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* [RFC PATCH] grep: provide sane default to grep_source struct
@ 2019-05-16  2:00 Emily Shaffer
  2019-05-16  3:07 ` Junio C Hamano
                   ` (2 more replies)
  0 siblings, 3 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Emily Shaffer @ 2019-05-16  2:00 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git; +Cc: jrn, Emily Shaffer

grep_buffer creates a struct grep_source gs and calls grep_source()
with it. However, gs.name is null, which eventually produces a
segmentation fault in
grep_source()->grep_source_1()->show_line() when grep_opt.status_only is
not set.

This seems to be unreachable from existing commands but is reachable in
the event that someone rolls their own revision walk and neglects to set
rev_info->grep_filter->status_only. Conceivably, someone might want to
print all changed lines of all commits which match some regex.

Signed-off-by: Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com>
---
Hiya,

I ran into this issue while I was working on a tutorial on rolling your
own revision walk. I didn't want to print all the lines associated with
a matching change, but it didn't seem good that a seemingly-sane
grep_filter config was segfaulting.

I don't know if adding a placeholder name is the right answer (hence RFC
patch).

Jonathan Nieder proposed alternatively adding some check to grep_source()
to ensure that if opt->status_only is unset, gs->name must be non-NULL
(and yell about it if not), as well as some extra comments indicating
what assumptions are made about the data coming into functions like
grep_source(). I'm fine with that as well (although I'm not sure it
makes sense semantically to require a name which the user probably can't
easily set, or else ban the user from printing LOC during grep). Mostly
I'm happy with any solution besides a segfault with no error logging :)

Thanks in advance for everyone's thoughts.
Emily


 grep.c | 2 +-
 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/grep.c b/grep.c
index 0d50598acd..fd84454faf 100644
--- a/grep.c
+++ b/grep.c
@@ -2045,7 +2045,7 @@ int grep_buffer(struct grep_opt *opt, char *buf, unsigned long size)
 	struct grep_source gs;
 	int r;
 
-	grep_source_init(&gs, GREP_SOURCE_BUF, NULL, NULL, NULL);
+	grep_source_init(&gs, GREP_SOURCE_BUF, _("(in memory)"), NULL, NULL);
 	gs.buf = buf;
 	gs.size = size;
 
-- 
2.21.0.1020.gf2820cf01a-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC PATCH] grep: provide sane default to grep_source struct
  2019-05-16  2:00 [RFC PATCH] grep: provide sane default to grep_source struct Emily Shaffer
@ 2019-05-16  3:07 ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-05-16  3:13   ` Jonathan Nieder
  2019-05-16  3:11 ` Jonathan Nieder
  2019-05-16 21:44 ` [PATCH v2] " Emily Shaffer
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 12+ messages in thread
From: Junio C Hamano @ 2019-05-16  3:07 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Emily Shaffer; +Cc: git, jrn

Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com> writes:

> I don't know if adding a placeholder name is the right answer (hence RFC
> patch).
>
> Jonathan Nieder proposed alternatively adding some check to grep_source()
> to ensure that if opt->status_only is unset, gs->name must be non-NULL
> (and yell about it if not), as well as some extra comments indicating
> what assumptions are made about the data coming into functions like
> grep_source(). I'm fine with that as well (although I'm not sure it

That's an interesting problem.

Currently the only use of the function is to see if the log message
matches with the given pattern (yes/no), but it is conceivable that
new callers may want to prepare in-core data and use it to see if
that matches the pattern, or even to _show_ the lines that match the
pattern (possibly with its own .output callback).  Such a caller may
even make repeated calls to the function, and want to give hint in
the output to help users identify which in-core data produced hits,
which implies that a hardcoded "(in core)" is not such a great idea.
In a future where we support such a caller, the function signature
of grep_buffer() would change to include the name, and you would be
passing that to grep_source_init().

Until that happens, it would be OK to use a hardcoded "in-core"
constant here, but to futureproof for such a future, I think it
makes sense to have a check for a BUG() suggested by jrn---that
would become useful once callers of grep_buffer() can give names
prevent them from passing NULL when it later would be used.

