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name: builtin/am.c 	 # note: path name is non-authoritative(*)

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/*
 * Builtin "git am"
 *
 * Based on git-am.sh by Junio C Hamano.
 */
#include "cache.h"
#include "builtin.h"
#include "exec_cmd.h"
#include "parse-options.h"
#include "dir.h"
#include "run-command.h"
#include "quote.h"
#include "lockfile.h"
#include "cache-tree.h"
#include "refs.h"
#include "commit.h"
#include "diff.h"
#include "diffcore.h"
#include "unpack-trees.h"
#include "branch.h"

/**
 * Returns 1 if the file is empty or does not exist, 0 otherwise.
 */
static int is_empty_file(const char *filename)
{
	struct stat st;

	if (stat(filename, &st) < 0) {
		if (errno == ENOENT)
			return 1;
		die_errno(_("could not stat %s"), filename);
	}

	return !st.st_size;
}

/**
 * Like strbuf_getline(), but treats both '\n' and "\r\n" as line terminators.
 */
static int strbuf_getline_crlf(struct strbuf *sb, FILE *fp)
{
	if (strbuf_getwholeline(sb, fp, '\n'))
		return EOF;
	if (sb->buf[sb->len - 1] == '\n') {
		strbuf_setlen(sb, sb->len - 1);
		if (sb->len > 0 && sb->buf[sb->len - 1] == '\r')
			strbuf_setlen(sb, sb->len - 1);
	}
	return 0;
}

/**
 * Returns the length of the first line of msg.
 */
static int linelen(const char *msg)
{
	return strchrnul(msg, '\n') - msg;
}

enum patch_format {
	PATCH_FORMAT_UNKNOWN = 0,
	PATCH_FORMAT_MBOX
};

struct am_state {
	/* state directory path */
	char *dir;

	/* current and last patch numbers, 1-indexed */
	int cur;
	int last;

	/* commit metadata and message */
	char *author_name;
	char *author_email;
	char *author_date;
	char *msg;
	size_t msg_len;

	/* number of digits in patch filename */
	int prec;
};

/**
 * Initializes am_state with the default values. The state directory is set to
 * dir.
 */
static void am_state_init(struct am_state *state, const char *dir)
{
	memset(state, 0, sizeof(*state));

	assert(dir);
	state->dir = xstrdup(dir);

	state->prec = 4;
}

/**
 * Releases memory allocated by an am_state.
 */
static void am_state_release(struct am_state *state)
{
	if (state->dir)
		free(state->dir);

	if (state->author_name)
		free(state->author_name);

	if (state->author_email)
		free(state->author_email);

	if (state->author_date)
		free(state->author_date);

	if (state->msg)
		free(state->msg);
}

/**
 * Returns path relative to the am_state directory.
 */
static inline const char *am_path(const struct am_state *state, const char *path)
{
	assert(state->dir);
	assert(path);
	return mkpath("%s/%s", state->dir, path);
}

/**
 * Returns 1 if there is an am session in progress, 0 otherwise.
 */
static int am_in_progress(const struct am_state *state)
{
	struct stat st;

	if (lstat(state->dir, &st) < 0 || !S_ISDIR(st.st_mode))
		return 0;
	if (lstat(am_path(state, "last"), &st) || !S_ISREG(st.st_mode))
		return 0;
	if (lstat(am_path(state, "next"), &st) || !S_ISREG(st.st_mode))
		return 0;
	return 1;
}

/**
 * Reads the contents of `file` in the `state` directory into `sb`. Returns the
 * number of bytes read on success, -1 if the file does not exist. If `trim` is
 * set, trailing whitespace will be removed.
 */
static int read_state_file(struct strbuf *sb, const struct am_state *state,
			const char *file, int trim)
{
	strbuf_reset(sb);

	if (strbuf_read_file(sb, am_path(state, file), 0) >= 0) {
		if (trim)
			strbuf_trim(sb);

		return sb->len;
	}

	if (errno == ENOENT)
		return -1;

	die_errno(_("could not read '%s'"), am_path(state, file));
}

/**
 * Reads a KEY=VALUE shell variable assignment from `fp`, returning the VALUE
 * as a newly-allocated string. VALUE must be a quoted string, and the KEY must
 * match `key`. Returns NULL on failure.
 *
 * This is used by read_author_script() to read the GIT_AUTHOR_* variables from
 * the author-script.
 */
static char *read_shell_var(FILE *fp, const char *key)
{
	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
	const char *str;

