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* [PATCH v13 00/10] convert: add support for different encodings
@ 2018-04-15 18:16 lars.schneider
  2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 01/10] strbuf: remove unnecessary NUL assignment in xstrdup_tolower() lars.schneider
                   ` (9 more replies)
  0 siblings, 10 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: lars.schneider @ 2018-04-15 18:16 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git
  Cc: gitster, tboegi, j6t, sunshine, peff, ramsay,
	Johannes.Schindelin, pclouds, avarab, Lars Schneider

From: Lars Schneider <larsxschneider@gmail.com>

Hi,

Patches 1-6,9 are preparation and helper functions.
Patch 7,8,10 are the actual change.

This series is based on v2.16.0 and Torsten's 8462ff43e4 (convert_to_git():
safe_crlf/checksafe becomes int conv_flags, 2018-01-13).

The series can be rebased without conflicts on top of v2.17.0:
https://github.com/larsxschneider/git/tree/encoding-2.17

Changes since v12:

* commit message improvement (Torsten)
* prevent undefined memcpy behavior in has_bom_prefix (Avar)
* improve error message: true/false are no valid working-tree-encodings (Torsten)
* fix crash in same_encoding() if only one argument is NULL (this bug
  was already present before this series, Eric)

Thanks,
Lars

  RFC: https://public-inbox.org/git/BDB9B884-6D17-4BE3-A83C-F67E2AFA2B46@gmail.com/
   v1: https://public-inbox.org/git/20171211155023.1405-1-lars.schneider@autodesk.com/
   v2: https://public-inbox.org/git/20171229152222.39680-1-lars.schneider@autodesk.com/
   v3: https://public-inbox.org/git/20180106004808.77513-1-lars.schneider@autodesk.com/
   v4: https://public-inbox.org/git/20180120152418.52859-1-lars.schneider@autodesk.com/
   v5: https://public-inbox.org/git/20180129201855.9182-1-tboegi@web.de/
   v6: https://public-inbox.org/git/20180209132830.55385-1-lars.schneider@autodesk.com/
   v7: https://public-inbox.org/git/20180215152711.158-1-lars.schneider@autodesk.com/
   v8: https://public-inbox.org/git/20180224162801.98860-1-lars.schneider@autodesk.com/
   v9: https://public-inbox.org/git/20180304201418.60958-1-lars.schneider@autodesk.com/
  v10: https://public-inbox.org/git/20180307173026.30058-1-lars.schneider@autodesk.com/
  v11: https://public-inbox.org/git/20180309173536.62012-1-lars.schneider@autodesk.com/
  v12: https://public-inbox.org/git/20180315225746.18119-1-lars.schneider@autodesk.com/

Base Ref:
Web-Diff: https://github.com/larsxschneider/git/commit/3aa98e6975
Checkout: git fetch https://github.com/larsxschneider/git encoding-v13 && git checkout 3aa98e6975


### Interdiff (v12..v13):

diff --git a/convert.c b/convert.c
index 2a002af66d..1ae6301629 100644
--- a/convert.c
+++ b/convert.c
@@ -1222,7 +1222,7 @@ static const char *git_path_check_encoding(struct attr_check_item *check)
 		return NULL;

 	if (ATTR_TRUE(value) || ATTR_FALSE(value)) {
-		die(_("working-tree-encoding attribute requires a value"));
+		die(_("true/false are no valid working-tree-encodings"));
 	}

 	/* Don't encode to the default encoding */
diff --git a/t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh b/t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh
index 884f0878b1..12b8eb963a 100755
--- a/t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh
+++ b/t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh
@@ -152,7 +152,7 @@ test_expect_success 'check unsupported encodings' '
 	echo "*.set text working-tree-encoding" >.gitattributes &&
 	printf "set" >t.set &&
 	test_must_fail git add t.set 2>err.out &&
-	test_i18ngrep "working-tree-encoding attribute requires a value" err.out &&
+	test_i18ngrep "true/false are no valid working-tree-encodings" err.out &&

 	echo "*.unset text -working-tree-encoding" >.gitattributes &&
 	printf "unset" >t.unset &&
diff --git a/utf8.c b/utf8.c
index 2d8821d36e..25d366d6b3 100644
--- a/utf8.c
+++ b/utf8.c
@@ -428,8 +428,12 @@ int is_encoding_utf8(const char *name)

 int same_encoding(const char *src, const char *dst)
 {
-	if (is_encoding_utf8(src) && is_encoding_utf8(dst))
-		return 1;
+	static const char utf8[] = "UTF-8";
+
+	if (!src)
+		src = utf8;
+	if (!dst)
+		dst = utf8;
 	if (same_utf_encoding(src, dst))
 		return 1;
 	return !strcasecmp(src, dst);
@@ -559,7 +563,7 @@ char *reencode_string_len(const char *in, int insz,
 static int has_bom_prefix(const char *data, size_t len,
 			  const char *bom, size_t bom_len)
 {
-	return (len >= bom_len) && !memcmp(data, bom, bom_len);
+	return data && bom && (len >= bom_len) && !memcmp(data, bom, bom_len);
 }

 static const char utf16_be_bom[] = {0xFE, 0xFF};


### Patches

Lars Schneider (10):
  strbuf: remove unnecessary NUL assignment in xstrdup_tolower()
  strbuf: add xstrdup_toupper()
  strbuf: add a case insensitive starts_with()
  utf8: teach same_encoding() alternative UTF encoding names
  utf8: add function to detect prohibited UTF-16/32 BOM
  utf8: add function to detect a missing UTF-16/32 BOM
  convert: add 'working-tree-encoding' attribute
  convert: check for detectable errors in UTF encodings
  convert: add tracing for 'working-tree-encoding' attribute
  convert: add round trip check based on 'core.checkRoundtripEncoding'

 Documentation/config.txt         |   6 +
 Documentation/gitattributes.txt  |  88 +++++++++++++
 config.c                         |   5 +
 convert.c                        | 276 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 convert.h                        |   2 +
 environment.c                    |   1 +
 git-compat-util.h                |   1 +
 sha1_file.c                      |   2 +-
 strbuf.c                         |  22 +++-
 strbuf.h                         |   1 +
 t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh | 245 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 utf8.c                           |  65 ++++++++-
 utf8.h                           |  28 ++++
 13 files changed, 737 insertions(+), 5 deletions(-)
 create mode 100755 t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh


base-commit: 8a2f0888555ce46ac87452b194dec5cb66fb1417
--
2.16.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v13 01/10] strbuf: remove unnecessary NUL assignment in xstrdup_tolower()
  2018-04-15 18:16 [PATCH v13 00/10] convert: add support for different encodings lars.schneider
@ 2018-04-15 18:16 ` lars.schneider
  2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 02/10] strbuf: add xstrdup_toupper() lars.schneider
                   ` (8 subsequent siblings)
  9 siblings, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: lars.schneider @ 2018-04-15 18:16 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git
  Cc: gitster, tboegi, j6t, sunshine, peff, ramsay,
	Johannes.Schindelin, pclouds, avarab, Lars Schneider

From: Lars Schneider <larsxschneider@gmail.com>

Since 3733e69464 (use xmallocz to avoid size arithmetic, 2016-02-22) we
allocate the buffer for the lower case string with xmallocz(). This
already ensures a NUL at the end of the allocated buffer.

Remove the unnecessary assignment.

Signed-off-by: Lars Schneider <larsxschneider@gmail.com>
---
 strbuf.c | 1 -
 1 file changed, 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/strbuf.c b/strbuf.c
index 1df674e919..55b7daeb35 100644
--- a/strbuf.c
+++ b/strbuf.c
@@ -781,7 +781,6 @@ char *xstrdup_tolower(const char *string)
 	result = xmallocz(len);
 	for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
 		result[i] = tolower(string[i]);
-	result[i] = '\0';
 	return result;
 }
 
-- 
2.16.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v13 02/10] strbuf: add xstrdup_toupper()
  2018-04-15 18:16 [PATCH v13 00/10] convert: add support for different encodings lars.schneider
  2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 01/10] strbuf: remove unnecessary NUL assignment in xstrdup_tolower() lars.schneider
@ 2018-04-15 18:16 ` lars.schneider
  2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 03/10] strbuf: add a case insensitive starts_with() lars.schneider
                   ` (7 subsequent siblings)
  9 siblings, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: lars.schneider @ 2018-04-15 18:16 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git
  Cc: gitster, tboegi, j6t, sunshine, peff, ramsay,
	Johannes.Schindelin, pclouds, avarab, Lars Schneider

From: Lars Schneider <larsxschneider@gmail.com>

Create a copy of an existing string and make all characters upper case.
Similar xstrdup_tolower().