> makes sense semantically to require a name which the user probably can't
> easily set, or else ban the user from printing LOC during grep). Mostly
> I'm happy with any solution besides a segfault with no error logging :)
>
> Thanks in advance for everyone's thoughts.
> Emily
>
>
>  grep.c | 2 +-
>  1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
>
> diff --git a/grep.c b/grep.c
> index 0d50598acd..fd84454faf 100644
> --- a/grep.c
> +++ b/grep.c
> @@ -2045,7 +2045,7 @@ int grep_buffer(struct grep_opt *opt, char *buf, unsigned long size)
>  	struct grep_source gs;
>  	int r;
>  
> -	grep_source_init(&gs, GREP_SOURCE_BUF, NULL, NULL, NULL);
> +	grep_source_init(&gs, GREP_SOURCE_BUF, _("(in memory)"), NULL, NULL);
>  	gs.buf = buf;
>  	gs.size = size;

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC PATCH] grep: provide sane default to grep_source struct
  2019-05-16  2:00 [RFC PATCH] grep: provide sane default to grep_source struct Emily Shaffer
  2019-05-16  3:07 ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2019-05-16  3:11 ` Jonathan Nieder
  2019-05-16 21:05   ` Emily Shaffer
  2019-05-16 21:44 ` [PATCH v2] " Emily Shaffer
  2 siblings, 1 reply; 12+ messages in thread
From: Jonathan Nieder @ 2019-05-16  3:11 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Emily Shaffer; +Cc: git

Hi,

Emily Shaffer wrote:

> grep_buffer creates a struct grep_source gs and calls grep_source()
> with it. However, gs.name is null, which eventually produces a
> segmentation fault in
> grep_source()->grep_source_1()->show_line() when grep_opt.status_only is
> not set.

Thanks for catching it.  Taking a step back, I think the problem is in
the definition of "struct grep_source":

	struct grep_source {
		char *name;

		enum grep_source_type {
			GREP_SOURCE_OID,
			GREP_SOURCE_FILE,
			GREP_SOURCE_BUF,
		} type;
		void *identifier;

		...
	};

What is the difference between a 'name' and an 'identifier'?  Who is
responsible for free()ing them?  Can they be NULL?  This is pretty
underdocumented for a public type.

If we take the point of view that 'name' should always be non-NULL,
then I wonder:

- can we document that?
- can grep_source_init enforce that?
- can we take advantage of that in grep_source as well, as a sanity
  check that the grep_source has been initialized?
- while we're here, can we describe what the field is used for
  (prefixing output with context before a ":", I believe)?

[...]
> This seems to be unreachable from existing commands but is reachable in
> the event that someone rolls their own revision walk and neglects to set
> rev_info->grep_filter->status_only.

init_revisions sets that field, so a caller would have to replace
grep_filter or unset status_only to trigger this.

>                                     Conceivably, someone might want to
> print all changed lines of all commits which match some regex.

Hm, does that work well?  The caller of grep_buffer in revision.c
doesn't seem to be careful about where in the output hits would be
printed, but I might be missing something.

[...]
> I ran into this issue while I was working on a tutorial on rolling your
> own revision walk. I didn't want to print all the lines associated with
> a matching change, but it didn't seem good that a seemingly-sane
> grep_filter config was segfaulting.

Good find, and thanks for taking the time to make it easier to debug for
the next person.

[...]
> Jonathan Nieder proposed alternatively adding some check to grep_source()
> to ensure that if opt->status_only is unset, gs->name must be non-NULL
> (and yell about it if not), as well as some extra comments indicating
> what assumptions are made about the data coming into functions like
> grep_source(). I'm fine with that as well (although I'm not sure it
> makes sense semantically to require a name which the user probably can't
> easily set, or else ban the user from printing LOC during grep). Mostly
> I'm happy with any solution besides a segfault with no error logging :)

Let's compare the two possibilities.

The advantage of "(in memory)" is that it Just Works, which should
make a nicer development experience with getting a new caller mostly
working on the way to getting them working just the way you want.

The disadvantage is that if we start outputting that in production, we
and static analyzers are less likely to notice.  In other words,
printing "(in memory)" is leaking details to the end user that do not
match what the end user asked for.  NULL would instead produce a
crash, prompting the author of the caller to fix it.

What was particularly pernicious about this example is that the NULL
dereference only occurs if the grep has a match.  So I suppose I'm
leaning toward (in addition to adding some comments to document the
struct) adding a check like

	if (!gs->name && !opt->status_only)
		BUG("grep calls that could print name require name");

to grep_source.

That would also sidestep the question of whether this debugging aid
should be translated. :)

Sensible?

Thanks,
Jonathan

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC PATCH] grep: provide sane default to grep_source struct
  2019-05-16  3:07 ` Junio C Hamano
@ 2019-05-16  3:13   ` Jonathan Nieder
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Jonathan Nieder @ 2019-05-16  3:13 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Junio C Hamano; +Cc: Emily Shaffer, git

Junio C Hamano wrote:

> Currently the only use of the function is to see if the log message
> matches with the given pattern (yes/no), but it is conceivable that
> new callers may want to prepare in-core data and use it to see if
> that matches the pattern, or even to _show_ the lines that match the
> pattern (possibly with its own .output callback).

