git@vger.kernel.org list mirror (unofficial, one of many)
 help / color / Atom feed
1f1f4a3c7808435f73b0ffd1c35d5b0572516b6c blob 27685 bytes (raw)

   1
   2
   3
   4
   5
   6
   7
   8
   9
  10
  11
  12
  13
  14
  15
  16
  17
  18
  19
  20
  21
  22
  23
  24
  25
  26
  27
  28
  29
  30
  31
  32
  33
  34
  35
  36
  37
  38
  39
  40
  41
  42
  43
  44
  45
  46
  47
  48
  49
  50
  51
  52
  53
  54
  55
  56
  57
  58
  59
  60
  61
  62
  63
  64
  65
  66
  67
  68
  69
  70
  71
  72
  73
  74
  75
  76
  77
  78
  79
  80
  81
  82
  83
  84
  85
  86
  87
  88
  89
  90
  91
  92
  93
  94
  95
  96
  97
  98
  99
 100
 101
 102
 103
 104
 105
 106
 107
 108
 109
 110
 111
 112
 113
 114
 115
 116
 117
 118
 119
 120
 121
 122
 123
 124
 125
 126
 127
 128
 129
 130
 131
 132
 133
 134
 135
 136
 137
 138
 139
 140
 141
 142
 143
 144
 145
 146
 147
 148
 149
 150
 151
 152
 153
 154
 155
 156
 157
 158
 159
 160
 161
 162
 163
 164
 165
 166
 167
 168
 169
 170
 171
 172
 173
 174
 175
 176
 177
 178
 179
 180
 181
 182
 183
 184
 185
 186
 187
 188
 189
 190
 191
 192
 193
 194
 195
 196
 197
 198
 199
 200
 201
 202
 203
 204
 205
 206
 207
 208
 209
 210
 211
 212
 213
 214
 215
 216
 217
 218
 219
 220
 221
 222
 223
 224
 225
 226
 227
 228
 229
 230
 231
 232
 233
 234
 235
 236
 237
 238
 239
 240
 241
 242
 243
 244
 245
 246
 247
 248
 249
 250
 251
 252
 253
 254
 255
 256
 257
 258
 259
 260
 261
 262
 263
 264
 265
 266
 267
 268
 269
 270
 271
 272
 273
 274
 275
 276
 277
 278
 279
 280
 281
 282
 283
 284
 285
 286
 287
 288
 289
 290
 291
 292
 293
 294
 295
 296
 297
 298
 299
 300
 301
 302
 303
 304
 305
 306
 307
 308
 309
 310
 311
 312
 313
 314
 315
 316
 317
 318
 319
 320
 321
 322
 323
 324
 325
 326
 327
 328
 329
 330
 331
 332
 333
 334
 335
 336
 337
 338
 339
 340
 341
 342
 343
 344
 345
 346
 347
 348
 349
 350
 351
 352
 353
 354
 355
 356
 357
 358
 359
 360
 361
 362
 363
 364
 365
 366
 367
 368
 369
 370
 371
 372
 373
 374
 375
 376
 377
 378
 379
 380
 381
 382
 383
 384
 385
 386
 387
 388
 389
 390
 391
 392
 393
 394
 395
 396
 397
 398
 399
 400
 401
 402
 403
 404
 405
 406
 407
 408
 409
 410
 411
 412
 413
 414
 415
 416
 417
 418
 419
 420
 421
 422
 423
 424
 425
 426
 427
 428
 429
 430
 431
 432
 433
 434
 435
 436
 437
 438
 439
 440
 441
 442
 443
 444
 445
 446
 447
 448
 449
 450
 451
 452
 453
 454
 455
 456
 457
 458
 459
 460
 461
 462
 463
 464
 465
 466
 467
 468
 469
 470
 471
 472
 473
 474
 475
 476
 477
 478
 479
 480
 481
 482
 483
 484
 485
 486
 487
 488
 489
 490
 491
 492
 493
 494
 495
 496
 497
 498
 499
 500
 501
 502
 503
 504
 505
 506
 507
 508
 509
 510
 511
 512
 513
 514
 515
 516
 517
 518
 519
 520
 521
 522
 523
 524
 525
 526
 527
 528
 529
 530
 531
 532
 533
 534
 535
 536
 537
 538
 539
 540
 541
 542
 543
 544
 545
 546
 547
 548
 549
 550
 551
 552
 553
 554
 555
 556
 557
 558
 559
 560
 561
 562
 563
 564
 565
 566
 567
 568
 569
 570
 571
 572
 573
 574
 575
 576
 577
 578
 579
 580
 581
 582
 583
 584
 585
 586
 587
 588
 589
 590
 591
 592
 593
 594
 595
 596
 597
 598
 599
 600
 601
 602
 603
 604
 605
 606
 607
 608
 609
 610
 611
 612
 613
 614
 615
 616
 617
 618
 619
 620
 621
 622
 623
 624
 625
 626
 627
 628
 629
 630
 631
 632
 633
 634
 635
 636
 637
 638
 639
 640
 641
 642
 643
 644
 645
 646
 647
 648
 649
 650
 651
 652
 653
 654
 655
 656
 657
 658
 659
 660
 661
 662
 663
 664
 665
 666
 667
 668
 669
 670
 671
 672
 673
 674
 675
 676
 677
 678
 679
 680
 681
 682
 683
 684
 685
 686
 687
 688
 689
 690
 691
 692
 693
 694
 695
 696
 697
 698
 699
 700
 701
 702
 703
 704
 705
 706
 707
 708
 709
 710
 711
 712
 713
 714
 715
 716
 717
 718
 719
 720
 721
 722
 723
 724
 725
 726
 727
 728
 729
 730
 731
 732
 733
 734
 735
 736
 737
 738
 739
 740
 741
 742
 743
 744
 745
 746
 747
 748
 749
 750
 751
 752
 753
 754
 755
 756
 757
 758
 759
 760
 761
 762
 763
 764
 765
 766
 767
 768
 769
 770
 771
 772
 773
 774
 775
 776
 777
 778
 779
 780
 781
 782
 783
 784
 785
 786
 787
 788
 789
 790
 791
 792
 793
 794
 795
 796
 797
 798
 799
 800
 801
 802
 803
 804
 805
 806
 807
 808
 809
 810
 811
 812
 813
 814
 815
 816
 817
 818
 819
 820
 821
 822
 823
 824
 825
 826
 827
 828
 829
 830
 831
 832
 833
 834
 835
 836
 837
 838
 839
 840
 841
 842
 843
 844
 845
 846
 847
 848
 849
 850
 851
 852
 853
 854
 855
 856
 857
 858
 859
 860
 861
 862
 863
 864
 865
 866
 867
 868
 869
 870
 871
 872
 873
 874
 875
 876
 877
 878
 879
 880
 881
 882
 883
 884
 885
 886
 887
 888
 889
 890
 891
 892
 893
 894
 895
 896
 897
 898
 899
 900
 901
 902
 903
 904
 905
 906
 907
 908
 909
 910
 911
 912
 913
 914
 915
 916
 917
 918
 919
 920
 921
 922
 923
 924
 925
 926
 927
 928
 929
 930
 931
 932
 933
 934
 935
 936
 937
 938
 939
 940
 941
 942
 943
 944
 945
 946
 947
 948
 949
 950
 951
 952
 953
 954
 955
 956
 957
 958
 959
 960
 961
 962
 963
 964
 965
 966
 967
 968
 969
 970
 971
 972
 973
 974
 975
 976
 977
 978
 979
 980
 981
 982
 983
 984
 985
 986
 987
 988
 989
 990
 991
 992
 993
 994
 995
 996
 997
 998
 999
1000
1001
1002
1003
1004
1005
1006
1007
1008
1009
1010
1011
1012
1013
1014
1015
1016
1017
1018
1019
1020
1021
1022
1023
1024
1025
1026
1027
1028
1029
1030
1031
1032
1033
1034
1035
1036
1037
1038
1039
1040
1041
1042
1043
 