	if (strbuf_getline(&sb, fp, '\n'))
		goto fail;

	if (!skip_prefix(sb.buf, key, &str))
		goto fail;

	if (!skip_prefix(str, "=", &str))
		goto fail;

	strbuf_remove(&sb, 0, str - sb.buf);

	str = sq_dequote(sb.buf);
	if (!str)
		goto fail;

	return strbuf_detach(&sb, NULL);

fail:
	strbuf_release(&sb);
	return NULL;
}

/**
 * Reads and parses the state directory's "author-script" file, and sets
 * state->author_name, state->author_email and state->author_date accordingly.
 * Returns 0 on success, -1 if the file could not be parsed.
 *
 * The author script is of the format:
 *
 *	GIT_AUTHOR_NAME='$author_name'
 *	GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL='$author_email'
 *	GIT_AUTHOR_DATE='$author_date'
 *
 * where $author_name, $author_email and $author_date are quoted. We are strict
 * with our parsing, as the file was meant to be eval'd in the old git-am.sh
 * script, and thus if the file differs from what this function expects, it is
 * better to bail out than to do something that the user does not expect.
 */
static int read_author_script(struct am_state *state)
{
	const char *filename = am_path(state, "author-script");
	FILE *fp;

	assert(!state->author_name);
	assert(!state->author_email);
	assert(!state->author_date);

	fp = fopen(filename, "r");
	if (!fp) {
		if (errno == ENOENT)
			return 0;
		die_errno(_("could not open '%s' for reading"), filename);
	}

	state->author_name = read_shell_var(fp, "GIT_AUTHOR_NAME");
	if (!state->author_name) {
		fclose(fp);
		return -1;
	}

	state->author_email = read_shell_var(fp, "GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL");
	if (!state->author_email) {
		fclose(fp);
		return -1;
	}

	state->author_date = read_shell_var(fp, "GIT_AUTHOR_DATE");
	if (!state->author_date) {
		fclose(fp);
		return -1;
	}

	if (fgetc(fp) != EOF) {
		fclose(fp);
		return -1;
	}

	fclose(fp);
	return 0;
}

/**
 * Saves state->author_name, state->author_email and state->author_date in the
 * state directory's "author-script" file.
 */
static void write_author_script(const struct am_state *state)
{
	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;

	assert(state->author_name);
	assert(state->author_email);
	assert(state->author_date);

	strbuf_addstr(&sb, "GIT_AUTHOR_NAME=");
	sq_quote_buf(&sb, state->author_name);
	strbuf_addch(&sb, '\n');

	strbuf_addstr(&sb, "GIT_AUTHOR_EMAIL=");
	sq_quote_buf(&sb, state->author_email);
	strbuf_addch(&sb, '\n');

	strbuf_addstr(&sb, "GIT_AUTHOR_DATE=");
	sq_quote_buf(&sb, state->author_date);
	strbuf_addch(&sb, '\n');

	write_file(am_path(state, "author-script"), 1, "%s", sb.buf);

	strbuf_release(&sb);
}

/**
 * Reads the commit message from the state directory's "final-commit" file,
 * setting state->msg to its contents and state->msg_len to the length of its
 * contents in bytes.
 *
 * Returns 0 on success, -1 if the file does not exist.
 */
static int read_commit_msg(struct am_state *state)
{
	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;

	assert(!state->msg);

	if (read_state_file(&sb, state, "final-commit", 0) < 0) {
		strbuf_release(&sb);
		return -1;
	}

	state->msg = strbuf_detach(&sb, &state->msg_len);
	return 0;
}

/**
 * Saves state->msg in the state directory's "final-commit" file.
 */
static void write_commit_msg(const struct am_state *state)
{
	int fd;
	const char *filename = am_path(state, "final-commit");

	assert(state->msg);

	fd = xopen(filename, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT, 0666);
	if (write_in_full(fd, state->msg, state->msg_len) < 0)
		die_errno(_("could not write to %s"), filename);
	close(fd);
}

