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From: Jeff King <>
Cc: Taylor Blau <>
Subject: [PATCH 1/3] config: work around gcc-10 -Wstringop-overflow warning
Date: Tue, 4 Aug 2020 03:43:53 -0400	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

Compiling with gcc-10, -O2, and -fsanitize=undefined results in a
compiler warning:

  config.c: In function ‘git_config_copy_or_rename_section_in_file’:
  config.c:3170:17: error: writing 1 byte into a region of size 0 [-Werror=stringop-overflow=]
   3170 |       output[0] = '\t';
        |       ~~~~~~~~~~^~~~~~
  config.c:3076:7: note: at offset -1 to object ‘buf’ with size 1024 declared here
   3076 |  char buf[1024];
        |       ^~~

This is a false positive. The interesting lines of code are:

  int i;
  char *output = buf;
  for (i = 0; buf[i] && isspace(buf[i]); i++)
          ; /* do nothing */
  int offset;
  offset = section_name_match(&buf[i], old_name);
  if (offset > 0) {
          output += offset + i;
          if (strlen(output) > 0) {
		   * More content means there's
		   * a declaration to put on the
		   * next line; indent with a
		   * tab
		  output -= 1;
		  output[0] = '\t';

So we do assign output to buf initially. Later we increment it based on
"offset" and "i" and then subtract "1" from it. That latter step is what
the compiler is complaining about; it could lead to going off the left
side of the array if "output == buf" at the moment of the subtraction.
For that to be the case, then "offset + i" would have to be 0. But that
can't happen:

  - we know that "offset" is at least 1, since we're in a conditional
    block that checks that

  - we know that "i" is not negative, since it started at 0 and only
    incremented over whitespace

So the sum must be at least 1, and therefore it's OK to subtract one
from "output".

But that's not quite the whole story. Since "i" is an int, it could in
theory be possible to overflow to negative (when counting whitespace on
a very large string). But we know that's impossible because we're
counting the 1024-byte buffer we just fed to fgets(), so it can never be
larger than that.

Switching the type of "i" to "unsigned" makes the warning go away, so
let's do that.

Arguably size_t is an even better type (for this and for the other
length fields), but switching to it produces a similar but distinct

  config.c: In function ‘git_config_copy_or_rename_section_in_file’:
  config.c:3170:13: error: array subscript -1 is outside array bounds of ‘char[1024]’ [-Werror=array-bounds]
   3170 |       output[0] = '\t';
        |       ~~~~~~^~~
  config.c:3076:7: note: while referencing ‘buf’
   3076 |  char buf[1024];
        |       ^~~

If we were to ever switch off of fgets() to strbuf_getline() or similar,
we'd probably need to use size_t to avoid other overflow problems. But
for now we know we're safe because of the small fixed size of our

Signed-off-by: Jeff King <>
 config.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/config.c b/config.c
index 8db9c77098..2b79fe76ad 100644
--- a/config.c
+++ b/config.c
@@ -3115,7 +3115,7 @@ static int git_config_copy_or_rename_section_in_file(const char *config_filename
 	while (fgets(buf, sizeof(buf), config_file)) {
-		int i;
+		unsigned i;
 		int length;
 		int is_section = 0;
 		char *output = buf;

  reply	other threads:[~2020-08-04  7:43 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 10+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-08-04  7:41 [PATCH 0/3] some compiler/asan/ubsan fixes Jeff King
2020-08-04  7:43 ` Jeff King [this message]
2020-08-04 16:30   ` [PATCH 1/3] config: work around gcc-10 -Wstringop-overflow warning Junio C Hamano
2020-08-05 15:15     ` Taylor Blau
2020-08-04  7:46 ` [PATCH 2/3] revision: avoid out-of-bounds read/write on empty pathspec Jeff King
2020-08-04 13:08   ` Derrick Stolee
2020-08-05 15:17   ` Taylor Blau
2020-08-04  7:50 ` [PATCH 3/3] revision: avoid leak when preparing bloom filter for "/" Jeff King
2020-08-04 13:09   ` Derrick Stolee
2020-08-05 15:19     ` Taylor Blau

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