/*
 *  LibXDiff by Davide Libenzi ( File Differential Library )
 *  Copyright (C) 2003	Davide Libenzi
 *
 *  This library is free software; you can redistribute it and/or
 *  modify it under the terms of the GNU Lesser General Public
 *  License as published by the Free Software Foundation; either
 *  version 2.1 of the License, or (at your option) any later version.
 *
 *  This library is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
 *  but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
 *  MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the GNU
 *  Lesser General Public License for more details.
 *
 *  You should have received a copy of the GNU Lesser General Public
 *  License along with this library; if not, see
 *  <http://www.gnu.org/licenses/>.
 *
 *  Davide Libenzi <davidel@xmailserver.org>
 *
 */

#include "xinclude.h"

#define XDL_MAX_COST_MIN 256
#define XDL_HEUR_MIN_COST 256
#define XDL_LINE_MAX (long)((1UL << (CHAR_BIT * sizeof(long) - 1)) - 1)
#define XDL_SNAKE_CNT 20
#define XDL_K_HEUR 4

typedef struct s_xdpsplit {
	long i1, i2;
	int min_lo, min_hi;
} xdpsplit_t;

/*
 * See "An O(ND) Difference Algorithm and its Variations", by Eugene Myers.
 * Basically considers a "box" (off1, off2, lim1, lim2) and scan from both
 * the forward diagonal starting from (off1, off2) and the backward diagonal
 * starting from (lim1, lim2). If the K values on the same diagonal crosses
 * returns the furthest point of reach. We might end up having to expensive
 * cases using this algorithm is full, so a little bit of heuristic is needed
 * to cut the search and to return a suboptimal point.
 */
static long xdl_split(unsigned long const *ha1, long off1, long lim1,
		      unsigned long const *ha2, long off2, long lim2,
		      long *kvdf, long *kvdb, int need_min, xdpsplit_t *spl,
		      xdalgoenv_t *xenv) {
	long dmin = off1 - lim2, dmax = lim1 - off2;
	long fmid = off1 - off2, bmid = lim1 - lim2;
	long odd = (fmid - bmid) & 1;
	long fmin = fmid, fmax = fmid;
	long bmin = bmid, bmax = bmid;
	long ec, d, i1, i2, prev1, best, dd, v, k;

	/*
	 * Set initial diagonal values for both forward and backward path.
	 */
	kvdf[fmid] = off1;
	kvdb[bmid] = lim1;

	for (ec = 1;; ec++) {
		int got_snake = 0;

