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From: "Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget" <gitgitgadget@gmail.com>
To: git@vger.kernel.org
Cc: Derrick Stolee <dstolee@microsoft.com>,
	Elijah Newren <newren@gmail.com>,
	Elijah Newren <newren@gmail.com>
Subject: [PATCH v2 09/18] unpack-trees: add a new update_sparsity() function
Date: Sat, 21 Mar 2020 18:00:00 +0000
Message-ID: <a46439c8536f912ad4a1e1751852cf477d3d7dc7.1584813609.git.gitgitgadget@gmail.com> (raw)
In-Reply-To: <pull.726.v2.git.git.1584813609.gitgitgadget@gmail.com>

From: Elijah Newren <newren@gmail.com>

Previously, the only way to update the SKIP_WORKTREE bits for various
paths was invoking `git read-tree -mu HEAD` or calling the same code
that this codepath invoked.  This however had a number of problems if
the index or working directory were not clean.  First, let's consider
the case:

  Flipping SKIP_WORKTREE -> !SKIP_WORKTREE (materializing files)

If the working tree was clean this was fine, but if there were files or
directories or symlinks or whatever already present at the given path
then the operation would abort with an error.  Let's label this case
for later discussion:

    A) There is an untracked path in the way

Now let's consider the opposite case:

  Flipping !SKIP_WORKTREE -> SKIP_WORKTREE (removing files)

If the index and working tree was clean this was fine, but if there were
any unclean paths we would run into problems.  There are three different
cases to consider:

    B) The path is unmerged
    C) The path has unstaged changes
    D) The path has staged changes (differs from HEAD)

If any path fell into case B or C, then the whole operation would be
aborted with an error.  With sparse-checkout, the whole operation would
be aborted for case D as well, but for its predecessor of using `git
read-tree -mu HEAD` directly, any paths that fell into case D would be
removed from the working copy and the index entry for that path would be
reset to match HEAD -- which looks and feels like data loss to users
(only a few are even aware to ask whether it can be recovered, and even
then it requires walking through loose objects trying to match up the
right ones).

Refusing to remove files that have unsaved user changes is good, but
refusing to work on any other paths is very problematic for users.  If
the user is in the middle of a rebase or has made modifications to files
that bring in more dependencies, then for their build to work they need
to update the sparse paths.  This logic has been preventing them from
doing so.  Sometimes in response, the user will stage the files and
re-try, to no avail with sparse-checkout or to the horror of losing
their changes if they are using its predecessor of `git read-tree -mu
HEAD`.

Add a new update_sparsity() function which will not error out in any of
these cases but behaves as follows for the special cases:
    A) Leave the file in the working copy alone, clear the SKIP_WORKTREE
       bit, and print a warning (thus leaving the path in a state where
       status will report the file as modified, which seems logical).
    B) Do NOT mark this path as SKIP_WORKTREE, and leave it as unmerged.
    C) Do NOT mark this path as SKIP_WORKTREE and print a warning about
       the dirty path.
    D) Mark the path as SKIP_WORKTREE, but do not revert the version
       stored in the index to match HEAD; leave the contents alone.

I tried a different behavior for A (leave the SKIP_WORKTREE bit set),
but found it very surprising and counter-intuitive (e.g. the user sees
it is present along with all the other files in that directory, tries to
stage it, but git add ignores it since the SKIP_WORKTREE bit is set).  A
& C seem like optimal behavior to me.  B may be as well, though I wonder
if printing a warning would be an improvement.  Some might be slightly
surprised by D at first, but given that it does the right thing with
`git commit` and even `git commit -a` (`git add` ignores entries that
are marked SKIP_WORKTREE and thus doesn't delete them, and `commit -a`
is similar), it seems logical to me.

Signed-off-by: Elijah Newren <newren@gmail.com>
---
 unpack-trees.c | 78 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
 unpack-trees.h |  9 ++++++
 2 files changed, 87 insertions(+)

diff --git a/unpack-trees.c b/unpack-trees.c
index 4733e7eaf89..6abea555929 100644
--- a/unpack-trees.c
+++ b/unpack-trees.c
@@ -1714,6 +1714,84 @@ int unpack_trees(unsigned len, struct tree_desc *t, struct unpack_trees_options
 	goto done;
 }
 
