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From: "Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget" <gitgitgadget@gmail.com>
To: git@vger.kernel.org
Cc: sandals@crustytoothpaste.net, steadmon@google.com,
	jrnieder@gmail.com, peff@peff.net, congdanhqx@gmail.com,
	phillip.wood123@gmail.com, emilyshaffer@google.com,
	sluongng@gmail.com, jonathantanmy@google.com,
	Derrick Stolee <derrickstolee@github.com>,
	Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com>
Subject: [PATCH v2 05/11] maintenance: add commit-graph task
Date: Tue, 18 Aug 2020 14:23:02 +0000	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <50b457fd57aef4e9ac6a15549561936dc962ef36.1597760589.git.gitgitgadget@gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <pull.695.v2.git.1597760589.gitgitgadget@gmail.com>

From: Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com>

The first new task in the 'git maintenance' builtin is the
'commit-graph' job. It is based on the sequence of events in the
'commit-graph' job in Scalar [1]. This sequence is as follows:

1. git commit-graph write --reachable --split
2. git commit-graph verify --shallow
3. If the verify succeeds, stop.
4. Delete the commit-graph-chain file.
5. git commit-graph write --reachable --split

By writing an incremental commit-graph file using the "--split"
option we minimize the disruption from this operation. The default
behavior is to merge layers until the new "top" layer is less than
half the size of the layer below. This provides quick writes most
of the time, with the longer writes following a power law
distribution.

Most importantly, concurrent Git processes only look at the
commit-graph-chain file for a very short amount of time, so they
will verly likely not be holding a handle to the file when we try
to replace it. (This only matters on Windows.)

If a concurrent process reads the old commit-graph-chain file, but
our job expires some of the .graph files before they can be read,
then those processes will see a warning message (but not fail).
This could be avoided by a future update to use the --expire-time
argument when writing the commit-graph.

By using 'git commit-graph verify --shallow' we can ensure that
the file we just wrote is valid. This is an extra safety precaution
that is faster than our 'write' subcommand. In the rare situation
that the newest layer of the commit-graph is corrupt, we can "fix"
the corruption by deleting the commit-graph-chain file and rewrite
the full commit-graph as a new one-layer commit graph. This does
not completely prevent _that_ file from being corrupt, but it does
recompute the commit-graph by parsing commits from the object
database. In our use of this step in Scalar and VFS for Git, we
have only seen this issue arise because our microsoft/git fork
reverted 43d3561 ("commit-graph write: don't die if the existing
graph is corrupt" 2019-03-25) for a while to keep commit-graph
writes very fast. We dropped the revert when updating to v2.23.0.
The verify still has potential for catching corrupt data across
the layer boundary: if the new file has commit X with parent Y
in an old file but the commit ID for Y in the old file had a
bitswap, then we will notice that in the 'verify' command.

[1] https://github.com/microsoft/scalar/blob/master/Scalar.Common/Maintenance/CommitGraphStep.cs

Signed-off-by: Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com>
---
 Documentation/git-maintenance.txt | 11 ++++++
 builtin/gc.c                      | 63 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 commit-graph.c                    |  8 ++--
 commit-graph.h                    |  1 +
 t/t7900-maintenance.sh            |  2 +
 5 files changed, 81 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/git-maintenance.txt b/Documentation/git-maintenance.txt
index 04fa0fe329..c816fa1dcd 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-maintenance.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-maintenance.txt
@@ -35,6 +35,17 @@ run::
 TASKS
 -----
 
+commit-graph::
+	The `commit-graph` job updates the `commit-graph` files incrementally,
+	then verifies that the written data is correct. If the new layer has an
+	issue, then the chain file is removed and the `commit-graph` is
+	rewritten from scratch.
++
+The incremental write is safe to run alongside concurrent Git processes
+since it will not expire `.graph` files that were in the previous
+`commit-graph-chain` file. They will be deleted by a later run based on
+the expiration delay.
+
 gc::
 	Clean up unnecessary files and optimize the local repository. "GC"
 	stands for "garbage collection," but this task performs many
diff --git a/builtin/gc.c b/builtin/gc.c
index 946d871d54..4f9352b9d0 100644
--- a/builtin/gc.c
+++ b/builtin/gc.c
@@ -710,6 +710,64 @@ struct maintenance_opts {
 	int quiet;
 };
 