This function is used in a subsequent commit.

Signed-off-by: Lars Schneider <larsxschneider@gmail.com>
---
 strbuf.c | 12 ++++++++++++
 strbuf.h |  1 +
 2 files changed, 13 insertions(+)

diff --git a/strbuf.c b/strbuf.c
index 55b7daeb35..b635f0bdc4 100644
--- a/strbuf.c
+++ b/strbuf.c
@@ -784,6 +784,18 @@ char *xstrdup_tolower(const char *string)
 	return result;
 }
 
+char *xstrdup_toupper(const char *string)
+{
+	char *result;
+	size_t len, i;
+
+	len = strlen(string);
+	result = xmallocz(len);
+	for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
+		result[i] = toupper(string[i]);
+	return result;
+}
+
 char *xstrvfmt(const char *fmt, va_list ap)
 {
 	struct strbuf buf = STRBUF_INIT;
diff --git a/strbuf.h b/strbuf.h
index 14c8c10d66..df7ced53ed 100644
--- a/strbuf.h
+++ b/strbuf.h
@@ -607,6 +607,7 @@ __attribute__((format (printf,2,3)))
 extern int fprintf_ln(FILE *fp, const char *fmt, ...);
 
 char *xstrdup_tolower(const char *);
+char *xstrdup_toupper(const char *);
 
 /**
  * Create a newly allocated string using printf format. You can do this easily
-- 
2.16.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v13 03/10] strbuf: add a case insensitive starts_with()
  2018-04-15 18:16 [PATCH v13 00/10] convert: add support for different encodings lars.schneider
  2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 01/10] strbuf: remove unnecessary NUL assignment in xstrdup_tolower() lars.schneider
  2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 02/10] strbuf: add xstrdup_toupper() lars.schneider
@ 2018-04-15 18:16 ` lars.schneider
  2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 04/10] utf8: teach same_encoding() alternative UTF encoding names lars.schneider
                   ` (6 subsequent siblings)
  9 siblings, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: lars.schneider @ 2018-04-15 18:16 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git
  Cc: gitster, tboegi, j6t, sunshine, peff, ramsay,
	Johannes.Schindelin, pclouds, avarab, Lars Schneider

From: Lars Schneider <larsxschneider@gmail.com>

Check in a case insensitive manner if one string is a prefix of another
string.

This function is used in a subsequent commit.

Signed-off-by: Lars Schneider <larsxschneider@gmail.com>
---
 git-compat-util.h | 1 +
 strbuf.c          | 9 +++++++++
 2 files changed, 10 insertions(+)

diff --git a/git-compat-util.h b/git-compat-util.h
index 68b2ad531e..95c9b34832 100644
--- a/git-compat-util.h
+++ b/git-compat-util.h
@@ -455,6 +455,7 @@ extern void (*get_warn_routine(void))(const char *warn, va_list params);
 extern void set_die_is_recursing_routine(int (*routine)(void));
 
 extern int starts_with(const char *str, const char *prefix);
+extern int istarts_with(const char *str, const char *prefix);
 
 /*
  * If the string "str" begins with the string found in "prefix", return 1.
diff --git a/strbuf.c b/strbuf.c
index b635f0bdc4..99812b8488 100644
--- a/strbuf.c
+++ b/strbuf.c
@@ -11,6 +11,15 @@ int starts_with(const char *str, const char *prefix)
 			return 0;
 }
 
+int istarts_with(const char *str, const char *prefix)
+{
+	for (; ; str++, prefix++)
+		if (!*prefix)
+			return 1;
+		else if (tolower(*str) != tolower(*prefix))
+			return 0;
+}
+
 int skip_to_optional_arg_default(const char *str, const char *prefix,
 				 const char **arg, const char *def)
 {
-- 
2.16.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v13 04/10] utf8: teach same_encoding() alternative UTF encoding names
  2018-04-15 18:16 [PATCH v13 00/10] convert: add support for different encodings lars.schneider
                   ` (2 preceding siblings ...)
  2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 03/10] strbuf: add a case insensitive starts_with() lars.schneider
@ 2018-04-15 18:16 ` lars.schneider
  2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 05/10] utf8: add function to detect prohibited UTF-16/32 BOM lars.schneider
                   ` (5 subsequent siblings)
  9 siblings, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: lars.schneider @ 2018-04-15 18:16 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git
  Cc: gitster, tboegi, j6t, sunshine, peff, ramsay,
	Johannes.Schindelin, pclouds, avarab, Lars Schneider

From: Lars Schneider <larsxschneider@gmail.com>

The function same_encoding() could only recognize alternative names for
UTF-8 encodings. Teach it to recognize all kinds of alternative UTF
encoding names (e.g. utf16).

While we are at it, fix a crash that would occur if same_encoding() was
called with a NULL argument and a non-NULL argument.

This function is used in a subsequent commit.

Signed-off-by: Lars Schneider <larsxschneider@gmail.com>
---
 utf8.c | 26 ++++++++++++++++++++++++--
 1 file changed, 24 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/utf8.c b/utf8.c
index 2c27ce0137..40f4b142d6 100644
--- a/utf8.c
+++ b/utf8.c
@@ -401,18 +401,40 @@ void strbuf_utf8_replace(struct strbuf *sb_src, int pos, int width,
 	strbuf_release(&sb_dst);
 }
 
+/*
+ * Returns true (1) if the src encoding name matches the dst encoding
+ * name directly or one of its alternative names. E.g. UTF-16BE is the
+ * same as UTF16BE.
+ */
+static int same_utf_encoding(const char *src, const char *dst)
+{
+	if (istarts_with(src, "utf") && istarts_with(dst, "utf")) {
+		/* src[3] or dst[3] might be '\0' */
+		int i = (src[3] == '-' ? 4 : 3);
+		int j = (dst[3] == '-' ? 4 : 3);
+		return !strcasecmp(src+i, dst+j);
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
 int is_encoding_utf8(const char *name)
 {
 	if (!name)
 		return 1;
-	if (!strcasecmp(name, "utf-8") || !strcasecmp(name, "utf8"))
+	if (same_utf_encoding("utf-8", name))
 		return 1;
 	return 0;
 }
 
 int same_encoding(const char *src, const char *dst)
 {
-	if (is_encoding_utf8(src) && is_encoding_utf8(dst))
+	static const char utf8[] = "UTF-8";
+
+	if (!src)
+		src = utf8;
+	if (!dst)
+		dst = utf8;
+	if (same_utf_encoding(src, dst))
 		return 1;
 	return !strcasecmp(src, dst);
 }
-- 
2.16.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v13 05/10] utf8: add function to detect prohibited UTF-16/32 BOM
  2018-04-15 18:16 [PATCH v13 00/10] convert: add support for different encodings lars.schneider
                   ` (3 preceding siblings ...)
  2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 04/10] utf8: teach same_encoding() alternative UTF encoding names lars.schneider
@ 2018-04-15 18:16 ` lars.schneider
  2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 06/10] utf8: add function to detect a missing " lars.schneider
                   ` (4 subsequent siblings)
  9 siblings, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: lars.schneider @ 2018-04-15 18:16 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git
  Cc: gitster, tboegi, j6t, sunshine, peff, ramsay,
	Johannes.Schindelin, pclouds, avarab, Lars Schneider

From: Lars Schneider <larsxschneider@gmail.com>

Whenever a data stream is declared to be UTF-16BE, UTF-16LE, UTF-32BE
or UTF-32LE a BOM must not be used [1]. The function returns true if
this is the case.

This function is used in a subsequent commit.

