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From: Jason Cooper <jason@lakedaemon.net>
To: Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder@gmail.com>
Cc: Johannes Schindelin <Johannes.Schindelin@gmx.de>,
	Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>,
	demerphq <demerphq@gmail.com>,
	Brandon Williams <bmwill@google.com>,
	Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>,
	Git Mailing List <git@vger.kernel.org>,
	Stefan Beller <sbeller@google.com>,
	Jonathan Tan <jonathantanmy@google.com>,
	Jeff King <peff@peff.net>, David Lang <david@lang.hm>,
	"brian m. carlson" <sandals@crustytoothpaste.net>
Subject: Re: RFC v3: Another proposed hash function transition plan
Date: Mon, 2 Oct 2017 14:54:00 +0000
Message-ID: <20171002145400.GF31762@io.lakedaemon.net> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <20170926235158.GD19555@aiede.mtv.corp.google.com>

Hi Jonathan,

On Tue, Sep 26, 2017 at 04:51:58PM -0700, Jonathan Nieder wrote:
> Johannes Schindelin wrote:
> > On Tue, 26 Sep 2017, Jason Cooper wrote:
> >> For my use cases, as a user of git, I have a plan to maintain provable
> >> integrity of existing objects stored in git under sha1 while migrating
> >> away from sha1.  The same plan works for migrating away from SHA2 or
> >> SHA3 when the time comes.
> >
> > Please do not make the mistake of taking your use case to be a template
> > for everybody's use case.
> 
> That said, I'm curious at what plan you are alluding to.  Is it
> something that could benefit others on the list?

Well, it's just a plan at this point.  As there's a lot of other work to
do in the mean-time, and there's no possibility of transitioning until
the dust has settled on NEWHASH.  :-)

Given an existing repository that needs to migrate from SHA1 to NEWHASH,
and maintain backwards compatibility with clients that haven't migrated
yet, how do we

  a) perform that migration,
  b) allow non-updated clients to use the data prior to the switch, and
  c) maintain provable integrity of the old objects as well as the new.

The primary method is counter-hashing, which re-uses the blobs, and
creates parallel, deterministic tree, commit, and tag objects using
NEWHASH for everything up to flag day.  post-flag-day only uses NEWHASH.
A PGP "transition" key is used to counter-sign the NEWHASH version of
the old signed tags.  The transition key is not required to be different
than the existing maintainers key.

A critical feature is the ability of entities other than the maintainer
to migrate to NEWHASH.  For example, let's say that git has fully
implemented and tested NEWHASH.  linux.git intends to migrate, but it's
going to take several months (get all the developers herded up).

In the interim, a security company, relying on Linux for it's products
can counter-hash Linus' repo, and continue to do so every time he
updates his tree.  This shrinks the attack window for an entity (with an
undisclosed break of SHA1) down to a few minutes to an hour.  Otherwise,
a check of the counter hashes in the future would reveal the
substitution.

The deterministic feature is critical here because there is valuable
integrity and trust built by counter-hashing quickly after publication.
So once Linux migrates to NEWHASH, the hashes calculated by the security
company should be identical.  IOW, use the timestamps that are in the
SHA1 commit objects for the NEWHASH objects.  Which should be obvious,
but it's worth explicitly mentioning that determinism provides great
value.

We're in the process of writing this up formally, which will provide a
lot more detail and rationale that this quick stream of thought.  :-)

I'm sure a lot of this has already been discussed on the list.  If so, I
apologize for being repetitive.  Unfortunately, I'm not able to keep up
with the MLs like I used to.

thx,

Jason.