+static int run_write_commit_graph(struct maintenance_opts *opts)
+{
+	struct child_process child = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;
+
+	child.git_cmd = 1;
+	strvec_pushl(&child.args, "commit-graph", "write",
+		     "--split", "--reachable", NULL);
+
+	if (opts->quiet)
+		strvec_push(&child.args, "--no-progress");
+
+	return !!run_command(&child);
+}
+
+static int run_verify_commit_graph(struct maintenance_opts *opts)
+{
+	struct child_process child = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;
+
+	child.git_cmd = 1;
+	strvec_pushl(&child.args, "commit-graph", "verify",
+		     "--shallow", NULL);
+
+	if (opts->quiet)
+		strvec_push(&child.args, "--no-progress");
+
+	return !!run_command(&child);
+}
+
+static int maintenance_task_commit_graph(struct maintenance_opts *opts)
+{
+	struct repository *r = the_repository;
+	char *chain_path;
+
+	close_object_store(r->objects);
+	if (run_write_commit_graph(opts)) {
+		error(_("failed to write commit-graph"));
+		return 1;
+	}
+
+	if (!run_verify_commit_graph(opts))
+		return 0;
+
+	warning(_("commit-graph verify caught error, rewriting"));
+
+	chain_path = get_commit_graph_chain_filename(r->objects->odb);
+	if (unlink(chain_path)) {
+		UNLEAK(chain_path);
+		die(_("failed to remove commit-graph at %s"), chain_path);
+	}
+	free(chain_path);
+
+	if (!run_write_commit_graph(opts))
+		return 0;
+
+	error(_("failed to rewrite commit-graph"));
+	return 1;
+}
+
 static int maintenance_task_gc(struct maintenance_opts *opts)
 {
 	struct child_process child = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;
@@ -738,6 +796,7 @@ struct maintenance_task {
 
 enum maintenance_task_label {
 	TASK_GC,
+	TASK_COMMIT_GRAPH,
 
 	/* Leave as final value */
 	TASK__COUNT
@@ -749,6 +808,10 @@ static struct maintenance_task tasks[] = {
 		maintenance_task_gc,
 		1,
 	},
+	[TASK_COMMIT_GRAPH] = {
+		"commit-graph",
+		maintenance_task_commit_graph,
+	},
 };
 
 static int maintenance_run(struct maintenance_opts *opts)
diff --git a/commit-graph.c b/commit-graph.c
index 1af68c297d..9705d237e4 100644
--- a/commit-graph.c
+++ b/commit-graph.c
@@ -172,7 +172,7 @@ static char *get_split_graph_filename(struct object_directory *odb,
 		       oid_hex);
 }
 
-static char *get_chain_filename(struct object_directory *odb)
+char *get_commit_graph_chain_filename(struct object_directory *odb)
 {
 	return xstrfmt("%s/info/commit-graphs/commit-graph-chain", odb->path);
 }
@@ -521,7 +521,7 @@ static struct commit_graph *load_commit_graph_chain(struct repository *r,
 	struct stat st;
 	struct object_id *oids;
 	int i = 0, valid = 1, count;
-	char *chain_name = get_chain_filename(odb);
+	char *chain_name = get_commit_graph_chain_filename(odb);
 	FILE *fp;
 	int stat_res;
 
@@ -1619,7 +1619,7 @@ static int write_commit_graph_file(struct write_commit_graph_context *ctx)
 	}
 
 	if (ctx->split) {
-		char *lock_name = get_chain_filename(ctx->odb);
+		char *lock_name = get_commit_graph_chain_filename(ctx->odb);
 
 		hold_lock_file_for_update_mode(&lk, lock_name,
 					       LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR, 0444);
@@ -1996,7 +1996,7 @@ static void expire_commit_graphs(struct write_commit_graph_context *ctx)
 	if (ctx->split_opts && ctx->split_opts->expire_time)
 		expire_time = ctx->split_opts->expire_time;
 	if (!ctx->split) {
-		char *chain_file_name = get_chain_filename(ctx->odb);
+		char *chain_file_name = get_commit_graph_chain_filename(ctx->odb);
 		unlink(chain_file_name);
 		free(chain_file_name);
 		ctx->num_commit_graphs_after = 0;
diff --git a/commit-graph.h b/commit-graph.h
index 28f89cdf3e..3c202748c3 100644
--- a/commit-graph.h
+++ b/commit-graph.h
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@ struct commit;
 struct bloom_filter_settings;
 
 char *get_commit_graph_filename(struct object_directory *odb);
+char *get_commit_graph_chain_filename(struct object_directory *odb);
 int open_commit_graph(const char *graph_file, int *fd, struct stat *st);
 
