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/*
 * git gc builtin command
 *
 * Cleanup unreachable files and optimize the repository.
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2007 James Bowes
 *
 * Based on git-gc.sh, which is
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2006 Shawn O. Pearce
 */

#include "builtin.h"
#include "repository.h"
#include "config.h"
#include "tempfile.h"
#include "lockfile.h"
#include "parse-options.h"
#include "run-command.h"
#include "sigchain.h"
#include "strvec.h"
#include "commit.h"
#include "commit-graph.h"
#include "packfile.h"
#include "object-store.h"
#include "pack.h"
#include "pack-objects.h"
#include "blob.h"
#include "tree.h"
#include "promisor-remote.h"
#include "refs.h"
#include "remote.h"
#include "object-store.h"
#include "exec-cmd.h"

#define FAILED_RUN "failed to run %s"

static const char * const builtin_gc_usage[] = {
	N_("git gc [<options>]"),
	NULL
};

static int pack_refs = 1;
static int prune_reflogs = 1;
static int aggressive_depth = 50;
static int aggressive_window = 250;
static int gc_auto_threshold = 6700;
static int gc_auto_pack_limit = 50;
static int detach_auto = 1;
static timestamp_t gc_log_expire_time;
static const char *gc_log_expire = "1.day.ago";
static const char *prune_expire = "2.weeks.ago";
static const char *prune_worktrees_expire = "3.months.ago";
static unsigned long big_pack_threshold;
static unsigned long max_delta_cache_size = DEFAULT_DELTA_CACHE_SIZE;

static struct strvec reflog = STRVEC_INIT;
static struct strvec repack = STRVEC_INIT;
static struct strvec prune = STRVEC_INIT;
static struct strvec prune_worktrees = STRVEC_INIT;
static struct strvec rerere = STRVEC_INIT;

static struct tempfile *pidfile;
static struct lock_file log_lock;

static struct string_list pack_garbage = STRING_LIST_INIT_DUP;

static void clean_pack_garbage(void)
{
	int i;
	for (i = 0; i < pack_garbage.nr; i++)
		unlink_or_warn(pack_garbage.items[i].string);
	string_list_clear(&pack_garbage, 0);
}

static void report_pack_garbage(unsigned seen_bits, const char *path)
{
	if (seen_bits == PACKDIR_FILE_IDX)
		string_list_append(&pack_garbage, path);
}

static void process_log_file(void)
{
	struct stat st;
	if (fstat(get_lock_file_fd(&log_lock), &st)) {
		/*
		 * Perhaps there was an i/o error or another
		 * unlikely situation.  Try to make a note of
		 * this in gc.log along with any existing
		 * messages.
		 */
		int saved_errno = errno;
		fprintf(stderr, _("Failed to fstat %s: %s"),
			get_lock_file_path(&log_lock),
			strerror(saved_errno));
		fflush(stderr);
		commit_lock_file(&log_lock);
		errno = saved_errno;
	} else if (st.st_size) {
		/* There was some error recorded in the lock file */
		commit_lock_file(&log_lock);
	} else {
		/* No error, clean up any old gc.log */
		unlink(git_path("gc.log"));
		rollback_lock_file(&log_lock);
	}
}

static void process_log_file_at_exit(void)
{
	fflush(stderr);
	process_log_file();
}

static void process_log_file_on_signal(int signo)
{
	process_log_file();
	sigchain_pop(signo);
	raise(signo);
}

static int gc_config_is_timestamp_never(const char *var)
{
	const char *value;
	timestamp_t expire;

	if (!git_config_get_value(var, &value) && value) {
		if (parse_expiry_date(value, &expire))
			die(_("failed to parse '%s' value '%s'"), var, value);
		return expire == 0;
	}
	return 0;
}

static void gc_config(void)
{
	const char *value;

	if (!git_config_get_value("gc.packrefs", &value)) {
		if (value && !strcmp(value, "notbare"))
			pack_refs = -1;
		else
			pack_refs = git_config_bool("gc.packrefs", value);
	}

	if (gc_config_is_timestamp_never("gc.reflogexpire") &&
	    gc_config_is_timestamp_never("gc.reflogexpireunreachable"))
		prune_reflogs = 0;

	git_config_get_int("gc.aggressivewindow", &aggressive_window);
	git_config_get_int("gc.aggressivedepth", &aggressive_depth);
	git_config_get_int("gc.auto", &gc_auto_threshold);
	git_config_get_int("gc.autopacklimit", &gc_auto_pack_limit);
	git_config_get_bool("gc.autodetach", &detach_auto);
	git_config_get_expiry("gc.pruneexpire", &prune_expire);
	git_config_get_expiry("gc.worktreepruneexpire", &prune_worktrees_expire);
	git_config_get_expiry("gc.logexpiry", &gc_log_expire);

	git_config_get_ulong("gc.bigpackthreshold", &big_pack_threshold);
	git_config_get_ulong("pack.deltacachesize", &max_delta_cache_size);

	git_config(git_default_config, NULL);
}

struct maintenance_run_opts;
static int maintenance_task_pack_refs(MAYBE_UNUSED struct maintenance_run_opts *opts)
{
	struct strvec pack_refs_cmd = STRVEC_INIT;
	strvec_pushl(&pack_refs_cmd, "pack-refs", "--all", "--prune", NULL);

	return run_command_v_opt(pack_refs_cmd.v, RUN_GIT_CMD);
}

static int too_many_loose_objects(void)
{
	/*
	 * Quickly check if a "gc" is needed, by estimating how
	 * many loose objects there are.  Because SHA-1 is evenly
	 * distributed, we can check only one and get a reasonable
	 * estimate.
	 */
	DIR *dir;
	struct dirent *ent;
	int auto_threshold;
	int num_loose = 0;
	int needed = 0;
	const unsigned hexsz_loose = the_hash_algo->hexsz - 2;

	dir = opendir(git_path("objects/17"));
	if (!dir)
		return 0;

	auto_threshold = DIV_ROUND_UP(gc_auto_threshold, 256);
	while ((ent = readdir(dir)) != NULL) {
		if (strspn(ent->d_name, "0123456789abcdef") != hexsz_loose ||
		    ent->d_name[hexsz_loose] != '\0')
			continue;
		if (++num_loose > auto_threshold) {
			needed = 1;
			break;
		}
	}
	closedir(dir);
	return needed;
}

static struct packed_git *find_base_packs(struct string_list *packs,
					  unsigned long limit)
{
	struct packed_git *p, *base = NULL;

	for (p = get_all_packs(the_repository); p; p = p->next) {
		if (!p->pack_local)
			continue;
		if (limit) {
			if (p->pack_size >= limit)
				string_list_append(packs, p->pack_name);
		} else if (!base || base->pack_size < p->pack_size) {
			base = p;
		}
	}

	if (base)
		string_list_append(packs, base->pack_name);

	return base;
}

static int too_many_packs(void)
{
	struct packed_git *p;
	int cnt;

	if (gc_auto_pack_limit <= 0)
		return 0;

	for (cnt = 0, p = get_all_packs(the_repository); p; p = p->next) {
		if (!p->pack_local)
			continue;
		if (p->pack_keep)
			continue;
		/*
		 * Perhaps check the size of the pack and count only
		 * very small ones here?
		 */
		cnt++;
	}
	return gc_auto_pack_limit < cnt;
}

static uint64_t total_ram(void)
{
#if defined(HAVE_SYSINFO)
	struct sysinfo si;

	if (!sysinfo(&si))
		return si.totalram;
#elif defined(HAVE_BSD_SYSCTL) && (defined(HW_MEMSIZE) || defined(HW_PHYSMEM))
	int64_t physical_memory;
	int mib[2];
	size_t length;

	mib[0] = CTL_HW;
# if defined(HW_MEMSIZE)
	mib[1] = HW_MEMSIZE;
# else
	mib[1] = HW_PHYSMEM;
# endif
	length = sizeof(int64_t);
	if (!sysctl(mib, 2, &physical_memory, &length, NULL, 0))
		return physical_memory;
#elif defined(GIT_WINDOWS_NATIVE)
	MEMORYSTATUSEX memInfo;

	memInfo.dwLength = sizeof(MEMORYSTATUSEX);
	if (GlobalMemoryStatusEx(&memInfo))
		return memInfo.ullTotalPhys;
#endif
	return 0;
}

static uint64_t estimate_repack_memory(struct packed_git *pack)
{
	unsigned long nr_objects = approximate_object_count();
	size_t os_cache, heap;

	if (!pack || !nr_objects)
		return 0;