/**
 * Loads state from disk.
 */
static void am_load(struct am_state *state)
{
	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;

	if (read_state_file(&sb, state, "next", 1) < 0)
		die("BUG: state file 'next' does not exist");
	state->cur = strtol(sb.buf, NULL, 10);

	if (read_state_file(&sb, state, "last", 1) < 0)
		die("BUG: state file 'last' does not exist");
	state->last = strtol(sb.buf, NULL, 10);

	if (read_author_script(state) < 0)
		die(_("could not parse author script"));

	read_commit_msg(state);

	strbuf_release(&sb);
}

/**
 * Removes the am_state directory, forcefully terminating the current am
 * session.
 */
static void am_destroy(const struct am_state *state)
{
	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;

	strbuf_addstr(&sb, state->dir);
	remove_dir_recursively(&sb, 0);
	strbuf_release(&sb);
}

/**
 * Determines if the file looks like a piece of RFC2822 mail by grabbing all
 * non-indented lines and checking if they look like they begin with valid
 * header field names.
 *
 * Returns 1 if the file looks like a piece of mail, 0 otherwise.
 */
static int is_mail(FILE *fp)
{
	const char *header_regex = "^[!-9;-~]+:";
	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
	regex_t regex;
	int ret = 1;

	if (fseek(fp, 0L, SEEK_SET))
		die_errno(_("fseek failed"));

	if (regcomp(&regex, header_regex, REG_NOSUB | REG_EXTENDED))
		die("invalid pattern: %s", header_regex);

	while (!strbuf_getline_crlf(&sb, fp)) {
		if (!sb.len)
			break; /* End of header */

		/* Ignore indented folded lines */
		if (*sb.buf == '\t' || *sb.buf == ' ')
			continue;

		/* It's a header if it matches header_regex */
		if (regexec(&regex, sb.buf, 0, NULL, 0)) {
			ret = 0;
			goto done;
		}
	}

done:
	regfree(&regex);
	strbuf_release(&sb);
	return ret;
}

/**
 * Attempts to detect the patch_format of the patches contained in `paths`,
 * returning the PATCH_FORMAT_* enum value. Returns PATCH_FORMAT_UNKNOWN if
 * detection fails.
 */
static int detect_patch_format(const char **paths)
{
	enum patch_format ret = PATCH_FORMAT_UNKNOWN;
	struct strbuf l1 = STRBUF_INIT;
	FILE *fp;

	/*
	 * We default to mbox format if input is from stdin and for directories
	 */
	if (!*paths || !strcmp(*paths, "-") || is_directory(*paths))
		return PATCH_FORMAT_MBOX;

	/*
	 * Otherwise, check the first few lines of the first patch, starting
	 * from the first non-blank line, to try to detect its format.
	 */

	fp = xfopen(*paths, "r");

	while (!strbuf_getline_crlf(&l1, fp)) {
		if (l1.len)
			break;
	}

	if (starts_with(l1.buf, "From ") || starts_with(l1.buf, "From: ")) {
		ret = PATCH_FORMAT_MBOX;
		goto done;
	}

	if (l1.len && is_mail(fp)) {
		ret = PATCH_FORMAT_MBOX;
		goto done;
	}

done:
	fclose(fp);
	strbuf_release(&l1);
	return ret;
}

/**
 * Splits out individual email patches from `paths`, where each path is either
 * a mbox file or a Maildir. Returns 0 on success, -1 on failure.
 */
static int split_mail_mbox(struct am_state *state, const char **paths)
{
	struct child_process cp = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;
	struct strbuf last = STRBUF_INIT;

	cp.git_cmd = 1;
	argv_array_push(&cp.args, "mailsplit");
	argv_array_pushf(&cp.args, "-d%d", state->prec);
	argv_array_pushf(&cp.args, "-o%s", state->dir);
	argv_array_push(&cp.args, "-b");
	argv_array_push(&cp.args, "--");
	argv_array_pushv(&cp.args, paths);

	if (capture_command(&cp, &last, 8))
		return -1;

	state->cur = 1;
	state->last = strtol(last.buf, NULL, 10);

	return 0;
}

/**
 * Splits a list of files/directories into individual email patches. Each path
 * in `paths` must be a file/directory that is formatted according to
 * `patch_format`.
 *
 * Once split out, the individual email patches will be stored in the state
 * directory, with each patch's filename being its index, padded to state->prec
 * digits.
 *
 * state->cur will be set to the index of the first mail, and state->last will
 * be set to the index of the last mail.
 *
 * Returns 0 on success, -1 on failure.
 */
static int split_mail(struct am_state *state, enum patch_format patch_format,
			const char **paths)
{
	switch (patch_format) {
	case PATCH_FORMAT_MBOX:
		return split_mail_mbox(state, paths);
	default:
		die("BUG: invalid patch_format");
	}
	return -1;
}