 /*
diff --git a/t/t7900-maintenance.sh b/t/t7900-maintenance.sh
index 47d512464c..c0c4e6846e 100755
--- a/t/t7900-maintenance.sh
+++ b/t/t7900-maintenance.sh
@@ -4,6 +4,8 @@ test_description='git maintenance builtin'
 
 . ./test-lib.sh
 
+GIT_TEST_COMMIT_GRAPH=0
+
 test_expect_success 'help text' '
 	test_expect_code 129 git maintenance -h 2>err &&
 	test_i18ngrep "usage: git maintenance run" err &&
-- 
gitgitgadget


  parent reply	other threads:[~2020-08-18 14:23 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 91+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-08-06 15:48 [PATCH 00/11] Maintenance I: Command, gc and commit-graph tasks Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-06 15:48 ` [PATCH 01/11] maintenance: create basic maintenance runner Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-07 22:16   ` Martin Ågren
2020-08-12 21:03   ` Jonathan Nieder
2020-08-12 22:07     ` Junio C Hamano
2020-08-12 22:50       ` Jonathan Nieder
2020-08-14  1:05     ` Derrick Stolee
2020-08-06 15:48 ` [PATCH 02/11] maintenance: add --quiet option Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-06 15:48 ` [PATCH 03/11] maintenance: replace run_auto_gc() Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-06 15:48 ` [PATCH 04/11] maintenance: initialize task array Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-06 15:48 ` [PATCH 05/11] maintenance: add commit-graph task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-07 22:29   ` Martin Ågren
2020-08-12 13:30     ` Derrick Stolee
2020-08-14 12:23       ` Martin Ågren
2020-08-06 15:48 ` [PATCH 06/11] maintenance: add --task option Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-06 15:48 ` [PATCH 07/11] maintenance: take a lock on the objects directory Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-06 15:48 ` [PATCH 08/11] maintenance: create maintenance.<task>.enabled config Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-06 15:48 ` [PATCH 09/11] maintenance: use pointers to check --auto Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-06 15:48 ` [PATCH 10/11] maintenance: add auto condition for commit-graph task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-06 15:48 ` [PATCH 11/11] maintenance: add trace2 regions for task execution Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-18 14:22 ` [PATCH v2 00/11] Maintenance I: Command, gc and commit-graph tasks Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-18 14:22   ` [PATCH v2 01/11] maintenance: create basic maintenance runner Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-18 14:22   ` [PATCH v2 02/11] maintenance: add --quiet option Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-18 14:23   ` [PATCH v2 03/11] maintenance: replace run_auto_gc() Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-18 14:23   ` [PATCH v2 04/11] maintenance: initialize task array Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-18 23:46     ` Jonathan Tan
2020-08-18 14:23   ` Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget [this message]
2020-08-18 23:51     ` [PATCH v2 05/11] maintenance: add commit-graph task Jonathan Tan
2020-08-19 15:04       ` Derrick Stolee
2020-08-19 17:43         ` Jonathan Tan
2020-08-18 14:23   ` [PATCH v2 06/11] maintenance: add --task option Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-19  0:00     ` Jonathan Tan
2020-08-19  0:36       ` Junio C Hamano
2020-08-19 15:09         ` Derrick Stolee
2020-08-19 17:35           ` Jonathan Tan
2020-08-18 14:23   ` [PATCH v2 07/11] maintenance: take a lock on the objects directory Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-19  0:04     ` Jonathan Tan
2020-08-19 15:10       ` Derrick Stolee
2020-08-18 14:23   ` [PATCH v2 08/11] maintenance: create maintenance.<task>.enabled config Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-18 14:23   ` [PATCH v2 09/11] maintenance: use pointers to check --auto Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-18 14:23   ` [PATCH v2 10/11] maintenance: add auto condition for commit-graph task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-19  0:09     ` Jonathan Tan
2020-08-19 15:15       ` Derrick Stolee
2020-08-18 14:23   ` [PATCH v2 11/11] maintenance: add trace2 regions for task execution Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-19  0:11     ` Jonathan Tan
2020-08-18 20:18   ` [PATCH v2 00/11] Maintenance I: Command, gc and commit-graph tasks Junio C Hamano
2020-08-19 14:51     ` Derrick Stolee