	/*
	 * First we have to scan through at least one pack.
	 * Assume enough room in OS file cache to keep the entire pack
	 * or we may accidentally evict data of other processes from
	 * the cache.
	 */
	os_cache = pack->pack_size + pack->index_size;
	/* then pack-objects needs lots more for book keeping */
	heap = sizeof(struct object_entry) * nr_objects;
	/*
	 * internal rev-list --all --objects takes up some memory too,
	 * let's say half of it is for blobs
	 */
	heap += sizeof(struct blob) * nr_objects / 2;
	/*
	 * and the other half is for trees (commits and tags are
	 * usually insignificant)
	 */
	heap += sizeof(struct tree) * nr_objects / 2;
	/* and then obj_hash[], underestimated in fact */
	heap += sizeof(struct object *) * nr_objects;
	/* revindex is used also */
	heap += (sizeof(off_t) + sizeof(uint32_t)) * nr_objects;
	/*
	 * read_sha1_file() (either at delta calculation phase, or
	 * writing phase) also fills up the delta base cache
	 */
	heap += delta_base_cache_limit;
	/* and of course pack-objects has its own delta cache */
	heap += max_delta_cache_size;

	return os_cache + heap;
}

static int keep_one_pack(struct string_list_item *item, void *data)
{
	strvec_pushf(&repack, "--keep-pack=%s", basename(item->string));
	return 0;
}

static void add_repack_all_option(struct string_list *keep_pack)
{
	if (prune_expire && !strcmp(prune_expire, "now"))
		strvec_push(&repack, "-a");
	else {
		strvec_push(&repack, "-A");
		if (prune_expire)
			strvec_pushf(&repack, "--unpack-unreachable=%s", prune_expire);
	}

	if (keep_pack)
		for_each_string_list(keep_pack, keep_one_pack, NULL);
}

static void add_repack_incremental_option(void)
{
	strvec_push(&repack, "--no-write-bitmap-index");
}

static int need_to_gc(void)
{
	/*
	 * Setting gc.auto to 0 or negative can disable the
	 * automatic gc.
	 */
	if (gc_auto_threshold <= 0)
		return 0;

	/*
	 * If there are too many loose objects, but not too many
	 * packs, we run "repack -d -l".  If there are too many packs,
	 * we run "repack -A -d -l".  Otherwise we tell the caller
	 * there is no need.
	 */
	if (too_many_packs()) {
		struct string_list keep_pack = STRING_LIST_INIT_NODUP;

		if (big_pack_threshold) {
			find_base_packs(&keep_pack, big_pack_threshold);
			if (keep_pack.nr >= gc_auto_pack_limit) {
				big_pack_threshold = 0;
				string_list_clear(&keep_pack, 0);
				find_base_packs(&keep_pack, 0);
			}
		} else {
			struct packed_git *p = find_base_packs(&keep_pack, 0);
			uint64_t mem_have, mem_want;

			mem_have = total_ram();
			mem_want = estimate_repack_memory(p);

			/*
			 * Only allow 1/2 of memory for pack-objects, leave
			 * the rest for the OS and other processes in the
			 * system.
			 */
			if (!mem_have || mem_want < mem_have / 2)
				string_list_clear(&keep_pack, 0);
		}

		add_repack_all_option(&keep_pack);
		string_list_clear(&keep_pack, 0);
	} else if (too_many_loose_objects())
		add_repack_incremental_option();
	else
		return 0;

	if (run_hook_le(NULL, "pre-auto-gc", NULL))
		return 0;
	return 1;
}

/* return NULL on success, else hostname running the gc */
static const char *lock_repo_for_gc(int force, pid_t* ret_pid)
{
	struct lock_file lock = LOCK_INIT;
	char my_host[HOST_NAME_MAX + 1];
	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
	struct stat st;
	uintmax_t pid;
	FILE *fp;
	int fd;
	char *pidfile_path;

	if (is_tempfile_active(pidfile))
		/* already locked */
		return NULL;

	if (xgethostname(my_host, sizeof(my_host)))
		xsnprintf(my_host, sizeof(my_host), "unknown");

	pidfile_path = git_pathdup("gc.pid");
	fd = hold_lock_file_for_update(&lock, pidfile_path,
				       LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR);
	if (!force) {
		static char locking_host[HOST_NAME_MAX + 1];
		static char *scan_fmt;
		int should_exit;

		if (!scan_fmt)
			scan_fmt = xstrfmt("%s %%%ds", "%"SCNuMAX, HOST_NAME_MAX);
		fp = fopen(pidfile_path, "r");
		memset(locking_host, 0, sizeof(locking_host));
		should_exit =
			fp != NULL &&
			!fstat(fileno(fp), &st) &&
			/*
			 * 12 hour limit is very generous as gc should
			 * never take that long. On the other hand we
			 * don't really need a strict limit here,
			 * running gc --auto one day late is not a big
			 * problem. --force can be used in manual gc
			 * after the user verifies that no gc is
			 * running.
			 */
			time(NULL) - st.st_mtime <= 12 * 3600 &&
			fscanf(fp, scan_fmt, &pid, locking_host) == 2 &&
			/* be gentle to concurrent "gc" on remote hosts */
			(strcmp(locking_host, my_host) || !kill(pid, 0) || errno == EPERM);
		if (fp != NULL)
			fclose(fp);
		if (should_exit) {
			if (fd >= 0)
				rollback_lock_file(&lock);
			*ret_pid = pid;
			free(pidfile_path);
			return locking_host;
		}
	}

	strbuf_addf(&sb, "%"PRIuMAX" %s",
		    (uintmax_t) getpid(), my_host);
	write_in_full(fd, sb.buf, sb.len);
	strbuf_release(&sb);
	commit_lock_file(&lock);
	pidfile = register_tempfile(pidfile_path);
	free(pidfile_path);
	return NULL;
}

/*
 * Returns 0 if there was no previous error and gc can proceed, 1 if
 * gc should not proceed due to an error in the last run. Prints a
 * message and returns -1 if an error occurred while reading gc.log
 */
static int report_last_gc_error(void)
{
	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
	int ret = 0;
	ssize_t len;
	struct stat st;
	char *gc_log_path = git_pathdup("gc.log");

	if (stat(gc_log_path, &st)) {
		if (errno == ENOENT)
			goto done;

		ret = error_errno(_("cannot stat '%s'"), gc_log_path);
		goto done;
	}

	if (st.st_mtime < gc_log_expire_time)
		goto done;

	len = strbuf_read_file(&sb, gc_log_path, 0);
	if (len < 0)
		ret = error_errno(_("cannot read '%s'"), gc_log_path);
	else if (len > 0) {
		/*
		 * A previous gc failed.  Report the error, and don't
		 * bother with an automatic gc run since it is likely
		 * to fail in the same way.
		 */
		warning(_("The last gc run reported the following. "
			       "Please correct the root cause\n"
			       "and remove %s.\n"
			       "Automatic cleanup will not be performed "
			       "until the file is removed.\n\n"
			       "%s"),
			    gc_log_path, sb.buf);
		ret = 1;
	}
	strbuf_release(&sb);
done:
	free(gc_log_path);
	return ret;
}

static void gc_before_repack(void)
{
	/*
	 * We may be called twice, as both the pre- and
	 * post-daemonized phases will call us, but running these
	 * commands more than once is pointless and wasteful.
	 */
	static int done = 0;
	if (done++)
		return;