Oh, good point about .output.  That answers my question about getting
the output in the right place.

[...]
>> Thanks in advance for everyone's thoughts.
>> Emily

Thanks, both.

Jonathan

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [RFC PATCH] grep: provide sane default to grep_source struct
  2019-05-16  3:11 ` Jonathan Nieder
@ 2019-05-16 21:05   ` Emily Shaffer
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Emily Shaffer @ 2019-05-16 21:05 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jonathan Nieder; +Cc: git

On Wed, May 15, 2019 at 08:11:52PM -0700, Jonathan Nieder wrote:
> Hi,
> 
> Emily Shaffer wrote:
> 
> > grep_buffer creates a struct grep_source gs and calls grep_source()
> > with it. However, gs.name is null, which eventually produces a
> > segmentation fault in
> > grep_source()->grep_source_1()->show_line() when grep_opt.status_only is
> > not set.
> 
> Thanks for catching it.  Taking a step back, I think the problem is in
> the definition of "struct grep_source":
> 
> 	struct grep_source {
> 		char *name;
> 
> 		enum grep_source_type {
> 			GREP_SOURCE_OID,
> 			GREP_SOURCE_FILE,
> 			GREP_SOURCE_BUF,
> 		} type;
> 		void *identifier;
> 
> 		...
> 	};
> 
> What is the difference between a 'name' and an 'identifier'?  Who is
> responsible for free()ing them?  Can they be NULL?  This is pretty
> underdocumented for a public type.
> 
> If we take the point of view that 'name' should always be non-NULL,
> then I wonder:
> 
> - can we document that?
> - can grep_source_init enforce that?

Today grep_source_init() defaults to NULL. So if we decide that 'name'
should be non-NULL it will be somewhat changing the intent.

	void grep_source_init(struct grep_source *gs, enum grep_source_type type,        
	                      const char *name, const char *path,                        
	                      const void *identifier)                                    
	{                                                                                
	        gs->type = type;                                                         
	        gs->name = xstrdup_or_null(name); 
	...

> - can we take advantage of that in grep_source as well, as a sanity
>   check that the grep_source has been initialized?
> - while we're here, can we describe what the field is used for
>   (prefixing output with context before a ":", I believe)?

In general the documentation for grep.[ch] is pretty light. There aren't
any header comments and `Documentation/technical/api-grep.txt` is a
todo. So I agree that we should document it anywhere we can.

> > Jonathan Nieder proposed alternatively adding some check to grep_source()
> > to ensure that if opt->status_only is unset, gs->name must be non-NULL
> > (and yell about it if not), as well as some extra comments indicating
> > what assumptions are made about the data coming into functions like
> > grep_source(). I'm fine with that as well (although I'm not sure it
> > makes sense semantically to require a name which the user probably can't
> > easily set, or else ban the user from printing LOC during grep). Mostly
> > I'm happy with any solution besides a segfault with no error logging :)
> 
> Let's compare the two possibilities.
> 
> The advantage of "(in memory)" is that it Just Works, which should
> make a nicer development experience with getting a new caller mostly
> working on the way to getting them working just the way you want.
> 
> The disadvantage is that if we start outputting that in production, we
> and static analyzers are less likely to notice.  In other words,
> printing "(in memory)" is leaking details to the end user that do not
> match what the end user asked for.  NULL would instead produce a
> crash, prompting the author of the caller to fix it.
> 
> What was particularly pernicious about this example is that the NULL
> dereference only occurs if the grep has a match.  So I suppose I'm
> leaning toward (in addition to adding some comments to document the
> struct) adding a check like
> 
> 	if (!gs->name && !opt->status_only)
> 		BUG("grep calls that could print name require name");
> 
> to grep_source.

Why not both? :)

But seriously, I am planning to push a second patch with both, per
Junio's reply.

