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From: Phillip Wood <phillip.wood123@gmail.com>
To: "Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón" <carenas@gmail.com>, git@vger.kernel.org
Cc: philipoakley@iee.email, me@ttaylorr.com, guy.j@maurel.de,
	szeder.dev@gmail.com, johannes.Schindelin@gmx.de,
	gitster@pobox.com, derrickstolee@github.com,
	Randall Becker <rsbecker@nexbridge.com>
Subject: Re: [PATCH] git-compat-util: avoid failing dir ownership checks if running privileged
Date: Wed, 27 Apr 2022 10:33:04 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <6522673b-494a-951c-be5e-3ca01577c12b@gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20220427000522.15637-1-carenas@gmail.com>

Hi Carlo

On 27/04/2022 01:05, Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón wrote:
> bdc77d1d685 (Add a function to determine whether a path is owned by the
> current user, 2022-03-02) checks for the effective uid of the running
> process using geteuid() but didn't account for cases where that uid was
> root (because git was invoked through sudo or a compatible tool) and the
> original user that repository trusted for its config was different,
> therefore failing the following common use case:
> 
>    guy@renard ~/Software/uncrustify $ sudo git describe --always --dirty
>    [sudo] password for guy:
>    fatal: unsafe repository ('/home/guy/Software/uncrustify' is owned by someone else)
> 
> Attempt to detect those cases by using the environment variables that
> sudo or compatible tools create to keep track of the original user id,
> and do the ownership check using that instead.
> 
> This assumes the environment the user is running with after going
> privileged can't be tampered with, and also does the check only for
> root to keep the most common case less complicated, but as a side effect
> will miss cases where sudo (or an equivalent) was used to change to
> another unprivileged user or where the equivalent tool used to raise
> privileges didn't track the original id in a sudo compatible way.
> 
> Reported-by: Guy Maurel <guy.j@maurel.de>
> Helped-by: SZEDER Gábor <szeder.dev@gmail.com>
> Helped-by: Randall Becker <rsbecker@nexbridge.com>
> Suggested-by: Johannes Schindelin <Johannes.Schindelin@gmx.de>
> Signed-off-by: Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón <carenas@gmail.com>
> ---
> Changes since RFC
> * Addresses all spelling errors, even the ones not reported and even if I
>    am sure "priviledged" is a nicer sounding word even if obsoleted.
> * Uses strtol instead of atoi as suggested by Randall and Junio, the extra
>    error checking was too much to handle inline so a new helper function
>    was added.
> * Removes checks for DOAS_UID, in an attempt to make the change smaller
>    and because that is part of an extention that might not be that common.
>    This means `doas` is still broken, but that was punted for now.
> * Has been tested a little more, but is still missing a test case, but
>    as Derrick pointed out doing so is not trivial, so punted for now.
> 
>   git-compat-util.h | 38 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
>   1 file changed, 37 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)
> 
> diff --git a/git-compat-util.h b/git-compat-util.h
> index 58fd813bd01..9bb0eb5087a 100644
> --- a/git-compat-util.h
> +++ b/git-compat-util.h
> @@ -437,12 +437,48 @@ static inline int git_offset_1st_component(const char *path)
>   #endif
>   
>   #ifndef is_path_owned_by_current_user
> +
> +#ifdef __TANDEM
> +#define ROOT_UID 65535
> +#else
> +#define ROOT_UID 0
> +#endif
> +
> +/*
> + * this helper function overrides a ROOT_UID with the one provided by
> + * an environment variable, do not use unless the original uid is
> + * root
> + */
> +static inline int extract_id_from_env(const char *env, uid_t *id)

Do we really want this living in git-compat-util.h?