[1] http://unicode.org/faq/utf_bom.html#bom10

Signed-off-by: Lars Schneider <larsxschneider@gmail.com>
---
 utf8.c | 26 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 utf8.h |  9 +++++++++
 2 files changed, 35 insertions(+)

diff --git a/utf8.c b/utf8.c
index 40f4b142d6..83af3a9f6b 100644
--- a/utf8.c
+++ b/utf8.c
@@ -560,6 +560,32 @@ char *reencode_string_len(const char *in, int insz,
 }
 #endif
 
+static int has_bom_prefix(const char *data, size_t len,
+			  const char *bom, size_t bom_len)
+{
+	return data && bom && (len >= bom_len) && !memcmp(data, bom, bom_len);
+}
+
+static const char utf16_be_bom[] = {0xFE, 0xFF};
+static const char utf16_le_bom[] = {0xFF, 0xFE};
+static const char utf32_be_bom[] = {0x00, 0x00, 0xFE, 0xFF};
+static const char utf32_le_bom[] = {0xFF, 0xFE, 0x00, 0x00};
+
+int has_prohibited_utf_bom(const char *enc, const char *data, size_t len)
+{
+	return (
+	  (same_utf_encoding("UTF-16BE", enc) ||
+	   same_utf_encoding("UTF-16LE", enc)) &&
+	  (has_bom_prefix(data, len, utf16_be_bom, sizeof(utf16_be_bom)) ||
+	   has_bom_prefix(data, len, utf16_le_bom, sizeof(utf16_le_bom)))
+	) || (
+	  (same_utf_encoding("UTF-32BE",  enc) ||
+	   same_utf_encoding("UTF-32LE", enc)) &&
+	  (has_bom_prefix(data, len, utf32_be_bom, sizeof(utf32_be_bom)) ||
+	   has_bom_prefix(data, len, utf32_le_bom, sizeof(utf32_le_bom)))
+	);
+}
+
 /*
  * Returns first character length in bytes for multi-byte `text` according to
  * `encoding`.
diff --git a/utf8.h b/utf8.h
index 6bbcf31a83..0db1db4519 100644
--- a/utf8.h
+++ b/utf8.h
@@ -70,4 +70,13 @@ typedef enum {
 void strbuf_utf8_align(struct strbuf *buf, align_type position, unsigned int width,
 		       const char *s);
 
+/*
+ * If a data stream is declared as UTF-16BE or UTF-16LE, then a UTF-16
+ * BOM must not be used [1]. The same applies for the UTF-32 equivalents.
+ * The function returns true if this rule is violated.
+ *
+ * [1] http://unicode.org/faq/utf_bom.html#bom10
+ */
+int has_prohibited_utf_bom(const char *enc, const char *data, size_t len);
+
 #endif
-- 
2.16.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v13 06/10] utf8: add function to detect a missing UTF-16/32 BOM
  2018-04-15 18:16 [PATCH v13 00/10] convert: add support for different encodings lars.schneider
                   ` (4 preceding siblings ...)
  2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 05/10] utf8: add function to detect prohibited UTF-16/32 BOM lars.schneider
@ 2018-04-15 18:16 ` " lars.schneider
  2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 07/10] convert: add 'working-tree-encoding' attribute lars.schneider
                   ` (3 subsequent siblings)
  9 siblings, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: lars.schneider @ 2018-04-15 18:16 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git
  Cc: gitster, tboegi, j6t, sunshine, peff, ramsay,
	Johannes.Schindelin, pclouds, avarab, Lars Schneider

From: Lars Schneider <larsxschneider@gmail.com>

If the endianness is not defined in the encoding name, then let's
be strict and require a BOM to avoid any encoding confusion. The
is_missing_required_utf_bom() function returns true if a required BOM
is missing.

The Unicode standard instructs to assume big-endian if there in no BOM
for UTF-16/32 [1][2]. However, the W3C/WHATWG encoding standard used
in HTML5 recommends to assume little-endian to "deal with deployed
content" [3]. Strictly requiring a BOM seems to be the safest option
for content in Git.

This function is used in a subsequent commit.

[1] http://unicode.org/faq/utf_bom.html#gen6
[2] http://www.unicode.org/versions/Unicode10.0.0/ch03.pdf
     Section 3.10, D98, page 132
[3] https://encoding.spec.whatwg.org/#utf-16le

Signed-off-by: Lars Schneider <larsxschneider@gmail.com>
---
 utf8.c | 13 +++++++++++++
 utf8.h | 19 +++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 32 insertions(+)

diff --git a/utf8.c b/utf8.c
index 83af3a9f6b..25d366d6b3 100644
--- a/utf8.c
+++ b/utf8.c
@@ -586,6 +586,19 @@ int has_prohibited_utf_bom(const char *enc, const char *data, size_t len)
 	);
 }
 
+int is_missing_required_utf_bom(const char *enc, const char *data, size_t len)
+{
+	return (
+	   (same_utf_encoding(enc, "UTF-16")) &&
+	   !(has_bom_prefix(data, len, utf16_be_bom, sizeof(utf16_be_bom)) ||
+	     has_bom_prefix(data, len, utf16_le_bom, sizeof(utf16_le_bom)))
+	) || (
+	   (same_utf_encoding(enc, "UTF-32")) &&
+	   !(has_bom_prefix(data, len, utf32_be_bom, sizeof(utf32_be_bom)) ||
+	     has_bom_prefix(data, len, utf32_le_bom, sizeof(utf32_le_bom)))
+	);
+}
+
 /*
  * Returns first character length in bytes for multi-byte `text` according to
  * `encoding`.
diff --git a/utf8.h b/utf8.h
index 0db1db4519..cce654a64a 100644
--- a/utf8.h
+++ b/utf8.h
@@ -79,4 +79,23 @@ void strbuf_utf8_align(struct strbuf *buf, align_type position, unsigned int wid
  */
 int has_prohibited_utf_bom(const char *enc, const char *data, size_t len);
 
+/*
+ * If the endianness is not defined in the encoding name, then we
+ * require a BOM. The function returns true if a required BOM is missing.
+ *
+ * The Unicode standard instructs to assume big-endian if there in no
+ * BOM for UTF-16/32 [1][2]. However, the W3C/WHATWG encoding standard
+ * used in HTML5 recommends to assume little-endian to "deal with
+ * deployed content" [3].
+ *
+ * Therefore, strictly requiring a BOM seems to be the safest option for
+ * content in Git.
+ *
+ * [1] http://unicode.org/faq/utf_bom.html#gen6
+ * [2] http://www.unicode.org/versions/Unicode10.0.0/ch03.pdf
+ *     Section 3.10, D98, page 132
+ * [3] https://encoding.spec.whatwg.org/#utf-16le
+ */
+int is_missing_required_utf_bom(const char *enc, const char *data, size_t len);
+
 #endif
-- 
2.16.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v13 07/10] convert: add 'working-tree-encoding' attribute
  2018-04-15 18:16 [PATCH v13 00/10] convert: add support for different encodings lars.schneider
                   ` (5 preceding siblings ...)
  2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 06/10] utf8: add function to detect a missing " lars.schneider
@ 2018-04-15 18:16 ` lars.schneider
  2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 08/10] convert: check for detectable errors in UTF encodings lars.schneider
                   ` (2 subsequent siblings)
  9 siblings, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: lars.schneider @ 2018-04-15 18:16 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git
  Cc: gitster, tboegi, j6t, sunshine, peff, ramsay,
	Johannes.Schindelin, pclouds, avarab, Lars Schneider

From: Lars Schneider <larsxschneider@gmail.com>

Git recognizes files encoded with ASCII or one of its supersets (e.g.
UTF-8 or ISO-8859-1) as text files. All other encodings are usually
interpreted as binary and consequently built-in Git text processing
tools (e.g. 'git diff') as well as most Git web front ends do not
visualize the content.

Add an attribute to tell Git what encoding the user has defined for a
given file. If the content is added to the index, then Git reencodes
the content to a canonical UTF-8 representation. On checkout Git will
reverse this operation.

Signed-off-by: Lars Schneider <larsxschneider@gmail.com>
---
 Documentation/gitattributes.txt  |  80 ++++++++++++++++++++++
 convert.c                        | 113 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
 convert.h                        |   1 +
 sha1_file.c                      |   2 +-
 t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh | 142 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 5 files changed, 336 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
 create mode 100755 t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh

diff --git a/Documentation/gitattributes.txt b/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
index 30687de81a..31a4f92840 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
@@ -272,6 +272,86 @@ few exceptions.  Even though...
   catch potential problems early, safety triggers.
 