2020-08-25 18:33   ` [PATCH v3 " Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-25 18:33     ` [PATCH v3 01/11] maintenance: create basic maintenance runner Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-25 18:33     ` [PATCH v3 02/11] maintenance: add --quiet option Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-25 18:33     ` [PATCH v3 03/11] maintenance: replace run_auto_gc() Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-25 18:33     ` [PATCH v3 04/11] maintenance: initialize task array Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-25 18:33     ` [PATCH v3 05/11] maintenance: add commit-graph task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-25 18:33     ` [PATCH v3 06/11] maintenance: add --task option Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-25 18:33     ` [PATCH v3 07/11] maintenance: take a lock on the objects directory Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-26 23:02       ` Jonathan Tan
2020-08-25 18:33     ` [PATCH v3 08/11] maintenance: create maintenance.<task>.enabled config Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-25 18:33     ` [PATCH v3 09/11] maintenance: use pointers to check --auto Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-25 18:33     ` [PATCH v3 10/11] maintenance: add auto condition for commit-graph task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-08-26 23:02       ` Jonathan Tan
2020-08-26 23:56         ` Junio C Hamano
2020-08-25 18:33     ` [PATCH v3 11/11] maintenance: add trace2 regions for task execution Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-04 13:09     ` [PATCH v4 00/11] Maintenance I: Command, gc and commit-graph tasks Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-04 13:09       ` [PATCH v4 01/11] maintenance: create basic maintenance runner Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-04 13:09       ` [PATCH v4 02/11] maintenance: add --quiet option Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-04 13:09       ` [PATCH v4 03/11] maintenance: replace run_auto_gc() Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-04 13:09       ` [PATCH v4 04/11] maintenance: initialize task array Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-04 13:09       ` [PATCH v4 05/11] maintenance: add commit-graph task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-04 13:09       ` [PATCH v4 06/11] maintenance: add --task option Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-04 13:09       ` [PATCH v4 07/11] maintenance: take a lock on the objects directory Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-04 13:09       ` [PATCH v4 08/11] maintenance: create maintenance.<task>.enabled config Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-04 13:09       ` [PATCH v4 09/11] maintenance: use pointers to check --auto Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-04 13:09       ` [PATCH v4 10/11] maintenance: add auto condition for commit-graph task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-04 13:09       ` [PATCH v4 11/11] maintenance: add trace2 regions for task execution Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-17 18:11       ` [PATCH v5 00/11] Maintenance I: Command, gc and commit-graph tasks Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-17 18:11         ` [PATCH v5 01/11] maintenance: create basic maintenance runner Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-17 18:11         ` [PATCH v5 02/11] maintenance: add --quiet option Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-17 18:11         ` [PATCH v5 03/11] maintenance: replace run_auto_gc() Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-17 18:11         ` [PATCH v5 04/11] maintenance: initialize task array Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-17 18:11         ` [PATCH v5 05/11] maintenance: add commit-graph task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-17 18:11         ` [PATCH v5 06/11] maintenance: add --task option Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-17 18:11         ` [PATCH v5 07/11] maintenance: take a lock on the objects directory Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-21 13:36           ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2020-09-21 13:43             ` Derrick Stolee
2020-09-21 19:29               ` Junio C Hamano
2020-09-17 18:11         ` [PATCH v5 08/11] maintenance: create maintenance.<task>.enabled config Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-17 18:11         ` [PATCH v5 09/11] maintenance: use pointers to check --auto Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-17 18:11         ` [PATCH v5 10/11] maintenance: add auto condition for commit-graph task Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-17 18:11         ` [PATCH v5 11/11] maintenance: add trace2 regions for task execution Derrick Stolee via GitGitGadget
2020-09-17 18:35         ` [PATCH v5 00/11] Maintenance I: Command, gc and commit-graph tasks Junio C Hamano
2020-09-18 13:14           ` Johannes Schindelin

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