		/*
		 * We need to extent the diagonal "domain" by one. If the next
		 * values exits the box boundaries we need to change it in the
		 * opposite direction because (max - min) must be a power of two.
		 * Also we initialize the external K value to -1 so that we can
		 * avoid extra conditions check inside the core loop.
		 */
		if (fmin > dmin)
			kvdf[--fmin - 1] = -1;
		else
			++fmin;
		if (fmax < dmax)
			kvdf[++fmax + 1] = -1;
		else
			--fmax;

		for (d = fmax; d >= fmin; d -= 2) {
			if (kvdf[d - 1] >= kvdf[d + 1])
				i1 = kvdf[d - 1] + 1;
			else
				i1 = kvdf[d + 1];
			prev1 = i1;
			i2 = i1 - d;
			for (; i1 < lim1 && i2 < lim2 && ha1[i1] == ha2[i2]; i1++, i2++);
			if (i1 - prev1 > xenv->snake_cnt)
				got_snake = 1;
			kvdf[d] = i1;
			if (odd && bmin <= d && d <= bmax && kvdb[d] <= i1) {
				spl->i1 = i1;
				spl->i2 = i2;
				spl->min_lo = spl->min_hi = 1;
				return ec;
			}
		}

		/*
		 * We need to extent the diagonal "domain" by one. If the next
		 * values exits the box boundaries we need to change it in the
		 * opposite direction because (max - min) must be a power of two.
		 * Also we initialize the external K value to -1 so that we can
		 * avoid extra conditions check inside the core loop.
		 */
		if (bmin > dmin)
			kvdb[--bmin - 1] = XDL_LINE_MAX;
		else
			++bmin;
		if (bmax < dmax)
			kvdb[++bmax + 1] = XDL_LINE_MAX;
		else
			--bmax;

		for (d = bmax; d >= bmin; d -= 2) {
			if (kvdb[d - 1] < kvdb[d + 1])
				i1 = kvdb[d - 1];
			else
				i1 = kvdb[d + 1] - 1;
			prev1 = i1;
			i2 = i1 - d;
			for (; i1 > off1 && i2 > off2 && ha1[i1 - 1] == ha2[i2 - 1]; i1--, i2--);
			if (prev1 - i1 > xenv->snake_cnt)
				got_snake = 1;
			kvdb[d] = i1;
			if (!odd && fmin <= d && d <= fmax && i1 <= kvdf[d]) {
				spl->i1 = i1;
				spl->i2 = i2;
				spl->min_lo = spl->min_hi = 1;
				return ec;
			}
		}

		if (need_min)
			continue;

		/*
		 * If the edit cost is above the heuristic trigger and if
		 * we got a good snake, we sample current diagonals to see
		 * if some of the, have reached an "interesting" path. Our
		 * measure is a function of the distance from the diagonal
		 * corner (i1 + i2) penalized with the distance from the
		 * mid diagonal itself. If this value is above the current
		 * edit cost times a magic factor (XDL_K_HEUR) we consider
		 * it interesting.
		 */
		if (got_snake && ec > xenv->heur_min) {
			for (best = 0, d = fmax; d >= fmin; d -= 2) {
				dd = d > fmid ? d - fmid: fmid - d;
				i1 = kvdf[d];
				i2 = i1 - d;
				v = (i1 - off1) + (i2 - off2) - dd;

				if (v > XDL_K_HEUR * ec && v > best &&
				    off1 + xenv->snake_cnt <= i1 && i1 < lim1 &&
				    off2 + xenv->snake_cnt <= i2 && i2 < lim2) {
					for (k = 1; ha1[i1 - k] == ha2[i2 - k]; k++)
						if (k == xenv->snake_cnt) {
							best = v;
							spl->i1 = i1;
							spl->i2 = i2;
							break;
						}
				}
			}
			if (best > 0) {
				spl->min_lo = 1;
				spl->min_hi = 0;
				return ec;
			}

			for (best = 0, d = bmax; d >= bmin; d -= 2) {
				dd = d > bmid ? d - bmid: bmid - d;
				i1 = kvdb[d];
				i2 = i1 - d;
				v = (lim1 - i1) + (lim2 - i2) - dd;

				if (v > XDL_K_HEUR * ec && v > best &&
				    off1 < i1 && i1 <= lim1 - xenv->snake_cnt &&
				    off2 < i2 && i2 <= lim2 - xenv->snake_cnt) {
					for (k = 0; ha1[i1 + k] == ha2[i2 + k]; k++)
						if (k == xenv->snake_cnt - 1) {
							best = v;
							spl->i1 = i1;
							spl->i2 = i2;
							break;
						}
				}
			}
			if (best > 0) {
				spl->min_lo = 0;
				spl->min_hi = 1;
				return ec;
			}
		}

		/*
		 * Enough is enough. We spent too much time here and now we collect
		 * the furthest reaching path using the (i1 + i2) measure.
		 */
		if (ec >= xenv->mxcost) {
			long fbest, fbest1, bbest, bbest1;

			fbest = fbest1 = -1;
			for (d = fmax; d >= fmin; d -= 2) {
				i1 = XDL_MIN(kvdf[d], lim1);
				i2 = i1 - d;
				if (lim2 < i2)
					i1 = lim2 + d, i2 = lim2;
				if (fbest < i1 + i2) {
					fbest = i1 + i2;
					fbest1 = i1;
				}
			}

			bbest = bbest1 = XDL_LINE_MAX;
			for (d = bmax; d >= bmin; d -= 2) {
				i1 = XDL_MAX(off1, kvdb[d]);
				i2 = i1 - d;
				if (i2 < off2)
					i1 = off2 + d, i2 = off2;
				if (i1 + i2 < bbest) {
					bbest = i1 + i2;
					bbest1 = i1;
				}
			}

			if ((lim1 + lim2) - bbest < fbest - (off1 + off2)) {
				spl->i1 = fbest1;
				spl->i2 = fbest - fbest1;
				spl->min_lo = 1;
				spl->min_hi = 0;
			} else {
				spl->i1 = bbest1;
				spl->i2 = bbest - bbest1;
				spl->min_lo = 0;
				spl->min_hi = 1;
			}
			return ec;
		}
	}
}