 
+`working-tree-encoding`
+^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^
+
+Git recognizes files encoded in ASCII or one of its supersets (e.g.
+UTF-8, ISO-8859-1, ...) as text files. Files encoded in certain other
+encodings (e.g. UTF-16) are interpreted as binary and consequently
+built-in Git text processing tools (e.g. 'git diff') as well as most Git
+web front ends do not visualize the contents of these files by default.
+
+In these cases you can tell Git the encoding of a file in the working
+directory with the `working-tree-encoding` attribute. If a file with this
+attribute is added to Git, then Git reencodes the content from the
+specified encoding to UTF-8. Finally, Git stores the UTF-8 encoded
+content in its internal data structure (called "the index"). On checkout
+the content is reencoded back to the specified encoding.
+
+Please note that using the `working-tree-encoding` attribute may have a
+number of pitfalls:
+
+- Alternative Git implementations (e.g. JGit or libgit2) and older Git
+  versions (as of March 2018) do not support the `working-tree-encoding`
+  attribute. If you decide to use the `working-tree-encoding` attribute
+  in your repository, then it is strongly recommended to ensure that all
+  clients working with the repository support it.
+
+  For example, Microsoft Visual Studio resources files (`*.rc`) or
+  PowerShell script files (`*.ps1`) are sometimes encoded in UTF-16.
+  If you declare `*.ps1` as files as UTF-16 and you add `foo.ps1` with
+  a `working-tree-encoding` enabled Git client, then `foo.ps1` will be
+  stored as UTF-8 internally. A client without `working-tree-encoding`
+  support will checkout `foo.ps1` as UTF-8 encoded file. This will
+  typically cause trouble for the users of this file.
+
+  If a Git client, that does not support the `working-tree-encoding`
+  attribute, adds a new file `bar.ps1`, then `bar.ps1` will be
+  stored "as-is" internally (in this example probably as UTF-16).
+  A client with `working-tree-encoding` support will interpret the
+  internal contents as UTF-8 and try to convert it to UTF-16 on checkout.
+  That operation will fail and cause an error.
+
+- Reencoding content requires resources that might slow down certain
+  Git operations (e.g 'git checkout' or 'git add').
+
+Use the `working-tree-encoding` attribute only if you cannot store a file
+in UTF-8 encoding and if you want Git to be able to process the content
+as text.
+
+As an example, use the following attributes if your '*.ps1' files are
+UTF-16 encoded with byte order mark (BOM) and you want Git to perform
+automatic line ending conversion based on your platform.
+
+------------------------
+*.ps1		text working-tree-encoding=UTF-16
+------------------------
+
+Use the following attributes if your '*.ps1' files are UTF-16 little
+endian encoded without BOM and you want Git to use Windows line endings
+in the working directory. Please note, it is highly recommended to
+explicitly define the line endings with `eol` if the `working-tree-encoding`
+attribute is used to avoid ambiguity.
+
+------------------------
+*.ps1		text working-tree-encoding=UTF-16LE eol=CRLF
+------------------------
+
+You can get a list of all available encodings on your platform with the
+following command:
+
+------------------------
+iconv --list
+------------------------
+
+If you do not know the encoding of a file, then you can use the `file`
+command to guess the encoding:
+
+------------------------
+file foo.ps1
+------------------------
+
+
 `ident`
 ^^^^^^^
 
diff --git a/convert.c b/convert.c
index b976eb968c..21d5cb60da 100644
--- a/convert.c
+++ b/convert.c
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
 #include "sigchain.h"
 #include "pkt-line.h"
 #include "sub-process.h"
+#include "utf8.h"
 
 /*
  * convert.c - convert a file when checking it out and checking it in.
@@ -265,6 +266,78 @@ static int will_convert_lf_to_crlf(size_t len, struct text_stat *stats,
 
 }
 
+static const char *default_encoding = "UTF-8";
+
+static int encode_to_git(const char *path, const char *src, size_t src_len,
+			 struct strbuf *buf, const char *enc, int conv_flags)
+{
+	char *dst;
+	int dst_len;
+	int die_on_error = conv_flags & CONV_WRITE_OBJECT;
+
+	/*
+	 * No encoding is specified or there is nothing to encode.
+	 * Tell the caller that the content was not modified.
+	 */
+	if (!enc || (src && !src_len))
+		return 0;
+
+	/*
+	 * Looks like we got called from "would_convert_to_git()".
+	 * This means Git wants to know if it would encode (= modify!)
+	 * the content. Let's answer with "yes", since an encoding was
+	 * specified.
+	 */
+	if (!buf && !src)
+		return 1;
+
+	dst = reencode_string_len(src, src_len, default_encoding, enc,
+				  &dst_len);
+	if (!dst) {
+		/*
+		 * We could add the blob "as-is" to Git. However, on checkout
+		 * we would try to reencode to the original encoding. This
+		 * would fail and we would leave the user with a messed-up
+		 * working tree. Let's try to avoid this by screaming loud.
+		 */
+		const char* msg = _("failed to encode '%s' from %s to %s");
+		if (die_on_error)
+			die(msg, path, enc, default_encoding);
+		else {
+			error(msg, path, enc, default_encoding);
+			return 0;
+		}
+	}
+
+	strbuf_attach(buf, dst, dst_len, dst_len + 1);
+	return 1;
+}
+
+static int encode_to_worktree(const char *path, const char *src, size_t src_len,
+			      struct strbuf *buf, const char *enc)
+{
+	char *dst;
+	int dst_len;
+
+	/*
+	 * No encoding is specified or there is nothing to encode.
+	 * Tell the caller that the content was not modified.
+	 */
+	if (!enc || (src && !src_len))
+		return 0;
+
+	dst = reencode_string_len(src, src_len, enc, default_encoding,
+				  &dst_len);
+	if (!dst) {
+		error("failed to encode '%s' from %s to %s",
+			path, default_encoding, enc);
+		return 0;
+	}
+
+	strbuf_attach(buf, dst, dst_len, dst_len + 1);
+	return 1;
+}
+
 static int crlf_to_git(const struct index_state *istate,
 		       const char *path, const char *src, size_t len,
 		       struct strbuf *buf,
@@ -978,6 +1051,24 @@ static int ident_to_worktree(const char *path, const char *src, size_t len,
 	return 1;
 }
 
+static const char *git_path_check_encoding(struct attr_check_item *check)
+{
+	const char *value = check->value;
+
+	if (ATTR_UNSET(value) || !strlen(value))
+		return NULL;
+
+	if (ATTR_TRUE(value) || ATTR_FALSE(value)) {
+		die(_("true/false are no valid working-tree-encodings"));
+	}
+
+	/* Don't encode to the default encoding */
+	if (same_encoding(value, default_encoding))
+		return NULL;
+
+	return value;
+}
+
 static enum crlf_action git_path_check_crlf(struct attr_check_item *check)
 {
 	const char *value = check->value;
@@ -1033,6 +1124,7 @@ struct conv_attrs {
 	enum crlf_action attr_action; /* What attr says */
 	enum crlf_action crlf_action; /* When no attr is set, use core.autocrlf */
 	int ident;
+	const char *working_tree_encoding; /* Supported encoding or default encoding if NULL */
 };
 
 static void convert_attrs(struct conv_attrs *ca, const char *path)
@@ -1041,7 +1133,8 @@ static void convert_attrs(struct conv_attrs *ca, const char *path)
 
 	if (!check) {
 		check = attr_check_initl("crlf", "ident", "filter",
-					 "eol", "text", NULL);
+					 "eol", "text", "working-tree-encoding",
+					 NULL);
 		user_convert_tail = &user_convert;
 		git_config(read_convert_config, NULL);
 	}
@@ -1064,6 +1157,7 @@ static void convert_attrs(struct conv_attrs *ca, const char *path)
 			else if (eol_attr == EOL_CRLF)
 				ca->crlf_action = CRLF_TEXT_CRLF;
 		}
+		ca->working_tree_encoding = git_path_check_encoding(ccheck + 5);
 	} else {
 		ca->drv = NULL;
 		ca->crlf_action = CRLF_UNDEFINED;
@@ -1144,6 +1238,13 @@ int convert_to_git(const struct index_state *istate,
 		src = dst->buf;
 		len = dst->len;
 	}
+
+	ret |= encode_to_git(path, src, len, dst, ca.working_tree_encoding, conv_flags);
+	if (ret && dst) {
+		src = dst->buf;
+		len = dst->len;
+	}
+
 	if (!(conv_flags & CONV_EOL_KEEP_CRLF)) {
 		ret |= crlf_to_git(istate, path, src, len, dst, ca.crlf_action, conv_flags);
 		if (ret && dst) {
@@ -1167,6 +1268,7 @@ void convert_to_git_filter_fd(const struct index_state *istate,
 	if (!apply_filter(path, NULL, 0, fd, dst, ca.drv, CAP_CLEAN, NULL))
 		die("%s: clean filter '%s' failed", path, ca.drv->name);
 