	if (pack_refs && maintenance_task_pack_refs(NULL))
		die(FAILED_RUN, "pack-refs");

	if (prune_reflogs && run_command_v_opt(reflog.v, RUN_GIT_CMD))
		die(FAILED_RUN, reflog.v[0]);
}

int cmd_gc(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
{
	int aggressive = 0;
	int auto_gc = 0;
	int quiet = 0;
	int force = 0;
	const char *name;
	pid_t pid;
	int daemonized = 0;
	int keep_largest_pack = -1;
	timestamp_t dummy;

	struct option builtin_gc_options[] = {
		OPT__QUIET(&quiet, N_("suppress progress reporting")),
		{ OPTION_STRING, 0, "prune", &prune_expire, N_("date"),
			N_("prune unreferenced objects"),
			PARSE_OPT_OPTARG, NULL, (intptr_t)prune_expire },
		OPT_BOOL(0, "aggressive", &aggressive, N_("be more thorough (increased runtime)")),
		OPT_BOOL_F(0, "auto", &auto_gc, N_("enable auto-gc mode"),
			   PARSE_OPT_NOCOMPLETE),
		OPT_BOOL_F(0, "force", &force,
			   N_("force running gc even if there may be another gc running"),
			   PARSE_OPT_NOCOMPLETE),
		OPT_BOOL(0, "keep-largest-pack", &keep_largest_pack,
			 N_("repack all other packs except the largest pack")),
		OPT_END()
	};

	if (argc == 2 && !strcmp(argv[1], "-h"))
		usage_with_options(builtin_gc_usage, builtin_gc_options);

	strvec_pushl(&reflog, "reflog", "expire", "--all", NULL);
	strvec_pushl(&repack, "repack", "-d", "-l", NULL);
	strvec_pushl(&prune, "prune", "--expire", NULL);
	strvec_pushl(&prune_worktrees, "worktree", "prune", "--expire", NULL);
	strvec_pushl(&rerere, "rerere", "gc", NULL);

	/* default expiry time, overwritten in gc_config */
	gc_config();
	if (parse_expiry_date(gc_log_expire, &gc_log_expire_time))
		die(_("failed to parse gc.logexpiry value %s"), gc_log_expire);

	if (pack_refs < 0)
		pack_refs = !is_bare_repository();

	argc = parse_options(argc, argv, prefix, builtin_gc_options,
			     builtin_gc_usage, 0);
	if (argc > 0)
		usage_with_options(builtin_gc_usage, builtin_gc_options);

	if (prune_expire && parse_expiry_date(prune_expire, &dummy))
		die(_("failed to parse prune expiry value %s"), prune_expire);

	if (aggressive) {
		strvec_push(&repack, "-f");
		if (aggressive_depth > 0)
			strvec_pushf(&repack, "--depth=%d", aggressive_depth);
		if (aggressive_window > 0)
			strvec_pushf(&repack, "--window=%d", aggressive_window);
	}
	if (quiet)
		strvec_push(&repack, "-q");

	if (auto_gc) {
		/*
		 * Auto-gc should be least intrusive as possible.
		 */
		if (!need_to_gc())
			return 0;
		if (!quiet) {
			if (detach_auto)
				fprintf(stderr, _("Auto packing the repository in background for optimum performance.\n"));
			else
				fprintf(stderr, _("Auto packing the repository for optimum performance.\n"));
			fprintf(stderr, _("See \"git help gc\" for manual housekeeping.\n"));
		}
		if (detach_auto) {
			int ret = report_last_gc_error();
			if (ret < 0)
				/* an I/O error occurred, already reported */
				exit(128);
			if (ret == 1)
				/* Last gc --auto failed. Skip this one. */
				return 0;

			if (lock_repo_for_gc(force, &pid))
				return 0;
			gc_before_repack(); /* dies on failure */
			delete_tempfile(&pidfile);

			/*
			 * failure to daemonize is ok, we'll continue
			 * in foreground
			 */
			daemonized = !daemonize();
		}
	} else {
		struct string_list keep_pack = STRING_LIST_INIT_NODUP;

		if (keep_largest_pack != -1) {
			if (keep_largest_pack)
				find_base_packs(&keep_pack, 0);
		} else if (big_pack_threshold) {
			find_base_packs(&keep_pack, big_pack_threshold);
		}

		add_repack_all_option(&keep_pack);
		string_list_clear(&keep_pack, 0);
	}

	name = lock_repo_for_gc(force, &pid);
	if (name) {
		if (auto_gc)
			return 0; /* be quiet on --auto */
		die(_("gc is already running on machine '%s' pid %"PRIuMAX" (use --force if not)"),
		    name, (uintmax_t)pid);
	}

	if (daemonized) {
		hold_lock_file_for_update(&log_lock,
					  git_path("gc.log"),
					  LOCK_DIE_ON_ERROR);
		dup2(get_lock_file_fd(&log_lock), 2);
		sigchain_push_common(process_log_file_on_signal);
		atexit(process_log_file_at_exit);
	}

	gc_before_repack();

	if (!repository_format_precious_objects) {
		close_object_store(the_repository->objects);
		if (run_command_v_opt(repack.v, RUN_GIT_CMD))
			die(FAILED_RUN, repack.v[0]);

		if (prune_expire) {
			strvec_push(&prune, prune_expire);
			if (quiet)
				strvec_push(&prune, "--no-progress");
			if (has_promisor_remote())
				strvec_push(&prune,
					    "--exclude-promisor-objects");
			if (run_command_v_opt(prune.v, RUN_GIT_CMD))
				die(FAILED_RUN, prune.v[0]);
		}
	}

	if (prune_worktrees_expire) {
		strvec_push(&prune_worktrees, prune_worktrees_expire);
		if (run_command_v_opt(prune_worktrees.v, RUN_GIT_CMD))
			die(FAILED_RUN, prune_worktrees.v[0]);
	}

	if (run_command_v_opt(rerere.v, RUN_GIT_CMD))
		die(FAILED_RUN, rerere.v[0]);

	report_garbage = report_pack_garbage;
	reprepare_packed_git(the_repository);
	if (pack_garbage.nr > 0) {
		close_object_store(the_repository->objects);
		clean_pack_garbage();
	}

	prepare_repo_settings(the_repository);
	if (the_repository->settings.gc_write_commit_graph == 1)
		write_commit_graph_reachable(the_repository->objects->odb,
					     !quiet && !daemonized ? COMMIT_GRAPH_WRITE_PROGRESS : 0,
					     NULL);

	if (auto_gc && too_many_loose_objects())
		warning(_("There are too many unreachable loose objects; "
			"run 'git prune' to remove them."));

	if (!daemonized)
		unlink(git_path("gc.log"));

	return 0;
}

static const char *const builtin_maintenance_run_usage[] = {
	N_("git maintenance run [--auto] [--[no-]quiet] [--task=<task>] [--schedule]"),
	NULL
};

enum schedule_priority {
	SCHEDULE_NONE = 0,
	SCHEDULE_WEEKLY = 1,
	SCHEDULE_DAILY = 2,
	SCHEDULE_HOURLY = 3,
};

static enum schedule_priority parse_schedule(const char *value)
{
	if (!value)
		return SCHEDULE_NONE;
	if (!strcasecmp(value, "hourly"))
		return SCHEDULE_HOURLY;
	if (!strcasecmp(value, "daily"))
		return SCHEDULE_DAILY;
	if (!strcasecmp(value, "weekly"))
		return SCHEDULE_WEEKLY;
	return SCHEDULE_NONE;
}

static int maintenance_opt_schedule(const struct option *opt, const char *arg,
				    int unset)
{
	enum schedule_priority *priority = opt->value;

	if (unset)
		die(_("--no-schedule is not allowed"));