I'll consider the documentation out of scope for now since I'm not sure
I know enough about grep.[ch]'s intent or history to document anything
yet. :)

> 
> That would also sidestep the question of whether this debugging aid
> should be translated. :)
> 
> Sensible?
> 
> Thanks,
> Jonathan

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v2] grep: provide sane default to grep_source struct
  2019-05-16  2:00 [RFC PATCH] grep: provide sane default to grep_source struct Emily Shaffer
  2019-05-16  3:07 ` Junio C Hamano
  2019-05-16  3:11 ` Jonathan Nieder
@ 2019-05-16 21:44 ` " Emily Shaffer
  2019-05-16 22:02   ` Jeff King
  2019-05-22  0:34   ` [PATCH v3] " Emily Shaffer
  2 siblings, 2 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Emily Shaffer @ 2019-05-16 21:44 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: emilyshaffer; +Cc: git, jrn

grep_buffer creates a struct grep_source gs and calls grep_source()
with it. However, gs.name is null, which eventually produces a
segmentation fault in
grep_source()->grep_source_1()->show_line() when grep_opt.status_only is
not set.

This seems to be unreachable from existing commands but is reachable in
the event that someone rolls their own revision walk and neglects to set
rev_info->grep_filter->status_only. Conceivably, someone might want to
print all changed lines of all commits which match some regex.

To futureproof, give developers a heads-up if grep_source() is called
and a valid name field is expected but not given. This path should be
unreachable now, but in the future may become reachable if developers
want to add the ability to use grep_buffer() in prepared in-core data
and provide hints to the user about where the data came from.

Signed-off-by: Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com>
---
I've added the BUG() line to grep_source(). I considered adding it to
grep_source_1() but didn't see much difference. Looks like
grep_source_1() exists purely as a helper to grep_source() and is never
called by anybody else... but it's the function where the crash would
happen. So I'm not sure.

I also modified the wording for the BUG("") statement a little from
jrn's suggestion to hopefully make it more explicit, but I welcome
wordsmithing.

 grep.c | 9 ++++++++-
 1 file changed, 8 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/grep.c b/grep.c
index 0d50598acd..6ceb880a8c 100644
--- a/grep.c
+++ b/grep.c
@@ -2021,6 +2021,9 @@ static int chk_hit_marker(struct grep_expr *x)
 
 int grep_source(struct grep_opt *opt, struct grep_source *gs)
 {
+	if (!opt->status_only && gs->name == NULL)
+		BUG("grep call which could print a name requires "
+		    "grep_source.name be non-NULL");
 	/*
 	 * we do not have to do the two-pass grep when we do not check
 	 * buffer-wide "all-match".
@@ -2045,7 +2048,11 @@ int grep_buffer(struct grep_opt *opt, char *buf, unsigned long size)
 	struct grep_source gs;
 	int r;
 
-	grep_source_init(&gs, GREP_SOURCE_BUF, NULL, NULL, NULL);
+	/* TODO: In the future it may become desirable to pass in the name as
+	 * an argument to grep_buffer(). At that time, "(in core)" should be
+	 * replaced.
+	 */
+	grep_source_init(&gs, GREP_SOURCE_BUF, _("(in core)"), NULL, NULL);
 	gs.buf = buf;
 	gs.size = size;
 
-- 
2.21.0.1020.gf2820cf01a-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] grep: provide sane default to grep_source struct
  2019-05-16 21:44 ` [PATCH v2] " Emily Shaffer
@ 2019-05-16 22:02   ` Jeff King
  2019-05-21 23:52     ` Emily Shaffer
  2019-05-22  0:34   ` [PATCH v3] " Emily Shaffer
  1 sibling, 1 reply; 12+ messages in thread
From: Jeff King @ 2019-05-16 22:02 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Emily Shaffer; +Cc: git, jrn

On Thu, May 16, 2019 at 02:44:44PM -0700, Emily Shaffer wrote:

> grep_buffer creates a struct grep_source gs and calls grep_source()
> with it. However, gs.name is null, which eventually produces a
> segmentation fault in
> grep_source()->grep_source_1()->show_line() when grep_opt.status_only is
> not set.

Funny wrapping here.

> This seems to be unreachable from existing commands but is reachable in
> the event that someone rolls their own revision walk and neglects to set
> rev_info->grep_filter->status_only. Conceivably, someone might want to
> print all changed lines of all commits which match some regex.
> 
> To futureproof, give developers a heads-up if grep_source() is called
> and a valid name field is expected but not given. This path should be
> unreachable now, but in the future may become reachable if developers
> want to add the ability to use grep_buffer() in prepared in-core data
> and provide hints to the user about where the data came from.

So I guess this is probably my fault, as I was the one who factored out
the grep_source bits long ago (though I would also not be surprised if
it could be triggered before, too).

I think adding a BUG() is the right thing to do.