/**
 * Setup a new am session for applying patches
 */
static void am_setup(struct am_state *state, enum patch_format patch_format,
			const char **paths)
{
	if (!patch_format)
		patch_format = detect_patch_format(paths);

	if (!patch_format) {
		fprintf_ln(stderr, _("Patch format detection failed."));
		exit(128);
	}

	if (mkdir(state->dir, 0777) < 0 && errno != EEXIST)
		die_errno(_("failed to create directory '%s'"), state->dir);

	if (split_mail(state, patch_format, paths) < 0) {
		am_destroy(state);
		die(_("Failed to split patches."));
	}

	/*
	 * NOTE: Since the "next" and "last" files determine if an am_state
	 * session is in progress, they should be written last.
	 */

	write_file(am_path(state, "next"), 1, "%d", state->cur);

	write_file(am_path(state, "last"), 1, "%d", state->last);
}

/**
 * Increments the patch pointer, and cleans am_state for the application of the
 * next patch.
 */
static void am_next(struct am_state *state)
{
	if (state->author_name)
		free(state->author_name);
	state->author_name = NULL;

	if (state->author_email)
		free(state->author_email);
	state->author_email = NULL;

	if (state->author_date)
		free(state->author_date);
	state->author_date = NULL;

	if (state->msg)
		free(state->msg);
	state->msg = NULL;
	state->msg_len = 0;

	unlink(am_path(state, "author-script"));
	unlink(am_path(state, "final-commit"));

	state->cur++;
	write_file(am_path(state, "next"), 1, "%d", state->cur);
}

/**
 * Returns the filename of the current patch email.
 */
static const char *msgnum(const struct am_state *state)
{
	static struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;

	strbuf_reset(&sb);
	strbuf_addf(&sb, "%0*d", state->prec, state->cur);

	return sb.buf;
}

/**
 * Refresh and write index.
 */
static void refresh_and_write_cache(void)
{
	static struct lock_file lock_file;

	hold_locked_index(&lock_file, 1);
	refresh_cache(REFRESH_QUIET);
	if (write_locked_index(&the_index, &lock_file, COMMIT_LOCK))
		die(_("unable to write index file"));
	rollback_lock_file(&lock_file);
}

/**
 * Returns 1 if the index differs from HEAD, 0 otherwise. When on an unborn
 * branch, returns 1 if there are entries in the index, 0 otherwise. If an
 * strbuf is provided, the space-separated list of files that differ will be
 * appended to it.
 */
static int index_has_changes(struct strbuf *sb)
{
	unsigned char head[GIT_SHA1_RAWSZ];
	int i;

	if (!get_sha1_tree("HEAD", head)) {
		struct diff_options opt;

		diff_setup(&opt);
		DIFF_OPT_SET(&opt, EXIT_WITH_STATUS);
		if (!sb)
			DIFF_OPT_SET(&opt, QUICK);
		do_diff_cache(head, &opt);
		diffcore_std(&opt);
		for (i = 0; sb && i < diff_queued_diff.nr; i++) {
			if (i)
				strbuf_addch(sb, ' ');
			strbuf_addstr(sb, diff_queued_diff.queue[i]->two->path);
		}
		diff_flush(&opt);
		return DIFF_OPT_TST(&opt, HAS_CHANGES) != 0;
	} else {
		for (i = 0; sb && i < active_nr; i++) {
			if (i)
				strbuf_addch(sb, ' ');
			strbuf_addstr(sb, active_cache[i]->name);
		}
		return !!active_nr;
	}
}

/**
 * Parses `mail` using git-mailinfo, extracting its patch and authorship info.
 * state->msg will be set to the patch message. state->author_name,
 * state->author_email and state->author_date will be set to the patch author's
 * name, email and date respectively. The patch body will be written to the
 * state directory's "patch" file.
 *
 * Returns 1 if the patch should be skipped, 0 otherwise.
 */
static int parse_mail(struct am_state *state, const char *mail)
{
	FILE *fp;
	struct child_process cp = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;
	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
	struct strbuf msg = STRBUF_INIT;
	struct strbuf author_name = STRBUF_INIT;
	struct strbuf author_date = STRBUF_INIT;
	struct strbuf author_email = STRBUF_INIT;
	int ret = 0;

	cp.git_cmd = 1;
	cp.in = xopen(mail, O_RDONLY, 0);
	cp.out = xopen(am_path(state, "info"), O_WRONLY | O_CREAT, 0777);

	argv_array_push(&cp.args, "mailinfo");
	argv_array_push(&cp.args, am_path(state, "msg"));
	argv_array_push(&cp.args, am_path(state, "patch"));

	if (run_command(&cp) < 0)
		die("could not parse patch");

	close(cp.in);
	close(cp.out);

