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From: Denton Liu <liu.denton@gmail.com>
To: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
Cc: Git Mailing List <git@vger.kernel.org>
Subject: Re: [PATCH v3 09/10] builtin/diff-tree: learn --merge-base
Date: Mon, 21 Sep 2020 10:27:40 -0700	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <20200921172740.GA946178@generichostname> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <xmqqzh5jf73t.fsf@gitster.c.googlers.com>

Hi Junio,

On Mon, Sep 21, 2020 at 09:05:26AM -0700, Junio C Hamano wrote:
> Denton Liu <liu.denton@gmail.com> writes:
> 
> > Hi Junio,
> >
> > On Fri, Sep 18, 2020 at 09:52:39AM -0700, Junio C Hamano wrote:
> >> I wonder if turning the builtin/diff-tree.c to match that structure
> >> make the result easier to understand (and I'll be perfectly happy if
> >> the answer to this question turns out to be "no, the result of the
> >> posted patch is the easiest to follow").
> >
> > git diff-tree does not even recognise ranges so as a result, the else
> > case does not even need to exist there, unlike in git diff.
> 
> (caution: before morning caffeine so what I say may be totally off)
> 
> Do you mean "git diff-tree HEAD^..HEAD" would fail, or something
> else?

Yes, that is what I meant but I can see that what I wrote is totally
wrong. I was reading git-diff-tree.txt and I assumed that ranges were
not supported at all.

Anyway, now that I've realised my mistake, I've rewritten the diff-tree
part so that the structure matches what was written in diff and it
should be easier to follow.

-- >8 --

From: Denton Liu <liu.denton@gmail.com>
Date: Mon, 14 Sep 2020 11:36:52 -0700
Subject: [PATCH] builtin/diff-tree: learn --merge-base

The previous commit introduced ---merge-base a way to take the diff
between the working tree or index and the merge base between an arbitrary
commit and HEAD. It makes sense to extend this option to support the
case where two commits are given too and behave in a manner identical to
`git diff A...B`.

Introduce the --merge-base flag as an alternative to triple-dot
notation. Thus, we would be able to write the above as
`git diff --merge-base A B`.

Signed-off-by: Denton Liu <liu.denton@gmail.com>
---
 Documentation/git-diff-tree.txt      |  7 ++++-
 Documentation/git-diff.txt           |  8 ++++--
 builtin/diff-tree.c                  | 17 +++++++++++-
 builtin/diff.c                       | 39 +++++++++++++++++++---------
 t/t4068-diff-symmetric-merge-base.sh | 34 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
 5 files changed, 89 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/git-diff-tree.txt b/Documentation/git-diff-tree.txt
index 5c8a2a5e97..2fc24c542f 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-diff-tree.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-diff-tree.txt
@@ -10,7 +10,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
 --------
 [verse]
 'git diff-tree' [--stdin] [-m] [-s] [-v] [--no-commit-id] [--pretty]
-	      [-t] [-r] [-c | --cc] [--combined-all-paths] [--root]
+	      [-t] [-r] [-c | --cc] [--combined-all-paths] [--root] [--merge-base]
 	      [<common diff options>] <tree-ish> [<tree-ish>] [<path>...]
 
 DESCRIPTION
@@ -43,6 +43,11 @@ include::diff-options.txt[]
 	When `--root` is specified the initial commit will be shown as a big
 	creation event. This is equivalent to a diff against the NULL tree.
 
+--merge-base::
+	Instead of comparing the <tree-ish>s directly, use the merge
+	base between the two <tree-ish>s as the "before" side.  There
+	must be two <tree-ish>s given and they must both be commits.
+
 --stdin::
 	When `--stdin` is specified, the command does not take
 	<tree-ish> arguments from the command line.  Instead, it
diff --git a/Documentation/git-diff.txt b/Documentation/git-diff.txt
index 762ee6d074..7f4c8a8ce7 100644
--- a/Documentation/git-diff.txt
+++ b/Documentation/git-diff.txt
@@ -11,7 +11,7 @@ SYNOPSIS
 [verse]
 'git diff' [<options>] [<commit>] [--] [<path>...]
 'git diff' [<options>] --cached [--merge-base] [<commit>] [--] [<path>...]
-'git diff' [<options>] <commit> [<commit>...] <commit> [--] [<path>...]
+'git diff' [<options>] [--merge-base] <commit> [<commit>...] <commit> [--] [<path>...]
 'git diff' [<options>] <commit>...<commit> [--] [<path>...]
 'git diff' [<options>] <blob> <blob>
 'git diff' [<options>] --no-index [--] <path> <path>
@@ -62,10 +62,14 @@ of <commit> and HEAD.  `git diff --merge-base A` is equivalent to
 	branch name to compare with the tip of a different
 	branch.
 
