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* [PATCH] spawn (Inline::C): fix off-by-one error
@ 2019-05-07  0:28 Eric Wong
  0 siblings, 0 replies; only message in thread
From: Eric Wong @ 2019-05-07  0:28 UTC (permalink / raw)
  To: meta

Noticed while testing on FreeBSD 11.2 amd64 with the optional
Inline::C extension using clang 6.0.0.  The end result on
FreeBSD was spawning processes failed badly and things were
immediately unusable with this enabled.

av_len is a misleading API, and I failed to read the API
comments in perl:/av.c which state:

> Note that, unlike what the name implies, it returns
> the highest index in the array, so to get the size of
> the array you need to use "av_len(av) + 1".
> This is unlike "sv_len", which returns what you would expect.

If this bug affected anybody, it would've only affected users
using both the optional Inline::C module AND set the
PERL_INLINE_DIRECTORY environment variable.

That said, I've never seen any evidence of it on Debian
GNU/Linux + gcc on any x86 variant.  That includes full 64-bit
systems, a full 32-bit system, a 64-bit system with 32-bit
userspace, across multiple gcc versions since 2016.
---
 lib/PublicInbox/Spawn.pm | 47 ++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
 1 file changed, 28 insertions(+), 19 deletions(-)

diff --git a/lib/PublicInbox/Spawn.pm b/lib/PublicInbox/Spawn.pm
index 7b0f3bd..66b916d 100644
--- a/lib/PublicInbox/Spawn.pm
+++ b/lib/PublicInbox/Spawn.pm
@@ -26,22 +26,35 @@ my $vfork_spawn = <<'VFORK_SPAWN';
 #include <sys/time.h>
 #include <sys/resource.h>
 #include <unistd.h>
-#include <alloca.h>
-#include <signal.h>
-#include <assert.h>
+#include <stdlib.h>
 
-#define AV_ALLOCA(av, max) alloca((max = (av_len((av)) + 1)) * sizeof(char *))
+/* some platforms need alloca.h, but some don't */
+#if defined(__GNUC__) && !defined(alloca)
+#  define alloca(sz) __builtin_alloca(sz)
+#endif
 
-static void av2c_copy(char **dst, AV *src, I32 max)
-{
-	I32 i;
+#include <signal.h>
+#include <assert.h>
 
-	for (i = 0; i < max; i++) {
-		SV **sv = av_fetch(src, i, 0);
-		dst[i] = sv ? SvPV_nolen(*sv) : 0;
-	}
-	dst[max] = 0;
-}
+/*
+ * From the av_len apidoc:
+ *   Note that, unlike what the name implies, it returns
+ *   the highest index in the array, so to get the size of
+ *   the array you need to use "av_len(av) + 1".
+ *   This is unlike "sv_len", which returns what you would expect.
+ */
+#define AV2C_COPY(dst, src) do { \
+	I32 i; \
+	I32 top_index = av_len(src); \
+	I32 real_len = top_index + 1; \
+	I32 capa = real_len + 1; \
+	dst = alloca(capa * sizeof(char *)); \
+	for (i = 0; i < real_len; i++) { \
+		SV **sv = av_fetch(src, i, 0); \
+		dst[i] = SvPV_nolen(*sv); \
+	} \
+	dst[real_len] = 0; \
+} while (0)
 
 static void *deconst(const char *s)
 {
@@ -86,15 +99,11 @@ int pi_fork_exec(int in, int out, int err,
 	const char *filename = SvPV_nolen(file);
 	pid_t pid;
 	char **argv, **envp;
-	I32 max;
 	sigset_t set, old;
 	int ret, errnum;
 
-	argv = AV_ALLOCA(cmd, max);
-	av2c_copy(argv, cmd, max);
-
-	envp = AV_ALLOCA(env, max);
-	av2c_copy(envp, env, max);
+	AV2C_COPY(argv, cmd);
+	AV2C_COPY(envp, env);
 
 	ret = sigfillset(&set);
 	assert(ret == 0 && "BUG calling sigfillset");
-- 
EW


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