	/* Extract message and author information */
	fp = xfopen(am_path(state, "info"), "r");
	while (!strbuf_getline(&sb, fp, '\n')) {
		const char *x;

		if (skip_prefix(sb.buf, "Subject: ", &x)) {
			if (msg.len)
				strbuf_addch(&msg, '\n');
			strbuf_addstr(&msg, x);
		} else if (skip_prefix(sb.buf, "Author: ", &x))
			strbuf_addstr(&author_name, x);
		else if (skip_prefix(sb.buf, "Email: ", &x))
			strbuf_addstr(&author_email, x);
		else if (skip_prefix(sb.buf, "Date: ", &x))
			strbuf_addstr(&author_date, x);
	}
	fclose(fp);

	/* Skip pine's internal folder data */
	if (!strcmp(author_name.buf, "Mail System Internal Data")) {
		ret = 1;
		goto finish;
	}

	if (is_empty_file(am_path(state, "patch"))) {
		printf_ln(_("Patch is empty. Was it split wrong?"));
		exit(128);
	}

	strbuf_addstr(&msg, "\n\n");
	if (strbuf_read_file(&msg, am_path(state, "msg"), 0) < 0)
		die_errno(_("could not read '%s'"), am_path(state, "msg"));
	stripspace(&msg, 0);

	assert(!state->author_name);
	state->author_name = strbuf_detach(&author_name, NULL);

	assert(!state->author_email);
	state->author_email = strbuf_detach(&author_email, NULL);

	assert(!state->author_date);
	state->author_date = strbuf_detach(&author_date, NULL);

	assert(!state->msg);
	state->msg = strbuf_detach(&msg, &state->msg_len);

finish:
	strbuf_release(&msg);
	strbuf_release(&author_date);
	strbuf_release(&author_email);
	strbuf_release(&author_name);
	strbuf_release(&sb);
	return ret;
}

/**
 * Applies current patch with git-apply. Returns 0 on success, -1 otherwise.
 */
static int run_apply(const struct am_state *state)
{
	struct child_process cp = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;

	cp.git_cmd = 1;

	argv_array_push(&cp.args, "apply");
	argv_array_push(&cp.args, "--index");
	argv_array_push(&cp.args, am_path(state, "patch"));

	if (run_command(&cp))
		return -1;

	/* Reload index as git-apply will have modified it. */
	discard_cache();
	read_cache();

	return 0;
}

/**
 * Commits the current index with state->msg as the commit message and
 * state->author_name, state->author_email and state->author_date as the author
 * information.
 */
static void do_commit(const struct am_state *state)
{
	unsigned char tree[GIT_SHA1_RAWSZ], parent[GIT_SHA1_RAWSZ],
		      commit[GIT_SHA1_RAWSZ];
	unsigned char *ptr;
	struct commit_list *parents = NULL;
	const char *reflog_msg, *author;
	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;

	if (write_cache_as_tree(tree, 0, NULL))
		die(_("git write-tree failed to write a tree"));

	if (!get_sha1_commit("HEAD", parent)) {
		ptr = parent;
		commit_list_insert(lookup_commit(parent), &parents);
	} else {
		ptr = NULL;
		fprintf_ln(stderr, _("applying to an empty history"));
	}

	author = fmt_ident(state->author_name, state->author_email,
			state->author_date, IDENT_STRICT);

	if (commit_tree(state->msg, state->msg_len, tree, parents, commit,
				author, NULL))
		die(_("failed to write commit object"));

	reflog_msg = getenv("GIT_REFLOG_ACTION");
	if (!reflog_msg)
		reflog_msg = "am";

	strbuf_addf(&sb, "%s: %.*s", reflog_msg, linelen(state->msg),
			state->msg);

	update_ref(sb.buf, "HEAD", commit, ptr, 0, UPDATE_REFS_DIE_ON_ERR);