> I've added the BUG() line to grep_source(). I considered adding it to
> grep_source_1() but didn't see much difference. Looks like
> grep_source_1() exists purely as a helper to grep_source() and is never
> called by anybody else... but it's the function where the crash would
> happen. So I'm not sure.

I agree it probably doesn't matter. I'd probably stick at at the top of
grep_source_1(), just with the rationale that it could possibly catch
more cases if somebody ever refactors grep_source() to have two
different callers (e.g., imagine we later add a variant that takes more
options, but leave the old one to avoid disrupting existing callers).

> I also modified the wording for the BUG("") statement a little from
> jrn's suggestion to hopefully make it more explicit, but I welcome
> wordsmithing.
> [...]
> +		BUG("grep call which could print a name requires "
> +		    "grep_source.name be non-NULL");

It looks fine to me. The point is that nobody should ever see this. And
if they do, we should already get a file/line number telling us where
the problem is (and a coredump to poke at). So as long as it's enough to
convince a regular user that they should make a report to the mailing
list, it will have done its job.

> diff --git a/grep.c b/grep.c
> index 0d50598acd..6ceb880a8c 100644
> --- a/grep.c
> +++ b/grep.c
> @@ -2021,6 +2021,9 @@ static int chk_hit_marker(struct grep_expr *x)
>  
>  int grep_source(struct grep_opt *opt, struct grep_source *gs)
>  {
> +	if (!opt->status_only && gs->name == NULL)
> +		BUG("grep call which could print a name requires "
> +		    "grep_source.name be non-NULL");
>  	/*
>  	 * we do not have to do the two-pass grep when we do not check
>  	 * buffer-wide "all-match".

Minor nit, but can we put a blank line between the new block and the
comment?

> @@ -2045,7 +2048,11 @@ int grep_buffer(struct grep_opt *opt, char *buf, unsigned long size)
>  	struct grep_source gs;
>  	int r;
>  
> -	grep_source_init(&gs, GREP_SOURCE_BUF, NULL, NULL, NULL);
> +	/* TODO: In the future it may become desirable to pass in the name as
> +	 * an argument to grep_buffer(). At that time, "(in core)" should be
> +	 * replaced.
> +	 */
> +	grep_source_init(&gs, GREP_SOURCE_BUF, _("(in core)"), NULL, NULL);

Hmm. I don't see much point in this one, as it would just avoid
triggering our BUG(). If somebody is adding new grep_buffer() callers
that don't use status_only, wouldn't we want them to see the BUG() to
know that they need to refactor grep_buffer() to provide a name?

-Peff

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] grep: provide sane default to grep_source struct
  2019-05-16 22:02   ` Jeff King
@ 2019-05-21 23:52     ` Emily Shaffer
  2019-05-22  0:17       ` Jonathan Nieder
  0 siblings, 1 reply; 12+ messages in thread
From: Emily Shaffer @ 2019-05-21 23:52 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Jeff King; +Cc: git, jrn

On Thu, May 16, 2019 at 06:02:54PM -0400, Jeff King wrote:
> On Thu, May 16, 2019 at 02:44:44PM -0700, Emily Shaffer wrote:
> 
> > grep_buffer creates a struct grep_source gs and calls grep_source()
> > with it. However, gs.name is null, which eventually produces a
> > segmentation fault in
> > grep_source()->grep_source_1()->show_line() when grep_opt.status_only is
> > not set.
> 
> Funny wrapping here.
> 
> > This seems to be unreachable from existing commands but is reachable in
> > the event that someone rolls their own revision walk and neglects to set
> > rev_info->grep_filter->status_only. Conceivably, someone might want to
> > print all changed lines of all commits which match some regex.
> > 
> > To futureproof, give developers a heads-up if grep_source() is called
> > and a valid name field is expected but not given. This path should be
> > unreachable now, but in the future may become reachable if developers
> > want to add the ability to use grep_buffer() in prepared in-core data
> > and provide hints to the user about where the data came from.
> 
> So I guess this is probably my fault, as I was the one who factored out
> the grep_source bits long ago (though I would also not be surprised if
> it could be triggered before, too).
> 
> I think adding a BUG() is the right thing to do.
> 
> > I've added the BUG() line to grep_source(). I considered adding it to
> > grep_source_1() but didn't see much difference. Looks like
> > grep_source_1() exists purely as a helper to grep_source() and is never
> > called by anybody else... but it's the function where the crash would
> > happen. So I'm not sure.
> 
> I agree it probably doesn't matter. I'd probably stick at at the top of
> grep_source_1(), just with the rationale that it could possibly catch
> more cases if somebody ever refactors grep_source() to have two
> different callers (e.g., imagine we later add a variant that takes more
> options, but leave the old one to avoid disrupting existing callers).