  reply index

Thread overview: 112+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2017-03-04  1:12 RFC: " Jonathan Nieder
2017-03-05  2:35 ` Linus Torvalds
2017-03-06  0:26   ` brian m. carlson
2017-03-06 18:24     ` Brandon Williams
2017-06-15 10:30       ` Which hash function to use, was " Johannes Schindelin
2017-06-15 11:05         ` Mike Hommey
2017-06-15 13:01           ` Jeff King
2017-06-15 16:30             ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2017-06-15 19:34               ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-06-15 21:59                 ` Adam Langley
2017-06-15 22:41                   ` brian m. carlson
2017-06-15 23:36                     ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2017-06-16  0:17                       ` brian m. carlson
2017-06-16  6:25                         ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2017-06-16 13:24                           ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-06-16 17:38                             ` Adam Langley
2017-06-16 20:52                               ` Junio C Hamano
2017-06-16 21:12                                 ` Junio C Hamano
2017-06-16 21:24                                   ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-06-16 21:39                                     ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2017-06-16 20:42                             ` Jeff King
2017-06-19  9:26                               ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-06-15 21:10             ` Mike Hommey
2017-06-16  4:30               ` Jeff King
2017-06-15 17:36         ` Brandon Williams
2017-06-15 19:20           ` Junio C Hamano
2017-06-15 19:13         ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-03-07  0:17   ` RFC v3: " Jonathan Nieder
2017-03-09 19:14     ` Shawn Pearce
2017-03-09 20:24       ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-03-10 19:38         ` Jeff King
2017-03-10 19:55           ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-09-28  4:43       ` [PATCH v4] technical doc: add a design doc for hash function transition Jonathan Nieder
2017-09-29  6:06         ` Junio C Hamano
2017-09-29  8:09           ` Junio C Hamano
2017-09-29 17:34           ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-10-02  8:25             ` Junio C Hamano
2017-10-02 19:41             ` Jason Cooper
2017-10-02  9:02         ` Junio C Hamano
2017-10-02 19:23         ` Jason Cooper
2017-10-03  5:40         ` Junio C Hamano
2017-10-03 13:08           ` Jason Cooper
2017-10-04  1:44         ` Junio C Hamano
2017-09-06  6:28     ` RFC v3: Another proposed hash function transition plan Junio C Hamano
2017-09-08  2:40       ` Junio C Hamano
2017-09-08  3:34         ` Jeff King
2017-09-11 18:59         ` Brandon Williams
2017-09-13 12:05           ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-13 13:43             ` demerphq
2017-09-13 22:51               ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-09-14 18:26                 ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-14 18:40                   ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-09-14 22:09                     ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-13 23:30               ` Linus Torvalds
2017-09-14 18:45                 ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-18 12:17                   ` Gilles Van Assche
2017-09-18 22:16                     ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-19 16:45                       ` Gilles Van Assche
2017-09-29 13:17                         ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-29 14:54                           ` Joan Daemen
2017-09-29 22:33                             ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-30 22:02                               ` Joan Daemen
2017-10-02 14:26                                 ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-18 22:25                     ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-09-26 17:05                   ` Jason Cooper
2017-09-26 22:11                     ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-26 22:25                       ` [PATCH] technical doc: add a design doc for hash function transition Stefan Beller
2017-09-26 23:38                         ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-09-26 23:51                       ` RFC v3: Another proposed hash function transition plan Jonathan Nieder
2017-10-02 14:54                         ` Jason Cooper [this message]
2017-10-02 16:50                           ` Brandon Williams
2017-10-02 14:00                       ` Jason Cooper
2017-10-02 17:18                         ` Linus Torvalds
2017-10-02 19:37                           ` Jeff King
2017-09-13 16:30             ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-09-13 21:52               ` Junio C Hamano
2017-09-13 22:07                 ` Stefan Beller
2017-09-13 22:18                   ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-09-14  2:13                     ` Junio C Hamano
2017-09-14 15:23                       ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-14 15:45                         ` demerphq
2017-09-14 22:06                           ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-13 22:15                 ` Junio C Hamano
2017-09-13 22:27                   ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-09-14  2:10                     ` Junio C Hamano
2017-09-14 12:39               ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-14 16:36                 ` Brandon Williams
2017-09-14 18:49                 ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-09-15 20:42                   ` Philip Oakley
2017-03-05 11:02 ` RFC: " David Lang
     [not found]   ` <CA+dhYEXHbQfJ6KUB1tWS9u1MLEOJL81fTYkbxu4XO-i+379LPw@mail.gmail.com>
2017-03-06  9:43     ` Jeff King
2017-03-06 23:40   ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-03-07  0:03     ` Mike Hommey
2017-03-06  8:43 ` Jeff King
2017-03-06 18:39   ` Jonathan Tan
2017-03-06 19:22     ` Linus Torvalds
2017-03-06 19:59       ` Brandon Williams
2017-03-06 21:53       ` Junio C Hamano
2017-03-07  8:59     ` Jeff King
2017-03-06 18:43   ` Junio C Hamano
2017-03-07 18:57 ` Ian Jackson
2017-03-07 19:15   ` Linus Torvalds
2017-03-08 11:20     ` Ian Jackson
2017-03-08 15:37       ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-03-08 15:40       ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-03-20  5:21         ` Use base32? Jason Hennessey
2017-03-20  5:58           ` Michael Steuer
2017-03-20  8:05             ` Jacob Keller
2017-03-21  3:07               ` Michael Steuer
2017-03-13  9:24 ` RFC: Another proposed hash function transition plan The Keccak Team
2017-03-13 17:48   ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-03-13 18:34     ` ankostis
2017-03-17 11:07       ` Johannes Schindelin

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