	*priority = parse_schedule(arg);

	if (!*priority)
		die(_("unrecognized --schedule argument '%s'"), arg);

	return 0;
}

struct maintenance_run_opts {
	int auto_flag;
	int quiet;
	enum schedule_priority schedule;
};

/* Remember to update object flag allocation in object.h */
#define SEEN		(1u<<0)

struct cg_auto_data {
	int num_not_in_graph;
	int limit;
};

static int dfs_on_ref(const char *refname,
		      const struct object_id *oid, int flags,
		      void *cb_data)
{
	struct cg_auto_data *data = (struct cg_auto_data *)cb_data;
	int result = 0;
	struct object_id peeled;
	struct commit_list *stack = NULL;
	struct commit *commit;

	if (!peel_iterated_oid(oid, &peeled))
		oid = &peeled;
	if (oid_object_info(the_repository, oid, NULL) != OBJ_COMMIT)
		return 0;

	commit = lookup_commit(the_repository, oid);
	if (!commit)
		return 0;
	if (parse_commit(commit) ||
	    commit_graph_position(commit) != COMMIT_NOT_FROM_GRAPH)
		return 0;

	data->num_not_in_graph++;

	if (data->num_not_in_graph >= data->limit)
		return 1;

	commit_list_append(commit, &stack);

	while (!result && stack) {
		struct commit_list *parent;

		commit = pop_commit(&stack);

		for (parent = commit->parents; parent; parent = parent->next) {
			if (parse_commit(parent->item) ||
			    commit_graph_position(parent->item) != COMMIT_NOT_FROM_GRAPH ||
			    parent->item->object.flags & SEEN)
				continue;

			parent->item->object.flags |= SEEN;
			data->num_not_in_graph++;

			if (data->num_not_in_graph >= data->limit) {
				result = 1;
				break;
			}

			commit_list_append(parent->item, &stack);
		}
	}

	free_commit_list(stack);
	return result;
}

static int should_write_commit_graph(void)
{
	int result;
	struct cg_auto_data data;

	data.num_not_in_graph = 0;
	data.limit = 100;
	git_config_get_int("maintenance.commit-graph.auto",
			   &data.limit);

	if (!data.limit)
		return 0;
	if (data.limit < 0)
		return 1;

	result = for_each_ref(dfs_on_ref, &data);

	repo_clear_commit_marks(the_repository, SEEN);

	return result;
}

static int run_write_commit_graph(struct maintenance_run_opts *opts)
{
	struct child_process child = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;

	child.git_cmd = 1;
	strvec_pushl(&child.args, "commit-graph", "write",
		     "--split", "--reachable", NULL);

	if (opts->quiet)
		strvec_push(&child.args, "--no-progress");

	return !!run_command(&child);
}

static int maintenance_task_commit_graph(struct maintenance_run_opts *opts)
{
	prepare_repo_settings(the_repository);
	if (!the_repository->settings.core_commit_graph)
		return 0;

	close_object_store(the_repository->objects);
	if (run_write_commit_graph(opts)) {
		error(_("failed to write commit-graph"));
		return 1;
	}

	return 0;
}

static int fetch_remote(const char *remote, struct maintenance_run_opts *opts)
{
	struct child_process child = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;

	child.git_cmd = 1;
	strvec_pushl(&child.args, "fetch", remote, "--prune", "--no-tags",
		     "--no-write-fetch-head", "--recurse-submodules=no",
		     "--refmap=", NULL);

	if (opts->quiet)
		strvec_push(&child.args, "--quiet");

	strvec_pushf(&child.args, "+refs/heads/*:refs/prefetch/%s/*", remote);

	return !!run_command(&child);
}

static int append_remote(struct remote *remote, void *cbdata)
{
	struct string_list *remotes = (struct string_list *)cbdata;

	string_list_append(remotes, remote->name);
	return 0;
}

static int maintenance_task_prefetch(struct maintenance_run_opts *opts)
{
	int result = 0;
	struct string_list_item *item;
	struct string_list remotes = STRING_LIST_INIT_DUP;

	git_config_set_multivar_gently("log.excludedecoration",
					"refs/prefetch/",
					"refs/prefetch/",
					CONFIG_FLAGS_FIXED_VALUE |
					CONFIG_FLAGS_MULTI_REPLACE);

	if (for_each_remote(append_remote, &remotes)) {
		error(_("failed to fill remotes"));
		result = 1;
		goto cleanup;
	}

	for_each_string_list_item(item, &remotes)
		result |= fetch_remote(item->string, opts);

cleanup:
	string_list_clear(&remotes, 0);
	return result;
}

static int maintenance_task_gc(struct maintenance_run_opts *opts)
{
	struct child_process child = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;

	child.git_cmd = 1;
	strvec_push(&child.args, "gc");

	if (opts->auto_flag)
		strvec_push(&child.args, "--auto");
	if (opts->quiet)
		strvec_push(&child.args, "--quiet");
	else
		strvec_push(&child.args, "--no-quiet");

	close_object_store(the_repository->objects);
	return run_command(&child);
}

static int prune_packed(struct maintenance_run_opts *opts)
{
	struct child_process child = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;

	child.git_cmd = 1;
	strvec_push(&child.args, "prune-packed");

	if (opts->quiet)
		strvec_push(&child.args, "--quiet");

	return !!run_command(&child);
}

struct write_loose_object_data {
	FILE *in;
	int count;
	int batch_size;
};

static int loose_object_auto_limit = 100;

static int loose_object_count(const struct object_id *oid,
			       const char *path,
			       void *data)
{
	int *count = (int*)data;
	if (++(*count) >= loose_object_auto_limit)
		return 1;
	return 0;
}

static int loose_object_auto_condition(void)
{
	int count = 0;

	git_config_get_int("maintenance.loose-objects.auto",
			   &loose_object_auto_limit);

	if (!loose_object_auto_limit)
		return 0;
	if (loose_object_auto_limit < 0)
		return 1;

	return for_each_loose_file_in_objdir(the_repository->objects->odb->path,
					     loose_object_count,
					     NULL, NULL, &count);
}

static int bail_on_loose(const struct object_id *oid,
			 const char *path,
			 void *data)
{
	return 1;
}

static int write_loose_object_to_stdin(const struct object_id *oid,
				       const char *path,
				       void *data)
{
	struct write_loose_object_data *d = (struct write_loose_object_data *)data;

	fprintf(d->in, "%s\n", oid_to_hex(oid));

	return ++(d->count) > d->batch_size;
}

static int pack_loose(struct maintenance_run_opts *opts)
{
	struct repository *r = the_repository;
	int result = 0;
	struct write_loose_object_data data;
	struct child_process pack_proc = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;

	/*
	 * Do not start pack-objects process
	 * if there are no loose objects.
	 */
	if (!for_each_loose_file_in_objdir(r->objects->odb->path,
					   bail_on_loose,
					   NULL, NULL, NULL))
		return 0;

	pack_proc.git_cmd = 1;

	strvec_push(&pack_proc.args, "pack-objects");
	if (opts->quiet)
		strvec_push(&pack_proc.args, "--quiet");
	strvec_pushf(&pack_proc.args, "%s/pack/loose", r->objects->odb->path);

	pack_proc.in = -1;

	if (start_command(&pack_proc)) {
		error(_("failed to start 'git pack-objects' process"));
		return 1;
	}

	data.in = xfdopen(pack_proc.in, "w");
	data.count = 0;
	data.batch_size = 50000;

	for_each_loose_file_in_objdir(r->objects->odb->path,
				      write_loose_object_to_stdin,
				      NULL,
				      NULL,
				      &data);

	fclose(data.in);

	if (finish_command(&pack_proc)) {
		error(_("failed to finish 'git pack-objects' process"));
		result = 1;
	}

	return result;
}

static int maintenance_task_loose_objects(struct maintenance_run_opts *opts)
{
	return prune_packed(opts) || pack_loose(opts);
}

static int incremental_repack_auto_condition(void)
{
	struct packed_git *p;
	int enabled;
	int incremental_repack_auto_limit = 10;
	int count = 0;

