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From: Phillip Wood <>
To: Luca Weiss <>,
	Luca Weiss via GitGitGadget <>,
Cc: Denton Liu <>
Subject: Re: [PATCH 2/2] merge: make sure to terminate message with newline
Date: Fri, 16 Jul 2021 18:30:50 +0100	[thread overview]
Message-ID: <> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <>

Hi Luca

On 16/07/2021 13:37, Luca Weiss wrote:
> Hi Phillip,
> So the behavior that I have observed is the following:
> I've added a usleep for ~10 seconds instead of the line I added and
> .git/MERGE_MSG was not terminated with a newline.
> This didn't change when using --log
> It was properly handled with --signoff and the trailer was added
> correctly.
> I have a simple reproducer here:
> mkdir /tmp/test
> cd /tmp/test
> git init
> echo 'dest="$1.tmp"; git interpret-trailers --trailer "Foo: Bar" < "$1" > "${dest}"; mv "${dest}" "$1"' > .git/hooks/commit-msg
> chmod +x .git/hooks/commit-msg
> git commit --allow-empty -m "Initial commit"
> sleep 1
> git switch -c foobar
> git commit --allow-empty -m "Foo1"
> sleep 1
> git commit --allow-empty -m "Foo2"
> git switch master
> git merge --no-ff --no-edit foobar
> # look at merge commit message now

Thanks for the reproducer, I can confirm it shows the bug for me. What I 
missed this morning was that we promptly chop the '\n' off the end of 
the message we get back from fmt_merge_msg(). I've looked through the 
history and this behavior dates back to the beginning of the builtin 
merge added in 1c7b76be7d ("Build in merge", 2008-07-07). Back then we 
added a newline to the end of the message before writing .git/MERGE_MSG 
or committing in finish_automerge() but merge_trivial() did not add a 
new line before committing. Commit 66f4b98ad9 ("Teach merge the 
'[-e|--edit]' option", 2011-10-08) added prepare_to_commit() which added 
the newline and was called by both finish_automerge() and 
merge_trivial(). This behavior was changed in d540b70c85 ("merge: 
cleanup messages like commit", 2019-04-17) after which we only added a 
newline if the message was going to be edited. I've cc'd Denton to see 
if he remembers if this was intentional or not.

I suspect the best way to fix this is to stop stripping the newline that 
is added by fmt_merge_msg() and remove the line in prepare_to_commit() 
that adds the newline when editing. That would leave '-F' untouched so 
it would still not add missing newline in that case - I'm not sure if 
that is desirable or not but I think it matches what 'git commit -F' does.

> With my patch(es) this works properly.
> If you have any other ideas on how to fix this, I am open for
> suggestions :)
> Otherwise I'll try to add more detail to the individual commit
> messages (I deliberately kept the "unnecessary" detail out of the actual
> commit messages before).

The commit message should explain why you're making the change - that is 
not unnecessary detail but essential context to help others reading the 
history in the future to understand the reason for the change.

> Regards
> Luca
> p.s. sorry for replying off-list, and if this is wrongly bottom/top posted, email client troubles ;)

This message seems to have made it onto the list. We normally reply in 
line as I've done here but don't worry if you're having problems with 
your mail client.

I've not had time to look at the first patch properly but from a quick 
glance it seems to be a sensible approach

Best Wishes


> On July 16, 2021 12:23:06 PM GMT+02:00, Phillip Wood <> wrote:
>> Hi Luca
>> Thanks for your patches. It would be very helpful to have the
>> explanation from the cover letter in the commit messages for both
>> commits to explain why this change is being made, otherwise that
>> information will not appear in the history.
>> The cover letter says this happened when using '--no-edit', but unless
>> I've missed something 'git merge --no-edit' creates its message using
>> fmt_merge_msg() which calls strbuf_complete_line() just before it
>> returns. append_signoff() and 'merge -m' always terminate the message
>> with a newline. The only path I found that does not ensure the message
>> ends with a newline before calling the prepare-commit-msg hook is when
>> using '-F' and I suspect that may have been a deliberate decision but it
>> could be an oversight. In any case we would want to make sure that 'git
>> commit -F' and 'git merge -F' to behave the same which I think they do
>> at the moment.
>> Best Wishes
>> Phillip
>> On 16/07/2021 08:43, Luca Weiss via GitGitGadget wrote:
>>> From: Luca Weiss <>
>>> Signed-off-by: Luca Weiss <>
>>> ---
>>>    builtin/merge.c | 1 +
>>>    1 file changed, 1 insertion(+)
>>> diff --git a/builtin/merge.c b/builtin/merge.c
>>> index a8a843b1f54..646bb49367f 100644
>>> --- a/builtin/merge.c
>>> +++ b/builtin/merge.c
>>> @@ -867,6 +867,7 @@ static void prepare_to_commit(struct commit_list *remoteheads)
>>>    	}
>>>    	if (signoff)
>>>    		append_signoff(&msg, ignore_non_trailer(msg.buf, msg.len), 0);
>>> +	strbuf_complete_line(&msg);
>>>    	write_merge_heads(remoteheads);
>>>    	write_file_buf(git_path_merge_msg(the_repository), msg.buf, msg.len);
>>>    	if (run_commit_hook(0 < option_edit, get_index_file(), "prepare-commit-msg",

  reply	other threads:[~2021-07-16 17:31 UTC|newest]

Thread overview: 17+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2021-07-16  7:43 [PATCH 0/2] Normalize newlines in merge & interpret-trailer Luca Weiss via GitGitGadget
2021-07-16  7:43 ` [PATCH 1/2] trailer: handle input without trailing newline Luca Weiss via GitGitGadget
2021-07-16 19:35   ` Jeff King
2021-07-16  7:43 ` [PATCH 2/2] merge: make sure to terminate message with newline Luca Weiss via GitGitGadget
2021-07-16 10:23   ` Phillip Wood
2021-07-16 12:37     ` Luca Weiss
2021-07-16 17:30       ` Phillip Wood [this message]
2021-07-16 19:33         ` Jeff King
2021-07-16 20:34           ` Junio C Hamano
2021-07-16 21:10             ` Jeff King
2021-07-16 22:13               ` Junio C Hamano
2021-07-17 13:40               ` Phillip Wood
2021-07-17 17:47                 ` Jeff King
2021-07-21 10:41                   ` Luca Weiss
2021-08-26 18:32                   ` Luca Weiss
2021-07-16 20:20   ` Junio C Hamano
2021-07-16 22:10 ` [PATCH 0/2] Normalize newlines in merge & interpret-trailer Junio C Hamano

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