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From: Brandon Williams <bmwill@google.com>
To: Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com>
Cc: Jonathan Nieder <jrnieder@gmail.com>,
	Linus Torvalds <torvalds@linux-foundation.org>,
	Git Mailing List <git@vger.kernel.org>,
	Stefan Beller <sbeller@google.com>,
	jonathantanmy@google.com, Jeff King <peff@peff.net>,
	David Lang <david@lang.hm>,
	"brian m. carlson" <sandals@crustytoothpaste.net>
Subject: Re: RFC v3: Another proposed hash function transition plan
Date: Mon, 11 Sep 2017 11:59:13 -0700
Message-ID: <20170911185913.GA5869@google.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <xmqq1snh29re.fsf@gitster.mtv.corp.google.com>

On 09/08, Junio C Hamano wrote:
> Junio C Hamano <gitster@pobox.com> writes:
> 
> > One thing I still do not know how I feel about after re-reading the
> > thread, and I didn't find the above doc, is Linus's suggestion to
> > use the objects themselves as NewHash-to-SHA-1 mapper [*1*].  
> > ...
> > [Reference]
> >
> > *1* <CA+55aFxj7Vtwac64RfAz_u=U4tob4Xg+2pDBDFNpJdmgaTCmxA@mail.gmail.com>
> 
> I think this falls into the same category as the often-talked-about
> addition of the "generation number" field.  It is very tempting to
> add these "mechanically derivable but expensive to compute" pieces
> of information to the sha3-content while converting from
> sha1-content and creating anew.  

We didn't discuss that in the doc since this particular transition plan
we made uses an external NewHash-to-SHA1 map instead of an internal one
because we believe that at some point we would be able to drop
compatibility with SHA1.  Now I suspect that wont happen for a long time
but I think it would be preferable over carrying the SHA1 luggage
indefinitely.  At some point, then, we would be able to stop hashing
objects twice (once with SHA1 and once with NewHash) instead of always
requiring that we hash them with each hash function which was used
historically.

> 
> Because the "sha1-name" or the "generation number" can mechanically
> be computed, as long as everybody agrees to _always_ place them in
> the sha3-content, the same sha1-content will be converted into
> exactly the same sha3-content without ambiguity, and converting them
> back to sha1-content while pushing to an older repository will
> correctly produce the original sha1-content, as it would just be the
> matter of simply stripping these extra pieces of information.
> 
> The reason why I still feel a bit uneasy about adding these things
> (aside from the fact that sha1-name thing will be a baggage we would
> need to carry forever even after we completely wean ourselves off of
> the old hash) is because I am not sure what we should do when we
> encounter sha3-content in the wild that has these things _wrong_.
> An object that exists today in the SHA-1 world is fetched into the
> new repository and converted to SHA-3 contents, and Linus's extra
> "original SHA-1 name" field is added to the object's header while
> recording the SHA-3 content.  But for whatever reason, the original
> SHA-1 name is recorded incorrectly in the resulting SHA-3 object.

This wasn't one of the issues that I thought of but it just makes the
argument against adding sha1's to the sha3 content stronger.

> 
> The same thing could happen if we decide to bake "generation number"
> in the SHA-3 commit objects.  One possible definition would be that
> a root commit will have gen #0; a commit with 1 or more parents will
> get max(parents' gen numbers) + 1 as its gen number.  But somebody
> may botch the counting and records sum(parents' gen numbers) as its
> gen number.
> 
> In these cases, not just the SHA3-content but also the resulting
> SHA-3 object name would be different from the name of the object
> that would have recorded the same contents correctly.  So converting
> back to SHA-1 world from these botched SHA-3 contents may produce
> the original contents, but we may end up with multiple "plausibly
> looking" set of SHA-3 objects that (clain to) correspond to a single
> SHA-1 object, only one of which is a valid one.
> 
> Our "git fsck" already treats certain brokenness (like a tree whose
> entry has mode that is 0-padded to the left) as broken but still
> tolerate them.  I am not sure if it is sufficient to diagnose and
> declare broken and invalid when we see sha3-content that records
> these "mechanically derivable but expensive to compute" pieces of
> information incorrectly.
> 
> I am leaning towards saying "yes, catching in fsck is enough" and
> suggesting to add generation number to sha3-content of the commit
> objects, and to add even the "original sha1 name" thing if we find
> good use of it.  But I cannot shake this nagging feeling off that I
> am missing some huge problems that adding these fields and opening
> ourselves to more classes of broken objects.
> 
> Thoughts?
> 
> 