+	encode_to_git(path, dst->buf, dst->len, dst, ca.working_tree_encoding, conv_flags);
 	crlf_to_git(istate, path, dst->buf, dst->len, dst, ca.crlf_action, conv_flags);
 	ident_to_git(path, dst->buf, dst->len, dst, ca.ident);
 }
@@ -1198,6 +1300,12 @@ static int convert_to_working_tree_internal(const char *path, const char *src,
 		}
 	}
 
+	ret |= encode_to_worktree(path, src, len, dst, ca.working_tree_encoding);
+	if (ret) {
+		src = dst->buf;
+		len = dst->len;
+	}
+
 	ret_filter = apply_filter(
 		path, src, len, -1, dst, ca.drv, CAP_SMUDGE, dco);
 	if (!ret_filter && ca.drv && ca.drv->required)
@@ -1664,6 +1772,9 @@ struct stream_filter *get_stream_filter(const char *path, const unsigned char *s
 	if (ca.drv && (ca.drv->process || ca.drv->smudge || ca.drv->clean))
 		return NULL;
 
+	if (ca.working_tree_encoding)
+		return NULL;
+
 	if (ca.crlf_action == CRLF_AUTO || ca.crlf_action == CRLF_AUTO_CRLF)
 		return NULL;
 
diff --git a/convert.h b/convert.h
index 65ab3e5167..1d9539ed0b 100644
--- a/convert.h
+++ b/convert.h
@@ -12,6 +12,7 @@ struct index_state;
 #define CONV_EOL_RNDTRP_WARN  (1<<1) /* Warn if CRLF to LF to CRLF is different */
 #define CONV_EOL_RENORMALIZE  (1<<2) /* Convert CRLF to LF */
 #define CONV_EOL_KEEP_CRLF    (1<<3) /* Keep CRLF line endings as is */
+#define CONV_WRITE_OBJECT     (1<<4) /* Content is written to the index */
 
 extern int global_conv_flags_eol;
 
diff --git a/sha1_file.c b/sha1_file.c
index 6bc7c6ada9..e2f319d677 100644
--- a/sha1_file.c
+++ b/sha1_file.c
@@ -138,7 +138,7 @@ static int get_conv_flags(unsigned flags)
 	if (flags & HASH_RENORMALIZE)
 		return CONV_EOL_RENORMALIZE;
 	else if (flags & HASH_WRITE_OBJECT)
-	  return global_conv_flags_eol;
+		return global_conv_flags_eol | CONV_WRITE_OBJECT;
 	else
 		return 0;
 }
diff --git a/t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh b/t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh
new file mode 100755
index 0000000000..8e574ccdd8
--- /dev/null
+++ b/t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh
@@ -0,0 +1,142 @@
+#!/bin/sh
+
+test_description='working-tree-encoding conversion via gitattributes'
+
+. ./test-lib.sh
+
+test_expect_success 'setup test files' '
+	git config core.eol lf &&
+
+	text="hallo there!\ncan you read me?" &&
+	echo "*.utf16 text working-tree-encoding=utf-16" >.gitattributes &&
+	printf "$text" >test.utf8.raw &&
+	printf "$text" | iconv -f UTF-8 -t UTF-16 >test.utf16.raw &&
+	printf "$text" | iconv -f UTF-8 -t UTF-32 >test.utf32.raw &&
+
+	# Line ending tests
+	printf "one\ntwo\nthree\n" >lf.utf8.raw &&
+	printf "one\r\ntwo\r\nthree\r\n" >crlf.utf8.raw &&
+
+	# BOM tests
+	printf "\0a\0b\0c"                         >nobom.utf16be.raw &&
+	printf "a\0b\0c\0"                         >nobom.utf16le.raw &&
+	printf "\376\777\0a\0b\0c"                 >bebom.utf16be.raw &&
+	printf "\777\376a\0b\0c\0"                 >lebom.utf16le.raw &&
+	printf "\0\0\0a\0\0\0b\0\0\0c"             >nobom.utf32be.raw &&
+	printf "a\0\0\0b\0\0\0c\0\0\0"             >nobom.utf32le.raw &&
+	printf "\0\0\376\777\0\0\0a\0\0\0b\0\0\0c" >bebom.utf32be.raw &&
+	printf "\777\376\0\0a\0\0\0b\0\0\0c\0\0\0" >lebom.utf32le.raw &&
+
+	# Add only UTF-16 file, we will add the UTF-32 file later
+	cp test.utf16.raw test.utf16 &&
+	cp test.utf32.raw test.utf32 &&
+	git add .gitattributes test.utf16 &&
+	git commit -m initial
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'ensure UTF-8 is stored in Git' '
+	test_when_finished "rm -f test.utf16.git" &&
+
+	git cat-file -p :test.utf16 >test.utf16.git &&
+	test_cmp_bin test.utf8.raw test.utf16.git
+'
+
+test_expect_success 're-encode to UTF-16 on checkout' '
+	test_when_finished "rm -f test.utf16.raw" &&
+
+	rm test.utf16 &&
+	git checkout test.utf16 &&
+	test_cmp_bin test.utf16.raw test.utf16
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'check $GIT_DIR/info/attributes support' '
+	test_when_finished "rm -f test.utf32.git" &&
+	test_when_finished "git reset --hard HEAD" &&
+
+	echo "*.utf32 text working-tree-encoding=utf-32" >.git/info/attributes &&
+	git add test.utf32 &&
+
+	git cat-file -p :test.utf32 >test.utf32.git &&
+	test_cmp_bin test.utf8.raw test.utf32.git
+'
+
+for i in 16 32
+do
+	test_expect_success "eol conversion for UTF-${i} encoded files on checkout" '
+		test_when_finished "rm -f crlf.utf${i}.raw lf.utf${i}.raw" &&
+		test_when_finished "git reset --hard HEAD^" &&
+
+		cat lf.utf8.raw | iconv -f UTF-8 -t UTF-${i} >lf.utf${i}.raw &&
+		cat crlf.utf8.raw | iconv -f UTF-8 -t UTF-${i} >crlf.utf${i}.raw &&
+		cp crlf.utf${i}.raw eol.utf${i} &&
+
+		cat >expectIndexLF <<-EOF &&
+			i/lf    w/-text attr/text             	eol.utf${i}
+		EOF
+
+		git add eol.utf${i} &&
+		git commit -m eol &&
+
+		# UTF-${i} with CRLF (Windows line endings)
+		rm eol.utf${i} &&
+		git -c core.eol=crlf checkout eol.utf${i} &&
+		test_cmp_bin crlf.utf${i}.raw eol.utf${i} &&
+
+		# Although the file has CRLF in the working tree,
+		# ensure LF in the index
+		git ls-files --eol eol.utf${i} >actual &&
+		test_cmp expectIndexLF actual &&
+
+		# UTF-${i} with LF (Unix line endings)
+		rm eol.utf${i} &&
+		git -c core.eol=lf checkout eol.utf${i} &&
+		test_cmp_bin lf.utf${i}.raw eol.utf${i} &&
+
+		# The file LF in the working tree, ensure LF in the index
+		git ls-files --eol eol.utf${i} >actual &&
+		test_cmp expectIndexLF actual
+	'
+done
+
+test_expect_success 'check unsupported encodings' '
+	test_when_finished "git reset --hard HEAD" &&
+
+	echo "*.set text working-tree-encoding" >.gitattributes &&
+	printf "set" >t.set &&
+	test_must_fail git add t.set 2>err.out &&
+	test_i18ngrep "true/false are no valid working-tree-encodings" err.out &&
+
+	echo "*.unset text -working-tree-encoding" >.gitattributes &&
+	printf "unset" >t.unset &&
+	git add t.unset &&
+
+	echo "*.empty text working-tree-encoding=" >.gitattributes &&
+	printf "empty" >t.empty &&
+	git add t.empty &&
+
+	echo "*.garbage text working-tree-encoding=garbage" >.gitattributes &&
+	printf "garbage" >t.garbage &&
+	test_must_fail git add t.garbage 2>err.out &&
+	test_i18ngrep "failed to encode" err.out
+'
+
+test_expect_success 'error if encoding round trip is not the same during refresh' '
+	BEFORE_STATE=$(git rev-parse HEAD) &&
+	test_when_finished "git reset --hard $BEFORE_STATE" &&
+
+	# Add and commit a UTF-16 file but skip the "working-tree-encoding"
+	# filter. Consequently, the in-repo representation is UTF-16 and not
+	# UTF-8. This simulates a Git version that has no working tree encoding
+	# support.
+	echo "*.utf16le text working-tree-encoding=utf-16le" >.gitattributes &&
+	echo "hallo" >nonsense.utf16le &&
+	TEST_HASH=$(git hash-object --no-filters -w nonsense.utf16le) &&
+	git update-index --add --cacheinfo 100644 $TEST_HASH nonsense.utf16le &&
+	COMMIT=$(git commit-tree -p $(git rev-parse HEAD) -m "plain commit" $(git write-tree)) &&
+	git update-ref refs/heads/master $COMMIT &&
+
+	test_must_fail git checkout HEAD^ 2>err.out &&
+	test_i18ngrep "error: .* overwritten by checkout:" err.out
+'
+
+test_done
-- 
2.16.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v13 08/10] convert: check for detectable errors in UTF encodings
  2018-04-15 18:16 [PATCH v13 00/10] convert: add support for different encodings lars.schneider
                   ` (6 preceding siblings ...)
  2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 07/10] convert: add 'working-tree-encoding' attribute lars.schneider
@ 2018-04-15 18:16 ` lars.schneider
  2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 09/10] convert: add tracing for 'working-tree-encoding' attribute lars.schneider
  2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 10/10] convert: add round trip check based on 'core.checkRoundtripEncoding' lars.schneider
  9 siblings, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: lars.schneider @ 2018-04-15 18:16 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git
  Cc: gitster, tboegi, j6t, sunshine, peff, ramsay,
	Johannes.Schindelin, pclouds, avarab, Lars Schneider