+/*
+ * Update SKIP_WORKTREE bits according to sparsity patterns, and update
+ * working directory to match.
+ *
+ * CE_NEW_SKIP_WORKTREE is used internally.
+ */
+enum update_sparsity_result update_sparsity(struct unpack_trees_options *o)
+{
+	enum update_sparsity_result ret = UPDATE_SPARSITY_SUCCESS;
+	struct pattern_list pl;
+	int i, empty_worktree;
+	unsigned old_show_all_errors;
+	int free_pattern_list = 0;
+
+	old_show_all_errors = o->show_all_errors;
+	o->show_all_errors = 1;
+
+	/* Sanity checks */
+	if (!o->update || o->index_only || o->skip_sparse_checkout)
+		BUG("update_sparsity() is for reflecting sparsity patterns in working directory");
+	if (o->src_index != o->dst_index || o->fn)
+		BUG("update_sparsity() called wrong");
+
+	trace_performance_enter();
+
+	/* If we weren't given patterns, use the recorded ones */
+	if (!o->pl) {
+		memset(&pl, 0, sizeof(pl));
+		free_pattern_list = 1;
+		populate_from_existing_patterns(o, &pl);
+		if (o->skip_sparse_checkout)
+			goto skip_sparse_checkout;
+	}
+
+	/* Set NEW_SKIP_WORKTREE on existing entries. */
+	mark_all_ce_unused(o->src_index);
+	mark_new_skip_worktree(o->pl, o->src_index, 0,
+			       CE_NEW_SKIP_WORKTREE, o->verbose_update);
+
+	/* Then loop over entries and update/remove as needed */
+	ret = UPDATE_SPARSITY_SUCCESS;
+	empty_worktree = 1;
+	for (i = 0; i < o->src_index->cache_nr; i++) {
+		struct cache_entry *ce = o->src_index->cache[i];
+
+		if (apply_sparse_checkout(o->src_index, ce, o))
+			ret = UPDATE_SPARSITY_WARNINGS;
+
+		if (!ce_skip_worktree(ce))
+			empty_worktree = 0;
+
+	}
+
+	/*
+	 * Sparse checkout is meant to narrow down checkout area
+	 * but it does not make sense to narrow down to empty working
+	 * tree. This is usually a mistake in sparse checkout rules.
+	 * Do not allow users to do that.
+	 */
+	if (o->src_index->cache_nr && empty_worktree) {
+		unpack_failed(o, "Sparse checkout leaves no entry on working directory");
+		ret = UPDATE_SPARSITY_INDEX_UPDATE_FAILURES;
+		goto done;
+	}
+
+skip_sparse_checkout:
+	if (check_updates(o, o->src_index))
+		ret = UPDATE_SPARSITY_WORKTREE_UPDATE_FAILURES;
+
+done:
+	display_error_msgs(o);
+	o->show_all_errors = old_show_all_errors;
+	if (free_pattern_list)
+		clear_pattern_list(&pl);
+	trace_performance_leave("update_sparsity");
+	return ret;
+}
+
 /* Here come the merge functions */
 
 static int reject_merge(const struct cache_entry *ce,
diff --git a/unpack-trees.h b/unpack-trees.h
index d3516267f36..2c5d54cae9f 100644
--- a/unpack-trees.h
+++ b/unpack-trees.h
@@ -28,6 +28,13 @@ enum unpack_trees_error_types {
 	NB_UNPACK_TREES_ERROR_TYPES
 };
 
+enum update_sparsity_result {
+	UPDATE_SPARSITY_SUCCESS = 0,
+	UPDATE_SPARSITY_WARNINGS = 1,
+	UPDATE_SPARSITY_INDEX_UPDATE_FAILURES = -1,
+	UPDATE_SPARSITY_WORKTREE_UPDATE_FAILURES = -2
+};
+
 /*
  * Sets the list of user-friendly error messages to be used by the
  * command "cmd" (either merge or checkout), and show_all_errors to 1.
@@ -88,6 +95,8 @@ struct unpack_trees_options {
 int unpack_trees(unsigned n, struct tree_desc *t,
 		 struct unpack_trees_options *options);
 
+int update_sparsity(struct unpack_trees_options *options);
+
 int verify_uptodate(const struct cache_entry *ce,
 		    struct unpack_trees_options *o);
 