	strbuf_release(&sb);
}

/**
 * Applies all queued mail.
 */
static void am_run(struct am_state *state)
{
	const char *argv_gc_auto[] = {"gc", "--auto", NULL};
	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;

	refresh_and_write_cache();

	if (index_has_changes(&sb))
		die(_("Dirty index: cannot apply patches (dirty: %s)"), sb.buf);

	strbuf_release(&sb);

	while (state->cur <= state->last) {
		const char *mail = am_path(state, msgnum(state));

		if (!file_exists(mail))
			goto next;

		if (parse_mail(state, mail))
			goto next; /* mail should be skipped */

		write_author_script(state);
		write_commit_msg(state);

		printf_ln(_("Applying: %.*s"), linelen(state->msg), state->msg);

		if (run_apply(state) < 0) {
			int advice_amworkdir = 1;

			printf_ln(_("Patch failed at %s %.*s"), msgnum(state),
				linelen(state->msg), state->msg);

			git_config_get_bool("advice.amworkdir", &advice_amworkdir);

			if (advice_amworkdir)
				printf_ln(_("The copy of the patch that failed is found in: %s"),
						am_path(state, "patch"));

			exit(128);
		}

		do_commit(state);

next:
		am_next(state);
	}

	am_destroy(state);
	run_command_v_opt(argv_gc_auto, RUN_GIT_CMD);
}

/**
 * Resume the current am session after patch application failure. The user did
 * all the hard work, and we do not have to do any patch application. Just
 * trust and commit what the user has in the index and working tree.
 */
static void am_resolve(struct am_state *state)
{
	if (!state->msg)
		die(_("cannot resume: %s does not exist."),
			am_path(state, "final-commit"));

	if (!state->author_name || !state->author_email || !state->author_date)
		die(_("cannot resume: %s does not exist."),
			am_path(state, "author-script"));

	printf_ln(_("Applying: %.*s"), linelen(state->msg), state->msg);

	if (!index_has_changes(NULL)) {
		printf_ln(_("No changes - did you forget to use 'git add'?\n"
			"If there is nothing left to stage, chances are that something else\n"
			"already introduced the same changes; you might want to skip this patch."));
		exit(128);
	}

	if (unmerged_cache()) {
		printf_ln(_("You still have unmerged paths in your index.\n"
			"Did you forget to use 'git add'?"));
		exit(128);
	}

	do_commit(state);

	am_next(state);
	am_run(state);
}

/**
 * Performs a checkout fast-forward from `head` to `remote`. If `reset` is
 * true, any unmerged entries will be discarded. Returns 0 on success, -1 on
 * failure.
 */
static int fast_forward_to(struct tree *head, struct tree *remote, int reset)
{
	struct lock_file *lock_file = xcalloc(1, sizeof(struct lock_file));
	struct unpack_trees_options opts;
	struct tree_desc t[2];

	if (parse_tree(head) || parse_tree(remote))
		return -1;

	hold_locked_index(lock_file, 1);

	refresh_cache(REFRESH_QUIET);

	memset(&opts, 0, sizeof(opts));
	opts.head_idx = 1;
	opts.src_index = &the_index;
	opts.dst_index = &the_index;
	opts.update = 1;
	opts.merge = 1;
	opts.reset = reset;
	opts.fn = twoway_merge;
	init_tree_desc(&t[0], head->buffer, head->size);
	init_tree_desc(&t[1], remote->buffer, remote->size);

	if (unpack_trees(2, t, &opts)) {
		rollback_lock_file(lock_file);
		return -1;
	}

	if (write_locked_index(&the_index, lock_file, COMMIT_LOCK))
		die(_("unable to write new index file"));

	return 0;
}

/**
 * Clean the index without touching entries that are not modified between
 * `head` and `remote`.
 */
static int clean_index(const unsigned char *head, const unsigned char *remote)
{
	struct lock_file *lock_file = xcalloc(1, sizeof(struct lock_file));
	struct tree *head_tree, *remote_tree, *index_tree;
	unsigned char index[GIT_SHA1_RAWSZ];
	struct pathspec pathspec;

	head_tree = parse_tree_indirect(head);
	if (!head_tree)
		return error(_("Could not parse object '%s'."), sha1_to_hex(head));

	remote_tree = parse_tree_indirect(remote);
	if (!remote_tree)
		return error(_("Could not parse object '%s'."), sha1_to_hex(remote));

	read_cache_unmerged();