/*
 * Rule: "Divide et Impera". Recursively split the box in sub-boxes by calling
 * the box splitting function. Note that the real job (marking changed lines)
 * is done in the two boundary reaching checks.
 */
int xdl_recs_cmp(diffdata_t *dd1, long off1, long lim1,
		 diffdata_t *dd2, long off2, long lim2,
		 long *kvdf, long *kvdb, int need_min, xdalgoenv_t *xenv) {
	unsigned long const *ha1 = dd1->ha, *ha2 = dd2->ha;

	/*
	 * Shrink the box by walking through each diagonal snake (SW and NE).
	 */
	for (; off1 < lim1 && off2 < lim2 && ha1[off1] == ha2[off2]; off1++, off2++);
	for (; off1 < lim1 && off2 < lim2 && ha1[lim1 - 1] == ha2[lim2 - 1]; lim1--, lim2--);

	/*
	 * If one dimension is empty, then all records on the other one must
	 * be obviously changed.
	 */
	if (off1 == lim1) {
		char *rchg2 = dd2->rchg;
		long *rindex2 = dd2->rindex;

		for (; off2 < lim2; off2++)
			rchg2[rindex2[off2]] = 1;
	} else if (off2 == lim2) {
		char *rchg1 = dd1->rchg;
		long *rindex1 = dd1->rindex;

		for (; off1 < lim1; off1++)
			rchg1[rindex1[off1]] = 1;
	} else {
		xdpsplit_t spl;
		spl.i1 = spl.i2 = 0;

		/*
		 * Divide ...
		 */
		if (xdl_split(ha1, off1, lim1, ha2, off2, lim2, kvdf, kvdb,
			      need_min, &spl, xenv) < 0) {

			return -1;
		}

		/*
		 * ... et Impera.
		 */
		if (xdl_recs_cmp(dd1, off1, spl.i1, dd2, off2, spl.i2,
				 kvdf, kvdb, spl.min_lo, xenv) < 0 ||
		    xdl_recs_cmp(dd1, spl.i1, lim1, dd2, spl.i2, lim2,
				 kvdf, kvdb, spl.min_hi, xenv) < 0) {

			return -1;
		}
	}

	return 0;
}


int xdl_do_diff(mmfile_t *mf1, mmfile_t *mf2, xpparam_t const *xpp,
		xdfenv_t *xe) {
	long ndiags;
	long *kvd, *kvdf, *kvdb;
	xdalgoenv_t xenv;
	diffdata_t dd1, dd2;

	if (XDF_DIFF_ALG(xpp->flags) == XDF_PATIENCE_DIFF)
		return xdl_do_patience_diff(mf1, mf2, xpp, xe);

	if (XDF_DIFF_ALG(xpp->flags) == XDF_HISTOGRAM_DIFF)
		return xdl_do_histogram_diff(mf1, mf2, xpp, xe);

	if (xdl_prepare_env(mf1, mf2, xpp, xe) < 0) {

		return -1;
	}

	/*
	 * Allocate and setup K vectors to be used by the differential algorithm.
	 * One is to store the forward path and one to store the backward path.
	 */
	ndiags = xe->xdf1.nreff + xe->xdf2.nreff + 3;
	if (!(kvd = (long *) xdl_malloc((2 * ndiags + 2) * sizeof(long)))) {

		xdl_free_env(xe);
		return -1;
	}
	kvdf = kvd;
	kvdb = kvdf + ndiags;
	kvdf += xe->xdf2.nreff + 1;
	kvdb += xe->xdf2.nreff + 1;

	xenv.mxcost = xdl_bogosqrt(ndiags);
	if (xenv.mxcost < XDL_MAX_COST_MIN)
		xenv.mxcost = XDL_MAX_COST_MIN;
	xenv.snake_cnt = XDL_SNAKE_CNT;
	xenv.heur_min = XDL_HEUR_MIN_COST;

	dd1.nrec = xe->xdf1.nreff;
	dd1.ha = xe->xdf1.ha;
	dd1.rchg = xe->xdf1.rchg;
	dd1.rindex = xe->xdf1.rindex;
	dd2.nrec = xe->xdf2.nreff;
	dd2.ha = xe->xdf2.ha;
	dd2.rchg = xe->xdf2.rchg;
	dd2.rindex = xe->xdf2.rindex;

	if (xdl_recs_cmp(&dd1, 0, dd1.nrec, &dd2, 0, dd2.nrec,
			 kvdf, kvdb, (xpp->flags & XDF_NEED_MINIMAL) != 0, &xenv) < 0) {

		xdl_free(kvd);
		xdl_free_env(xe);
		return -1;
	}

	xdl_free(kvd);

	return 0;
}


static xdchange_t *xdl_add_change(xdchange_t *xscr, long i1, long i2, long chg1, long chg2) {
	xdchange_t *xch;

	if (!(xch = (xdchange_t *) xdl_malloc(sizeof(xdchange_t))))
		return NULL;

	xch->next = xscr;
	xch->i1 = i1;
	xch->i2 = i2;
	xch->chg1 = chg1;
	xch->chg2 = chg2;
	xch->ignore = 0;

	return xch;
}


static int recs_match(xrecord_t *rec1, xrecord_t *rec2, long flags)
{
	return (rec1->ha == rec2->ha &&
		xdl_recmatch(rec1->ptr, rec1->size,
			     rec2->ptr, rec2->size,
			     flags));
}