-- 
gitgitgadget


  parent reply index

Thread overview: 69+ messages / expand[flat|nested]  mbox.gz  Atom feed  top
2020-03-14  7:11 [PATCH 0/7] Sparse checkout improvements -- improved sparsity updating Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-14  7:11 ` [PATCH 1/7] unpack-trees: fix minor typo in comment Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-14  7:11 ` [PATCH 2/7] t1091: make some tests a little more defensive against failures Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-14  7:11 ` [PATCH 3/7] unpack-trees: allow check_updates() to work on a different index Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-14  7:11 ` [PATCH 4/7] unpack-trees: do not mark a dirty path with SKIP_WORKTREE Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-15 14:39   ` Derrick Stolee
2020-03-14  7:11 ` [PATCH 5/7] unpack-trees: add a new update_sparsity() function Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-15 18:17   ` Derrick Stolee
2020-03-16 20:24     ` Elijah Newren
2020-03-14  7:11 ` [PATCH 6/7] sparse-checkout: use " Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-15 16:19   ` Derrick Stolee
2020-03-16 17:02     ` Elijah Newren
2020-03-14  7:11 ` [PATCH 7/7] sparse-checkout: provide a new update subcommand Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-15 16:24   ` Derrick Stolee
2020-03-16 17:05     ` Elijah Newren
2020-03-16 17:18       ` Derrick Stolee
2020-03-16 19:23         ` Elijah Newren
2020-03-15 12:26 ` [PATCH 0/7] Sparse checkout improvements -- improved sparsity updating Derrick Stolee
2020-03-21 17:59 ` [PATCH v2 00/18] " Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-21 17:59   ` [PATCH v2 01/18] unpack-trees: fix minor typo in comment Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-21 17:59   ` [PATCH v2 02/18] unpack-trees: remove unused error type Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-21 17:59   ` [PATCH v2 03/18] unpack-trees: simplify verify_absent_sparse() Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-21 17:59   ` [PATCH v2 04/18] unpack-trees: simplify pattern_list freeing Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-23 15:57     ` Derrick Stolee
2020-03-21 17:59   ` [PATCH v2 05/18] t1091: make some tests a little more defensive against failures Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-21 17:59   ` [PATCH v2 06/18] unpack-trees: allow check_updates() to work on a different index Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-21 17:59   ` [PATCH v2 07/18] unpack-trees: do not mark a dirty path with SKIP_WORKTREE Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-21 17:59   ` [PATCH v2 08/18] unpack-trees: pull sparse-checkout pattern reading into a new function Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-21 18:00   ` Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget [this message]
2020-03-23 18:02     ` [PATCH v2 09/18] unpack-trees: add a new update_sparsity() function Derrick Stolee
2020-03-23 18:10       ` Elijah Newren
2020-03-23 18:21         ` Derrick Stolee
2020-03-23 20:24           ` Junio C Hamano
2020-03-21 18:00   ` [PATCH v2 10/18] sparse-checkout: use " Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-23 18:07     ` Derrick Stolee
2020-03-23 18:14       ` Elijah Newren
2020-03-23 18:22         ` Derrick Stolee
2020-03-21 18:00   ` [PATCH v2 11/18] sparse-checkout: use improved unpack_trees porcelain messages Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-21 18:00   ` [PATCH v2 12/18] unpack-trees: move ERROR_WOULD_LOSE_SUBMODULE earlier Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-21 18:00   ` [PATCH v2 13/18] unpack-trees: rename ERROR_* fields meant for warnings to WARNING_* Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-21 18:00   ` [PATCH v2 14/18] unpack-trees: split display_error_msgs() into two Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-23 18:32     ` Derrick Stolee
2020-03-21 18:00   ` [PATCH v2 15/18] unpack-trees: make sparse path messages sound like warnings Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-21 18:00   ` [PATCH v2 16/18] unpack-trees: provide warnings on sparse updates for unmerged paths too Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-21 18:00   ` [PATCH v2 17/18] unpack-trees: failure to set SKIP_WORKTREE bits always just a warning Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-21 18:00   ` [PATCH v2 18/18] sparse-checkout: provide a new reapply subcommand Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-23 18:40     ` Derrick Stolee
2020-03-23 18:41   ` [PATCH v2 00/18] Sparse checkout improvements -- improved sparsity updating Derrick Stolee
2020-03-23 20:26     ` Junio C Hamano
2020-03-27  0:48   ` [PATCH v3 " Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-27  0:48     ` [PATCH v3 01/18] unpack-trees: fix minor typo in comment Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-27  0:48     ` [PATCH v3 02/18] unpack-trees: remove unused error type Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-27  0:48     ` [PATCH v3 03/18] unpack-trees: simplify verify_absent_sparse() Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-27  0:48     ` [PATCH v3 04/18] unpack-trees: simplify pattern_list freeing Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-27  0:48     ` [PATCH v3 05/18] t1091: make some tests a little more defensive against failures Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-27  0:48     ` [PATCH v3 06/18] unpack-trees: allow check_updates() to work on a different index Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-27  0:48     ` [PATCH v3 07/18] unpack-trees: do not mark a dirty path with SKIP_WORKTREE Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-27  0:48     ` [PATCH v3 08/18] unpack-trees: pull sparse-checkout pattern reading into a new function Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-27  0:48     ` [PATCH v3 09/18] unpack-trees: add a new update_sparsity() function Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-27  0:48     ` [PATCH v3 10/18] sparse-checkout: use " Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-27  0:48     ` [PATCH v3 11/18] sparse-checkout: use improved unpack_trees porcelain messages Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-27  0:48     ` [PATCH v3 12/18] unpack-trees: move ERROR_WOULD_LOSE_SUBMODULE earlier Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-27  0:48     ` [PATCH v3 13/18] unpack-trees: rename ERROR_* fields meant for warnings to WARNING_* Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-27  0:48     ` [PATCH v3 14/18] unpack-trees: split display_error_msgs() into two Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-27  0:48     ` [PATCH v3 15/18] unpack-trees: make sparse path messages sound like warnings Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-27  0:48     ` [PATCH v3 16/18] unpack-trees: provide warnings on sparse updates for unmerged paths too Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-27  0:49     ` [PATCH v3 17/18] unpack-trees: failure to set SKIP_WORKTREE bits always just a warning Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-27  0:49     ` [PATCH v3 18/18] sparse-checkout: provide a new reapply subcommand Elijah Newren via GitGitGadget
2020-03-27 13:22     ` [PATCH v3 00/18] Sparse checkout improvements -- improved sparsity updating Derrick Stolee

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