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From: "Dr. Adam Nielsen" <admin@in-ici.net>
To: git@vger.kernel.org
Cc: "Dr. Adam Nielsen" <admin@in-ici.net>
Subject: [PATCH] make slash-rules more readable
Date: Fri, 26 Apr 2019 16:32:51 +0200
Message-ID: <20190426143251.29250-1-admin@in-ici.net> (raw)

---
 Documentation/gitignore.txt | 37 ++++++++++++++++++++++++-------------
 1 file changed, 24 insertions(+), 13 deletions(-)

diff --git a/Documentation/gitignore.txt b/Documentation/gitignore.txt
index b5bc9dbff0..3a6fb9117c 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitignore.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitignore.txt
@@ -89,24 +89,35 @@ PATTERN FORMAT
    Put a backslash ("`\`") in front of the first "`!`" for patterns
    that begin with a literal "`!`", for example, "`\!important!.txt`".
 
- - If the pattern ends with a slash, it is removed for the
-   purpose of the following description, but it would only find
+ - If the pattern ends with a slash, it would only find
    a match with a directory.  In other words, `foo/` will match a
    directory `foo` and paths underneath it, but will not match a
    regular file or a symbolic link `foo` (this is consistent
    with the way how pathspec works in general in Git).
 
- - If the pattern does not contain a slash '/', Git treats it as
-   a shell glob pattern and checks for a match against the
-   pathname relative to the location of the `.gitignore` file
-   (relative to the toplevel of the work tree if not from a
-   `.gitignore` file).
-
- - Otherwise, Git treats the pattern as a shell glob: "`*`" matches
-   anything except "`/`", "`?`" matches any one character except "`/`"
-   and "`[]`" matches one character in a selected range. See
-   fnmatch(3) and the FNM_PATHNAME flag for a more detailed
-   description.
+ - If the pattern contains no slash "`/`" (except an optional trailing slash),
+   the pattern is matched against all files and folders (recursively)
+   from the location of the `.gitignore` file.
+   For example, `frotz/` matches `frotz` and `a/frotz` that
+   is a directory (relative from the `.gitignore` file). 
+
+ - A pattern that contains a non-trailing slash is matched relative to the 
+   location of the `.gitignore` file.
+   For example, `doc/frotz/` matches `doc/frotz` directory, but not 
+   `a/doc/frotz` (relative from the `.gitignore` file). 
+   Note that the pattern `doc/frotz` and `/doc/frotz`  
+   have the same effect in any `.gitignore` file, while `/bar` and `bar` 
+   have not the same effect (`/bar` will not match `foo/bar`).
+
+ - An asterisk "`*`" matches anything except a slash.  A
+   pattern "foo/*", for example, matches "foo/test.json" (a
+   regular file), "foo/bar" (a diretory), but it does not match
+   "foo/bar/hello.c" (a regular file), as the asterisk in the
+   patter does not match "bar/hello.c" which has a slash in it.
+   The character "`?`" matches any one character except "`/`"
+   The range notation, e.g. `[a-zA-Z]`, can be used to match
+   one of the characters in a range. See fnmatch(3) and the 
+   FNM_PATHNAME flag for a more detailed description.
 
  - A leading slash matches the beginning of the pathname.
    For example, "/{asterisk}.c" matches "cat-file.c" but not
-- 
2.17.1


             reply	other threads:[~2019-04-26 14:34 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 36+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2019-04-26 14:32 Dr. Adam Nielsen [this message]
2019-05-07 10:45 Dr. Adam Nielsen
2019-05-08  5:33 ` Junio C Hamano
2019-05-12  9:56   ` Dr. Adam Nielsen
2019-05-17 21:43     ` Dr. Adam Nielsen
2019-05-18  6:42       ` Johannes Sixt
2019-05-18 13:20         ` Dr. Adam Nielsen
2019-05-18 14:07 Dr. Adam Nielsen
2019-05-18 19:34 ` Philip Oakley
2019-05-19 15:33   ` Dr. Adam Nielsen
     [not found]     ` <0c2894ce-7eab-8207-9af8-7ce5e779d4ec@iee.org>
2019-05-29  8:28       ` Dr. Adam Nielsen
2019-05-18 14:13 Dr. Adam Nielsen
2019-05-19  1:59 ` Junio C Hamano
2019-05-19  6:59 ` Johannes Sixt
2019-05-31  7:44 Dr. Adam Nielsen
2019-05-31 16:30 ` Junio C Hamano
2019-05-31 17:24   ` Dr. Adam Nielsen
2019-05-31 17:40     ` Junio C Hamano
2019-06-01  9:33   ` Philip Oakley
2019-06-02  9:01     ` Dr. Adam Nielsen
2019-06-03 18:01     ` Junio C Hamano
2019-06-04 10:40       ` Philip Oakley
2019-06-01  9:23 ` Philip Oakley
2019-06-04 12:34 ` Philip Oakley
2019-06-04 17:22   ` Dr. Adam Nielsen
2019-05-31 18:16 Dr. Adam Nielsen
2019-05-31 18:17 Dr. Adam Nielsen
2019-06-02  9:04 Dr. Adam Nielsen
2019-06-04 17:34 Dr. Adam Nielsen
2019-06-25 11:05 ` Dr. Adam Nielsen
2019-06-25 11:31   ` Philip Oakley
2019-06-27 17:10     ` Dr. Adam Nielsen
2019-07-04 10:40       ` Philip Oakley
2019-07-04 10:46         ` Philip Oakley
2019-06-27 17:43   ` Junio C Hamano
2020-02-15  3:08 Pavel Ivashkov

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