From: Lars Schneider <larsxschneider@gmail.com>

Check that new content is valid with respect to the user defined
'working-tree-encoding' attribute.

Signed-off-by: Lars Schneider <larsxschneider@gmail.com>
---
 convert.c                        | 61 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh | 62 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 2 files changed, 123 insertions(+)

diff --git a/convert.c b/convert.c
index 21d5cb60da..0e7930c154 100644
--- a/convert.c
+++ b/convert.c
@@ -266,6 +266,64 @@ static int will_convert_lf_to_crlf(size_t len, struct text_stat *stats,
 
 }
 
+static int validate_encoding(const char *path, const char *enc,
+		      const char *data, size_t len, int die_on_error)
+{
+	/* We only check for UTF here as UTF?? can be an alias for UTF-?? */
+	if (istarts_with(enc, "UTF")) {
+		/*
+		 * Check for detectable errors in UTF encodings
+		 */
+		if (has_prohibited_utf_bom(enc, data, len)) {
+			const char *error_msg = _(
+				"BOM is prohibited in '%s' if encoded as %s");
+			/*
+			 * This advice is shown for UTF-??BE and UTF-??LE encodings.
+			 * We cut off the last two characters of the encoding name
+			 * to generate the encoding name suitable for BOMs.
+			 */
+			const char *advise_msg = _(
+				"The file '%s' contains a byte order "
+				"mark (BOM). Please use UTF-%s as "
+				"working-tree-encoding.");
+			const char *stripped = NULL;
+			char *upper = xstrdup_toupper(enc);
+			upper[strlen(upper)-2] = '\0';
+			if (!skip_prefix(upper, "UTF-", &stripped))
+				skip_prefix(stripped, "UTF", &stripped);
+			advise(advise_msg, path, stripped);
+			free(upper);
+			if (die_on_error)
+				die(error_msg, path, enc);
+			else {
+				return error(error_msg, path, enc);
+			}
+
+		} else if (is_missing_required_utf_bom(enc, data, len)) {
+			const char *error_msg = _(
+				"BOM is required in '%s' if encoded as %s");
+			const char *advise_msg = _(
+				"The file '%s' is missing a byte order "
+				"mark (BOM). Please use UTF-%sBE or UTF-%sLE "
+				"(depending on the byte order) as "
+				"working-tree-encoding.");
+			const char *stripped = NULL;
+			char *upper = xstrdup_toupper(enc);
+			if (!skip_prefix(upper, "UTF-", &stripped))
+				skip_prefix(stripped, "UTF", &stripped);
+			advise(advise_msg, path, stripped, stripped);
+			free(upper);
+			if (die_on_error)
+				die(error_msg, path, enc);
+			else {
+				return error(error_msg, path, enc);
+			}
+		}
+
+	}
+	return 0;
+}
+
 static const char *default_encoding = "UTF-8";
 
 static int encode_to_git(const char *path, const char *src, size_t src_len,
@@ -291,6 +349,9 @@ static int encode_to_git(const char *path, const char *src, size_t src_len,
 	if (!buf && !src)
 		return 1;
 
+	if (validate_encoding(path, enc, src, src_len, die_on_error))
+		return 0;
+
 	dst = reencode_string_len(src, src_len, default_encoding, enc,
 				  &dst_len);
 	if (!dst) {
diff --git a/t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh b/t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh
index 8e574ccdd8..a318d03232 100755
--- a/t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh
+++ b/t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh
@@ -62,6 +62,52 @@ test_expect_success 'check $GIT_DIR/info/attributes support' '
 
 for i in 16 32
 do
+	test_expect_success "check prohibited UTF-${i} BOM" '
+		test_when_finished "git reset --hard HEAD" &&
+
+		echo "*.utf${i}be text working-tree-encoding=utf-${i}be" >>.gitattributes &&
+		echo "*.utf${i}le text working-tree-encoding=utf-${i}LE" >>.gitattributes &&
+
+		# Here we add a UTF-16 (resp. UTF-32) files with BOM (big/little-endian)
+		# but we tell Git to treat it as UTF-16BE/UTF-16LE (resp. UTF-32).
+		# In these cases the BOM is prohibited.
+		cp bebom.utf${i}be.raw bebom.utf${i}be &&
+		test_must_fail git add bebom.utf${i}be 2>err.out &&
+		test_i18ngrep "fatal: BOM is prohibited .* utf-${i}be" err.out &&
+		test_i18ngrep "use UTF-${i} as working-tree-encoding" err.out &&
+
+		cp lebom.utf${i}le.raw lebom.utf${i}be &&
+		test_must_fail git add lebom.utf${i}be 2>err.out &&
+		test_i18ngrep "fatal: BOM is prohibited .* utf-${i}be" err.out &&
+		test_i18ngrep "use UTF-${i} as working-tree-encoding" err.out &&
+
+		cp bebom.utf${i}be.raw bebom.utf${i}le &&
+		test_must_fail git add bebom.utf${i}le 2>err.out &&
+		test_i18ngrep "fatal: BOM is prohibited .* utf-${i}LE" err.out &&
+		test_i18ngrep "use UTF-${i} as working-tree-encoding" err.out &&
+
+		cp lebom.utf${i}le.raw lebom.utf${i}le &&
+		test_must_fail git add lebom.utf${i}le 2>err.out &&
+		test_i18ngrep "fatal: BOM is prohibited .* utf-${i}LE" err.out &&
+		test_i18ngrep "use UTF-${i} as working-tree-encoding" err.out
+	'
+
+	test_expect_success "check required UTF-${i} BOM" '
+		test_when_finished "git reset --hard HEAD" &&
+
+		echo "*.utf${i} text working-tree-encoding=utf-${i}" >>.gitattributes &&
+
+		cp nobom.utf${i}be.raw nobom.utf${i} &&
+		test_must_fail git add nobom.utf${i} 2>err.out &&
+		test_i18ngrep "fatal: BOM is required .* utf-${i}" err.out &&
+		test_i18ngrep "use UTF-${i}BE or UTF-${i}LE" err.out &&
+
+		cp nobom.utf${i}le.raw nobom.utf${i} &&
+		test_must_fail git add nobom.utf${i} 2>err.out &&
+		test_i18ngrep "fatal: BOM is required .* utf-${i}" err.out &&
+		test_i18ngrep "use UTF-${i}BE or UTF-${i}LE" err.out
+	'
+
 	test_expect_success "eol conversion for UTF-${i} encoded files on checkout" '
 		test_when_finished "rm -f crlf.utf${i}.raw lf.utf${i}.raw" &&
 		test_when_finished "git reset --hard HEAD^" &&
@@ -139,4 +185,20 @@ test_expect_success 'error if encoding round trip is not the same during refresh
 	test_i18ngrep "error: .* overwritten by checkout:" err.out
 '
 