-'git diff' [<options>] <commit> <commit> [--] [<path>...]::
+'git diff' [<options>] [--merge-base] <commit> <commit> [--] [<path>...]::
 
 	This is to view the changes between two arbitrary
 	<commit>.
++
+If --merge-base is given, use the merge base of the two commits for the
+"before" side.  `git diff --merge-base A B` is equivalent to
+`git diff $(git merge-base A B) B`.
 
 'git diff' [<options>] <commit> <commit>... <commit> [--] [<path>...]::
 
diff --git a/builtin/diff-tree.c b/builtin/diff-tree.c
index 802363d0a2..9fc95e959f 100644
--- a/builtin/diff-tree.c
+++ b/builtin/diff-tree.c
@@ -111,6 +111,7 @@ int cmd_diff_tree(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
 	struct setup_revision_opt s_r_opt;
 	struct userformat_want w;
 	int read_stdin = 0;
+	int merge_base = 0;
 
 	if (argc == 2 && !strcmp(argv[1], "-h"))
 		usage(diff_tree_usage);
@@ -143,9 +144,18 @@ int cmd_diff_tree(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
 			read_stdin = 1;
 			continue;
 		}
+		if (!strcmp(arg, "--merge-base")) {
+			merge_base = 1;
+			continue;
+		}
 		usage(diff_tree_usage);
 	}
 
+	if (read_stdin && merge_base)
+		die(_("--stdin and --merge-base are mutually exclusive"));
+	if (merge_base && opt->pending.nr != 2)
+		die(_("--merge-base only works with two commits"));
+
 	/*
 	 * NOTE!  We expect "a..b" to expand to "^a b" but it is
 	 * perfectly valid for revision range parser to yield "b ^a",
@@ -165,7 +175,12 @@ int cmd_diff_tree(int argc, const char **argv, const char *prefix)
 	case 2:
 		tree1 = opt->pending.objects[0].item;
 		tree2 = opt->pending.objects[1].item;
-		if (tree2->flags & UNINTERESTING) {
+		if (merge_base) {
+			struct object_id oid;
+
+			diff_get_merge_base(opt, &oid);
+			tree1 = lookup_object(the_repository, &oid);
+		} else if (tree2->flags & UNINTERESTING) {
 			SWAP(tree2, tree1);
 		}
 		diff_tree_oid(&tree1->oid, &tree2->oid, "", &opt->diffopt);
diff --git a/builtin/diff.c b/builtin/diff.c
index 1baea18ae0..b50fc68c2a 100644
--- a/builtin/diff.c
+++ b/builtin/diff.c
@@ -26,7 +26,7 @@
 static const char builtin_diff_usage[] =
 "git diff [<options>] [<commit>] [--] [<path>...]\n"
 "   or: git diff [<options>] --cached [<commit>] [--] [<path>...]\n"
-"   or: git diff [<options>] <commit> [<commit>...] <commit> [--] [<path>...]\n"
+"   or: git diff [<options>] <commit> [--merge-base] [<commit>...] <commit> [--] [<path>...]\n"
 "   or: git diff [<options>] <commit>...<commit>] [--] [<path>...]\n"
 "   or: git diff [<options>] <blob> <blob>]\n"
 "   or: git diff [<options>] --no-index [--] <path> <path>]\n"
@@ -172,19 +172,34 @@ static int builtin_diff_tree(struct rev_info *revs,
 			     struct object_array_entry *ent1)
 {
 	const struct object_id *(oid[2]);
-	int swap = 0;
+	struct object_id mb_oid;
+	int merge_base = 0;
 