> +{
> +	const char *real_uid = getenv(env);
> +
> +	if (real_uid && *real_uid) {
> +		char *error;
> +		long extracted_id = strtol(real_uid, &error, 10);
> +		if (!*error && LONG_MIN < extracted_id &&
> +				extracted_id < LONG_MAX) {

strtol() returns a long so the last two checks are redundant. The 
standard is silent on what happens to error when the value is out of 
range. The way to check that all the string was consumed without 
underflow/overflow is

	errno = 0;
	val = strtol(str, &endp, 10);
	if (errno || !*endp)
		error(...)

In this case I think negative values make no sense as I believe uids are 
always positive integers so we should add a check for "extracted_id < 0"

> +			*id = (uid_t)extracted_id;

There is a potential integer truncation here which could lead to false 
positives. I'm not sure that there is a way to query the maximum valid 
uid but we could do

	#if sizeof(uid_t) == sizeof(int)
		if (extracted_id > INT_MAX)
			error(...)
	#endif

Unfortunately I think we need to use #if rather than if to prevent 
compilers complaining that the condition is always true or always false.

Checking the real user id from an environment variable makes me feel a 
bit queasy but as others have pointed out if an attacker can mess with 
the users environment then they can already override $PATH.

Best Wishes

Phillip

> +			return 1;
> +		}
> +	}
> +	return 0;
> +}
> +
>   static inline int is_path_owned_by_current_uid(const char *path)
>   {
>   	struct stat st;
> +	uid_t euid;
> +
>   	if (lstat(path, &st))
>   		return 0;
> -	return st.st_uid == geteuid();
> +
> +	euid = geteuid();
> +	if (euid == ROOT_UID) {
> +		/* we might have raised our privileges with sudo */
> +		extract_id_from_env("SUDO_UID", &euid);
> +	}
> +	return st.st_uid == euid;
>   }
>   
>   #define is_path_owned_by_current_user is_path_owned_by_current_uid