/*
 * If a line is indented more than this, get_indent() just returns this value.
 * This avoids having to do absurd amounts of work for data that are not
 * human-readable text, and also ensures that the output of get_indent fits within
 * an int.
 */
#define MAX_INDENT 200

/*
 * Return the amount of indentation of the specified line, treating TAB as 8
 * columns. Return -1 if line is empty or contains only whitespace. Clamp the
 * output value at MAX_INDENT.
 */
static int get_indent(xrecord_t *rec)
{
	long i;
	int ret = 0;

	for (i = 0; i < rec->size; i++) {
		char c = rec->ptr[i];

		if (!XDL_ISSPACE(c))
			return ret;
		else if (c == ' ')
			ret += 1;
		else if (c == '\t')
			ret += 8 - ret % 8;
		/* ignore other whitespace characters */

		if (ret >= MAX_INDENT)
			return MAX_INDENT;
	}

	/* The line contains only whitespace. */
	return -1;
}

/*
 * If more than this number of consecutive blank rows are found, just return this
 * value. This avoids requiring O(N^2) work for pathological cases, and also
 * ensures that the output of score_split fits in an int.
 */
#define MAX_BLANKS 20

/* Characteristics measured about a hypothetical split position. */
struct split_measurement {
	/*
	 * Is the split at the end of the file (aside from any blank lines)?
	 */
	int end_of_file;

	/*
	 * How much is the line immediately following the split indented (or -1 if
	 * the line is blank):
	 */
	int indent;

	/*
	 * How many consecutive lines above the split are blank?
	 */
	int pre_blank;

	/*
	 * How much is the nearest non-blank line above the split indented (or -1
	 * if there is no such line)?
	 */
	int pre_indent;

	/*
	 * How many lines after the line following the split are blank?
	 */
	int post_blank;

	/*
	 * How much is the nearest non-blank line after the line following the
	 * split indented (or -1 if there is no such line)?
	 */
	int post_indent;
};

struct split_score {
	/* The effective indent of this split (smaller is preferred). */
	int effective_indent;

	/* Penalty for this split (smaller is preferred). */
	int penalty;
};

/*
 * Fill m with information about a hypothetical split of xdf above line split.
 */
static void measure_split(const xdfile_t *xdf, long split,
			  struct split_measurement *m)
{
	long i;

	if (split >= xdf->nrec) {
		m->end_of_file = 1;
		m->indent = -1;
	} else {
		m->end_of_file = 0;
		m->indent = get_indent(xdf->recs[split]);
	}

	m->pre_blank = 0;
	m->pre_indent = -1;
	for (i = split - 1; i >= 0; i--) {
		m->pre_indent = get_indent(xdf->recs[i]);
		if (m->pre_indent != -1)
			break;
		m->pre_blank += 1;
		if (m->pre_blank == MAX_BLANKS) {
			m->pre_indent = 0;
			break;
		}
	}

	m->post_blank = 0;
	m->post_indent = -1;
	for (i = split + 1; i < xdf->nrec; i++) {
		m->post_indent = get_indent(xdf->recs[i]);
		if (m->post_indent != -1)
			break;
		m->post_blank += 1;
		if (m->post_blank == MAX_BLANKS) {
			m->post_indent = 0;
			break;
		}
	}
}

/*
 * The empirically-determined weight factors used by score_split() below.
 * Larger values means that the position is a less favorable place to split.
 *
 * Note that scores are only ever compared against each other, so multiplying
 * all of these weight/penalty values by the same factor wouldn't change the
 * heuristic's behavior. Still, we need to set that arbitrary scale *somehow*.
 * In practice, these numbers are chosen to be large enough that they can be
 * adjusted relative to each other with sufficient precision despite using
 * integer math.
 */

/* Penalty if there are no non-blank lines before the split */
#define START_OF_FILE_PENALTY 1

/* Penalty if there are no non-blank lines after the split */
#define END_OF_FILE_PENALTY 21

/* Multiplier for the number of blank lines around the split */
#define TOTAL_BLANK_WEIGHT (-30)

/* Multiplier for the number of blank lines after the split */
#define POST_BLANK_WEIGHT 6

/*
 * Penalties applied if the line is indented more than its predecessor
 */
#define RELATIVE_INDENT_PENALTY (-4)
#define RELATIVE_INDENT_WITH_BLANK_PENALTY 10

/*
 * Penalties applied if the line is indented less than both its predecessor and
 * its successor
 */
#define RELATIVE_OUTDENT_PENALTY 24
#define RELATIVE_OUTDENT_WITH_BLANK_PENALTY 17

/*
 * Penalties applied if the line is indented less than its predecessor but not
 * less than its successor
 */
#define RELATIVE_DEDENT_PENALTY 23
#define RELATIVE_DEDENT_WITH_BLANK_PENALTY 17