	if (git_config_get_bool("core.multiPackIndex", &enabled) ||
	    !enabled)
		return 0;

	git_config_get_int("maintenance.incremental-repack.auto",
			   &incremental_repack_auto_limit);

	if (!incremental_repack_auto_limit)
		return 0;
	if (incremental_repack_auto_limit < 0)
		return 1;

	for (p = get_packed_git(the_repository);
	     count < incremental_repack_auto_limit && p;
	     p = p->next) {
		if (!p->multi_pack_index)
			count++;
	}

	return count >= incremental_repack_auto_limit;
}

static int multi_pack_index_write(struct maintenance_run_opts *opts)
{
	struct child_process child = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;

	child.git_cmd = 1;
	strvec_pushl(&child.args, "multi-pack-index", "write", NULL);

	if (opts->quiet)
		strvec_push(&child.args, "--no-progress");

	if (run_command(&child))
		return error(_("failed to write multi-pack-index"));

	return 0;
}

static int multi_pack_index_expire(struct maintenance_run_opts *opts)
{
	struct child_process child = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;

	child.git_cmd = 1;
	strvec_pushl(&child.args, "multi-pack-index", "expire", NULL);

	if (opts->quiet)
		strvec_push(&child.args, "--no-progress");

	close_object_store(the_repository->objects);

	if (run_command(&child))
		return error(_("'git multi-pack-index expire' failed"));

	return 0;
}

#define TWO_GIGABYTES (INT32_MAX)

static off_t get_auto_pack_size(void)
{
	/*
	 * The "auto" value is special: we optimize for
	 * one large pack-file (i.e. from a clone) and
	 * expect the rest to be small and they can be
	 * repacked quickly.
	 *
	 * The strategy we select here is to select a
	 * size that is one more than the second largest
	 * pack-file. This ensures that we will repack
	 * at least two packs if there are three or more
	 * packs.
	 */
	off_t max_size = 0;
	off_t second_largest_size = 0;
	off_t result_size;
	struct packed_git *p;
	struct repository *r = the_repository;

	reprepare_packed_git(r);
	for (p = get_all_packs(r); p; p = p->next) {
		if (p->pack_size > max_size) {
			second_largest_size = max_size;
			max_size = p->pack_size;
		} else if (p->pack_size > second_largest_size)
			second_largest_size = p->pack_size;
	}

	result_size = second_largest_size + 1;

	/* But limit ourselves to a batch size of 2g */
	if (result_size > TWO_GIGABYTES)
		result_size = TWO_GIGABYTES;

	return result_size;
}

static int multi_pack_index_repack(struct maintenance_run_opts *opts)
{
	struct child_process child = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;

	child.git_cmd = 1;
	strvec_pushl(&child.args, "multi-pack-index", "repack", NULL);

	if (opts->quiet)
		strvec_push(&child.args, "--no-progress");

	strvec_pushf(&child.args, "--batch-size=%"PRIuMAX,
				  (uintmax_t)get_auto_pack_size());

	close_object_store(the_repository->objects);

	if (run_command(&child))
		return error(_("'git multi-pack-index repack' failed"));

	return 0;
}

static int maintenance_task_incremental_repack(struct maintenance_run_opts *opts)
{
	prepare_repo_settings(the_repository);
	if (!the_repository->settings.core_multi_pack_index) {
		warning(_("skipping incremental-repack task because core.multiPackIndex is disabled"));
		return 0;
	}

	if (multi_pack_index_write(opts))
		return 1;
	if (multi_pack_index_expire(opts))
		return 1;
	if (multi_pack_index_repack(opts))
		return 1;
	return 0;
}

typedef int maintenance_task_fn(struct maintenance_run_opts *opts);

/*
 * An auto condition function returns 1 if the task should run
 * and 0 if the task should NOT run. See needs_to_gc() for an
 * example.
 */
typedef int maintenance_auto_fn(void);

struct maintenance_task {
	const char *name;
	maintenance_task_fn *fn;
	maintenance_auto_fn *auto_condition;
	unsigned enabled:1;

	enum schedule_priority schedule;

	/* -1 if not selected. */
	int selected_order;
};

enum maintenance_task_label {
	TASK_PREFETCH,
	TASK_LOOSE_OBJECTS,
	TASK_INCREMENTAL_REPACK,
	TASK_GC,
	TASK_COMMIT_GRAPH,
	TASK_PACK_REFS,

	/* Leave as final value */
	TASK__COUNT
};

static struct maintenance_task tasks[] = {
	[TASK_PREFETCH] = {
		"prefetch",
		maintenance_task_prefetch,
	},
	[TASK_LOOSE_OBJECTS] = {
		"loose-objects",
		maintenance_task_loose_objects,
		loose_object_auto_condition,
	},
	[TASK_INCREMENTAL_REPACK] = {
		"incremental-repack",
		maintenance_task_incremental_repack,
		incremental_repack_auto_condition,
	},
	[TASK_GC] = {
		"gc",
		maintenance_task_gc,
		need_to_gc,
		1,
	},
	[TASK_COMMIT_GRAPH] = {
		"commit-graph",
		maintenance_task_commit_graph,
		should_write_commit_graph,
	},
	[TASK_PACK_REFS] = {
		"pack-refs",
		maintenance_task_pack_refs,
		NULL,
	},
};

static int compare_tasks_by_selection(const void *a_, const void *b_)
{
	const struct maintenance_task *a = a_;
	const struct maintenance_task *b = b_;

	return b->selected_order - a->selected_order;
}

static int maintenance_run_tasks(struct maintenance_run_opts *opts)
{
	int i, found_selected = 0;
	int result = 0;
	struct lock_file lk;
	struct repository *r = the_repository;
	char *lock_path = xstrfmt("%s/maintenance", r->objects->odb->path);

	if (hold_lock_file_for_update(&lk, lock_path, LOCK_NO_DEREF) < 0) {
		/*
		 * Another maintenance command is running.
		 *
		 * If --auto was provided, then it is likely due to a
		 * recursive process stack. Do not report an error in
		 * that case.
		 */
		if (!opts->auto_flag && !opts->quiet)
			warning(_("lock file '%s' exists, skipping maintenance"),
				lock_path);
		free(lock_path);
		return 0;
	}
	free(lock_path);

	for (i = 0; !found_selected && i < TASK__COUNT; i++)
		found_selected = tasks[i].selected_order >= 0;

	if (found_selected)
		QSORT(tasks, TASK__COUNT, compare_tasks_by_selection);

	for (i = 0; i < TASK__COUNT; i++) {
		if (found_selected && tasks[i].selected_order < 0)
			continue;

		if (!found_selected && !tasks[i].enabled)
			continue;

		if (opts->auto_flag &&
		    (!tasks[i].auto_condition ||
		     !tasks[i].auto_condition()))
			continue;

		if (opts->schedule && tasks[i].schedule < opts->schedule)
			continue;

		trace2_region_enter("maintenance", tasks[i].name, r);
		if (tasks[i].fn(opts)) {
			error(_("task '%s' failed"), tasks[i].name);
			result = 1;
		}
		trace2_region_leave("maintenance", tasks[i].name, r);
	}

	rollback_lock_file(&lk);
	return result;
}

static void initialize_maintenance_strategy(void)
{
	char *config_str;

	if (git_config_get_string("maintenance.strategy", &config_str))
		return;

	if (!strcasecmp(config_str, "incremental")) {
		tasks[TASK_GC].schedule = SCHEDULE_NONE;
		tasks[TASK_COMMIT_GRAPH].enabled = 1;
		tasks[TASK_COMMIT_GRAPH].schedule = SCHEDULE_HOURLY;
		tasks[TASK_PREFETCH].enabled = 1;
		tasks[TASK_PREFETCH].schedule = SCHEDULE_HOURLY;
		tasks[TASK_INCREMENTAL_REPACK].enabled = 1;
		tasks[TASK_INCREMENTAL_REPACK].schedule = SCHEDULE_DAILY;
		tasks[TASK_LOOSE_OBJECTS].enabled = 1;
		tasks[TASK_LOOSE_OBJECTS].schedule = SCHEDULE_DAILY;
		tasks[TASK_PACK_REFS].enabled = 1;
		tasks[TASK_PACK_REFS].schedule = SCHEDULE_WEEKLY;
	}
}