	if (fast_forward_to(head_tree, head_tree, 1))
		return -1;

	if (write_cache_as_tree(index, 0, NULL))
		return -1;

	index_tree = parse_tree_indirect(index);
	if (!index_tree)
		return error(_("Could not parse object '%s'."), sha1_to_hex(index));

	if (fast_forward_to(index_tree, remote_tree, 0))
		return -1;

	memset(&pathspec, 0, sizeof(pathspec));

	hold_locked_index(lock_file, 1);

	if (read_tree(remote_tree, 0, &pathspec)) {
		rollback_lock_file(lock_file);
		return -1;
	}

	if (write_locked_index(&the_index, lock_file, COMMIT_LOCK))
		die(_("unable to write new index file"));

	remove_branch_state();

	return 0;
}

/**
 * Resume the current am session by skipping the current patch.
 */
static void am_skip(struct am_state *state)
{
	unsigned char head[GIT_SHA1_RAWSZ];

	if (get_sha1("HEAD", head))
		hashcpy(head, EMPTY_TREE_SHA1_BIN);

	if (clean_index(head, head))
		die(_("failed to clean index"));

	am_next(state);
	am_run(state);
}

/**
 * parse_options() callback that validates and sets opt->value to the
 * PATCH_FORMAT_* enum value corresponding to `arg`.
 */
static int parse_opt_patchformat(const struct option *opt, const char *arg, int unset)
{
	int *opt_value = opt->value;

	if (!strcmp(arg, "mbox"))
		*opt_value = PATCH_FORMAT_MBOX;
	else
		return error(_("Invalid value for --patch-format: %s"), arg);
	return 0;
}

enum resume_mode {
	RESUME_FALSE = 0,
	RESUME_RESOLVED,
	RESUME_SKIP
};

int cmd_am(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
{
	struct am_state state;
	int patch_format = PATCH_FORMAT_UNKNOWN;
	enum resume_mode resume = RESUME_FALSE;

	const char * const usage[] = {
		N_("git am [options] [(<mbox>|<Maildir>)...]"),
		N_("git am [options] (--continue | --skip)"),
		NULL
	};

	struct option options[] = {
		OPT_CALLBACK(0, "patch-format", &patch_format, N_("format"),
			N_("format the patch(es) are in"),
			parse_opt_patchformat),
		OPT_CMDMODE(0, "continue", &resume,
			N_("continue applying patches after resolving a conflict"),
			RESUME_RESOLVED),
		OPT_CMDMODE('r', "resolved", &resume,
			N_("synonyms for --continue"),
			RESUME_RESOLVED),
		OPT_CMDMODE(0, "skip", &resume,
			N_("skip the current patch"),
			RESUME_SKIP),
		OPT_END()
	};

	/*
	 * NEEDSWORK: Once all the features of git-am.sh have been
	 * re-implemented in builtin/am.c, this preamble can be removed.
	 */
	if (!getenv("_GIT_USE_BUILTIN_AM")) {
		const char *path = mkpath("%s/git-am", git_exec_path());

		if (sane_execvp(path, (char **)argv) < 0)
			die_errno("could not exec %s", path);
	} else {
		prefix = setup_git_directory();
		trace_repo_setup(prefix);
		setup_work_tree();
	}

	git_config(git_default_config, NULL);

	am_state_init(&state, git_path("rebase-apply"));

	argc = parse_options(argc, argv, prefix, options, usage, 0);

	if (read_index_preload(&the_index, NULL) < 0)
		die(_("failed to read the index"));

	if (am_in_progress(&state))
		am_load(&state);
	else {
		struct argv_array paths = ARGV_ARRAY_INIT;
		int i;

		if (resume)
			die(_("Resolve operation not in progress, we are not resuming."));

		for (i = 0; i < argc; i++) {
			if (is_absolute_path(argv[i]) || !prefix)
				argv_array_push(&paths, argv[i]);
			else
				argv_array_push(&paths, mkpath("%s/%s", prefix, argv[i]));
		}

		am_setup(&state, patch_format, paths.argv);

		argv_array_clear(&paths);
	}

	switch (resume) {
	case RESUME_FALSE:
		am_run(&state);
		break;
	case RESUME_RESOLVED:
		am_resolve(&state);
		break;
	case RESUME_SKIP:
		am_skip(&state);
		break;
	default:
		die("BUG: invalid resume value");
	}

	am_state_release(&state);