/*
 * We only consider whether the sum of the effective indents for splits are
 * less than (-1), equal to (0), or greater than (+1) each other. The resulting
 * value is multiplied by the following weight and combined with the penalty to
 * determine the better of two scores.
 */
#define INDENT_WEIGHT 60

/*
 * How far do we slide a hunk at most?
 */
#define INDENT_HEURISTIC_MAX_SLIDING 100

/*
 * Compute a badness score for the hypothetical split whose measurements are
 * stored in m. The weight factors were determined empirically using the tools and
 * corpus described in
 *
 *     https://github.com/mhagger/diff-slider-tools
 *
 * Also see that project if you want to improve the weights based on, for example,
 * a larger or more diverse corpus.
 */
static void score_add_split(const struct split_measurement *m, struct split_score *s)
{
	/*
	 * A place to accumulate penalty factors (positive makes this index more
	 * favored):
	 */
	int post_blank, total_blank, indent, any_blanks;

	if (m->pre_indent == -1 && m->pre_blank == 0)
		s->penalty += START_OF_FILE_PENALTY;

	if (m->end_of_file)
		s->penalty += END_OF_FILE_PENALTY;

	/*
	 * Set post_blank to the number of blank lines following the split,
	 * including the line immediately after the split:
	 */
	post_blank = (m->indent == -1) ? 1 + m->post_blank : 0;
	total_blank = m->pre_blank + post_blank;

	/* Penalties based on nearby blank lines: */
	s->penalty += TOTAL_BLANK_WEIGHT * total_blank;
	s->penalty += POST_BLANK_WEIGHT * post_blank;

	if (m->indent != -1)
		indent = m->indent;
	else
		indent = m->post_indent;

	any_blanks = (total_blank != 0);

	/* Note that the effective indent is -1 at the end of the file: */
	s->effective_indent += indent;

	if (indent == -1) {
		/* No additional adjustments needed. */
	} else if (m->pre_indent == -1) {
		/* No additional adjustments needed. */
	} else if (indent > m->pre_indent) {
		/*
		 * The line is indented more than its predecessor.
		 */
		s->penalty += any_blanks ?
			RELATIVE_INDENT_WITH_BLANK_PENALTY :
			RELATIVE_INDENT_PENALTY;
	} else if (indent == m->pre_indent) {
		/*
		 * The line has the same indentation level as its predecessor.
		 * No additional adjustments needed.
		 */
	} else {
		/*
		 * The line is indented less than its predecessor. It could be
		 * the block terminator of the previous block, but it could
		 * also be the start of a new block (e.g., an "else" block, or
		 * maybe the previous block didn't have a block terminator).
		 * Try to distinguish those cases based on what comes next:
		 */
		if (m->post_indent != -1 && m->post_indent > indent) {
			/*
			 * The following line is indented more. So it is likely
			 * that this line is the start of a block.
			 */
			s->penalty += any_blanks ?
				RELATIVE_OUTDENT_WITH_BLANK_PENALTY :
				RELATIVE_OUTDENT_PENALTY;
		} else {
			/*
			 * That was probably the end of a block.
			 */
			s->penalty += any_blanks ?
				RELATIVE_DEDENT_WITH_BLANK_PENALTY :
				RELATIVE_DEDENT_PENALTY;
		}
	}
}

static int score_cmp(struct split_score *s1, struct split_score *s2)
{
	/* -1 if s1.effective_indent < s2->effective_indent, etc. */
	int cmp_indents = ((s1->effective_indent > s2->effective_indent) -
			   (s1->effective_indent < s2->effective_indent));

	return INDENT_WEIGHT * cmp_indents + (s1->penalty - s2->penalty);
}

/*
 * Represent a group of changed lines in an xdfile_t (i.e., a contiguous group
 * of lines that was inserted or deleted from the corresponding version of the
 * file). We consider there to be such a group at the beginning of the file, at
 * the end of the file, and between any two unchanged lines, though most such
 * groups will usually be empty.
 *
 * If the first line in a group is equal to the line following the group, then
 * the group can be slid down. Similarly, if the last line in a group is equal
 * to the line preceding the group, then the group can be slid up. See
 * group_slide_down() and group_slide_up().
 *
 * Note that loops that are testing for changed lines in xdf->rchg do not need
 * index bounding since the array is prepared with a zero at position -1 and N.
 */
struct xdlgroup {
	/*
	 * The index of the first changed line in the group, or the index of
	 * the unchanged line above which the (empty) group is located.
	 */
	long start;

	/*
	 * The index of the first unchanged line after the group. For an empty
	 * group, end is equal to start.
	 */
	long end;
};

/*
 * Initialize g to point at the first group in xdf.
 */
static void group_init(xdfile_t *xdf, struct xdlgroup *g)
{
	g->start = g->end = 0;
	while (xdf->rchg[g->end])
		g->end++;
}