+test_expect_success 'error if encoding garbage is already in Git' '
+	BEFORE_STATE=$(git rev-parse HEAD) &&
+	test_when_finished "git reset --hard $BEFORE_STATE" &&
+
+	# Skip the UTF-16 filter for the added file
+	# This simulates a Git version that has no checkoutEncoding support
+	cp nobom.utf16be.raw nonsense.utf16 &&
+	TEST_HASH=$(git hash-object --no-filters -w nonsense.utf16) &&
+	git update-index --add --cacheinfo 100644 $TEST_HASH nonsense.utf16 &&
+	COMMIT=$(git commit-tree -p $(git rev-parse HEAD) -m "plain commit" $(git write-tree)) &&
+	git update-ref refs/heads/master $COMMIT &&
+
+	git diff 2>err.out &&
+	test_i18ngrep "error: BOM is required" err.out
+'
+
 test_done
-- 
2.16.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v13 09/10] convert: add tracing for 'working-tree-encoding' attribute
  2018-04-15 18:16 [PATCH v13 00/10] convert: add support for different encodings lars.schneider
                   ` (7 preceding siblings ...)
  2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 08/10] convert: check for detectable errors in UTF encodings lars.schneider
@ 2018-04-15 18:16 ` lars.schneider
  2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 10/10] convert: add round trip check based on 'core.checkRoundtripEncoding' lars.schneider
  9 siblings, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: lars.schneider @ 2018-04-15 18:16 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git
  Cc: gitster, tboegi, j6t, sunshine, peff, ramsay,
	Johannes.Schindelin, pclouds, avarab, Lars Schneider

From: Lars Schneider <larsxschneider@gmail.com>

Add the GIT_TRACE_WORKING_TREE_ENCODING environment variable to enable
tracing for content that is reencoded with the 'working-tree-encoding'
attribute. This is useful to debug encoding issues.

Signed-off-by: Lars Schneider <larsxschneider@gmail.com>
---
 convert.c                        | 25 +++++++++++++++++++++++++
 t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh |  2 ++
 2 files changed, 27 insertions(+)

diff --git a/convert.c b/convert.c
index 0e7930c154..bc35c33249 100644
--- a/convert.c
+++ b/convert.c
@@ -324,6 +324,29 @@ static int validate_encoding(const char *path, const char *enc,
 	return 0;
 }
 
+static void trace_encoding(const char *context, const char *path,
+			   const char *encoding, const char *buf, size_t len)
+{
+	static struct trace_key coe = TRACE_KEY_INIT(WORKING_TREE_ENCODING);
+	struct strbuf trace = STRBUF_INIT;
+	int i;
+
+	strbuf_addf(&trace, "%s (%s, considered %s):\n", context, path, encoding);
+	for (i = 0; i < len && buf; ++i) {
+		strbuf_addf(
+			&trace,"| \e[2m%2i:\e[0m %2x \e[2m%c\e[0m%c",
+			i,
+			(unsigned char) buf[i],
+			(buf[i] > 32 && buf[i] < 127 ? buf[i] : ' '),
+			((i+1) % 8 && (i+1) < len ? ' ' : '\n')
+		);
+	}
+	strbuf_addchars(&trace, '\n', 1);
+
+	trace_strbuf(&coe, &trace);
+	strbuf_release(&trace);
+}
+
 static const char *default_encoding = "UTF-8";
 
 static int encode_to_git(const char *path, const char *src, size_t src_len,
@@ -352,6 +375,7 @@ static int encode_to_git(const char *path, const char *src, size_t src_len,
 	if (validate_encoding(path, enc, src, src_len, die_on_error))
 		return 0;
 
+	trace_encoding("source", path, enc, src, src_len);
 	dst = reencode_string_len(src, src_len, default_encoding, enc,
 				  &dst_len);
 	if (!dst) {
@@ -369,6 +393,7 @@ static int encode_to_git(const char *path, const char *src, size_t src_len,
 			return 0;
 		}
 	}
+	trace_encoding("destination", path, default_encoding, dst, dst_len);
 
 	strbuf_attach(buf, dst, dst_len, dst_len + 1);
 	return 1;
diff --git a/t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh b/t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh
index a318d03232..026544ce09 100755
--- a/t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh
+++ b/t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh
@@ -4,6 +4,8 @@ test_description='working-tree-encoding conversion via gitattributes'
 
 . ./test-lib.sh
 
+GIT_TRACE_WORKING_TREE_ENCODING=1 && export GIT_TRACE_WORKING_TREE_ENCODING
+
 test_expect_success 'setup test files' '
 	git config core.eol lf &&
 
-- 
2.16.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

* [PATCH v13 10/10] convert: add round trip check based on 'core.checkRoundtripEncoding'
  2018-04-15 18:16 [PATCH v13 00/10] convert: add support for different encodings lars.schneider
                   ` (8 preceding siblings ...)
  2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 09/10] convert: add tracing for 'working-tree-encoding' attribute lars.schneider
@ 2018-04-15 18:16 ` lars.schneider
  9 siblings, 0 replies; 11+ messages in thread
From: lars.schneider @ 2018-04-15 18:16 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: git
  Cc: gitster, tboegi, j6t, sunshine, peff, ramsay,
	Johannes.Schindelin, pclouds, avarab, Lars Schneider

From: Lars Schneider <larsxschneider@gmail.com>

UTF supports lossless conversion round tripping and conversions between
UTF and other encodings are mostly round trip safe as Unicode aims to be
a superset of all other character encodings. However, certain encodings
(e.g. SHIFT-JIS) are known to have round trip issues [1].

Add 'core.checkRoundtripEncoding', which contains a comma separated
list of encodings, to define for what encodings Git should check the
conversion round trip if they are used in the 'working-tree-encoding'
attribute.

Set SHIFT-JIS as default value for 'core.checkRoundtripEncoding'.

[1] https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/170559/prb-conversion-problem-between-shift-jis-and-unicode

Signed-off-by: Lars Schneider <larsxschneider@gmail.com>
---
 Documentation/config.txt         |  6 ++++
 Documentation/gitattributes.txt  |  8 +++++
 config.c                         |  5 +++
 convert.c                        | 77 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 convert.h                        |  1 +
 environment.c                    |  1 +
 t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh | 39 ++++++++++++++++++++
 7 files changed, 137 insertions(+)

diff --git a/Documentation/config.txt b/Documentation/config.txt
index 0e25b2c92b..7dcac9b540 100644
--- a/Documentation/config.txt
+++ b/Documentation/config.txt
@@ -530,6 +530,12 @@ core.autocrlf::
 	This variable can be set to 'input',
 	in which case no output conversion is performed.
 
+core.checkRoundtripEncoding::
+	A comma and/or whitespace separated list of encodings that Git
+	performs UTF-8 round trip checks on if they are used in an
+	`working-tree-encoding` attribute (see linkgit:gitattributes[5]).
+	The default value is `SHIFT-JIS`.
+
 core.symlinks::
 	If false, symbolic links are checked out as small plain files that
 	contain the link text. linkgit:git-update-index[1] and
diff --git a/Documentation/gitattributes.txt b/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
index 31a4f92840..aa3deae392 100644
--- a/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
+++ b/Documentation/gitattributes.txt
@@ -312,6 +312,14 @@ number of pitfalls:
   internal contents as UTF-8 and try to convert it to UTF-16 on checkout.
   That operation will fail and cause an error.
 