I think this combined with needing a history lesson to know not to call
grep_source_1() makes a pretty strong case for moving it. I'll put the
BUG() line at the top of grep_source_1() instead.

> 
> > I also modified the wording for the BUG("") statement a little from
> > jrn's suggestion to hopefully make it more explicit, but I welcome
> > wordsmithing.
> > [...]
> > +		BUG("grep call which could print a name requires "
> > +		    "grep_source.name be non-NULL");
> 
> It looks fine to me. The point is that nobody should ever see this. And
> if they do, we should already get a file/line number telling us where
> the problem is (and a coredump to poke at). So as long as it's enough to
> convince a regular user that they should make a report to the mailing
> list, it will have done its job.
> 
> > diff --git a/grep.c b/grep.c
> > index 0d50598acd..6ceb880a8c 100644
> > --- a/grep.c
> > +++ b/grep.c
> > @@ -2021,6 +2021,9 @@ static int chk_hit_marker(struct grep_expr *x)
> >  
> >  int grep_source(struct grep_opt *opt, struct grep_source *gs)
> >  {
> > +	if (!opt->status_only && gs->name == NULL)
> > +		BUG("grep call which could print a name requires "
> > +		    "grep_source.name be non-NULL");
> >  	/*
> >  	 * we do not have to do the two-pass grep when we do not check
> >  	 * buffer-wide "all-match".
> 
> Minor nit, but can we put a blank line between the new block and the
> comment?

I made sure to include blank lines surrounding this block in its new
home.

> 
> > @@ -2045,7 +2048,11 @@ int grep_buffer(struct grep_opt *opt, char *buf, unsigned long size)
> >  	struct grep_source gs;
> >  	int r;
> >  
> > -	grep_source_init(&gs, GREP_SOURCE_BUF, NULL, NULL, NULL);
> > +	/* TODO: In the future it may become desirable to pass in the name as
> > +	 * an argument to grep_buffer(). At that time, "(in core)" should be
> > +	 * replaced.
> > +	 */
> > +	grep_source_init(&gs, GREP_SOURCE_BUF, _("(in core)"), NULL, NULL);
> 
> Hmm. I don't see much point in this one, as it would just avoid
> triggering our BUG(). If somebody is adding new grep_buffer() callers
> that don't use status_only, wouldn't we want them to see the BUG() to
> know that they need to refactor grep_buffer() to provide a name?

For me, I'd rather have *some* functionality available without doing a
large refactor. The line now isn't inaccurate, and `git grep --fixed
"(in core)"` shows it's the only instance of that string in the
codebase, so it's easy to track down where it's happening. Though the
BUG() line is pretty easy to track down too.

Having a default field like this might help folks move quickly if they
just want proof of concept that their idea works without adding a
bunch of plumbing. But then, they could add it on their own if they're
that early in their feature....

Can we think of a reason anybody would want to be able to use it this
way with the placeholder string?

> 
> -Peff

Thanks for your comments Peff.

- Emily

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v2] grep: provide sane default to grep_source struct
  2019-05-21 23:52     ` Emily Shaffer
@ 2019-05-22  0:17       ` Jonathan Nieder
  0 siblings, 0 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Jonathan Nieder @ 2019-05-22  0:17 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Emily Shaffer; +Cc: Jeff King, git

Hi,

Emily Shaffer wrote:
> On Thu, May 16, 2019 at 06:02:54PM -0400, Jeff King wrote:
>> On Thu, May 16, 2019 at 02:44:44PM -0700, Emily Shaffer wrote:

>>> +	/* TODO: In the future it may become desirable to pass in the name as
>>> +	 * an argument to grep_buffer(). At that time, "(in core)" should be
>>> +	 * replaced.
>>> +	 */

(micronit, likely moot: Git's multi-line comments start with "/*" on
its own line:

	/*
	 * NEEDSWORK: Passing the name in as an argument would allow
	 * "(in core)" to be replaced.
	 */

.)

>>> +	grep_source_init(&gs, GREP_SOURCE_BUF, _("(in core)"), NULL, NULL);
>>
>> Hmm. I don't see much point in this one, as it would just avoid
>> triggering our BUG(). If somebody is adding new grep_buffer() callers
>> that don't use status_only, wouldn't we want them to see the BUG() to
>> know that they need to refactor grep_buffer() to provide a name?
[...]
> Can we think of a reason anybody would want to be able to use it this
> way with the placeholder string?