/*
 * Move g to describe the next (possibly empty) group in xdf and return 0. If g
 * is already at the end of the file, do nothing and return -1.
 */
static inline int group_next(xdfile_t *xdf, struct xdlgroup *g)
{
	if (g->end == xdf->nrec)
		return -1;

	g->start = g->end + 1;
	for (g->end = g->start; xdf->rchg[g->end]; g->end++)
		;

	return 0;
}

/*
 * Move g to describe the previous (possibly empty) group in xdf and return 0.
 * If g is already at the beginning of the file, do nothing and return -1.
 */
static inline int group_previous(xdfile_t *xdf, struct xdlgroup *g)
{
	if (g->start == 0)
		return -1;

	g->end = g->start - 1;
	for (g->start = g->end; xdf->rchg[g->start - 1]; g->start--)
		;

	return 0;
}

/*
 * If g can be slid toward the end of the file, do so, and if it bumps into a
 * following group, expand this group to include it. Return 0 on success or -1
 * if g cannot be slid down.
 */
static int group_slide_down(xdfile_t *xdf, struct xdlgroup *g, long flags)
{
	if (g->end < xdf->nrec &&
	    recs_match(xdf->recs[g->start], xdf->recs[g->end], flags)) {
		xdf->rchg[g->start++] = 0;
		xdf->rchg[g->end++] = 1;

		while (xdf->rchg[g->end])
			g->end++;

		return 0;
	} else {
		return -1;
	}
}

/*
 * If g can be slid toward the beginning of the file, do so, and if it bumps
 * into a previous group, expand this group to include it. Return 0 on success
 * or -1 if g cannot be slid up.
 */
static int group_slide_up(xdfile_t *xdf, struct xdlgroup *g, long flags)
{
	if (g->start > 0 &&
	    recs_match(xdf->recs[g->start - 1], xdf->recs[g->end - 1], flags)) {
		xdf->rchg[--g->start] = 1;
		xdf->rchg[--g->end] = 0;

		while (xdf->rchg[g->start - 1])
			g->start--;

		return 0;
	} else {
		return -1;
	}
}

static void xdl_bug(const char *msg)
{
	fprintf(stderr, "BUG: %s\n", msg);
	exit(1);
}

/*
 * Move back and forward change groups for a consistent and pretty diff output.
 * This also helps in finding joinable change groups and reducing the diff
 * size.
 */
int xdl_change_compact(xdfile_t *xdf, xdfile_t *xdfo, long flags) {
	struct xdlgroup g, go;
	long earliest_end, end_matching_other;
	long groupsize;

	group_init(xdf, &g);
	group_init(xdfo, &go);

	while (1) {
		/* If the group is empty in the to-be-compacted file, skip it: */
		if (g.end == g.start)
			goto next;

		/*
		 * Now shift the change up and then down as far as possible in
		 * each direction. If it bumps into any other changes, merge them.
		 */
		do {
			groupsize = g.end - g.start;

			/*
			 * Keep track of the last "end" index that causes this
			 * group to align with a group of changed lines in the
			 * other file. -1 indicates that we haven't found such
			 * a match yet:
			 */
			end_matching_other = -1;

			/* Shift the group backward as much as possible: */
			while (!group_slide_up(xdf, &g, flags))
				if (group_previous(xdfo, &go))
					xdl_bug("group sync broken sliding up");

			/*
			 * This is this highest that this group can be shifted.
			 * Record its end index:
			 */
			earliest_end = g.end;

			if (go.end > go.start)
				end_matching_other = g.end;

			/* Now shift the group forward as far as possible: */
			while (1) {
				if (group_slide_down(xdf, &g, flags))
					break;
				if (group_next(xdfo, &go))
					xdl_bug("group sync broken sliding down");

				if (go.end > go.start)
					end_matching_other = g.end;
			}
		} while (groupsize != g.end - g.start);

		/*
		 * If the group can be shifted, then we can possibly use this
		 * freedom to produce a more intuitive diff.
		 *
		 * The group is currently shifted as far down as possible, so the
		 * heuristics below only have to handle upwards shifts.
		 */

		if (g.end == earliest_end) {
			/* no shifting was possible */
		} else if (end_matching_other != -1) {
			/*
			 * Move the possibly merged group of changes back to line
			 * up with the last group of changes from the other file
			 * that it can align with.
			 */
			while (go.end == go.start) {
				if (group_slide_up(xdf, &g, flags))
					xdl_bug("match disappeared");
				if (group_previous(xdfo, &go))
					xdl_bug("group sync broken sliding to match");
			}
		} else if (flags & XDF_INDENT_HEURISTIC) {
			/*
			 * Indent heuristic: a group of pure add/delete lines
			 * implies two splits, one between the end of the "before"
			 * context and the start of the group, and another between
			 * the end of the group and the beginning of the "after"
			 * context. Some splits are aesthetically better and some
			 * are worse. We compute a badness "score" for each split,
			 * and add the scores for the two splits to define a
			 * "score" for each position that the group can be shifted
			 * to. Then we pick the shift with the lowest score.
			 */
			long shift, best_shift = -1;
			struct split_score best_score;

			shift = earliest_end;
			if (g.end - groupsize - 1 > shift)
				shift = g.end - groupsize - 1;
			if (g.end - INDENT_HEURISTIC_MAX_SLIDING > shift)
				shift = g.end - INDENT_HEURISTIC_MAX_SLIDING;
			for (; shift <= g.end; shift++) {
				struct split_measurement m;
				struct split_score score = {0, 0};

				measure_split(xdf, shift, &m);
				score_add_split(&m, &score);
				measure_split(xdf, shift - groupsize, &m);
				score_add_split(&m, &score);
				if (best_shift == -1 ||
				    score_cmp(&score, &best_score) <= 0) {
					best_score.effective_indent = score.effective_indent;
					best_score.penalty = score.penalty;
					best_shift = shift;
				}
			}