-- 
Brandon Williams

  parent reply index

Thread overview: 112+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2017-03-04  1:12 RFC: " Jonathan Nieder
2017-03-05  2:35 ` Linus Torvalds
2017-03-06  0:26   ` brian m. carlson
2017-03-06 18:24     ` Brandon Williams
2017-06-15 10:30       ` Which hash function to use, was " Johannes Schindelin
2017-06-15 11:05         ` Mike Hommey
2017-06-15 13:01           ` Jeff King
2017-06-15 16:30             ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2017-06-15 19:34               ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-06-15 21:59                 ` Adam Langley
2017-06-15 22:41                   ` brian m. carlson
2017-06-15 23:36                     ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2017-06-16  0:17                       ` brian m. carlson
2017-06-16  6:25                         ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2017-06-16 13:24                           ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-06-16 17:38                             ` Adam Langley
2017-06-16 20:52                               ` Junio C Hamano
2017-06-16 21:12                                 ` Junio C Hamano
2017-06-16 21:24                                   ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-06-16 21:39                                     ` Ævar Arnfjörð Bjarmason
2017-06-16 20:42                             ` Jeff King
2017-06-19  9:26                               ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-06-15 21:10             ` Mike Hommey
2017-06-16  4:30               ` Jeff King
2017-06-15 17:36         ` Brandon Williams
2017-06-15 19:20           ` Junio C Hamano
2017-06-15 19:13         ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-03-07  0:17   ` RFC v3: " Jonathan Nieder
2017-03-09 19:14     ` Shawn Pearce
2017-03-09 20:24       ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-03-10 19:38         ` Jeff King
2017-03-10 19:55           ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-09-28  4:43       ` [PATCH v4] technical doc: add a design doc for hash function transition Jonathan Nieder
2017-09-29  6:06         ` Junio C Hamano
2017-09-29  8:09           ` Junio C Hamano
2017-09-29 17:34           ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-10-02  8:25             ` Junio C Hamano
2017-10-02 19:41             ` Jason Cooper
2017-10-02  9:02         ` Junio C Hamano
2017-10-02 19:23         ` Jason Cooper
2017-10-03  5:40         ` Junio C Hamano
2017-10-03 13:08           ` Jason Cooper
2017-10-04  1:44         ` Junio C Hamano
2017-09-06  6:28     ` RFC v3: Another proposed hash function transition plan Junio C Hamano
2017-09-08  2:40       ` Junio C Hamano
2017-09-08  3:34         ` Jeff King
2017-09-11 18:59         ` Brandon Williams [this message]
2017-09-13 12:05           ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-13 13:43             ` demerphq
2017-09-13 22:51               ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-09-14 18:26                 ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-14 18:40                   ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-09-14 22:09                     ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-13 23:30               ` Linus Torvalds
2017-09-14 18:45                 ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-18 12:17                   ` Gilles Van Assche
2017-09-18 22:16                     ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-19 16:45                       ` Gilles Van Assche
2017-09-29 13:17                         ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-29 14:54                           ` Joan Daemen
2017-09-29 22:33                             ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-30 22:02                               ` Joan Daemen
2017-10-02 14:26                                 ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-18 22:25                     ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-09-26 17:05                   ` Jason Cooper
2017-09-26 22:11                     ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-26 22:25                       ` [PATCH] technical doc: add a design doc for hash function transition Stefan Beller
2017-09-26 23:38                         ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-09-26 23:51                       ` RFC v3: Another proposed hash function transition plan Jonathan Nieder
2017-10-02 14:54                         ` Jason Cooper
2017-10-02 16:50                           ` Brandon Williams
2017-10-02 14:00                       ` Jason Cooper
2017-10-02 17:18                         ` Linus Torvalds
2017-10-02 19:37                           ` Jeff King
2017-09-13 16:30             ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-09-13 21:52               ` Junio C Hamano
2017-09-13 22:07                 ` Stefan Beller
2017-09-13 22:18                   ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-09-14  2:13                     ` Junio C Hamano
2017-09-14 15:23                       ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-14 15:45                         ` demerphq
2017-09-14 22:06                           ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-13 22:15                 ` Junio C Hamano
2017-09-13 22:27                   ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-09-14  2:10                     ` Junio C Hamano
2017-09-14 12:39               ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-09-14 16:36                 ` Brandon Williams
2017-09-14 18:49                 ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-09-15 20:42                   ` Philip Oakley
2017-03-05 11:02 ` RFC: " David Lang
     [not found]   ` <CA+dhYEXHbQfJ6KUB1tWS9u1MLEOJL81fTYkbxu4XO-i+379LPw@mail.gmail.com>
2017-03-06  9:43     ` Jeff King
2017-03-06 23:40   ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-03-07  0:03     ` Mike Hommey
2017-03-06  8:43 ` Jeff King
2017-03-06 18:39   ` Jonathan Tan
2017-03-06 19:22     ` Linus Torvalds
2017-03-06 19:59       ` Brandon Williams
2017-03-06 21:53       ` Junio C Hamano
2017-03-07  8:59     ` Jeff King
2017-03-06 18:43   ` Junio C Hamano
2017-03-07 18:57 ` Ian Jackson
2017-03-07 19:15   ` Linus Torvalds
2017-03-08 11:20     ` Ian Jackson
2017-03-08 15:37       ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-03-08 15:40       ` Johannes Schindelin
2017-03-20  5:21         ` Use base32? Jason Hennessey
2017-03-20  5:58           ` Michael Steuer
2017-03-20  8:05             ` Jacob Keller
2017-03-21  3:07               ` Michael Steuer
2017-03-13  9:24 ` RFC: Another proposed hash function transition plan The Keccak Team
2017-03-13 17:48   ` Jonathan Nieder
2017-03-13 18:34     ` ankostis
2017-03-17 11:07       ` Johannes Schindelin

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