}
	}

	if (written != chunk_offsets[num_chunks])
		BUG("incorrect final offset %"PRIu64" != %"PRIu64,
		    written,
		    chunk_offsets[num_chunks]);

	finalize_hashfile(f, NULL, CSUM_FSYNC | CSUM_HASH_IN_STREAM);
	commit_lock_file(&lk);

	for (i = 0; i < packs.nr; i++) {
		if (packs.list[i]) {
			close_pack(packs.list[i]);
			free(packs.list[i]);
		}
		free(packs.names[i]);
	}

	free(packs.list);
	free(packs.names);
	free(entries);
	return 0;
}
debug log:

solving 7606addab6 ...
found 7606addab6 in https://public-inbox.org/git/20180706005321.124643-14-dstolee@microsoft.com/
found 028e3aa5e9 in https://public-inbox.org/git/20180706005321.124643-13-dstolee@microsoft.com/
found ffe29af65d in https://public-inbox.org/git/20180706005321.124643-12-dstolee@microsoft.com/
found f78c161422 in https://public-inbox.org/git/20180706005321.124643-11-dstolee@microsoft.com/
found b0722485df in https://public-inbox.org/git/20180706005321.124643-10-dstolee@microsoft.com/
found fb388f5858 in https://public-inbox.org/git/20180706005321.124643-7-dstolee@microsoft.com/
found f85f2d334d in https://80x24.org/mirrors/git.git
preparing index
index prepared:
100644 f85f2d334d4762119f403d8a42292486e15640aa	midx.c

applying [1/6] https://public-inbox.org/git/20180706005321.124643-7-dstolee@microsoft.com/
diff --git a/midx.c b/midx.c
index f85f2d334d..fb388f5858 100644


applying [2/6] https://public-inbox.org/git/20180706005321.124643-10-dstolee@microsoft.com/
diff --git a/midx.c b/midx.c
index fb388f5858..b0722485df 100644


applying [3/6] https://public-inbox.org/git/20180706005321.124643-11-dstolee@microsoft.com/
diff --git a/midx.c b/midx.c
index b0722485df..f78c161422 100644


applying [4/6] https://public-inbox.org/git/20180706005321.124643-12-dstolee@microsoft.com/
diff --git a/midx.c b/midx.c
index f78c161422..ffe29af65d 100644


applying [5/6] https://public-inbox.org/git/20180706005321.124643-13-dstolee@microsoft.com/
diff --git a/midx.c b/midx.c
index ffe29af65d..028e3aa5e9 100644


applying [6/6] https://public-inbox.org/git/20180706005321.124643-14-dstolee@microsoft.com/
diff --git a/midx.c b/midx.c
index 028e3aa5e9..7606addab6 100644

Checking patch midx.c...
Applied patch midx.c cleanly.
Checking patch midx.c...
Applied patch midx.c cleanly.
Checking patch midx.c...
Applied patch midx.c cleanly.
Checking patch midx.c...
Applied patch midx.c cleanly.
Checking patch midx.c...
Applied patch midx.c cleanly.
Checking patch midx.c...
Applied patch midx.c cleanly.

index at:
100644 7606addab6e3c61920e37e76e7b7276ecb1027f1	midx.c

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