-	if (argc > 1)
-		usage(builtin_diff_usage);
+	while (1 < argc) {
+		const char *arg = argv[1];
+		if (!strcmp(arg, "--merge-base"))
+			merge_base = 1;
+		else
+			usage(builtin_diff_usage);
+		argv++; argc--;
+	}
 
-	/*
-	 * We saw two trees, ent0 and ent1.  If ent1 is uninteresting,
-	 * swap them.
-	 */
-	if (ent1->item->flags & UNINTERESTING)
-		swap = 1;
-	oid[swap] = &ent0->item->oid;
-	oid[1 - swap] = &ent1->item->oid;
+	if (merge_base) {
+		diff_get_merge_base(revs, &mb_oid);
+		oid[0] = &mb_oid;
+		oid[1] = &revs->pending.objects[1].item->oid;
+	} else {
+		int swap = 0;
+
+		/*
+		 * We saw two trees, ent0 and ent1.  If ent1 is uninteresting,
+		 * swap them.
+		 */
+		if (ent1->item->flags & UNINTERESTING)
+			swap = 1;
+		oid[swap] = &ent0->item->oid;
+		oid[1 - swap] = &ent1->item->oid;
+	}
 	diff_tree_oid(oid[0], oid[1], "", &revs->diffopt);
 	log_tree_diff_flush(revs);
 	return 0;
diff --git a/t/t4068-diff-symmetric-merge-base.sh b/t/t4068-diff-symmetric-merge-base.sh
index 49432379cb..03487cc945 100755
--- a/t/t4068-diff-symmetric-merge-base.sh
+++ b/t/t4068-diff-symmetric-merge-base.sh
@@ -156,4 +156,38 @@ do
 	'
 done
 
+for cmd in diff-tree diff
+do
+	test_expect_success "$cmd --merge-base with two commits" '
+		git $cmd commit-C master >expect &&
+		git $cmd --merge-base br2 master >actual &&
+		test_cmp expect actual
+	'
+
+	test_expect_success "$cmd --merge-base commit and non-commit" '
+		test_must_fail git $cmd --merge-base br2 master^{tree} 2>err &&
+		test_i18ngrep "fatal: --merge-base only works with commits" err
+	'
+
+	test_expect_success "$cmd --merge-base with no merge bases and two commits" '
+		test_must_fail git $cmd --merge-base br2 br3 2>err &&
+		test_i18ngrep "fatal: no merge base found" err
+	'
+
+	test_expect_success "$cmd --merge-base with multiple merge bases and two commits" '
+		test_must_fail git $cmd --merge-base master br1 2>err &&
+		test_i18ngrep "fatal: multiple merge bases found" err
+	'
+done
+
+test_expect_success 'diff-tree --merge-base with one commit' '
+	test_must_fail git diff-tree --merge-base master 2>err &&
+	test_i18ngrep "fatal: --merge-base only works with two commits" err
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'diff --merge-base with range' '
+	test_must_fail git diff --merge-base br2..br3 2>err &&
+	test_i18ngrep "fatal: --merge-base does not work with ranges" err
+'
+
 test_done
-- 
2.28.0.760.g8d73e04208