  reply	other threads:[~2022-04-27 11:01 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 170+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2022-04-26 18:31 [RFC PATCH] git-compat-util: avoid failing dir ownership checks if running priviledged Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-04-26 19:48 ` Derrick Stolee
2022-04-26 19:56   ` Junio C Hamano
2022-04-26 20:10     ` rsbecker
2022-04-26 20:45       ` Carlo Arenas
2022-04-26 21:10         ` Junio C Hamano
2022-04-26 20:12     ` Carlo Arenas
2022-04-26 20:26   ` Carlo Arenas
2022-04-29 16:16   ` Derrick Stolee
2022-04-27  0:05 ` [PATCH] git-compat-util: avoid failing dir ownership checks if running privileged Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-04-27  9:33   ` Phillip Wood [this message]
2022-04-27 12:30     ` Phillip Wood
2022-04-27 14:15       ` rsbecker
2022-04-27 15:58       ` Carlo Arenas
2022-04-27 16:14         ` Phillip Wood
2022-04-27 18:54           ` Junio C Hamano
2022-04-27 20:59             ` Carlo Arenas
2022-04-27 21:09               ` rsbecker
2022-04-27 21:25               ` Junio C Hamano
2022-04-28 17:56             ` Phillip Wood
2022-04-27 15:38     ` Carlo Arenas
2022-04-27 15:50       ` rsbecker
2022-04-27 16:19       ` Junio C Hamano
2022-04-27 16:45         ` Carlo Arenas
2022-04-27 17:22         ` Phillip Wood
2022-04-27 17:49           ` rsbecker
2022-04-27 17:54             ` Carlo Arenas
2022-04-27 18:05               ` rsbecker
2022-04-27 18:11                 ` Carlo Arenas
2022-04-27 18:16                   ` rsbecker
2022-04-27 16:31       ` Phillip Wood
2022-04-27 16:54         ` Carlo Arenas
2022-04-27 17:28           ` Phillip Wood
2022-04-27 17:49             ` Carlo Arenas
2022-04-27 22:26   ` [RFC PATCH v2] " Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-04-27 22:33     ` Junio C Hamano
2022-04-28  3:35     ` [PATCH 0/2] fix `sudo make install` regression in maint Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-04-28  3:35       ` [PATCH 1/2] Documentation: explain how safe.directory works when running under sudo Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-04-28  5:17         ` Junio C Hamano
2022-04-28  5:58           ` Carlo Arenas
2022-04-28  6:41             ` Junio C Hamano
2022-04-28  3:35       ` [PATCH 2/2] t: add tests for safe.directory when running with sudo Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-04-28  5:34         ` Junio C Hamano
2022-04-28  4:57       ` [PATCH 0/2] fix `sudo make install` regression in maint Junio C Hamano
2022-04-28 10:58       ` [PATCH v2 0/3] " Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-04-28 10:58         ` [PATCH v2 1/3] git-compat-util: avoid failing dir ownership checks if running privileged Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-04-28 18:02           ` Phillip Wood
2022-04-28 18:57             ` Carlo Arenas
2022-04-28 10:58         ` [PATCH v2 2/3] Documentation: explain how safe.directory works when running under sudo Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-04-30  6:17           ` Bagas Sanjaya
2022-04-30  6:39             ` Junio C Hamano
2022-04-30 14:15             ` Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-04-28 10:58         ` [PATCH v2 3/3] t: add tests for safe.directory when running with sudo Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-04-28 16:55           ` Junio C Hamano
2022-04-28 18:08             ` Phillip Wood
2022-04-28 18:12               ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-06 17:50                 ` Carlo Arenas
2022-05-06 21:43                   ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-06 22:57                     ` Carlo Arenas
2022-05-06 23:55                       ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-07 11:57                         ` Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-04-28 19:53             ` rsbecker
2022-04-28 20:22               ` Carlo Arenas
2022-04-28 20:43                 ` rsbecker
2022-04-28 20:51                   ` Junio C Hamano
2022-04-28 20:56                   ` Carlo Arenas
2022-04-28 21:55                     ` rsbecker
2022-04-28 22:21                       ` Junio C Hamano
2022-04-28 22:45                         ` rsbecker
2022-04-28 20:46                 ` Junio C Hamano
2022-04-28 20:32               ` Junio C Hamano
2022-04-28 20:40                 ` rsbecker
2022-04-28 20:48                 ` Carlo Arenas
2022-04-28 21:02             ` Carlo Arenas
2022-04-28 21:07               ` Junio C Hamano
2022-04-29  1:24                 ` Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-04-29 18:50                   ` Junio C Hamano
2022-04-29 20:05                     ` Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-05-02 18:39         ` [RFC PATCH v3 0/3] fix `sudo make install` regression in maint Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-05-02 18:39           ` [RFC PATCH v3 1/3] t: document regression git safe.directory when using sudo Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-05-02 21:35             ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-02 23:07               ` Carlo Arenas
2022-05-02 18:39           ` [RFC PATCH v3 2/3] git-compat-util: avoid failing dir ownership checks if running privileged Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-05-02 18:39           ` [RFC PATCH v3 3/3] t0034: enhance framework to allow testing more commands under sudo Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-05-02 22:10             ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-03  0:00               ` Carlo Arenas
2022-05-03  6:54         ` [PATCH v3 0/3] fix `sudo make install` regression in maint Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-05-03  6:54           ` [PATCH v3 1/3] t: document regression git safe.directory when using sudo Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-05-03 14:03             ` Phillip Wood
2022-05-03 15:56               ` Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-05-04 11:15                 ` Phillip Wood
2022-05-04 13:02                   ` Carlo Arenas
2022-05-04 14:11                     ` Phillip Wood
2022-05-05 13:44             ` Johannes Schindelin
2022-05-05 14:34               ` Phillip Wood