+- Reencoding content to non-UTF encodings can cause errors as the
+  conversion might not be UTF-8 round trip safe. If you suspect your
+  encoding to not be round trip safe, then add it to
+  `core.checkRoundtripEncoding` to make Git check the round trip
+  encoding (see linkgit:git-config[1]). SHIFT-JIS (Japanese character
+  set) is known to have round trip issues with UTF-8 and is checked by
+  default.
+
 - Reencoding content requires resources that might slow down certain
   Git operations (e.g 'git checkout' or 'git add').
 
diff --git a/config.c b/config.c
index 1f003fbb90..d0ada9fcd4 100644
--- a/config.c
+++ b/config.c
@@ -1172,6 +1172,11 @@ static int git_default_core_config(const char *var, const char *value)
 		return 0;
 	}
 
+	if (!strcmp(var, "core.checkroundtripencoding")) {
+		check_roundtrip_encoding = xstrdup(value);
+		return 0;
+	}
+
 	if (!strcmp(var, "core.notesref")) {
 		notes_ref_name = xstrdup(value);
 		return 0;
diff --git a/convert.c b/convert.c
index bc35c33249..1ae6301629 100644
--- a/convert.c
+++ b/convert.c
@@ -347,6 +347,42 @@ static void trace_encoding(const char *context, const char *path,
 	strbuf_release(&trace);
 }
 
+static int check_roundtrip(const char *enc_name)
+{
+	/*
+	 * check_roundtrip_encoding contains a string of comma and/or
+	 * space separated encodings (eg. "UTF-16, ASCII, CP1125").
+	 * Search for the given encoding in that string.
+	 */
+	const char *found = strcasestr(check_roundtrip_encoding, enc_name);
+	const char *next;
+	int len;
+	if (!found)
+		return 0;
+	next = found + strlen(enc_name);
+	len = strlen(check_roundtrip_encoding);
+	return (found && (
+			/*
+			 * check that the found encoding is at the
+			 * beginning of check_roundtrip_encoding or
+			 * that it is prefixed with a space or comma
+			 */
+			found == check_roundtrip_encoding || (
+				(isspace(found[-1]) || found[-1] == ',')
+			)
+		) && (
+			/*
+			 * check that the found encoding is at the
+			 * end of check_roundtrip_encoding or
+			 * that it is suffixed with a space or comma
+			 */
+			next == check_roundtrip_encoding + len || (
+				next < check_roundtrip_encoding + len &&
+				(isspace(next[0]) || next[0] == ',')
+			)
+		));
+}
+
 static const char *default_encoding = "UTF-8";
 
 static int encode_to_git(const char *path, const char *src, size_t src_len,
@@ -395,6 +431,47 @@ static int encode_to_git(const char *path, const char *src, size_t src_len,
 	}
 	trace_encoding("destination", path, default_encoding, dst, dst_len);
 
+	/*
+	 * UTF supports lossless conversion round tripping [1] and conversions
+	 * between UTF and other encodings are mostly round trip safe as
+	 * Unicode aims to be a superset of all other character encodings.
+	 * However, certain encodings (e.g. SHIFT-JIS) are known to have round
+	 * trip issues [2]. Check the round trip conversion for all encodings
+	 * listed in core.checkRoundtripEncoding.
+	 *
+	 * The round trip check is only performed if content is written to Git.
+	 * This ensures that no information is lost during conversion to/from
+	 * the internal UTF-8 representation.
+	 *
+	 * Please note, the code below is not tested because I was not able to
+	 * generate a faulty round trip without an iconv error. Iconv errors
+	 * are already caught above.
+	 *
+	 * [1] http://unicode.org/faq/utf_bom.html#gen2
+	 * [2] https://support.microsoft.com/en-us/help/170559/prb-conversion-problem-between-shift-jis-and-unicode
+	 */
+	if (die_on_error && check_roundtrip(enc)) {
+		char *re_src;
+		int re_src_len;
+
+		re_src = reencode_string_len(dst, dst_len,
+					     enc, default_encoding,
+					     &re_src_len);
+
+		trace_printf("Checking roundtrip encoding for %s...\n", enc);
+		trace_encoding("reencoded source", path, enc,
+			       re_src, re_src_len);
+
+		if (!re_src || src_len != re_src_len ||
+		    memcmp(src, re_src, src_len)) {
+			const char* msg = _("encoding '%s' from %s to %s and "
+					    "back is not the same");
+			die(msg, path, enc, default_encoding);
+		}
+
+		free(re_src);
+	}
+
 	strbuf_attach(buf, dst, dst_len, dst_len + 1);
 	return 1;
 }
diff --git a/convert.h b/convert.h
index 1d9539ed0b..765abfbd60 100644
--- a/convert.h
+++ b/convert.h
@@ -56,6 +56,7 @@ struct delayed_checkout {
 };
 
 extern enum eol core_eol;
+extern char *check_roundtrip_encoding;
 extern const char *get_cached_convert_stats_ascii(const struct index_state *istate,
 						  const char *path);
 extern const char *get_wt_convert_stats_ascii(const char *path);
diff --git a/environment.c b/environment.c
index 10a32c20ac..5bae9131ad 100644
--- a/environment.c
+++ b/environment.c
@@ -50,6 +50,7 @@ int check_replace_refs = 1;
 char *git_replace_ref_base;
 enum eol core_eol = EOL_UNSET;
 int global_conv_flags_eol = CONV_EOL_RNDTRP_WARN;
+char *check_roundtrip_encoding = "SHIFT-JIS";
 unsigned whitespace_rule_cfg = WS_DEFAULT_RULE;
 enum branch_track git_branch_track = BRANCH_TRACK_REMOTE;
 enum rebase_setup_type autorebase = AUTOREBASE_NEVER;
diff --git a/t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh b/t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh
index 026544ce09..12b8eb963a 100755
--- a/t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh
+++ b/t/t0028-working-tree-encoding.sh
@@ -203,4 +203,43 @@ test_expect_success 'error if encoding garbage is already in Git' '
 	test_i18ngrep "error: BOM is required" err.out
 '
 
+test_expect_success 'check roundtrip encoding' '
+	test_when_finished "rm -f roundtrip.shift roundtrip.utf16" &&
+	test_when_finished "git reset --hard HEAD" &&
+
+	text="hallo there!\nroundtrip test here!" &&
+	printf "$text" | iconv -f UTF-8 -t SHIFT-JIS >roundtrip.shift &&
+	printf "$text" | iconv -f UTF-8 -t UTF-16 >roundtrip.utf16 &&
+	echo "*.shift text working-tree-encoding=SHIFT-JIS" >>.gitattributes &&
+
+	# SHIFT-JIS encoded files are round-trip checked by default...
+	GIT_TRACE=1 git add .gitattributes roundtrip.shift 2>&1 |
+		grep "Checking roundtrip encoding for SHIFT-JIS" &&
+	git reset &&
+
+	# ... unless we overwrite the Git config!
+	! GIT_TRACE=1 git -c core.checkRoundtripEncoding=garbage \
+		add .gitattributes roundtrip.shift 2>&1 |
+		grep "Checking roundtrip encoding for SHIFT-JIS" &&
+	git reset &&
+
+	# UTF-16 encoded files should not be round-trip checked by default...
+	! GIT_TRACE=1 git add roundtrip.utf16 2>&1 |
+		grep "Checking roundtrip encoding for UTF-16" &&
+	git reset &&
+
+	# ... unless we tell Git to check it!
+	GIT_TRACE=1 git -c core.checkRoundtripEncoding="UTF-16, UTF-32" \
+		add roundtrip.utf16 2>&1 |
+		grep "Checking roundtrip encoding for utf-16" &&
+	git reset &&
+
+	# ... unless we tell Git to check it!
+	# (here we also check that the casing of the encoding is irrelevant)
+	GIT_TRACE=1 git -c core.checkRoundtripEncoding="UTF-32, utf-16" \
+		add roundtrip.utf16 2>&1 |
+		grep "Checking roundtrip encoding for utf-16" &&
+	git reset
+'
+
 test_done
-- 
2.16.2


^ permalink raw reply	[flat|nested] 11+ messages in thread

end of thread, back to index

Thread overview: 11+ messages (download: mbox.gz / follow: Atom feed)
-- links below jump to the message on this page --
2018-04-15 18:16 [PATCH v13 00/10] convert: add support for different encodings lars.schneider
2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 01/10] strbuf: remove unnecessary NUL assignment in xstrdup_tolower() lars.schneider
2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 02/10] strbuf: add xstrdup_toupper() lars.schneider
2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 03/10] strbuf: add a case insensitive starts_with() lars.schneider
2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 04/10] utf8: teach same_encoding() alternative UTF encoding names lars.schneider
2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 05/10] utf8: add function to detect prohibited UTF-16/32 BOM lars.schneider
2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 06/10] utf8: add function to detect a missing " lars.schneider
2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 07/10] convert: add 'working-tree-encoding' attribute lars.schneider
2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 08/10] convert: check for detectable errors in UTF encodings lars.schneider
2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 09/10] convert: add tracing for 'working-tree-encoding' attribute lars.schneider
2018-04-15 18:16 ` [PATCH v13 10/10] convert: add round trip check based on 'core.checkRoundtripEncoding' lars.schneider

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