  reply	other threads:[~2020-09-21 17:27 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 58+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-09-05 19:08 [PATCH 0/4] builtin/diff: " Denton Liu
2020-09-05 19:08 ` [PATCH 1/4] t4068: remove unnecessary >tmp Denton Liu
2020-09-05 19:08 ` [PATCH 2/4] git-diff.txt: backtick quote command text Denton Liu
2020-09-05 19:08 ` [PATCH 3/4] builtin/diff: parse --no-index using parse_options() Denton Liu
2020-09-05 19:08 ` [PATCH 4/4] builtin/diff: learn --merge-base Denton Liu
2020-09-06 21:58   ` Junio C Hamano
2020-09-10  7:32 ` [PATCH v2 0/4] " Denton Liu
2020-09-10  7:32   ` [PATCH v2 1/4] t4068: remove unnecessary >tmp Denton Liu
2020-09-10  7:32   ` [PATCH v2 2/4] git-diff.txt: backtick quote command text Denton Liu
2020-09-10  7:32   ` [PATCH v2 3/4] builtin/diff: parse --no-index using parse_options() Denton Liu
2020-09-10 18:35     ` Junio C Hamano
2020-09-13  8:31       ` Denton Liu
2020-09-13 21:45         ` Junio C Hamano
2020-09-10  7:32   ` [PATCH v2 4/4] builtin/diff: learn --merge-base Denton Liu
2020-09-17  7:44   ` [PATCH v3 00/10] " Denton Liu
2020-09-17  7:44     ` [PATCH v3 01/10] t4068: remove unnecessary >tmp Denton Liu
2020-09-17  7:44     ` [PATCH v3 02/10] git-diff-index.txt: make --cached description a proper sentence Denton Liu
2020-09-17  7:44     ` [PATCH v3 03/10] git-diff.txt: backtick quote command text Denton Liu
2020-09-17  7:44     ` [PATCH v3 04/10] contrib/completion: extract common diff/difftool options Denton Liu
2020-09-17  7:44     ` [PATCH v3 05/10] diff-lib: accept option flags in run_diff_index() Denton Liu
2020-09-17 17:00       ` Junio C Hamano
2020-09-17  7:44     ` [PATCH v3 06/10] diff-lib: define diff_get_merge_base() Denton Liu
2020-09-17 17:16       ` Junio C Hamano
2020-09-18 10:34         ` Denton Liu
2020-09-19  0:33           ` Junio C Hamano
2020-09-17  7:44     ` [PATCH v3 07/10] t4068: add --merge-base tests Denton Liu
2020-09-17  7:44     ` [PATCH v3 08/10] builtin/diff-index: learn --merge-base Denton Liu
2020-09-17 17:28       ` Junio C Hamano
2020-09-17 18:13         ` Jeff King
2020-09-18  5:11           ` Junio C Hamano
2020-09-18 18:12             ` Jeff King
2020-09-17  7:44     ` [PATCH v3 09/10] builtin/diff-tree: " Denton Liu
2020-09-17 18:23       ` Junio C Hamano
2020-09-18 10:48         ` Denton Liu
2020-09-18 16:52           ` Junio C Hamano
2020-09-20 11:01             ` Denton Liu
2020-09-21 16:05               ` Junio C Hamano
2020-09-21 17:27                 ` Denton Liu [this message]
2020-09-21 21:09                   ` Junio C Hamano
2020-09-21 21:19                     ` Junio C Hamano
2020-09-21 21:54                     ` Denton Liu
2020-09-21 22:18                       ` Junio C Hamano
2020-09-23  9:47                         ` Denton Liu
2020-09-25 21:02                           ` Junio C Hamano
2020-09-26  1:52                             ` Denton Liu
2020-09-17  7:44     ` [PATCH v3 10/10] contrib/completion: complete `git diff --merge-base` Denton Liu
2020-09-20 11:22     ` [PATCH v4 00/10] builtin/diff: learn --merge-base Denton Liu
2020-09-20 11:22       ` [PATCH v4 01/10] t4068: remove unnecessary >tmp Denton Liu
2020-09-20 11:22       ` [PATCH v4 02/10] git-diff-index.txt: make --cached description a proper sentence Denton Liu
2020-09-20 11:22       ` [PATCH v4 03/10] git-diff.txt: backtick quote command text Denton Liu
2020-09-20 11:22       ` [PATCH v4 04/10] contrib/completion: extract common diff/difftool options Denton Liu
2020-09-20 11:22       ` [PATCH v4 05/10] diff-lib: accept option flags in run_diff_index() Denton Liu
2020-09-20 11:22       ` [PATCH v4 06/10] diff-lib: define diff_get_merge_base() Denton Liu
2020-09-20 11:22       ` [PATCH v4 07/10] t4068: add --merge-base tests Denton Liu
2020-09-20 11:22       ` [PATCH v4 08/10] builtin/diff-index: learn --merge-base Denton Liu
2020-09-29 19:53         ` Martin Ågren
2020-09-20 11:22       ` [PATCH v4 09/10] builtin/diff-tree: " Denton Liu
2020-09-20 11:22       ` [PATCH v4 10/10] contrib/completion: complete `git diff --merge-base` Denton Liu

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