			while (g.end > best_shift) {
				if (group_slide_up(xdf, &g, flags))
					xdl_bug("best shift unreached");
				if (group_previous(xdfo, &go))
					xdl_bug("group sync broken sliding to blank line");
			}
		}

	next:
		/* Move past the just-processed group: */
		if (group_next(xdf, &g))
			break;
		if (group_next(xdfo, &go))
			xdl_bug("group sync broken moving to next group");
	}

	if (!group_next(xdfo, &go))
		xdl_bug("group sync broken at end of file");

	return 0;
}


int xdl_build_script(xdfenv_t *xe, xdchange_t **xscr) {
	xdchange_t *cscr = NULL, *xch;
	char *rchg1 = xe->xdf1.rchg, *rchg2 = xe->xdf2.rchg;
	long i1, i2, l1, l2;

	/*
	 * Trivial. Collects "groups" of changes and creates an edit script.
	 */
	for (i1 = xe->xdf1.nrec, i2 = xe->xdf2.nrec; i1 >= 0 || i2 >= 0; i1--, i2--)
		if (rchg1[i1 - 1] || rchg2[i2 - 1]) {
			for (l1 = i1; rchg1[i1 - 1]; i1--);
			for (l2 = i2; rchg2[i2 - 1]; i2--);

			if (!(xch = xdl_add_change(cscr, i1, i2, l1 - i1, l2 - i2))) {
				xdl_free_script(cscr);
				return -1;
			}
			cscr = xch;
		}

	*xscr = cscr;

	return 0;
}


void xdl_free_script(xdchange_t *xscr) {
	xdchange_t *xch;

	while ((xch = xscr) != NULL) {
		xscr = xscr->next;
		xdl_free(xch);
	}
}

static int xdl_call_hunk_func(xdfenv_t *xe, xdchange_t *xscr, xdemitcb_t *ecb,
			      xdemitconf_t const *xecfg)
{
	xdchange_t *xch, *xche;

	for (xch = xscr; xch; xch = xche->next) {
		xche = xdl_get_hunk(&xch, xecfg);
		if (!xch)
			break;
		if (xecfg->hunk_func(xch->i1, xche->i1 + xche->chg1 - xch->i1,
				     xch->i2, xche->i2 + xche->chg2 - xch->i2,
				     ecb->priv) < 0)
			return -1;
	}
	return 0;
}

static void xdl_mark_ignorable(xdchange_t *xscr, xdfenv_t *xe, long flags)
{
	xdchange_t *xch;

	for (xch = xscr; xch; xch = xch->next) {
		int ignore = 1;
		xrecord_t **rec;
		long i;

		rec = &xe->xdf1.recs[xch->i1];
		for (i = 0; i < xch->chg1 && ignore; i++)
			ignore = xdl_blankline(rec[i]->ptr, rec[i]->size, flags);

		rec = &xe->xdf2.recs[xch->i2];
		for (i = 0; i < xch->chg2 && ignore; i++)
			ignore = xdl_blankline(rec[i]->ptr, rec[i]->size, flags);

		xch->ignore = ignore;
	}
}

int xdl_diff(mmfile_t *mf1, mmfile_t *mf2, xpparam_t const *xpp,
	     xdemitconf_t const *xecfg, xdemitcb_t *ecb) {
	xdchange_t *xscr;
	xdfenv_t xe;
	emit_func_t ef = xecfg->hunk_func ? xdl_call_hunk_func : xdl_emit_diff;

	if (xdl_do_diff(mf1, mf2, xpp, &xe) < 0) {

		return -1;
	}
	if (xdl_change_compact(&xe.xdf1, &xe.xdf2, xpp->flags) < 0 ||
	    xdl_change_compact(&xe.xdf2, &xe.xdf1, xpp->flags) < 0 ||
	    xdl_build_script(&xe, &xscr) < 0) {

		xdl_free_env(&xe);
		return -1;
	}
	if (xscr) {
		if (xpp->flags & XDF_IGNORE_BLANK_LINES)
			xdl_mark_ignorable(xscr, &xe, xpp->flags);

		if (ef(&xe, xscr, ecb, xecfg) < 0) {

			xdl_free_script(xscr);
			xdl_free_env(&xe);
			return -1;
		}
		xdl_free_script(xscr);
	}
	xdl_free_env(&xe);

	return 0;
}
debug log:

solving 1f1f4a3c78 ...
found 1f1f4a3c78 in https://80x24.org/mirrors/git.git

git@vger.kernel.org list mirror (unofficial, one of many)

Archives are clonable:
	git clone --mirror https://public-inbox.org/git
	git clone --mirror http://ou63pmih66umazou.onion/git
	git clone --mirror http://czquwvybam4bgbro.onion/git
	git clone --mirror http://hjrcffqmbrq6wope.onion/git

Example config snippet for mirrors

Newsgroups are available over NNTP:
	nntp://news.public-inbox.org/inbox.comp.version-control.git
	nntp://ou63pmih66umazou.onion/inbox.comp.version-control.git
	nntp://czquwvybam4bgbro.onion/inbox.comp.version-control.git
	nntp://hjrcffqmbrq6wope.onion/inbox.comp.version-control.git
	nntp://news.gmane.org/gmane.comp.version-control.git

 note: .onion URLs require Tor: https://www.torproject.org/

AGPL code for this site: git clone https://public-inbox.org/public-inbox.git