static void initialize_task_config(int schedule)
{
	int i;
	struct strbuf config_name = STRBUF_INIT;
	gc_config();

	if (schedule)
		initialize_maintenance_strategy();

	for (i = 0; i < TASK__COUNT; i++) {
		int config_value;
		char *config_str;

		strbuf_reset(&config_name);
		strbuf_addf(&config_name, "maintenance.%s.enabled",
			    tasks[i].name);

		if (!git_config_get_bool(config_name.buf, &config_value))
			tasks[i].enabled = config_value;

		strbuf_reset(&config_name);
		strbuf_addf(&config_name, "maintenance.%s.schedule",
			    tasks[i].name);

		if (!git_config_get_string(config_name.buf, &config_str)) {
			tasks[i].schedule = parse_schedule(config_str);
			free(config_str);
		}
	}

	strbuf_release(&config_name);
}

static int task_option_parse(const struct option *opt,
			     const char *arg, int unset)
{
	int i, num_selected = 0;
	struct maintenance_task *task = NULL;

	BUG_ON_OPT_NEG(unset);

	for (i = 0; i < TASK__COUNT; i++) {
		if (tasks[i].selected_order >= 0)
			num_selected++;
		if (!strcasecmp(tasks[i].name, arg)) {
			task = &tasks[i];
		}
	}

	if (!task) {
		error(_("'%s' is not a valid task"), arg);
		return 1;
	}

	if (task->selected_order >= 0) {
		error(_("task '%s' cannot be selected multiple times"), arg);
		return 1;
	}

	task->selected_order = num_selected + 1;

	return 0;
}

static int maintenance_run(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
{
	int i;
	struct maintenance_run_opts opts;
	struct option builtin_maintenance_run_options[] = {
		OPT_BOOL(0, "auto", &opts.auto_flag,
			 N_("run tasks based on the state of the repository")),
		OPT_CALLBACK(0, "schedule", &opts.schedule, N_("frequency"),
			     N_("run tasks based on frequency"),
			     maintenance_opt_schedule),
		OPT_BOOL(0, "quiet", &opts.quiet,
			 N_("do not report progress or other information over stderr")),
		OPT_CALLBACK_F(0, "task", NULL, N_("task"),
			N_("run a specific task"),
			PARSE_OPT_NONEG, task_option_parse),
		OPT_END()
	};
	memset(&opts, 0, sizeof(opts));

	opts.quiet = !isatty(2);

	for (i = 0; i < TASK__COUNT; i++)
		tasks[i].selected_order = -1;

	argc = parse_options(argc, argv, prefix,
			     builtin_maintenance_run_options,
			     builtin_maintenance_run_usage,
			     PARSE_OPT_STOP_AT_NON_OPTION);

	if (opts.auto_flag && opts.schedule)
		die(_("use at most one of --auto and --schedule=<frequency>"));

	initialize_task_config(opts.schedule);

	if (argc != 0)
		usage_with_options(builtin_maintenance_run_usage,
				   builtin_maintenance_run_options);
	return maintenance_run_tasks(&opts);
}

static char *get_maintpath(void)
{
	struct strbuf sb = STRBUF_INIT;
	const char *p = the_repository->worktree ?
		the_repository->worktree : the_repository->gitdir;

	strbuf_realpath(&sb, p, 1);
	return strbuf_detach(&sb, NULL);
}

static int maintenance_register(void)
{
	int rc;
	char *config_value;
	struct child_process config_set = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;
	struct child_process config_get = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;
	char *maintpath = get_maintpath();

	/* Disable foreground maintenance */
	git_config_set("maintenance.auto", "false");

	/* Set maintenance strategy, if unset */
	if (!git_config_get_string("maintenance.strategy", &config_value))
		free(config_value);
	else
		git_config_set("maintenance.strategy", "incremental");

	config_get.git_cmd = 1;
	strvec_pushl(&config_get.args, "config", "--global", "--get",
		     "--fixed-value", "maintenance.repo", maintpath, NULL);
	config_get.out = -1;

	if (start_command(&config_get)) {
		rc = error(_("failed to run 'git config'"));
		goto done;
	}

	/* We already have this value in our config! */
	if (!finish_command(&config_get)) {
		rc = 0;
		goto done;
	}

	config_set.git_cmd = 1;
	strvec_pushl(&config_set.args, "config", "--add", "--global", "maintenance.repo",
		     maintpath, NULL);

	rc = run_command(&config_set);

done:
	free(maintpath);
	return rc;
}

static int maintenance_unregister(void)
{
	int rc;
	struct child_process config_unset = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;
	char *maintpath = get_maintpath();

	config_unset.git_cmd = 1;
	strvec_pushl(&config_unset.args, "config", "--global", "--unset",
		     "--fixed-value", "maintenance.repo", maintpath, NULL);

	rc = run_command(&config_unset);
	free(maintpath);
	return rc;
}

static const char *get_frequency(enum schedule_priority schedule)
{
	switch (schedule) {
	case SCHEDULE_HOURLY:
		return "hourly";
	case SCHEDULE_DAILY:
		return "daily";
	case SCHEDULE_WEEKLY:
		return "weekly";
	default:
		BUG("invalid schedule %d", schedule);
	}
}

static char *launchctl_service_name(const char *frequency)
{
	struct strbuf label = STRBUF_INIT;
	strbuf_addf(&label, "org.git-scm.git.%s", frequency);
	return strbuf_detach(&label, NULL);
}

static char *launchctl_service_filename(const char *name)
{
	char *expanded;
	struct strbuf filename = STRBUF_INIT;
	strbuf_addf(&filename, "~/Library/LaunchAgents/%s.plist", name);

	expanded = expand_user_path(filename.buf, 1);
	if (!expanded)
		die(_("failed to expand path '%s'"), filename.buf);

	strbuf_release(&filename);
	return expanded;
}

static char *launchctl_get_uid(void)
{
	return xstrfmt("gui/%d", getuid());
}

static int launchctl_boot_plist(int enable, const char *filename, const char *cmd)
{
	int result;
	struct child_process child = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;
	char *uid = launchctl_get_uid();

	strvec_split(&child.args, cmd);
	if (enable)
		strvec_push(&child.args, "bootstrap");
	else
		strvec_push(&child.args, "bootout");
	strvec_push(&child.args, uid);
	strvec_push(&child.args, filename);

	child.no_stderr = 1;
	child.no_stdout = 1;

	if (start_command(&child))
		die(_("failed to start launchctl"));

	result = finish_command(&child);

	free(uid);
	return result;
}

static int launchctl_remove_plist(enum schedule_priority schedule, const char *cmd)
{
	const char *frequency = get_frequency(schedule);
	char *name = launchctl_service_name(frequency);
	char *filename = launchctl_service_filename(name);
	int result = launchctl_boot_plist(0, filename, cmd);
	unlink(filename);
	free(filename);
	free(name);
	return result;
}

static int launchctl_remove_plists(const char *cmd)
{
	return launchctl_remove_plist(SCHEDULE_HOURLY, cmd) ||
		launchctl_remove_plist(SCHEDULE_DAILY, cmd) ||
		launchctl_remove_plist(SCHEDULE_WEEKLY, cmd);
}

static int launchctl_schedule_plist(const char *exec_path, enum schedule_priority schedule, const char *cmd)
{
	FILE *plist;
	int i;
	const char *preamble, *repeat;
	const char *frequency = get_frequency(schedule);
	char *name = launchctl_service_name(frequency);
	char *filename = launchctl_service_filename(name);