	return 0;
}

debug log:

solving 5087094 ...
found 5087094 in https://public-inbox.org/git/1436278862-2638-13-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/ ||
	https://public-inbox.org/git/1435500366-31700-13-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/
found f21565b in https://public-inbox.org/git/1436278862-2638-12-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/ ||
	https://public-inbox.org/git/1435500366-31700-12-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/
found f9a641a in https://public-inbox.org/git/1436278862-2638-11-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/ ||
	https://public-inbox.org/git/1435500366-31700-11-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/
found bbb540c in https://public-inbox.org/git/1436278862-2638-10-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/ ||
	https://public-inbox.org/git/1435500366-31700-10-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/
found 9c7a6c8 in https://public-inbox.org/git/1436278862-2638-9-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/
found 4897857 in https://public-inbox.org/git/1436278862-2638-8-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/
found 9422adc in https://public-inbox.org/git/1436278862-2638-7-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/
found ae93e0e in https://public-inbox.org/git/1436278862-2638-6-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/
found 292f793 in https://public-inbox.org/git/1436278862-2638-5-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/
found fd32caf in https://80x24.org/mirrors/git.git
preparing index
index prepared:
100644 fd32caf107027df42e19fd15d1be319b66b17077	builtin/am.c

applying [1/9] https://public-inbox.org/git/1436278862-2638-5-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/
diff --git a/builtin/am.c b/builtin/am.c
index fd32caf..292f793 100644


applying [2/9] https://public-inbox.org/git/1436278862-2638-6-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/
diff --git a/builtin/am.c b/builtin/am.c
index 292f793..ae93e0e 100644


applying [3/9] https://public-inbox.org/git/1436278862-2638-7-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/
diff --git a/builtin/am.c b/builtin/am.c
index ae93e0e..9422adc 100644


applying [4/9] https://public-inbox.org/git/1436278862-2638-8-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/
diff --git a/builtin/am.c b/builtin/am.c
index 9422adc..4897857 100644


applying [5/9] https://public-inbox.org/git/1436278862-2638-9-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/
diff --git a/builtin/am.c b/builtin/am.c
index 4897857..9c7a6c8 100644


applying [6/9] https://public-inbox.org/git/1436278862-2638-10-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/
diff --git a/builtin/am.c b/builtin/am.c
index 9c7a6c8..bbb540c 100644

Checking patch builtin/am.c...
Applied patch builtin/am.c cleanly.
Checking patch builtin/am.c...
Applied patch builtin/am.c cleanly.
Checking patch builtin/am.c...
Applied patch builtin/am.c cleanly.
Checking patch builtin/am.c...
Applied patch builtin/am.c cleanly.
Checking patch builtin/am.c...
Applied patch builtin/am.c cleanly.
Checking patch builtin/am.c...
Applied patch builtin/am.c cleanly.

skipping https://public-inbox.org/git/1435500366-31700-10-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/ for bbb540c
index at:
100644 bbb540c8e6b3ca248f21cbaf7b9b06cb7fd12b12	builtin/am.c

applying [7/9] https://public-inbox.org/git/1436278862-2638-11-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/
diff --git a/builtin/am.c b/builtin/am.c
index bbb540c..f9a641a 100644

Checking patch builtin/am.c...
Applied patch builtin/am.c cleanly.

skipping https://public-inbox.org/git/1435500366-31700-11-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/ for f9a641a
index at:
100644 f9a641ae7853ac34b7314fc7347fbedfc2827ba2	builtin/am.c

applying [8/9] https://public-inbox.org/git/1436278862-2638-12-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/
diff --git a/builtin/am.c b/builtin/am.c
index f9a641a..f21565b 100644

Checking patch builtin/am.c...
Applied patch builtin/am.c cleanly.

skipping https://public-inbox.org/git/1435500366-31700-12-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/ for f21565b
index at:
100644 f21565bc246873d86e7d74de20eff5dc44957ae8	builtin/am.c

applying [9/9] https://public-inbox.org/git/1436278862-2638-13-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/
diff --git a/builtin/am.c b/builtin/am.c
index f21565b..5087094 100644

Checking patch builtin/am.c...
Applied patch builtin/am.c cleanly.

skipping https://public-inbox.org/git/1435500366-31700-13-git-send-email-pyokagan@gmail.com/ for 5087094
index at:
100644 5087094f9c0143178dd833fd4244556346db74df	builtin/am.c

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