2022-05-05 15:50               ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-05 18:33               ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-05 19:39                 ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-06 21:03                   ` Carlo Arenas
2022-05-09  8:21                 ` Phillip Wood
2022-05-09 14:51                   ` Carlo Arenas
2022-05-09 15:18                     ` Phillip Wood
2022-05-09 16:01                   ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-09 16:21                     ` Carlo Arenas
2022-05-06 17:39               ` Carlo Arenas
2022-05-03  6:54           ` [PATCH v3 2/3] git-compat-util: avoid failing dir ownership checks if running privileged Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-05-05 14:01             ` Johannes Schindelin
2022-05-05 14:32               ` Phillip Wood
2022-05-06 19:15                 ` Carlo Arenas
2022-05-06 20:00                   ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-06 20:22                     ` Carlo Arenas
2022-05-06 20:59                       ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-06 21:40                         ` Carlo Arenas
2022-05-06 21:07                       ` rsbecker
2022-05-05 16:09               ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-06 20:02               ` Carlo Arenas
2022-05-03  6:54           ` [PATCH v3 3/3] t0034: enhance framework to allow testing more commands under sudo Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-05-03 14:12             ` Phillip Wood
2022-05-03 15:27               ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-06 16:54               ` Carlo Arenas
2022-05-07 16:35           ` [RFC PATCH v4 0/3] fix `sudo make install` regression in maint Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-05-07 16:35             ` [RFC PATCH v4 1/3] t: regression git needs safe.directory when using sudo Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-05-07 16:35             ` [RFC PATCH v4 2/3] git-compat-util: avoid failing dir ownership checks if running privileged Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-05-07 17:34               ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-07 18:56                 ` Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-05-09 16:54                   ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-09 17:36                     ` rsbecker
2022-05-09 18:48                     ` Carlo Arenas
2022-05-09 19:16                       ` rsbecker
2022-05-09 19:41                       ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-07 16:35             ` [RFC PATCH v4 3/3] t0034: add negative tests and allow git init to mostly work under sudo Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-05-10 14:17             ` [RFC PATCH v4 0/3] fix `sudo make install` regression in maint Phillip Wood
2022-05-10 15:47               ` Carlo Arenas
2022-05-10 17:46             ` [PATCH " Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-05-10 17:46               ` [PATCH v4 1/3] t: regression git needs safe.directory when using sudo Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-05-10 22:10                 ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-10 23:11                   ` Carlo Arenas
2022-05-10 23:44                     ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-11  0:56                       ` Carlo Arenas
2022-05-11  1:11                         ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-10 17:46               ` [PATCH v4 2/3] git-compat-util: avoid failing dir ownership checks if running privileged Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-05-10 22:57                 ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-11  7:34                   ` Carlo Arenas
2022-05-11 14:58                     ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-10 17:46               ` [PATCH v4 3/3] t0034: add negative tests and allow git init to mostly work under sudo Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-05-10 23:11                 ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-10 23:25                   ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-11 14:04                   ` Carlo Arenas
2022-05-11 15:29                     ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-13  1:00               ` [PATCH v5 0/4] fix `sudo make install` regression in maint Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-05-13  1:00                 ` [PATCH v5 1/4] t: regression git needs safe.directory when using sudo Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-06-03 12:12                   ` SZEDER Gábor
2022-05-13  1:00                 ` [PATCH v5 2/4] git-compat-util: avoid failing dir ownership checks if running privileged Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-06-03 11:05                   ` SZEDER Gábor
2022-06-03 16:54                     ` Junio C Hamano
2022-06-03 17:34                       ` SZEDER Gábor
2022-05-13  1:00                 ` [PATCH v5 3/4] t0034: add negative tests and allow git init to mostly work under sudo Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-05-13  1:20                   ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-14 14:36                     ` Carlo Arenas
2022-05-15 16:54                       ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-15 19:21                         ` Carlo Arenas
2022-05-16  5:27                           ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-16 13:07                             ` Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-05-16 16:25                               ` Junio C Hamano
2022-05-13  1:00                 ` [PATCH v5 4/4] git-compat-util: allow root to access both SUDO_UID and root owned Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-06-15 14:02                   ` Johannes Schindelin
2022-06-17 14:26                     ` Carlo Arenas
2022-06-17 16:00                       ` Junio C Hamano
2022-06-17 20:23                   ` [PATCH v6] " Carlo Marcelo Arenas Belón
2022-06-17 21:02                     ` Junio C Hamano

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