	if (safe_create_leading_directories(filename))
		die(_("failed to create directories for '%s'"), filename);
	plist = xfopen(filename, "w");

	preamble = "<?xml version=\"1.0\"?>\n"
		   "<!DOCTYPE plist PUBLIC \"-//Apple//DTD PLIST 1.0//EN\" \"http://www.apple.com/DTDs/PropertyList-1.0.dtd\">\n"
		   "<plist version=\"1.0\">"
		   "<dict>\n"
		   "<key>Label</key><string>%s</string>\n"
		   "<key>ProgramArguments</key>\n"
		   "<array>\n"
		   "<string>%s/git</string>\n"
		   "<string>--exec-path=%s</string>\n"
		   "<string>for-each-repo</string>\n"
		   "<string>--config=maintenance.repo</string>\n"
		   "<string>maintenance</string>\n"
		   "<string>run</string>\n"
		   "<string>--schedule=%s</string>\n"
		   "</array>\n"
		   "<key>StartCalendarInterval</key>\n"
		   "<array>\n";
	fprintf(plist, preamble, name, exec_path, exec_path, frequency);

	switch (schedule) {
	case SCHEDULE_HOURLY:
		repeat = "<dict>\n"
			 "<key>Hour</key><integer>%d</integer>\n"
			 "<key>Minute</key><integer>0</integer>\n"
			 "</dict>\n";
		for (i = 1; i <= 23; i++)
			fprintf(plist, repeat, i);
		break;

	case SCHEDULE_DAILY:
		repeat = "<dict>\n"
			 "<key>Day</key><integer>%d</integer>\n"
			 "<key>Hour</key><integer>0</integer>\n"
			 "<key>Minute</key><integer>0</integer>\n"
			 "</dict>\n";
		for (i = 1; i <= 6; i++)
			fprintf(plist, repeat, i);
		break;

	case SCHEDULE_WEEKLY:
		fprintf(plist,
			"<dict>\n"
			"<key>Day</key><integer>0</integer>\n"
			"<key>Hour</key><integer>0</integer>\n"
			"<key>Minute</key><integer>0</integer>\n"
			"</dict>\n");
		break;

	default:
		/* unreachable */
		break;
	}
	fprintf(plist, "</array>\n</dict>\n</plist>\n");
	fclose(plist);

	/* bootout might fail if not already running, so ignore */
	launchctl_boot_plist(0, filename, cmd);
	if (launchctl_boot_plist(1, filename, cmd))
		die(_("failed to bootstrap service %s"), filename);

	free(filename);
	free(name);
	return 0;
}

static int launchctl_add_plists(const char *cmd)
{
	const char *exec_path = git_exec_path();

	return launchctl_schedule_plist(exec_path, SCHEDULE_HOURLY, cmd) ||
		launchctl_schedule_plist(exec_path, SCHEDULE_DAILY, cmd) ||
		launchctl_schedule_plist(exec_path, SCHEDULE_WEEKLY, cmd);
}

static int launchctl_update_schedule(int run_maintenance, int fd, const char *cmd)
{
	if (run_maintenance)
		return launchctl_add_plists(cmd);
	else
		return launchctl_remove_plists(cmd);
}

static char *schtasks_task_name(const char *frequency)
{
	struct strbuf label = STRBUF_INIT;
	strbuf_addf(&label, "Git Maintenance (%s)", frequency);
	return strbuf_detach(&label, NULL);
}

static int schtasks_remove_task(enum schedule_priority schedule, const char *cmd)
{
	int result;
	struct strvec args = STRVEC_INIT;
	const char *frequency = get_frequency(schedule);
	char *name = schtasks_task_name(frequency);

	strvec_split(&args, cmd);
	strvec_pushl(&args, "/delete", "/tn", name, "/f", NULL);

	result = run_command_v_opt(args.v, 0);

	strvec_clear(&args);
	free(name);
	return result;
}

static int schtasks_remove_tasks(const char *cmd)
{
	return schtasks_remove_task(SCHEDULE_HOURLY, cmd) ||
		schtasks_remove_task(SCHEDULE_DAILY, cmd) ||
		schtasks_remove_task(SCHEDULE_WEEKLY, cmd);
}

static int schtasks_schedule_task(const char *exec_path, enum schedule_priority schedule, const char *cmd)
{
	int result;
	struct child_process child = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;
	const char *xml;
	struct tempfile *tfile;
	const char *frequency = get_frequency(schedule);
	char *name = schtasks_task_name(frequency);
	struct strbuf tfilename = STRBUF_INIT;

	strbuf_addf(&tfilename, "%s/schedule_%s_XXXXXX",
		    get_git_common_dir(), frequency);
	tfile = xmks_tempfile(tfilename.buf);
	strbuf_release(&tfilename);

	if (!fdopen_tempfile(tfile, "w"))
		die(_("failed to create temp xml file"));

	xml = "<?xml version=\"1.0\" ?>\n"
	      "<Task version=\"1.4\" xmlns=\"http://schemas.microsoft.com/windows/2004/02/mit/task\">\n"
	      "<Triggers>\n"
	      "<CalendarTrigger>\n";
	fputs(xml, tfile->fp);

	switch (schedule) {
	case SCHEDULE_HOURLY:
		fprintf(tfile->fp,
			"<StartBoundary>2020-01-01T01:00:00</StartBoundary>\n"
			"<Enabled>true</Enabled>\n"
			"<ScheduleByDay>\n"
			"<DaysInterval>1</DaysInterval>\n"
			"</ScheduleByDay>\n"
			"<Repetition>\n"
			"<Interval>PT1H</Interval>\n"
			"<Duration>PT23H</Duration>\n"
			"<StopAtDurationEnd>false</StopAtDurationEnd>\n"
			"</Repetition>\n");
		break;

	case SCHEDULE_DAILY:
		fprintf(tfile->fp,
			"<StartBoundary>2020-01-01T00:00:00</StartBoundary>\n"
			"<Enabled>true</Enabled>\n"
			"<ScheduleByWeek>\n"
			"<DaysOfWeek>\n"
			"<Monday />\n"
			"<Tuesday />\n"
			"<Wednesday />\n"
			"<Thursday />\n"
			"<Friday />\n"
			"<Saturday />\n"
			"</DaysOfWeek>\n"
			"<WeeksInterval>1</WeeksInterval>\n"
			"</ScheduleByWeek>\n");
		break;

	case SCHEDULE_WEEKLY:
		fprintf(tfile->fp,
			"<StartBoundary>2020-01-01T00:00:00</StartBoundary>\n"
			"<Enabled>true</Enabled>\n"
			"<ScheduleByWeek>\n"
			"<DaysOfWeek>\n"
			"<Sunday />\n"
			"</DaysOfWeek>\n"
			"<WeeksInterval>1</WeeksInterval>\n"
			"</ScheduleByWeek>\n");
		break;

	default:
		break;
	}

	xml = "</CalendarTrigger>\n"
	      "</Triggers>\n"
	      "<Principals>\n"
	      "<Principal id=\"Author\">\n"
	      "<LogonType>InteractiveToken</LogonType>\n"
	      "<RunLevel>LeastPrivilege</RunLevel>\n"
	      "</Principal>\n"
	      "</Principals>\n"
	      "<Settings>\n"
	      "<MultipleInstancesPolicy>IgnoreNew</MultipleInstancesPolicy>\n"
	      "<Enabled>true</Enabled>\n"
	      "<Hidden>true</Hidden>\n"
	      "<UseUnifiedSchedulingEngine>true</UseUnifiedSchedulingEngine>\n"
	      "<WakeToRun>false</WakeToRun>\n"
	      "<ExecutionTimeLimit>PT72H</ExecutionTimeLimit>\n"
	      "<Priority>7</Priority>\n"
	      "</Settings>\n"
	      "<Actions Context=\"Author\">\n"
	      "<Exec>\n"
	      "<Command>\"%s\\git.exe\"</Command>\n"
	      "<Arguments>--exec-path=\"%s\" for-each-repo --config=maintenance.repo maintenance run --schedule=%s</Arguments>\n"
	      "</Exec>\n"
	      "</Actions>\n"
	      "</Task>\n";
	fprintf(tfile->fp, xml, exec_path, exec_path, frequency);
	strvec_split(&child.args, cmd);
	strvec_pushl(&child.args, "/create", "/tn", name, "/f", "/xml",
				  get_tempfile_path(tfile), NULL);
	close_tempfile_gently(tfile);