I agree with Peff here: using NULL puts this in a better place with
respect to Rusty's API design manifesto[1].

With the "(in core)" default, I may end up triggering the "(in core)"
behavior in production, because there is not a clear enough signal
that my code path is making a mistake.  That's problematic because it
gives the end user a confusing experience: the end user cares where
the line comes from, not that it spent a second or two in core.

With the NULL default, *especially* after this patch, such usage would
instead trigger a BUG: line in output, meaning

- if it gets exercised in tests, the test will fail, prompting the
  patch auther to pass in a more appropriate label

- if it gets missed in tests and gets triggered in production, the error
  message makes it clear that this is a mistake so the user is likely
  to report a bug instead of assuming this is deliberate but confusing
  behavior

In that vein, this patch is very helpful, since the BUG would trip
*consistently*, not only when the grep pattern matches.  Failing
consistently like this is a huge improvement in API usability.

It would be even better if we could catch the problem at compile time,
but one thing at a time.

Thanks,
Jonathan

[1] https://ozlabs.org/~rusty/index.cgi/tech/2008-03-30.html,
https://ozlabs.org/~rusty/index.cgi/tech/2008-04-01.html

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v3] grep: provide sane default to grep_source struct
  2019-05-16 21:44 ` [PATCH v2] " Emily Shaffer
  2019-05-16 22:02   ` Jeff King
@ 2019-05-22  0:34   ` " Emily Shaffer
  2019-05-22  0:58     ` Jonathan Nieder
  2019-05-22  4:01     ` Jeff King
  1 sibling, 2 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Emily Shaffer @ 2019-05-22  0:34 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: emilyshaffer; +Cc: git, jrn

grep_buffer creates a struct grep_source gs and calls grep_source()
with it. However, gs.name is null, which eventually produces a
segmentation fault in grep_source()->grep_source_1()->show_line()
when grep_opt.status_only is not set.

This seems to be unreachable from existing commands but is reachable in
the event that someone rolls their own revision walk and neglects to set
rev_info->grep_filter->status_only. Conceivably, someone might want to
print all changed lines of all commits which match some regex.

To futureproof, give developers a heads-up if grep_source() is called
and a valid name field is expected but not given. This path should be
unreachable now, but in the future may become reachable if developers
want to add the ability to use grep_buffer() in prepared in-core data
and provide hints to the user about where the data came from.

Signed-off-by: Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com>
---

I think Peff and Jonathan are right. If someone does want to hack away
on something in the very early stages, the BUG() line gives a pretty
clear indicator of what to modify to make it work.

I also moved the BUG() to grep_source_1() to keep it close to the error
itself and reflowed the commit message.

 - Emily

 grep.c | 4 ++++
 1 file changed, 4 insertions(+)

diff --git a/grep.c b/grep.c
index 0d50598acd..f7c3a5803e 100644
--- a/grep.c
+++ b/grep.c
@@ -1780,6 +1780,10 @@ static int grep_source_1(struct grep_opt *opt, struct grep_source *gs, int colle
 	enum grep_context ctx = GREP_CONTEXT_HEAD;
 	xdemitconf_t xecfg;
 
+	if (!opt->status_only && gs->name == NULL)
+		BUG("grep call which could print a name requires "
+		    "grep_source.name be non-NULL");
+
 	if (!opt->output)
 		opt->output = std_output;
 
-- 
2.21.0.1020.gf2820cf01a-goog


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3] grep: provide sane default to grep_source struct
  2019-05-22  0:34   ` [PATCH v3] " Emily Shaffer
@ 2019-05-22  0:58     ` Jonathan Nieder
  2019-05-22  4:01     ` Jeff King
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Jonathan Nieder @ 2019-05-22  0:58 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Emily Shaffer; +Cc: git, Jeff King

Emily Shaffer wrote:

> Subject: grep: provide sane default to grep_source struct

This subject line doesn't describe what the patch does any more.  How
about something like

	grep: fail early if call could print output and name is not set

?

> grep_buffer creates a struct grep_source gs and calls grep_source()
> with it. However, gs.name is null, which eventually produces a
> segmentation fault in grep_source()->grep_source_1()->show_line()
> when grep_opt.status_only is not set.

This is the place to describe the motivation behind the patch:

- what is the current behavior?
- what is the motivation behind the current behavior?
- in what scenario does it fail?
- how does it fail, and what is undesirable about that failure?