	child.no_stdout = 1;
	child.no_stderr = 1;

	if (start_command(&child))
		die(_("failed to start schtasks"));
	result = finish_command(&child);

	delete_tempfile(&tfile);
	free(name);
	return result;
}

static int schtasks_schedule_tasks(const char *cmd)
{
	const char *exec_path = git_exec_path();

	return schtasks_schedule_task(exec_path, SCHEDULE_HOURLY, cmd) ||
		schtasks_schedule_task(exec_path, SCHEDULE_DAILY, cmd) ||
		schtasks_schedule_task(exec_path, SCHEDULE_WEEKLY, cmd);
}

static int schtasks_update_schedule(int run_maintenance, int fd, const char *cmd)
{
	if (run_maintenance)
		return schtasks_schedule_tasks(cmd);
	else
		return schtasks_remove_tasks(cmd);
}

#define BEGIN_LINE "# BEGIN GIT MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE"
#define END_LINE "# END GIT MAINTENANCE SCHEDULE"

static int crontab_update_schedule(int run_maintenance, int fd, const char *cmd)
{
	int result = 0;
	int in_old_region = 0;
	struct child_process crontab_list = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;
	struct child_process crontab_edit = CHILD_PROCESS_INIT;
	FILE *cron_list, *cron_in;
	struct strbuf line = STRBUF_INIT;

	strvec_split(&crontab_list.args, cmd);
	strvec_push(&crontab_list.args, "-l");
	crontab_list.in = -1;
	crontab_list.out = dup(fd);
	crontab_list.git_cmd = 0;

	if (start_command(&crontab_list))
		return error(_("failed to run 'crontab -l'; your system might not support 'cron'"));

	/* Ignore exit code, as an empty crontab will return error. */
	finish_command(&crontab_list);

	/*
	 * Read from the .lock file, filtering out the old
	 * schedule while appending the new schedule.
	 */
	cron_list = fdopen(fd, "r");
	rewind(cron_list);

	strvec_split(&crontab_edit.args, cmd);
	crontab_edit.in = -1;
	crontab_edit.git_cmd = 0;

	if (start_command(&crontab_edit))
		return error(_("failed to run 'crontab'; your system might not support 'cron'"));

	cron_in = fdopen(crontab_edit.in, "w");
	if (!cron_in) {
		result = error(_("failed to open stdin of 'crontab'"));
		goto done_editing;
	}

	while (!strbuf_getline_lf(&line, cron_list)) {
		if (!in_old_region && !strcmp(line.buf, BEGIN_LINE))
			in_old_region = 1;
		else if (in_old_region && !strcmp(line.buf, END_LINE))
			in_old_region = 0;
		else if (!in_old_region)
			fprintf(cron_in, "%s\n", line.buf);
	}
	strbuf_release(&line);

	if (run_maintenance) {
		struct strbuf line_format = STRBUF_INIT;
		const char *exec_path = git_exec_path();

		fprintf(cron_in, "%s\n", BEGIN_LINE);
		fprintf(cron_in,
			"# The following schedule was created by Git\n");
		fprintf(cron_in, "# Any edits made in this region might be\n");
		fprintf(cron_in,
			"# replaced in the future by a Git command.\n\n");

		strbuf_addf(&line_format,
			    "%%s %%s * * %%s \"%s/git\" --exec-path=\"%s\" for-each-repo --config=maintenance.repo maintenance run --schedule=%%s\n",
			    exec_path, exec_path);
		fprintf(cron_in, line_format.buf, "0", "1-23", "*", "hourly");
		fprintf(cron_in, line_format.buf, "0", "0", "1-6", "daily");
		fprintf(cron_in, line_format.buf, "0", "0", "0", "weekly");
		strbuf_release(&line_format);

		fprintf(cron_in, "\n%s\n", END_LINE);
	}

	fflush(cron_in);
	fclose(cron_in);
	close(crontab_edit.in);

done_editing:
	if (finish_command(&crontab_edit))
		result = error(_("'crontab' died"));
	else
		fclose(cron_list);
	return result;
}

#if defined(__APPLE__)
static const char platform_scheduler[] = "launchctl";
#elif defined(GIT_WINDOWS_NATIVE)
static const char platform_scheduler[] = "schtasks";
#else
static const char platform_scheduler[] = "crontab";
#endif

static int update_background_schedule(int enable)
{
	int result;
	const char *scheduler = platform_scheduler;
	const char *cmd = scheduler;
	char *testing;
	struct lock_file lk;
	char *lock_path = xstrfmt("%s/schedule", the_repository->objects->odb->path);

	testing = xstrdup_or_null(getenv("GIT_TEST_MAINT_SCHEDULER"));
	if (testing) {
		char *sep = strchr(testing, ':');
		if (!sep)
			die("GIT_TEST_MAINT_SCHEDULER unparseable: %s", testing);
		*sep = '\0';
		scheduler = testing;
		cmd = sep + 1;
	}

	if (hold_lock_file_for_update(&lk, lock_path, LOCK_NO_DEREF) < 0) {
		result = error(_("another process is scheduling background maintenance"));
		goto cleanup;
	}

	if (!strcmp(scheduler, "launchctl"))
		result = launchctl_update_schedule(enable, get_lock_file_fd(&lk), cmd);
	else if (!strcmp(scheduler, "schtasks"))
		result = schtasks_update_schedule(enable, get_lock_file_fd(&lk), cmd);
	else if (!strcmp(scheduler, "crontab"))
		result = crontab_update_schedule(enable, get_lock_file_fd(&lk), cmd);
	else
		die("unknown background scheduler: %s", scheduler);

	rollback_lock_file(&lk);

cleanup:
	free(lock_path);
	free(testing);
	return result;
}

static int maintenance_start(void)
{
	if (maintenance_register())
		warning(_("failed to add repo to global config"));

	return update_background_schedule(1);
}

static int maintenance_stop(void)
{
	return update_background_schedule(0);
}

static const char builtin_maintenance_usage[] =	N_("git maintenance <subcommand> [<options>]");

int cmd_maintenance(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
{
	if (argc < 2 ||
	    (argc == 2 && !strcmp(argv[1], "-h")))
		usage(builtin_maintenance_usage);

	if (!strcmp(argv[1], "run"))
		return maintenance_run(argc - 1, argv + 1, prefix);
	if (!strcmp(argv[1], "start"))
		return maintenance_start();
	if (!strcmp(argv[1], "stop"))
		return maintenance_stop();
	if (!strcmp(argv[1], "register"))
		return maintenance_register();
	if (!strcmp(argv[1], "unregister"))
		return maintenance_unregister();

	die(_("invalid subcommand: %s"), argv[1]);
}
debug log:

solving 484fe983d3 ...
found 484fe983d3 in https://public-inbox.org/git/20210510195909.621534-2-lenaic@lhuard.fr/
found ef7226d7bc in git.git.git
preparing index
index prepared:
100644 ef7226d7bca46da0d9d74ae0179c0b9ef175bfd0	builtin/gc.c

applying [1/1] https://public-inbox.org/git/20210510195909.621534-2-lenaic@lhuard.fr/
diff --git a/builtin/gc.c b/builtin/gc.c
index ef7226d7bc..484fe983d3 100644

Checking patch builtin/gc.c...
Applied patch builtin/gc.c cleanly.

index at:
100644 484fe983d3ab3e56a651e22318bbf8e611a343b1	builtin/gc.c

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