Perhaps something like

	grep_source, the workhorse of Git's grep library, allows passing in an
	arbitrary grep_source representing the haystack in which to search for
	a needle matching a pattern.  In most callers, the grep_source::name
	field is set to an appropriate prefix to print before a colon when a
	result matches:

		README:Git is an Open Source project covered by the GNU General Public

	One caller, grep_buffer, leaves the 'name' field set to NULL because
	there is not enough context to determine an appropriate name to put in
	such output lines.  In practice, this has been fine because the only
	caller of grep_buffer is "git log --grep" and that caller sets
	status_only to disable output (and only check whether a match exists).
	But this is brittle: a future caller can call grep_buffer without
	status_only set, and as soon as it hits a match, grep_source will
	segfault in the process of trying to print

		(null):Git is an Open Source project covered by the GNU General Public

> This seems to be unreachable from existing commands but is reachable in
> the event that someone rolls their own revision walk and neglects to set
> rev_info->grep_filter->status_only. Conceivably, someone might want to
> print all changed lines of all commits which match some regex.

Focusing on the use case instead of the details of how it is implemented,
we can simplify this to

	For example, such a future caller might want to print all matching
	lines from commits which match a regex.

> To futureproof, give developers a heads-up if grep_source() is called
> and a valid name field is expected but not given. This path should be
> unreachable now, but in the future may become reachable if developers
> want to add the ability to use grep_buffer() in prepared in-core data
> and provide hints to the user about where the data came from.

Here we can concisely describe the improved behavior with the fix:

	Futureproof by diagnosing a use of the API that could trigger that
	condition early, before we know whether the pattern matches:

		BUG: git.c:832: grep call which could print a name requires grep_source.name be non-NULL
		Aborted

And then what it makes possible:

	This way, the caller's author gets a quick indication of how to fix
	it, by ensuring that either grep_source.name is set or that
	status_only is set to prevent printing output.

And how it came up:

	Noticed while adding such a call in a tutorial on revision walks.

> Signed-off-by: Emily Shaffer <emilyshaffer@google.com>
> ---
[...]
> I also moved the BUG() to grep_source_1() to keep it close to the error
> itself and reflowed the commit message.

Makes sense.  Thanks for these summaries of what changed between each
revision of the patch --- they're very helpful.

With whatever subset of the above suggested commit message changes
make sense,

Reviewed-by: Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder@gmail.com>

Thanks.

[...]
> --- a/grep.c
> +++ b/grep.c
> @@ -1780,6 +1780,10 @@ static int grep_source_1(struct grep_opt *opt, struct grep_source *gs, int colle
>  	enum grep_context ctx = GREP_CONTEXT_HEAD;
>  	xdemitconf_t xecfg;
>  
> +	if (!opt->status_only && gs->name == NULL)

optional: can use !gs->name here.

> +		BUG("grep call which could print a name requires "
> +		    "grep_source.name be non-NULL");

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

* Re: [PATCH v3] grep: provide sane default to grep_source struct
  2019-05-22  0:34   ` [PATCH v3] " Emily Shaffer
  2019-05-22  0:58     ` Jonathan Nieder
@ 2019-05-22  4:01     ` Jeff King
  1 sibling, 0 replies; 12+ messages in thread
From: Jeff King @ 2019-05-22  4:01 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: Emily Shaffer; +Cc: git, jrn

On Tue, May 21, 2019 at 05:34:02PM -0700, Emily Shaffer wrote:

> I think Peff and Jonathan are right. If someone does want to hack away
> on something in the very early stages, the BUG() line gives a pretty
> clear indicator of what to modify to make it work.
> 
> I also moved the BUG() to grep_source_1() to keep it close to the error
> itself and reflowed the commit message.

Thanks. This version looks good to me (though if you took any of
Jonathan's suggestions in the other part of the thread that would be
fine with me, too).

-Peff

^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 12+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 12+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2019-05-16  2:00 [RFC PATCH] grep: provide sane default to grep_source struct Emily Shaffer
2019-05-16  3:07 ` Junio C Hamano
2019-05-16  3:13   ` Jonathan Nieder
2019-05-16  3:11 ` Jonathan Nieder
2019-05-16 21:05   ` Emily Shaffer
2019-05-16 21:44 ` [PATCH v2] " Emily Shaffer
2019-05-16 22:02   ` Jeff King
2019-05-21 23:52     ` Emily Shaffer
2019-05-22  0:17       ` Jonathan Nieder
2019-05-22  0:34   ` [PATCH v3] " Emily Shaffer
2019-05-22  0:58     ` Jonathan Nieder
2019-05-22  4:01     ` Jeff King

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